I ENCUENTRO SOBRE DOCTORADOS DE TIEMPO COMPARTIDO (SÁNDWICH) E INCUBADORAS DE INVESTIGACIÓN ORGANIZACIÓN UNIVERSITARIA INTERAMERICANA Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (UTPL) – Loja, Ecuador. Junio 10 al 12 de 2008 Paola VITA FINZI (Università di Pavia – Italia)
LOCALIZATION ITALIA Area 301.338 Kmq Population 57.679.955 miliones Capital ROME Language Italian Climate Continental – Mediterraneo Political System –Parlamentary democracy PAVIA 39 KM in the south of Milano Near the Ticino and Po rivers Population 75.000
<ul><li>Integrated network of European universities which aims at advancing the concept of “Universitas” through the creation of academic and cultural ties, the improvement of facilities and the creation of channels of information and exchange. </li></ul>Members Aarhus (Denmark), Barcelona (Spain), Bergen (Norway), Bologna (Italy), Bristol (United-Kingdom), Budapest (Hungary), Cambridge (United-Kingdom), Coimbra (Portugal), Dublin (Ireland), Edinburgh (United-Kingdom), Galway (Ireland), Genève (Switzerland), Göttingen (Germany), Granada(Spain), Graz (Austria), Groningen (Netherland), Heidelberg (Germany), Jena (Germany), Kraków (Poland), Leiden (Netherland), Leuven (Belgium), Louvain (Belgium), Lyon (France), Montpellier I (France), Montpellier II (France), Montpellier III (France), Oxford (United-Kingdom), Padova (Italy), Pavia (Italy), Poitiers (France), Praha (Czech Republic), Salamanca (Spain), Siena (Italy), Thessaloniki (Greece), Turku (Finland), Abo (Finland), Uppsala (Sweden), Würzburg (Germany). The Coimbra Group <ul><li>Its areas of interest and involvement are global, encompassing universities in Eastern Europe, Africa, Latin America and the non-EU Mediterranean Countries. </li></ul>UNIVERSIT À DEGLI STUDI PAVIA Paola Vita Finzi
CONNECTIONS IN THE WORLD America Latina Africa Asia Oriente Medio United States Program PEACE
UNIVERSIT À DEGLI STUDI PAVIA Paola Vita Finzi International Agreements (total 120) Inter alias in Latin America <ul><li>Argentina 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Brasil 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Chile 4 ( Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria de Valparaiso ) </li></ul><ul><li>Colombia 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Costa Rica 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Ecuador 4 ( Universidad Central de Quito, Universidad Politecnica Salesiana, Escuela Superior Politecnica de Chimborazo e Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja ) </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Peru 1( Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marco ) </li></ul><ul><li>Uruguay 1 </li></ul>
UNIVERSITA’ DI PAVIA INTERNATIONALISATION: FORMATION AND RESEARCH UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI PAVIA
Collaboration in the formation field between the University of Pavia and ecuadorian Universities From 1984 and until now there was a strong collaboration with the Escuela Superior Politecnica de Chimborazo: at the beginning to establish the teaching programs for the Faculty of Sciences then to support the research groups mainly in the field of phytochemistry. Students from ESPOCH and the Central University of Quito spent long time to work in Pavia to finish their thesis work. Then in 1999 started a project with the Universidad Politecnica Salesiana in Quito for the opening of a modern laboratory in the analytical field and was considered necessary to prepare experts in the different tecniques. For these reasons started a two year Master with professors of both countries. Few students could finish the studies for different reasons: they were working-students, the fees were too high etc.
MINISTERO DELL'ISTRUZIONE, DELL'UNIVERSITÀ E DELLA RICERCA SERVIZIO PER L'AUTONOMIA UNIVERSITARIA E GLI STUDENTI PROGRAMMI PER L'INCENTIVAZIONE DEL PROCESSO DI INTERNAZIONALIZZAZIONE DEL SISTEMA UNIVERSITARIO (D.M. 8 maggio 2001 n. 115 - ART. 10) COLLABORAZIONI INTERUNIVERSITARIE INTERNAZIONALI Programmazione 2001-2003 prot. INT01AD024 PROGETTO DI TIPOLOGIA A Universita' degli Studi di PAVIA MASTER BIENNALE UNIVERSITARIO INTERNAZIONALE DI II LIVELLO IN “ SCIENZA E TECNOLOGIE PER UN UTILIZZO SOSTENIBILE DELLE RISORSE BIOLOGICHE NON TRADIZIONALI ”
<ul><li>Then we had the opportunity in 2001 to make an application in the program </li></ul><ul><li>of Internationalization of the University Ministry for an International </li></ul><ul><li>Master of II level of two years (Italia-Ecuador) in “Scienza e Tecnologie per </li></ul><ul><li>un utilizzo sostenibile delle risorse biologiche non tradizionali”. We took one </li></ul><ul><li>more year to organize the Master in Italy and in Ecuador and we started in </li></ul><ul><li>autumn of 2004. The Master was run by the Centre of “Etnobiofarmacia” </li></ul><ul><li>and the Research Group of the Chemistry of Natural Products of the </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Organic Chemistry of the University of Pavia which has been </li></ul><ul><li>very active for more of 20 years for collabotations projects both in teaching </li></ul><ul><li>and in reasearch with many Universities of Ecuador (ESPOCH, Universidad </li></ul><ul><li>Central di Quito, UTPL di Loja, UPS di Quito). </li></ul>
FOREIGN PARTNERS ITALIAN PARTNERS Università Tecnica Particular de Loja ECUADOR Signed agreement ITALY ITALY nº Institutions / Universities Country Kind of agreements 1. 2. Università Politecnica Salesiana ECUADOR Signed agreement nº Institutions / Universities Kind of agreements 1. Università degli Studi di Ferrara Signed agreement 2. ONG VIS (Roma) Signed agreement
Why the Institution of the Master <ul><li>The Research Group on the Chemistry of Natural Products of the Department of Organic Chemistry was interested in a project for the protection of the amazonic property which forecasts: </li></ul><ul><li>The institution of a technical school in Macas to teach to the local population how to take advantege of the natural resources for a commercial trade. </li></ul><ul><li>b) The institution of a labotatory in Quito for the analysis of the material obtained during the research in Macas and on the products that could be obtained. Furthermore in the lab could make also analysis for outside. The lab was financed by a Project of the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs. </li></ul><ul><li>The first Master done in Quito to prepare experts prepared to use the instrumentation present in the lab did not give good results. Few students and not a strong partecipation of the professors. </li></ul><ul><li>However it was very important to prepare people to work on the instrumentations but also that was prepared to start a research work. For these reasons we decided to invest time and money in a Master between the two Countries to strengthen the project and also to prepare in Italy people with a profession on the development of the ecosustenable commerce. </li></ul>
Number of the Partecipant to the Master Maximum number 20 students of the two Countries N° of the applications: 10 Ecuadorian students of the following Universities Politecnica Salesiana in Quito 4 Central in Quito 1 Tecnica Particular de Loja 5 3 Italian Students of the Universities of Pavia 1 Novara (then renounced) 1 Salerno (then renounced) 1
OBTAINED FINANCIAL BUDGET FROM MIUR Euro 147.500,00 FROM VIS Euro 43000 LESS OF THE REQUESTED AMOUNT SO THAT WE HAD TO CHANGE THE STRUCTURE OF THE MASTER
MOBILITY OF THE PROFESSORS AND THE STUDENTS Italian Professors: only few went to Ecuador for teaching and, when possible, was used e-learning. The professors came to Ecuador only for the organization of the Master, for some specific courses and at the end for setting-up some of the new instrumentations and the thesis preparation in some field. Ecuadorian professors : no travelling to Italia. Ecuadorian Students: all the students came to Italy for the second semester of the first year to follow the courses, to make stages in the fields of their interest and start the thesis work in the italian labs. This decision was very appreciated since for most of the students was their first time in Europe and they had the opportunity to live a different reality. In this way we saved money of the forseen travelling of the italian professors and gave the opportunity to all the students to stay in Italy for six months. They had also the opportunity to visit institutions and industries in the neighbourhood. Italian student: the only one worked as volunteer in Ecuador for the VIS project in Macas.
Formal Didactics 1 credit = 9 hours Total 65 credits Tutorial Formation guidata 1 credit = 15 hours Total 19 credits Thesis 1credit = 15 hours Total 36 credits -------------------------------- in two years Total 120 credits Corresponding as requested to hours Total 1410
RECOGNITION OF THE STUDIES It is worth noting that the scientific and cultural agreement between Italy and Ecuador was signed in 1957 and therefore no post-graduate degrees have been mentioned. A new agreement should be signed and this could be the opportunity to insert the recognition of Ph.D. and Master degrees. Until now it is possible that each Italian University can evaluate the curriculum of studies of an applicant and recognize for each single student the admitance to Ph. D. or Master courses The titles of this Master issued from the Universidad Politecnica Salesiana is officially recognized as two years Master (or Maestria) approved by Conuep the December 13, 2000 as a prosecution of the first Master. The periods and the courses of the italian students in Ecuador and of the ecuadorian students in Italy will be recognized in both Countries as formative credits. Could be better that only one kind of certificate (in this case the Italian one) could have the same value in Italy and in Ecuador but until now this seems to be impossible and remains a dream.
Conclusions e suggestions for new Masters <ul><li>The organization of the international Master was really very hard since there were different interpretations of the administrative problems. </li></ul><ul><li>It is very important to have a good expertise and signed agreements between the Universities and to know exactly the preparation of each student because usually in different Countries there are different organization in the learning. </li></ul><ul><li>For Countries that are quite faraway it is important to use for the theoretical courses the e-learning but to find a way for exchange of students and professors. </li></ul><ul><li>Very important is adeqaute funding mainly for travels and stay but also for research. </li></ul><ul><li>To go abroad is a very important experience for every student but ,by sure, for latino-american students this experience affects their professional formation, their future and it is an investment for the provenience Country. </li></ul>
The present and the future for the prosecution of the Master <ul><li>This year the Centre of Etnobiofarmacia and the research group on the Chemistry of Natural Products started a new Master of II level in “ Etnobiopharmacy and the sustainable use of Biodiversity”. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a multidisciplinary course unique in Italy because the courses are either scientific or on humanistic subjects as, for example, anthropology, etnomedicine, history of the extraeuropean countries. Courses on economy, international cooperation etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum number of students 20, minimum number 7. </li></ul><ul><li>However 4 extra places are dedicate to foreign students. </li></ul><ul><li>In this first year the students are 8 among them one from the UTPL of Ecuador. </li></ul><ul><li>This year we could find only the possibility for one grant forthe enrolment fees. </li></ul><ul><li>Next year we will continue and we will send the announcement at the end of summer . </li></ul>
Ph.D. in Pavia <ul><li>There are many Ph.D. courses at the University of Pavia. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually the courses start the November first </li></ul><ul><li>Admission examinations usually are between september and october </li></ul><ul><li>Depending on the Ph. D. courses the foreign students can be admitted without examinations but must present all the documents translated by the Embassy and also a declaretion of validity of the studies. </li></ul><ul><li>Three ecuadorian students have been accepted. One Omar Malagon got the degree this year and two just started. All the three came from UTPL. </li></ul>