Black Soil1. It is found in Deccan plateau.2. This type of soil is confined to someparts of Gujarat, Maharashtra, andKarnataka.3. This soil has an ability to retainmoisture and become sticky when wet.4. It is largely used for growing cottonand thus, is popularly known as cottonsoil.
Alluvial Soil1. It is found over a large part of thecountry.2. It is mainly formed by the work ofriver and is confined to northern andcoastal plains.3. This type of soil is very fertile andforms major agricultural land of ourcountry.
Desert Soil1.Desert soil are basically of sandy texture.2.This type of soil has poor clay contentand also lacks in moisture content.3.Desert soils are basically poor innitrogen,which is an important nutrientrequired for the plantation purpose.4.Rajasthan Desert is covered with sand atmost of the places.
Mountain SoilMountain soils are mainly found in hillslopes and are formed by deposition oforganic matter from woodland and forests.2.It is rich in humus, slightly acidic and arefertile.3.Mountain soils are mostly found in theHimalaya regions,Sikkim,Assam,Arunachal Pradesh Kashmir and also in thepeninsula,Eastern Ghats.
Red Soil1. This soil is red in colour due to thepresence of iron particles.2. Red soil is confined to peninsularIndia and some patches of north-eastern part of India.3. It is highly porous, fine grained anddeep.