Point of View for Writers

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A lesson on the elements of Point of View for the West Valley Writers' Workshop.

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Point of View for Writers

  1. 1. POV for Writers A Guide to Choosing the Right POV for Your Work For West Valley Writers, Workshop Http://vaalascia.com
  2. 2. POV Fourth planet from star Sima-Centauri Atmosphere: Oxygen- Nitrogen Mass: 1.4 Earth Orbit: 2.3 Solar years Http://vaalascia.com
  3. 3. Point Of View (POV)Conduit from the page to readers mind. I let out a long howl and bared my fangs. We circled each other. With a push from my hind legs, I charged her head on and then leapt away from Tzagnes blade. Http://vaalascia.com
  4. 4. Point Of View (POV)Things to Remember No wrong choices Some POVs will enhance narrative Experiment to find best Pick one and stick to it Http://vaalascia.com
  5. 5. Point Of View (POV)Three Elements to POV PersonCamera Tense Http://vaalascia.com
  6. 6. Point Of View (POV)Element 1: Person First Person – I Very intimate All interaction information involves POV character Easy to maintain Not good for multi story lines Http://vaalascia.com
  7. 7. Point Of View (POV)First Person: I let out a long howl and bared my fangs. We circled each other. With a push from my hind legs, I charged her head on and then leapt away from Tzgane’s blade. I slipped past her on the right and swept her legs out from under her. She landed hard on her back. Before I could come around again she sprung into a hand stand and flipped herself over, returning to her feet. I jumped, trying to go for her left shoulder. Her blade connected with my side. The sting of it took the remaining breath from my lungs. I landed, rolled over and changed into my human form. Blood poured from the four inch gash under my left arm. “What the Hell? Are you trying to kill me?” Http://vaalascia.com
  8. 8. Point Of View (POV)Person Second Person – You Reader is in the narrative Hard to use can be hard to read Works better in present tense Not good for multi story lines Http://vaalascia.com
  9. 9. Point Of View (POV)Second Person: You let out a long howl and bare your fangs. The two of you circle each other. With a push from your hind legs, you charge her head on and then leap away from Tzgane’s blade. Slipping past her on the right, you sweep her legs out from under her. She lands hard on her back. Before you can come around again, she springs into a hand stand and flips herself over, returning to her feet. You jump, trying to go for her left shoulder. Her blade connects with your side. The sting of it takes the remaining breath from your lungs. You land, roll over and change into your human form. Blood pours from the four inch gash under your left arm. “What the Hell? Are you trying to kill me?” Http://vaalascia.com
  10. 10. Point Of View (POV)Person Third Person – He, She, It Very common Easy to violate Lets your characters speak for themselves Good for multi story lines Http://vaalascia.com
  11. 11. Point Of View (POV)Third Person: Larry let out a long howl and bared his fangs. He and Tzgane circled each other. With a push from his hind legs, Larry charged her head on and then leapt away from Tzgane’s blade. He slipped past her on the right and swept her legs out from under her. She landed hard on her back. Before Larry could come around again, Tzgane sprung into a hand stand and flipped herself over, returning to her feet. Larry jumped, trying to go for her left shoulder. Her blade connected with his side. The sting of it took the remaining breath from Larry’s lungs. He landed, rolled over and changed into his human form. Blood poured from the four inch gash under Larry’s left arm. “What the Hell? Are you trying to kill me?” Http://vaalascia.com
  12. 12. Point Of View (POV)Element 2: Camera Balance Intimacy and Perspective Influences Readers connections to characters Http://vaalascia.com
  13. 13. Point Of View (POV)Person Choice Influences Camera st nd 1 & 2 Person Typically Single Camera rd 3 Person Most options Room for error Http://vaalascia.com
  14. 14. Point Of View (POV) rd3 Person Camera Choices Omniscient / Omniscient Limited Character Single Http://vaalascia.com
  15. 15. Point Of View (POV) rd3 Person Omniscient LimitedLarry let out a long howl and bared his fangs, more for effect than forwarning. He circled Tzgane. She knew he would come at her, so shewaited. With a push from his hind legs, Larry charged her head on andthen leapt away from Tzgane’s blade. So the wolf was no fool. He hadlearned to use his speed. Larry slipped past her on the right and swept herlegs out from under her. She landed hard on her back. Before Larry couldcome around again, Tzgane sprung into a hand stand and flipped over,returning to her feet. The moved surprised Larry as he jumped, trying togo for her left shoulder. Her blade connected with his side. Was she tryingto kill him? The sting of it took the remaining breath from Larry’s lungs.He landed, rolled over and changed into his human form. Blood pouredfrom the four inch gash under Larry’s left arm. “What the Hell? Are youtrying to kill me?” Http://vaalascia.com
  16. 16. Point Of View (POV) rd3 Person Omniscient LimitedLarry let out a long howl and bared his fangs, more for effect than forwarning. He circled Tzgane. She knew he would come at her, so shewaited. With a push from his hind legs, Larry charged her head on andthen leapt away from Tzgane’s blade. So the wolf was no fool. He hadlearned to use his speed. Larry slipped past her on the right and swept herlegs out from under her. She landed hard on her back. Before Larry couldcome around again, Tzgane sprung into a hand stand and flipped over,returning to her feet. The moved surprised Larry as he jumped, trying togo for her left shoulder. Her blade connected with his side. Was shetrying to kill him? The sting of it took the remaining breath from Larry’slungs. He landed, rolled over and changed into his human form. Bloodpoured from the four inch gash under Larry’s left arm. “What the Hell?Are you trying to kill me?” Http://vaalascia.com
  17. 17. Point Of View (POV) rd3 Person CharacterFrom the window, Uma could see the whole practice. Larry let out a longhowl and bared his fangs. Please be careful, she thought to herself as thetwo circled each other. With a push from his hind legs, Larry chargedTzagne head on and then leapt away from her blade. He slipped past heron the right and swept her legs out from under her. She landed hard on herback. Before Larry could come around again, Tzgane sprung into a handstand and flipped over, returning to her feet. Larry jumped; trying to go forTzagne’s left shoulder. Her blade connected with his side. Larry landed,rolled over and changed into his human form. Uma clutched at the wornand weathered wood of the window sill. Blood poured from the four inchgash under Larry’s left arm. “What the Hell? Are you trying to kill me?”His words flew from his mouth to Uma’s ears as the pain went right to herheart. Http://vaalascia.com
  18. 18. Point Of View (POV)Element 3: Tenses Often left out of POV discussion but can have a major impact on how the reader connects with the story. Http://vaalascia.com
  19. 19. Point Of View (POV)TensesPresent Past Futurewalk, walks walked will walk Http://vaalascia.com
  20. 20. Point Of View (POV)Tenses – Variations (Perfect)Present Past Futurehave walked had walked will have walked Http://vaalascia.com
  21. 21. Point Of View (POV)Past TenseLarry let out a long howl and bared his fangs. He and Tzgane circled eachother. With a push from his hind legs, Larry charged her head on and thenleapt away from Tzgane’s blade. He slipped past her on the right andswept her legs out from under her. She landed hard on her back. BeforeLarry could come around again, Tzgane sprung into a hand stand andflipped herself over, returning to her feet. Larry jumped, trying to go forher left shoulder. Her blade connected with his side. The sting of it tookthe remaining breath from Larry’s lungs. He landed, rolled over andchanged into his human form. Blood poured from the four inch gash underLarry’s left arm. “What the Hell? Are you trying to kill me?” Http://vaalascia.com
  22. 22. Point Of View (POV)Present TenseLarry lets out a long howl and bares his fangs. He and Tzgane circle eachother. With a push from his hind legs, Larry charges her. He has to leapaway from Tzgane’s blade. He slips past her on the right and sweeps herlegs out from under her. She lands hard on her back. Before Larry cancome around again, Tzgane springs into a hand stand and flips. She isback on her feet. Larry jumps for her left shoulder. Her blade connectswith his side. The sting takes the remaining breath from Larry’s lungs. Helands in a roll and changes into his human form. Blood pours from thefour inch gash under Larry’s left arm. “What the Hell? Are you trying tokill me?” Http://vaalascia.com
  23. 23. Point Of View (POV)Future Perfect TenseI will have let out a long howl and bared my fangs as I circled Tzagne.With a push from my hind legs, I will have begun my charge. Facing herhead on, I must leap away from Tzgane’s blade. I will have slipped pasther on the right before I can sweep her legs out from under her. She willhave landed hard on her back but before I can come around again she willhave sprung into a hand stand and flipped herself over, returning to herfeet. I will have jumped, trying to go for her left shoulder. Her blade musthave connected with my side. The sting of it will have taken the remainingbreath from my lungs as I landed, rolled over and changed into my humanform. Blood pours from the four inch gash under my left arm. “What theHell? Are you trying to kill me?” Http://vaalascia.com
  24. 24. Point Of View (POV)Wrap UpPerson – who is telling the storyCamera – how reader connects to storyTense – when is the story occuring Http://vaalascia.com
  25. 25. Point Of View (POV)Read Thishttp://www.sfwriter.com/ow07.htm Two Heads Aren’t Always Better than One.http://www.fiction-writers-mentor.com/point-of-view-in-fiction.html Point of View in Fictionhttp://www.writersdigest.com/writing-articles/by-writing-goal/write-first-chapter-get-started/fiction-point-of-viewFiction: Point of Viewhttp://www.novel-writing-help.com/past-tense.html Past Tense vs Present Tense in Writinghttp://www.writersrelief.com/blog/2009/01/present-or-past-verb-tense-what-to-choose-for-your-fiction-writing/Present or Past Tense What to Choose for Your Fiction Writinghttp://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verb-tenses_future-perfect.htm How to Use the Future Perfect Tensehttp://www.englishtenses.com/tenses/future_perfect The Future Perfect Tense Http://vaalascia.com

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