In text example
◦ "Finding information in the first place can be hard
enough. Finding it again some time afterwards can be
even harder unless your methods or recording and filing
are thorough and systematic" (Bell, 1993:24).
reword, rephrase, express in other
condense, outline, put in a
debts to other writers
Demonstrate the body of knowledge of
which your assignment is based
Enable the reader to locate your sources
Evidence to support the points that you
describing each source that
you have used
References should be
alphabetically listed by
Consists of all items contained in the reference list
as well as those read but not quoted in your work
(directly or indirectly)
The Bibliography is placed after the Reference list
at the end of the assignment. Note that normally
the reference list is sufficient to support most
Initials. Year. Title. Place: Publisher.
R. 2004. Measuring quality of life in
health. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
Within ambit of sentence
According to O’Connor(2004:15), measuring the
quality of life is vital.....
End of sentence
“Measuring the quality of life is essential”
Year. Title. Place: Publisher.
S.M. et al. (eds.) 2004. Juta’s manual
of nursing: A practical manual. Cape Town: Juta.
Year. Title: subtitle. Place: Publisher
Vithal, R. & Jansen, J. 2010. Designing your first
research proposal: a manual for researchers in
education and the social sciences. Cape Town:
Year. Title of article. Title of journal,
volume of journal (Issue number):page range.
N. 2002. Ethics & law: Complaints of
unethical conduct. Nursing update, 26(3): 32-33.
Year. Title: subtitle. Degree.
Magerman, Y.N. 2011. Academic factors affecting
learning at a Nursing College in the Western Cape. A
thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements
for the degree of Master of Health Science in the Faculty
of Health Sciences at the Stellenbosch University.
Year. Title of website.
[Online]. Available from: URL. [Accessed
African Nursing Council. 2011. Policies and
position papers of South African Nursing Council.
[Online]. Available from:
SANC (2013:Online) espouses that policy
documents and position papers are published for
Policy documents and position papers are
published for information (SANC, 2013: Online).
Steyn, P. 2000. Project management for sustained
improvement. New York: Wiley.
According to Steyn (2000:8), (citing James 1999),
project management is an absolute requirement.
Project management is culminating in a dynamic
paradigm shift (James, 1999) cited by (Steyn, 2000:8).
Year. Title of article. Title of newspaper,
Month. Day: page.
M. 2013. Health Sector cleared for
surgery. Mail & Guardian, Mar. 15-21:16.
Date. Title: sub-title. Place: Name of
L . 2006. Midwifery: first module. Cape Town:
Western Cape College of Nursing.
Edition. Year. Place: Publisher.
nurses’ dictionary for nurses and health
care workers. 24th ed. 2005. Edinburgh: Elsevier.
Author. Year. Topic of conversation. Interviewed
by Initial, Surname. Suburb, City.
Williams, T. 2011. Healthcare in the community.
Interviewed by L. Jordan. Nyanga, Cape Town.
Name of department. Year. Title. Place:
Africa. Department of Home Affairs. 1980.
Guidelines for chairmen of publications
committees. Pretoria: Government Printer.
Year. Title of act. Place: Publisher.
Africa. 2005. Nursing Act, No. 33 of 2005.
Cape Town: Government Printer.
Haag, D.E. 1996. Guidelines for writing a dissertation or thesis.
Vanderbijlpark: Vaal Triangle Technikon.
References / Bibliography: Harvard style. 2000. The University
of Queensland Library [Online].
[Accessed 18 September 2000].
Turabian, K.L. 1996. A manual for writers of term papers,
theses, and dissertations, 6th ed. Chicago: The University of
Visser, N. 1989. Handbook for writing of essays and theses,
2ne ed. Cape Town: Maskew Miller Longman.