TEUN ADRIANUS VAN DIJKBorn May 7, 1943, in Naaldwijk,the Netherlands, he is a scholar in the fieldsof text linguistics, discourseanalysis and Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA).
He founded six international journals: Text& Talk, Discourse & Society, DiscourseStudies, Discourse & Communication andthe internet journal in Spanish Discurso &Sociedad, of which he still edits the lastfour.
HIS MAJOR CONTRIBUTIONS• He contributed to the development of the psychology of text processing. Since the 1980s his work in CDA focused especially on the study of the discursive reproduction of racism by what he calls the symbolic elites (politicians, journalists, scholars, writers), and the theories of ideology and context.
For the benefit of translation, Van Dijk has a Model: Context, Social Cognition and Memory.• Contextual Frame: “The discourse can not and should not be studied separately from their various kinds of context. To understand the different properties internal speech in semantic and strategic levels, we cannot ignore the role of the conditions, functions, effects and circumstances of the production and comprehension of discourse” (Van Dijk 1997a: 113)
• Social Cognition and Memory: Components of connective interface between discourse and context “The relationship between social structure and discourse structure is not a direct but indirect, which passes through a kind of interface called social cognition” (Van Dijk 2002a) Cognition, as noted by Van Dijk, allows to keep semantic representations which provides to take the most valuable significance of the discourse.
Some of the situational parameters or categories:• Domain• Global interaction and communicative type.• Functions• Intentionality• Purpose• Date and time• Place• Circumstances• Brackets and important objects• Role of participant• Professional Role• Social Role• Social Representations