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Frederick law olmsted

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founder of american landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmstead

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Frederick law olmsted

  1. 1. Frederick law olmsted
  2. 2.  FREDERICK LAW OLMSTED (APRIL 26, 1822 – AUGUST 28, 1903) WAS AN AMERICAN LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT, JOURNALIST, SOCIAL CRITIC, AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR.  OLMSTED WAS FAMOUS FOR CO- DESIGNING MANY WELL-KNOWN URBAN PARKS WITH HIS SENIOR PARTNER CALVERT VAUX, INCLUDING CENTRAL PARK IN NEW YORK CITY AND ELM PARK IN WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS
  3. 3.  OLMSTED IS OFTEN CITED AS THE FOUNDER OF AMERICAN LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE AND A KEY CONTRIBUTOR TO THE PHYSICAL LAYOUT AND LIFE OF MANY AMERICAN CITIES.  BORN IN HARTFORD, CT; LIVED IN VARIOUS COUNTRY TOWNS AFTER DEATH OF HIS MOTHER; NEVER FORMALLY SCHOOLED  AFTER THE CIVIL WAR, RETURNED TO LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE – DEVOTED REST OF HIS LIFE  PLANNED AND EXECUTED PARKS, COLLEGE CAMPUSES, PUBLIC SPACES ALL OVER THE U.S.
  4. 4.  1850'S – OLDER AMERICAN CITIES LIKE NEW YORK, BOSTON WERE PRETTY AWFUL PLACES (VERY DENSELY BUILT UP BUT NO PLANNING, INADEQUATE SANITATION, GROWING MANUFACTURING AREAS, ETC.)  THE MORE AESTHETICALLY PLEASING YOU MAKE A CITY, THE MORE PEOPLE WILL WANT TO LIVE IN THAT CITY, AND THE HAPPIER THEY WILL BE  THE WAY TO MAKE CITIES MORE AESTHETICALLY PLEASING IS TO BRING ASPECTS OF THE COUNTRY INTO THEM – “NATURAL” LANDSCAPES, VEGETATION, VIEWS – THE “CITY BEAUTIFUL”
  5. 5.  OLMSTED BELIEVED THAT THE RURAL, PICTURESQUE LANDSCAPE CONTRASTED WITH AND COUNTERACTED THE CONFINING AND UNHEALTHFUL CONDITIONS OF THE CROWDED URBAN ENVIRONMENT AND SERVED TO STRENGTHEN SOCIETY BY PROVIDING A PLACE WHERE ALL CLASSES COULD MINGLE IN CONTEMPLATION AND ENJOYMENT OF THE PASTORAL EXPERIENCE.  HE SOUGHT TO SCREEN HIS "PLEASURE GROUNDS" COMPLETELY FROM THE INTRUSIONS OF DAILY LIFE BY SCREENING THEM WITH THICK PLANTINGS ALONG THEIR BORDERS, SEPARATING AND EXCLUDING COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC, AND DISCOURAGING ALL USAGE OF THE GROUNDS WHICH WERE NOT IN HARMONY WITH THIS GOAL. HE ALSO STROVE TO BRING THE LANDSCAPE AS CLOSE TO AS MUCH OF THE URBAN POPULATION AS POSSIBLE, SO THAT ALL COULD BENEFIT FROM
  6. 6.  GIVES EVERYONE IN THE CITY'S POPULATION (RICH AND POOR ALIKE) A “PLEASURE GROUND” (OLMSTED'S PHRASE) FOR QUIET CONTEMPLATION OF NATURE, ACTIVITIES LIKE WALKING, RUNNING, OTHER SPORTS, …  TREES, OTHER VEGETATION CAN SERVE TO MINIMIZE EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION.  OPEN SPACE IMPROVES QUALITY OF LIFE AND MAKES HIGHER POPULATION DENSITY OPTIONS LIKE MULTI-STORY APARTMENT BUILDINGS BEARABLE.
  7. 7.  Arnold Arboretum  Belle Isle  Boston's Emerald Necklace  Buffalo, New York  Central Park  Druid Hills, Atlanta, GA.  Franklin Park  Grounds of the US Capitol  Moraine Farm, Beverly Mass.  Jamaica Pond  Mount Royal, Montreal Quebec  Muddy Rivers Link  Niagara Falls State Reserve  Prospect Park  Riverside, Illinois  Stanford University  The Biltmore  The Colombian Exhibition
  8. 8.  Overall view from north end:
  9. 9.  Grand formal spaces
  10. 10.  Together with almost rural areas
  11. 11. What architect so noble...as he who, with far-reaching conception of beauty, in designing power, sketches the outlines, writes the colors, becomes the builder and directs the shadows of a picture so great that Nature shall be employed upon it for generations, before the work he arranged for her shall realize his intentions. - Frederick Law Olmsted
  12. 12. By : S. Prarthana Swathy Mirza Tessa Mary Joshy Vaisnavi Shetty

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