.Rrahul ppt

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KAIZEN

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.Rrahul ppt

  1. 1. RAHUL.WADHWA IIEBM/2010-12/61 SHIVNERI
  2. 2. KAIZEN
  3. 3. KAIZEN <ul><li>Kaizen (Japanese for &quot;improvement&quot; or &quot;change for the better&quot;) refers to philosophy or practices that focus upon continuous improvement of processes in manufacturing, engineering, supporting business processes, and management . </li></ul>
  4. 4. HISTORY OF KAIZEN <ul><li>ESS group had a training film done to introduce the three TWI &quot;J&quot; programs (Job Instruction, Job Methods and Job Relations)- the film was titled &quot;Improvement in 4 Steps&quot; (Kaizen eno Yon Dankai). This is the original introduction of &quot;Kaizen&quot; to Japan. </li></ul>
  5. 5. CYCLE OF KAIZEN ACTIVITY <ul><li>Standardize an operation </li></ul><ul><li>Measure the standardized operation (find cycle time and amount of in-process inventory) </li></ul><ul><li>Gauge measurements against requirements </li></ul>
  6. 6. CONT.. <ul><li>Innovate to meet requirements and increase productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Standardize the new, improved operations </li></ul><ul><li>Continue cycle ad infinitum </li></ul><ul><li>This is also known as the Shewhart cycle, Deming cycle, or PDCA. </li></ul>
  7. 7. MAIN ELEMENTS OF KAIZEN <ul><li>Teamwork </li></ul><ul><li>Personal discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Improved morale </li></ul><ul><li>Quality circles </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions for improvement </li></ul>
  8. 8. KEY FEATURES OF KAIZEN <ul><li>Improvements are based on many, small changes rather than the radical changes that might arise from Research and Development </li></ul><ul><li>As the ideas come from the workers themselves, they are less likely to be radically different, and therefore easier to implement. </li></ul>
  9. 9. CONT…. <ul><li>Small improvements are less likely to require major capital investment than major process changes. </li></ul><ul><li>The ideas come from the talents of the existing workforce, as opposed to using R&D, consultants or equipment – any of which could be very expensive. </li></ul><ul><li>All employees should continually be seeking ways to improve their own performance. </li></ul>
  10. 10. CRTICISMS REGARDING KAIZEN <ul><li>Accusations of death by overwork at Toyota that included unpaid &quot;so-called voluntary quality control meetings held after regular work hours”. </li></ul><ul><li>Suppliers refusing to accept orders from Toyota or its affiliates due to successive price cuts. </li></ul>
  11. 11. REFERENCES <ul><li>www.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.kaizen.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.wikipedia.com </li></ul>
  12. 12. THANK YOU

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