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English History By Alessandra Selvaggio

A presentation by a student of mine

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English History By Alessandra Selvaggio

  1. 1. 
 
 
 
 ENGLISH HiSTORY
 
 
 
 
 

  2. 2. THE FIRST INVASIONS Britain was first settled in the Neolithic period by Iberian people who spread slowly from the south.
  3. 3. Around 700 B.C. the Celts arrived from north-west Germany. The Celts were tall and muscular, had fair skin, blue eyes and blond hair. They were farmers, hunters and fishermen. They constructed defensive earthworks, which were used as refuges.
  4. 4. The Druids were the priests of the Celts, they were important not only in religion but also justice, education and medicine. They held their ceremonies in the forest and not in temples. The Celts worshipped the natural elements such as the sun, the moon and the trees; water was regarded as the holy element which generates life and as the door to the death. They believed in immortality and in the transmigration of the soul. After Britain was invaded by the Roman in 55B.C. brought their culture and language. They built towns; there were three different kinds of town: the MUNICIPIA, the COLONIAE and the CIVITATES.
  5. 5. The first English kings • KING ALFRED THE GREAT ruled the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex from 871 to 899. Wessex was attacked by the Viking. Alfred defeated and gave his attention to building new towns. He was the first English king to learn to read and write. • KING OFFA ruled from 757 to 796. He is remembered for minting the first silver penny coins. • ATHELSTAN was the king who took control of kingdoms.
  6. 6. The Anglo-Saxons In the 5th century three Germanic tribes, the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes, came by sea. They gave Britain its new name: ENGLAND «the land of the Angles». The most important members of Anglo- Saxon society were the eorls and the thegns who devoted their life to hunting, war and to the administration of justice. During the period of Anglo-Saxon power, Pope Gregory I the Great sent Augustine to bring Christianity to England, so the monasteries became important centres of culture
  7. 7. King Alfred of Wessex was the only Saxon to stand against the Vikings. He encouraged education and scholarship, so he ordered the translation of various Latin works into Anglo-Saxon. The last Anglo.Saxon king was Harold, Earl of Wessex. Harold had to fight William, Duke of Normandy, who also claimed to be king. At the famous battle of Hastings, Harold was killed and the Saxons were conquered.
  8. 8. Edward the Confessor, who had restored the Royal House of Wessex, died childless. Although William, Duke of Normandy, was more distantly related to Edward. At Hastings on 14th October William used archers and warriors to defeat Harold’s men. Harold Godwineson was Edward’s brother-in-law.
  9. 9. Alessandra Selvaggio

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A presentation by a student of mine

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