BIM, Collaboration and Green Building


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BIM, Collaboration and Green Building

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BIM, Collaboration and Green Building

  1. 1. Lessons from the Field Dr. Carrie Sturts Dossick Dr. Gina Neff Brittany Fiore-Silfvast
  2. 2. BIM + Collaboration = GREEN?
  3. 3. BIM, Collaboration and Green Building <ul><li>Temporary Teams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish how they are going to work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamics of people working on the project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies that comprise the project </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Through this – technology is introduced and negotiated </li></ul><ul><li>So, we saw organizational and technological innovation </li></ul><ul><li>You innovate in all of these ways both with new technology as well as existing technologies </li></ul>
  4. 4. Methodology Case Studies National Interviews Chicago San Francisco Los Angeles New York Seattle Valley UW RRF Study Hill <ul><li>28 Architects, 22 Builders 15 Engineers (N=65) </li></ul><ul><li>60-90 minute interviews on </li></ul><ul><li>experience, culture & communication </li></ul><ul><li>7-12 months observation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>of MEP coordination meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional materials </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Methodology Case Studies National Interviews San Francisco Los Angeles Seattle Construction NSF Study Phase I Design <ul><li>+ Owners, BIM Experts, </li></ul><ul><li>Green Building Experts </li></ul><ul><li>60-90 minute interviews on </li></ul><ul><li>experience, culture & communication </li></ul><ul><li>18-month (300 hours) </li></ul><ul><li>observation of a green </li></ul><ul><li>building project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional materials </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Methodology Fuzzy Set Analysis AIA Awards Database Green Award winning projects from the U.S. Types of BIM NSF Study Phase II Types of Collaboration Wide range of projects (N~200) Survey of architects <ul><li>Causal Pathways between </li></ul><ul><li>Green, Collaboration, and BIM </li></ul>
  7. 7. Meetings: Design Consultant Meetings
  8. 8. Meetings: Owner, Architect & Contractor (OAC)
  9. 9. Meetings: MEP Coordination Meeting
  10. 10. Individual Scopes to Consolidated Model
  11. 11. Company – Communication Divisions AOC meetings MEP meetings Engineers Subcontractor Architect Owner General Contractor Fabricator/ 2 nd tier sub
  12. 12. Company - MEP Hierarchy “ Sometimes you just want to be able to talk to the people who know what you’re talking about” MEP PE GC Organization Fire Electrical Engineers Architect Owner Plumb HVAC Piping
  13. 14. Ramifications of Conflicting Obligations Project Orientation <ul><li>Mutual Respect </li></ul><ul><li>Influence on Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Confined to scope </li></ul><ul><li>Disenfranchised from decisions </li></ul>Scope Orientation
  14. 15. Three Key Sets of Findings <ul><li>Swift, Wary Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Documents used for Records & Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Messy Talk, Clean Technology </li></ul>
  15. 18. Documents
  16. 21. Tech or Talk? <ul><li>≠ </li></ul>Clean Technology Messy Talk “ unexpected discoveries” (Suwa, et al. 2000) “ emergent” (Whyte, et al. 2008) “ documentation, data exchange and management” (Ku, et al. 2008)
  17. 22. Messy Talk: Three Dimensions <ul><li>Passive and Active </li></ul><ul><li>Formal and Informal </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible and Inflexible </li></ul>
  18. 23. Findings Documentation and analysis Passive Communication Collaborative problem solving and system optimization Active Communication Direct digital and data exchange Talk and dialog
  19. 24. Findings Annotation And note taking Formal Documentation Informal Dialog Procedural and legal documentation Talk and brainstorming Documentation “ For the meeting minutes, I need dialog.”
  20. 25. Findings Inflexible Visualizations Flexible Visualizations Seeing and communicating Sketching, editing, and erasing
  21. 26. MCA Report Findings <ul><li>There is an increasingly important roll for technologists on project teams </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile computing technologies link the field to the office </li></ul><ul><li>The line is blurring between design and construction </li></ul><ul><li>BIM is enabling and expanding </li></ul><ul><li>prefabrication </li></ul>
  22. 27. Acknowledgements <ul><li>Thanks to our great research team: </li></ul><ul><li>Anne Anderson </li></ul><ul><li>Hoda Homayouni </li></ul><ul><li>JJ Powell </li></ul><ul><li>Naila Crawford </li></ul><ul><li>Chris Harihar Helen Juan </li></ul><ul><li>Kristin Gustafson Support provided by: </li></ul><ul><li>National Science Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>UW Royalty Research Foundation College of Built Environments Department of Communication </li></ul>
  23. 28. THANK YOU !!!!