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the 4Cs skills

skills in 21st century

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the 4Cs skills

  1. 1. Developing Critical, Creative and Collaborative skills Keys to 21st Century Skills 4 Cs
  2. 2. Collaboration The learner is the primary focus of instruction Instruction and “doing” are of primary import ant Working in a group Structured approaches to developing solution to real- world problems Fishbowl debate Think- pair-share / Write-pai r-share Catch-up Team based learning Case study Stump your partner Problem-Based learning Collaborative Learning or Group work activities Allocating resources and responsibilities Brainstorming ideas in a group Decision - making Delegating Evaluating Goal setting Leading a group Resolving conflictsTeam building Managing time Collaborative Abilities
  3. 3. Steps that are necessary while designing group work assignment Managing large Group work project Introduce the task Provide enough time Group work Evaluation General Strategies to keep in mind when incorporating group work  Introduce group work early in the semester to set clear students expectations.  Plan for each stage of group work.  Carefully explain to students how group will operate and how students will be graded.  Help students to develop the skills they need to succeed in going activities.  Establish ground rules.  Consider using written contracts.  Incorporate self and peer assessment for group members to evaluate their own and others’ contributions  Think about course learning outcomes and how might address them.  How group will be organized  How student learning and group process will be supported.  How students will be evaluated. In the class consider:  How activity can be introduce  How group will be formed  How to ensure that students are productive  What technology might assist the group work  What the students can do  Provide opportunities for students to develop rapport and group.  Give students time to create group  Establish ground rules.  Assign roles to members.  Allow students to rate each other’s quality and quantity of contribution  Check in with group intermittently  Evaluate students on both their contribution to group process as well as the final product.  Create a detail explanation what our expectation are.  Provide scores for individual as well as group  Use rubric  Incorporate peer and self- assessment at various milestones.  Communicate clearly to students at the beginning how we can calculate their grades.
  4. 4. CRITICAL THINKINGCritical Thinking Abilities Critical Thinking in the classroom  Critical thinking is a skill that we can teach to our students. It draws on other skills, such as communication and information literacy, to explore a problem, then analyze, explain and evaluate it.  Learning critical thinking leads students to develop other skills, such as a higher level of concentration deeper analytical abilities, and improved thought processing.  Critical thinking is a literacy that evolves as we develop.  Today’s students need critical thinking and problem-solving skills not just to solve the problems of their current jobs, but to meet the challenges of adapting to our constantly changing workforce.
  5. 5. Importance of Developing Critical Thinking Skills. Develop Critical Thinking By learning to:  Use different kinds of reasoning (deductive and inductive, to understand a situation).  Analyze complex systems and understand how their interconnected parts support the systems  Gather relevant information.  Ask important questions that clarify points of view and help solve problems.  Make decisions by selecting appropriate criteria and identifying alternatives to make reliable choices.  Thinking "out-of-the-box", challenging consensus and pursuing less popular approaches. Critical thinking is an essential part of creativity because we need critical thinking to evaluate and improve our creative ideas. Academic Performance:  Understand the argument and beliefs of others  Critically evaluating those argument and beliefs  Develop and defined one’s own-supported argument and beliefs. Daily Life:  Helps to avoid making foolish personal decisions.  Helps to reflect and get deeper understanding of own and others’ decisions.
  6. 6. creativity  Creative thinking is expansive, open-ended invention and discovery of possibilities. when people speak of , “right brain” activity, they most often mean creative thinking.  Creativity is the ability to produce new, diverse and unique ideas'  Creativity that is valued is the ability to come up with new and useful ideas, ideas that serve an important need or creates a new trend that makes an impact. Innovation is the implementation of creativity-the introduction of a new idea, process, or product. Creativity provides the necessary spark to get the ball rolling. Entertaining others Imagining ideas Improvising a solution Designing something Overturning something Brainstorming ideas Creating something Problem Solving Creative Thinking Abilities
  7. 7. Creativity in the classroom  We are faced with countless problems in our daily life, and it is precisely creative thinking that helps us come up with solutions to these problems.  Creativity is not a passive state of mind.  We must provide opportunity to our students to be creative through different activities  Creativity and Innovation  Think Creatively  Use a wide range of idea creation techniques  Create new and worthwhile ideas  Elaborate, refine, analyze and evaluate their own ideas in order to improve and maximize creative efforts  Work Creatively with Others  Develop, implement and communicate new ideas to others effectively  Be open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives.  Demonstrate originality and inventiveness in work and understand the real world limits to adopting new ideas  View failure as an opportunity to learn  Implement innovations  Act on creative ideas to make a tangible and useful contribution to the field in which the innovation will occur Barriers of thinking Creatively Negative Attitude Fear Of Failure Executive Stress Lack Of Direction Following Rules Fear Of Criticism
  8. 8. communication Communication is a process whereby information is enclosed in a package and is channeled and imparted by a sender to a receiver via some medium. The receiver then decodes the message and gives the sender a feedback. All forms of communication require a sender, a message, and an intended recipient, however the receiver need not be present or aware of the sender's intent to communicate at the time of communication in order for the act of communication to occur. To build effective Communication Skills students must learn to: Communicate using digital media and environments to support personal and group learning. Share information efficiently and effectively using appropriate digital media and environments. Communicate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively to different audiences using various media and formats.
  9. 9.  Analyzing the situation  Evaluating messages  Following conventions  Listening actively Communication abilities Students must be able to effectively analyze and process the overwhelming amount of communication in their lives today. Which information sources are accurate and which are not and how it can be used. The power of modern media and the ubiquity of communication technologies in all aspects of life make teaching strong communication skills even more important. Importance of communication

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