Ad09a Role Of Sebi And Securities Market


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Ad09a Role Of Sebi And Securities Market

  1. 1. Role of SEBI and securities market <ul><li>MALPRACTICES IN SECURITIES MARKET </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulation of security prices </li></ul><ul><li>Price-rigging </li></ul><ul><li>Insider trading </li></ul><ul><li>Delay in settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Delay in listing and commencement of trading in shares </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>DEFICIENCIES IN THE MARKET </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of diversity in financial instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Disclosure of financial information </li></ul><ul><li>Preponderance of speculative trading </li></ul><ul><li>Poor liquidity </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of control over brokers </li></ul>
  3. 3. FUNCTIONS OF SEBI <ul><li>Regulatory functions </li></ul><ul><li>a. Regulation of stock exchange and self regulatory organisation </li></ul><ul><li>b. Registration and regulation of stock brokers, sub brokers, registrar to all issues ,merchant bankers, underwriters, portfolio managers such other intermediaries who are associated with the securities market </li></ul><ul><li>c. Registration and regulation of the working of collective investment schemes including mutual funds </li></ul><ul><li>d. Prohibition of fraudulent and unfair trade practices relating to securities market </li></ul><ul><li>e. Regulating substantial acquisitions of shares and take over of companies </li></ul>
  4. 4. DEVELOPMENT FUNCTIONS <ul><li>Promoting investor’s education </li></ul><ul><li>Training of intermediaries </li></ul><ul><li>Conducting research and published information useful to all market participants </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of fair practices code of conduct for self- regulatory organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting self- regulatory organisations </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>POWERS </li></ul><ul><li>SEBI has been vested with following powers: </li></ul><ul><li>Powers to call periodic returns from recognized stock exchanges. </li></ul><ul><li>Power to call any information or explanation from recognized stock exchanges to their members. </li></ul><ul><li>Power to direct inquires to be made in relation to affairs of stock exchanges or their members. </li></ul><ul><li>Power to grant approval to bye- laws of recognized stock exchanges. </li></ul><ul><li>Power to make or amend by laws of recognized stock exchanges. </li></ul><ul><li>Power to compel listing of securitiesby public companies. </li></ul><ul><li>Power to control and regulate stock exchanges. </li></ul><ul><li>Power to grant registration to market intermediaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Power to levy fees or other charges for carrying out the purpose of regulation. </li></ul><ul><li>Power to declare applicability of section 17 of in security contract (Regulation) act in any state or area 15 grant licences to dealers in securities. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Guidelines for Public Issue <ul><li>A bridged prospectus has to be attached with every application. </li></ul><ul><li>Company has to highlight the risk factors in the prospectus. </li></ul><ul><li>Objective of the issue and cost of project should be mentioned in the project. </li></ul><ul><li>Company’s management, post history and present business of the firm should be highlighted in the prospectus. </li></ul><ul><li>Particulars in regards to company and other listed companies under the same management which made any capital issues during the last three years are to be stated in the prospectus </li></ul><ul><li>Justification for premium,in the case of premium is to be stated </li></ul><ul><li>Subscription list for public issued should be kept open for a minimum of three days and a maximum of 10 working days </li></ul><ul><li>The collections and terms should be atleat thirty which includes all centers with stock exchanges </li></ul><ul><li>Collection agents are not to application money in cash </li></ul><ul><li>The quantum of issue, whether through a right of public issue shall not exceed the amount specified in the propectus. No retention of over subscription is permissible under any circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>A compliance report in the prescribed form should be submitted to SEBI within 45 days from the date of closure of issue. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 12. Minimum number of shares per application has been fixed at 500 shares of face value of Rs. 1000 13. the allotments have to be made in multiples of tradable lot of 100 shares of Rs. 10 each 14. Issues by way of bonus, _____ etc to be made in appropriate lots to minimize odd lots 15. If minimum subscription of 90% has not been received, the entire amount is to be refunded to investors within 120 days. 16. The capital issue should be fully paid up within 120 days 17. Undertaking has been made mandatory 18. Limit of listing of companies issue in the stock exchange has been increased from Rs. 3 crores to 5 crores 19. The gap between closure dates of various issues viz. risuts and public should not exceed 30 days 20. Issues should make adequate disclosure regarding the terms and conditions of redemptions, security conversion and other relevant features of the new instrument so that an investor can make reasonable determination of risks, returns, safety and liquidity of the instrument. The disclosure shall be vetted by SEBI in this regard.
  8. 8. <ul><li>Secondary Market </li></ul><ul><li>SEBI has issued guidelines for </li></ul><ul><li>Stock exchanges </li></ul><ul><li>Brokers </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Institutional Investors (FII) </li></ul><ul><li>Bonus issues </li></ul><ul><li>Rights Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Debentures </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for protection of Debentures Holders </li></ul><ul><li>Underwriters </li></ul><ul><li>Investor protection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibition of unfair practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation of insider trading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grievance cell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stock invest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New measures </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>10. Book building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Retail investor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualified institutional buyer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red herring prospectus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green shoe option </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Syndicate member </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floor price/ cap price/ cut-off price </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SEBI Guidelines on book-building </li></ul><ul><li>Recent reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Buy back of shares </li></ul><ul><li>What is buy back? </li></ul><ul><li>Why buyback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SEBI (amendment bill) 2002. </li></ul>