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© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Usman Sarwar
Internet of Things Lab
Wireless Communication Cluster
Internet of Things: The next
technology revolution
3rd International Conference on Network
Applications, protocols and Services (NetAPPS)
2012, 20 Sep 2012
Presentation Outline
• What is IoT?
• IoT Technological Developments
• Market Trends
• IoT Research
• IoT Applications
2
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
IoT definition
• “Internet of Things: Anytime, anywhere, by anyone and anything.” By ITU, November
2005
• “A global network infrastructure, linking physical and virtual objects through the
exploitation of data capture and communication capabilities. This infrastructure
includes existing and evolving Internet and network developments. It will offer specific
object-identification, sensor and connection capability as the basis for the
development of independent cooperative services and applications. These will be
characterised by a high degree of autonomous data capture, event transfer, network
connectivity and interoperability”. by EU CASAGRAS Project
• “The vision of the internet of things is to attach tiny devices to every single object to
make it identifiable by its own unique IP address. These devices can then
autonomously communicate with one another.” By FinancialTimes
• “Things with identities & virtual personalities operating in smart spaces using
intelligent interfaces to connect and communicate within social, environmental, and
user contexts.” by MIMOS Bhd
3
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Characteristics of IoT
Internet
of
Things
Computing
Anytime
Any content
Content
Anyone
Anybody
Collection
Any Service
Any Business
Communication
Any path
Any Network
Connectivity
Any place
Anywhere
Convergence
Anything
Any device
“We are heading into a new
era of ubiquity, where the
users of the Internet will be
counted in billions, and
where humans may become
the minority as generators
and receivers of traffic.
Changes brought about by
the Internet will be dwarfed
by those prompted by the
networking of everyday
objects “ – UN report
4
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Importance
• IoT will be the most important industrial trend
in the next 10 years.
• By 2020, IoT can become a new round of
growth, potentially trillion dollar industry.
• US, China and Korean upgraded IoT to a
national strategic level industry
5
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
IoT Challenges
User based
Interaction
Machine to
Machine
Millions of
connections
Trillions of
connections
Little mobility High Mobility
Data Information
User Managed Self Managed
6
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Today’s Internet of Things “behaviour”
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Real-time location-
based info.
74% Weather apps
60%
Maps/Navigation/
Search
51%
Health apps
29%
Want connecte
system in car
60%
Share
more
content
From
more
resources
With
more
people
more
often
more
quickly
Motivators
Payment apps
71%
User Experience with enriched services/products
Source: TrendsSpottting; IBM; Gartner; Ericsson
GLOBAL IOT TECHNOLOGICAL
DEVELOPMENTS
8
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Internet Revolution
Today
• 1.5 B internet enabled PC
• >1B Internet enabled cell
phones
2020
• 50-100 B devices connected
to Internet
• No. of mobile machine
sessions will be 30x higher
than mobile person sessions
• 100,000 B objects connected
1990’s
WWW
2000’s
Mobile Internet
New era
Internet of Things
19th Century
Machines learn to do
20th Century
Machines learn to think
21st Century
Machines learn to perceive (sense
& respond)
9
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Evolution of Connected Devices
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
10Source: Cisco IBSG, April 2011
Challenges
• Standardization
• Heterogeneous platforms, communication
and software data sources and formats
• Hardware, software and data compatibility
• Making gap smaller between people and
technology
• Building robust applications
• Interoperability
11
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
IoT Technological Developments
Development Areas Before 2010 2010-2015 >2015
Identification
Technologies
•Different Schemes
•Domain specific IDs
•ISO, GS1, u-code, IPv6, etc
•Unified framework for unique
identifiers
•Open framework for IoT
•URIs
•Identity Management
•Semantics
•Privacy-awareness
•“Things DNA” identifier
IoT Architecture
Technology
•IoT architecture specification
•Context-sensitive middleware
•Intelligent reasoning platforms
•IoT architecture developments
•Network of networks architecture
•IoT architecture in the FI
•F-O-T platforms interoperability
•Adaptive, context based
architectures
•Self-* properties
•Cognitive architectures
•Experiential architecture
Communication
Technology
•RFID, UWB, Wi-Fi, WiMax,
Bluetooth, ZigBee, ISA100,
6LoWPAN
•Ultra low power chipsets, system on
chip
•On chip antennas
•Millimeter wave single chips
•Ultra low power single chip radios
•Ultra low power system on chip
•Mobility
•Heterogeneity
•Wide spectrum and spectrum
aware protocol
•Unified protocol over wide
spectrum
Network Technology •Sensor networks •Self aware & self organizing network
•Delay tolerance networks
•Storage networks and power networks
•Hybrid networking technologies
•Sensor network location transparency
•Network context awareness
•Network cognition
•Self learning, self repairing
network
12
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
IoT Technological Developments
Development Areas Before 2010 2010-2015 >2015
Software and
Algorithm
•Relational database integration
•IoT oriented RDBMS
•Event-based platforms
•Sensor middleware
•Sensor network middleware
•Proximity / localization
algorithms
•Large scale, open semantic
software modules
•Next generation IoT-based social
software
•Next generation IoT-based
enterprise applications
•Distributed intelligence, problem
solving
•The invisible IoT
•Easy to deploy IoT software
•Things to Human collaborations
•IoT for all
Hardware •RFID tags and sensors
•Sensors build in mobile devices
•NFC in mobile phones
•Smaller and cheaper
•MEMs technology
•Multi protocol, multi standards
reader
•More sensors and actuators
•Secure, low cost tags, sensors
•Smart sensors (Bio-chem)
•More sensors and actuators (tiny
sensors)
•Nano-technology and new
materials
Data & Signal
Processing
Technology
•Serial data processing
•Parallel data processing
•Quality of services
•Energy, frequency spectrum
aware data processing,
•Data processing context
adaptable
•Context aware data processing and
•data responses
•Cognitive processing and
•optimisation
Discovery and
Search Engine
Technology
•Sensor network ontologies
•Domain specific name services
•Distributed registries, search and
•discovery mechanisms
•Semantic discovery of sensors
and sensor data
•Automatic route tagging and
•Identification
•Automatic route tagging and
•identification management centres
•Cognitive search engines
•Autonomous search engines
13
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
IoT Technological Developments
Development Areas Before 2010 2010-2015 >2015
Power and Energy
Storage
Technologies
•Thin batteries
•Li-Ion
•Flat batteries
•Power optimized systems
•(energy management)
•Energy harvesting (electrostatic,
•piezoelectric)
•Short and medium range
•wireless power
•Energy harvesting
•Printed batteries
•Long range wireless power
•Self-Power
•Energy recycling
•Wireless power
•Biodegradable batteries
•Nano-power processing unit
Security and Privacy
Technologies
•Security mechanism and protocol
defined (RFID & WSN)
•Security mechanisms and
protocols for RFID and WSN
•devices
•User centric context-aware
privacy and policy
•Privacy aware data processing
•Security & Privacy profiles based
on needs
•Privacy needs automatic
evaluation
•Context centric security
•Self adaptive security mechanisms
and protocols
Material Technology •Silicon, Cu, Al Metallization
•3D processes
•SiC, GaN
•Silicon
•Improved/new semiconductor
manufacturing processes /
technologies for
•higher temperature ranges
•Diamond
Standardization •RFID security
•Passive RFID with expanded
memory and read/write capability
•IoT standardization
•M2M
•Interoperability
•Standards for cross
interoperability with
heterogeneous networks
14
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
The Next Big Internet
Internet of Things
Trillion nodes
Fringe Internet
Billion nodes
Core Internet
Million nodes
Smart metering
Transportation
Logistics
Industrial Automation
Personal sensors
Phones
Building Automation
15
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
IoT General Roadmap
16
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Standards related to IoT
17
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
MARKET TREND
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
• New Strategic Industries
• Facilitating restructuring of industry
• New public services
• Technological innovations
Significance
19
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Internet of Things : Hierarchy of Needs
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Consumer Enterprise
Cost saving
Safety
Safety & security of personal &
asset
Physiological/ Necessities
Health, food & utilities supply
and comfort shelter
Employee
satisfaction
Esteem
Empowerment,
Autonomously & Self-
determined
New source of
revenue
Customer satisfaction
Self-actualization
Personal
fulfillment
Organization
agility
Revenue generation
Collaboration
Love/ Belonging
Socialization;
Personalization
• Retail & Media
[US$16.2B; CAGR @ 8.2%
• Insurance [US$24B]
• Education
• Home security
[US$12B; CAGR@33%]
• Industrial [US$46B]
• Agriculture
[US$2B; CAGR@11%]
• Healthcare
[US$12B; CAGR@36%]
• Utilities [US$16B]
• Logistics & Transporta
[US$106B; CAGR @ 22
• Banking
• Public safety [US$16.2B]
• Automotive – Telematics
[US$37B; CAGR @ 27%]
Note: Figure indicate forecast revenue in 2015 in US$ billion; CAGR for 2011-2015
IoT : Blueprint
Internet of things value proposition
oT : Blueprint © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Humanbased
High intelligent @
Dynamic environment @ System
Low intelligent @
Static environment @ device
Information mining [US$47B] Automation & Monitor [US$25B]
Artificial Intelligence [US$95B]
Machinebase
Decision support [US$30B]
• Data collection
• Embedded devices
• Static devices
• Routine process
• Process optimization
• Optimize resource
consumption
• Complex autonomous sys.
• Situational awareness
• Smart system
• Intelligent robotics
• Experience enhancement
• Sensor driven analysis
• New Knowledge generation
Strategic
value
proposition
Note: [ ] indicates forecast global market
revenue by 2017
21
IoT market space in 2020 with presence of ~50
billion connected devices : US$2 trillion
Source: Smart 2020; Machine Research; KPMG; Ericson; http://engage.acma.gov.au/mobile-
broadband-2020/
1000X data traffic growth with
revenue opportunity : US$700B
Business revenue : US$ 1.2 trillion
22
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Market attractiveness : US$3.1 trillion by 2014
Source: Harbor Research Inc. 2010
(US$ B)
(US$ B)
24
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Rise of Machines
Year 2020 scenario……
IoT : Blueprint
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Internet connected devices
50B
Utility meters
3B +
Mobile consumers with 7
connected devices
7.6 B • People with chronic welfare
diseases
• Automotive & transportation
1B +
Mobile Computing & M2M
US$77B
Connected life spending
US$4.7T
Annual mobile monitoring
devices & services
US$43B
25
RFID
US$20B
Source: TrendsSpottting; IBM; Gartner; Ericsson
IOT RESEARCH
26
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
• Costs of energy, transport and health
• Huge inefficiency in energy, transport and
health related processes
• Environmental threat
• Security threat
• Untapped potentials of ICT as smart enablers
Drivers
• Energy distribution and management
• Transport, mobility, architecture, urban
planning
• Production, waste disposal, recycling
• Health, well being
• Sports, leisure, culture
Opportunities
Today’s Drivers and Opportunities
27
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Enablement technologies
Device
• Power mgmt.
system
• Power & energy
storage
• Security
• Privacy
• Identity access mgmt.
• Authentication &
Authorization
• Standards
• IoT architecture
• Network discovery
• Communication
• Infrastructure
• Relationship
network
management
• Cost effective Identification
mgmt/tagging mechanism
• Hardware : Miniaturization, self-
managed
• Computing power
• Storage
• Software & Algorithms
• Data aggregation
• Data & signal processing
• Data integration/fusion
• Discovery & search engine
• Object/Sensor/RFID-based
apps.
• Analytical tools
• Intelligence tools 28
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Interaction between IoT and IoS
Better processes and better decision making
ExecutionandControl
MonitoringandAwareness
29
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
IoT Global Research Need
Before 2010 2010-2015 >2015
IoT Architecture
Technology
•Intranet •Extranet •Internet (global scale
applications, global
interoperability)
Communication
Technology
•Zigbee,
6LoWPAN, UWB
•Long range
•Protocols for
interoperability
•Plug and play tags
•On Chip networks and multi
standard RF architectures
•Self configuring protocol,
seamless networks
Network
Technology
•Broadband
Different
networks (WSN,
mobile
networks)
•Cloud network
•Hybrid network
•Ad hoc network
formation
•Self organising
wireless mesh
networks
•Multi authentication
•Integrated/universal
authentication
•Internet of Everything
30
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
IoT Global Research Need
Before 2010 2010-2015 >2015
Software and
Algorithm
•Service oriented
architectures
•Embedded software
•Micro operating
systems
•Self management and
control
•Scalable autonomous
software
•Evolving software
•Self reusable software
•Autonomous things
•Self configurable
•Self healing
•Self management
Hardware •MEMS
•Low power circuits,
chipsets, tags
•Antenna on chip •Collaborative tags
•Self powering sensors
•Biodegradable
antennas
Security and Privacy
Technologies
•Power efficient
security algorithms
•Adaptation of
symmetric encryption
and public key
algorithms from active
to passive tags
•Context based security
•Service triggered
security
•Cognitive security
systems
Standardization •WSN
•RFID
•M2M
•Adoption of standards
for “intelligent” IoT
devices
•Evolutionary standards
31
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
IOT APPLICATIONS
32
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
• Gathering of information from various implementation scenarios based on the
following parameters
Requirements
Parameters Description
Deployment •Pre-planned, scattered
Mobility •Nodes are static, low mobility, high mobility
Network Size •Small to high density nodes
Power Source •Battery operated, mains-powered, mix-mode
Security •Business critical, safety critical and not critical
Multi-hop Communication •Mesh topology, star topology, ad-hoc
Connectivity •Always connected, intermittent
Traffic Pattern •P2P, P2MP, MP2P
QoS Limited to High level of QoS
33
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Application Use-cases
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
34
Comm. between Gateway and Personnel Tracking Application (IP Communication)
Comm. between Tracking node and the Gateway (802.15.4 Communication)
WCC Personnel Tracking Deployment
INTERNET
Personel
Tracking
System
Mobile Personnel Tracking
Application
Gateway-2 Gateway-1
35
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
PLATFORMS
36
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Some of the players in IoT
HP CeNSE
FP7 E-SENSE
37
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
IoT Research around the world
Organization Research
European Commission –
Internet of Things
•The research is divided into groups and many organizations involve in
various IoT research
Pachube
www.pachube.com
•Data brokerage platform for the internet of things, managing millions
of data points per day from thousands of individuals, organisations &
companies around the world.
HP CeNSE •Dramatically improve the manageability, power, and availability of
future computing systems.
•Significantly improve performance/cost of systems by leveraging
future technology (e.g., nanophotonics, memristors, etc.).
•Build new scalable, reliable and cost-effective cloud storage systems
and develop systems to deal with the information explosion of
unstructured data.
•Advance coding, compression, and other information-theoretic
technologies in support of next-generation memories, massive sensor
networks, storage systems, and high-reliability computing.
38
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Nike + shoes
• The most well-known example of sensors in a non computing
device.
• The shoes come with a sensor that tracks individual run and
sends the data to iPod. It even has its own social network and
can automatically tweet and post a status report on Facebook.
• Nike + can be set up to automatically post to Foursquare.
39
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Smart Public Transportation System
•Backhaul – 4G, WiMAX, GSM, HSDPA
•GPS Module
•802.15.4 Module
•Environmental Sensors attached
•Gas Sensors: CO, CO2, NO2
•Weather Sensors: Temperature, Air
Pressure, Humidity
•802.15.4 Module
Internal sensors
•Movement detection
sensor (for detecting the
number of passengers)
user
Ethernet
ADSL
Fiber
HSDPA
HSDPA/
WiMAX
/LTE
SPT Server
Mobile Device
IoT
Infor-
Board
Payment System
•NFC device
•Mobile payment
40
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Conclusion
41
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
42
© 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
Usman.Sarwar@mimos.my

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The internet of things the next technology revolution

  • 1. © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved. Usman Sarwar Internet of Things Lab Wireless Communication Cluster Internet of Things: The next technology revolution 3rd International Conference on Network Applications, protocols and Services (NetAPPS) 2012, 20 Sep 2012
  • 2. Presentation Outline • What is IoT? • IoT Technological Developments • Market Trends • IoT Research • IoT Applications 2 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 3. IoT definition • “Internet of Things: Anytime, anywhere, by anyone and anything.” By ITU, November 2005 • “A global network infrastructure, linking physical and virtual objects through the exploitation of data capture and communication capabilities. This infrastructure includes existing and evolving Internet and network developments. It will offer specific object-identification, sensor and connection capability as the basis for the development of independent cooperative services and applications. These will be characterised by a high degree of autonomous data capture, event transfer, network connectivity and interoperability”. by EU CASAGRAS Project • “The vision of the internet of things is to attach tiny devices to every single object to make it identifiable by its own unique IP address. These devices can then autonomously communicate with one another.” By FinancialTimes • “Things with identities & virtual personalities operating in smart spaces using intelligent interfaces to connect and communicate within social, environmental, and user contexts.” by MIMOS Bhd 3 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 4. Characteristics of IoT Internet of Things Computing Anytime Any content Content Anyone Anybody Collection Any Service Any Business Communication Any path Any Network Connectivity Any place Anywhere Convergence Anything Any device “We are heading into a new era of ubiquity, where the users of the Internet will be counted in billions, and where humans may become the minority as generators and receivers of traffic. Changes brought about by the Internet will be dwarfed by those prompted by the networking of everyday objects “ – UN report 4 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 5. Importance • IoT will be the most important industrial trend in the next 10 years. • By 2020, IoT can become a new round of growth, potentially trillion dollar industry. • US, China and Korean upgraded IoT to a national strategic level industry 5 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 6. IoT Challenges User based Interaction Machine to Machine Millions of connections Trillions of connections Little mobility High Mobility Data Information User Managed Self Managed 6 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 7. Today’s Internet of Things “behaviour” © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved. Real-time location- based info. 74% Weather apps 60% Maps/Navigation/ Search 51% Health apps 29% Want connecte system in car 60% Share more content From more resources With more people more often more quickly Motivators Payment apps 71% User Experience with enriched services/products Source: TrendsSpottting; IBM; Gartner; Ericsson
  • 8. GLOBAL IOT TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS 8 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 9. Internet Revolution Today • 1.5 B internet enabled PC • >1B Internet enabled cell phones 2020 • 50-100 B devices connected to Internet • No. of mobile machine sessions will be 30x higher than mobile person sessions • 100,000 B objects connected 1990’s WWW 2000’s Mobile Internet New era Internet of Things 19th Century Machines learn to do 20th Century Machines learn to think 21st Century Machines learn to perceive (sense & respond) 9 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 10. Evolution of Connected Devices © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved. 10Source: Cisco IBSG, April 2011
  • 11. Challenges • Standardization • Heterogeneous platforms, communication and software data sources and formats • Hardware, software and data compatibility • Making gap smaller between people and technology • Building robust applications • Interoperability 11 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 12. IoT Technological Developments Development Areas Before 2010 2010-2015 >2015 Identification Technologies •Different Schemes •Domain specific IDs •ISO, GS1, u-code, IPv6, etc •Unified framework for unique identifiers •Open framework for IoT •URIs •Identity Management •Semantics •Privacy-awareness •“Things DNA” identifier IoT Architecture Technology •IoT architecture specification •Context-sensitive middleware •Intelligent reasoning platforms •IoT architecture developments •Network of networks architecture •IoT architecture in the FI •F-O-T platforms interoperability •Adaptive, context based architectures •Self-* properties •Cognitive architectures •Experiential architecture Communication Technology •RFID, UWB, Wi-Fi, WiMax, Bluetooth, ZigBee, ISA100, 6LoWPAN •Ultra low power chipsets, system on chip •On chip antennas •Millimeter wave single chips •Ultra low power single chip radios •Ultra low power system on chip •Mobility •Heterogeneity •Wide spectrum and spectrum aware protocol •Unified protocol over wide spectrum Network Technology •Sensor networks •Self aware & self organizing network •Delay tolerance networks •Storage networks and power networks •Hybrid networking technologies •Sensor network location transparency •Network context awareness •Network cognition •Self learning, self repairing network 12 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 13. IoT Technological Developments Development Areas Before 2010 2010-2015 >2015 Software and Algorithm •Relational database integration •IoT oriented RDBMS •Event-based platforms •Sensor middleware •Sensor network middleware •Proximity / localization algorithms •Large scale, open semantic software modules •Next generation IoT-based social software •Next generation IoT-based enterprise applications •Distributed intelligence, problem solving •The invisible IoT •Easy to deploy IoT software •Things to Human collaborations •IoT for all Hardware •RFID tags and sensors •Sensors build in mobile devices •NFC in mobile phones •Smaller and cheaper •MEMs technology •Multi protocol, multi standards reader •More sensors and actuators •Secure, low cost tags, sensors •Smart sensors (Bio-chem) •More sensors and actuators (tiny sensors) •Nano-technology and new materials Data & Signal Processing Technology •Serial data processing •Parallel data processing •Quality of services •Energy, frequency spectrum aware data processing, •Data processing context adaptable •Context aware data processing and •data responses •Cognitive processing and •optimisation Discovery and Search Engine Technology •Sensor network ontologies •Domain specific name services •Distributed registries, search and •discovery mechanisms •Semantic discovery of sensors and sensor data •Automatic route tagging and •Identification •Automatic route tagging and •identification management centres •Cognitive search engines •Autonomous search engines 13 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 14. IoT Technological Developments Development Areas Before 2010 2010-2015 >2015 Power and Energy Storage Technologies •Thin batteries •Li-Ion •Flat batteries •Power optimized systems •(energy management) •Energy harvesting (electrostatic, •piezoelectric) •Short and medium range •wireless power •Energy harvesting •Printed batteries •Long range wireless power •Self-Power •Energy recycling •Wireless power •Biodegradable batteries •Nano-power processing unit Security and Privacy Technologies •Security mechanism and protocol defined (RFID & WSN) •Security mechanisms and protocols for RFID and WSN •devices •User centric context-aware privacy and policy •Privacy aware data processing •Security & Privacy profiles based on needs •Privacy needs automatic evaluation •Context centric security •Self adaptive security mechanisms and protocols Material Technology •Silicon, Cu, Al Metallization •3D processes •SiC, GaN •Silicon •Improved/new semiconductor manufacturing processes / technologies for •higher temperature ranges •Diamond Standardization •RFID security •Passive RFID with expanded memory and read/write capability •IoT standardization •M2M •Interoperability •Standards for cross interoperability with heterogeneous networks 14 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 15. The Next Big Internet Internet of Things Trillion nodes Fringe Internet Billion nodes Core Internet Million nodes Smart metering Transportation Logistics Industrial Automation Personal sensors Phones Building Automation 15 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 16. IoT General Roadmap 16 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 17. Standards related to IoT 17 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 18. MARKET TREND © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 19. • New Strategic Industries • Facilitating restructuring of industry • New public services • Technological innovations Significance 19 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 20. Internet of Things : Hierarchy of Needs © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved. Consumer Enterprise Cost saving Safety Safety & security of personal & asset Physiological/ Necessities Health, food & utilities supply and comfort shelter Employee satisfaction Esteem Empowerment, Autonomously & Self- determined New source of revenue Customer satisfaction Self-actualization Personal fulfillment Organization agility Revenue generation Collaboration Love/ Belonging Socialization; Personalization • Retail & Media [US$16.2B; CAGR @ 8.2% • Insurance [US$24B] • Education • Home security [US$12B; CAGR@33%] • Industrial [US$46B] • Agriculture [US$2B; CAGR@11%] • Healthcare [US$12B; CAGR@36%] • Utilities [US$16B] • Logistics & Transporta [US$106B; CAGR @ 22 • Banking • Public safety [US$16.2B] • Automotive – Telematics [US$37B; CAGR @ 27%] Note: Figure indicate forecast revenue in 2015 in US$ billion; CAGR for 2011-2015 IoT : Blueprint
  • 21. Internet of things value proposition oT : Blueprint © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved. Humanbased High intelligent @ Dynamic environment @ System Low intelligent @ Static environment @ device Information mining [US$47B] Automation & Monitor [US$25B] Artificial Intelligence [US$95B] Machinebase Decision support [US$30B] • Data collection • Embedded devices • Static devices • Routine process • Process optimization • Optimize resource consumption • Complex autonomous sys. • Situational awareness • Smart system • Intelligent robotics • Experience enhancement • Sensor driven analysis • New Knowledge generation Strategic value proposition Note: [ ] indicates forecast global market revenue by 2017 21
  • 22. IoT market space in 2020 with presence of ~50 billion connected devices : US$2 trillion Source: Smart 2020; Machine Research; KPMG; Ericson; http://engage.acma.gov.au/mobile- broadband-2020/ 1000X data traffic growth with revenue opportunity : US$700B Business revenue : US$ 1.2 trillion 22 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 23. Market attractiveness : US$3.1 trillion by 2014 Source: Harbor Research Inc. 2010 (US$ B) (US$ B) 24 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 24. Rise of Machines Year 2020 scenario…… IoT : Blueprint © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved. Internet connected devices 50B Utility meters 3B + Mobile consumers with 7 connected devices 7.6 B • People with chronic welfare diseases • Automotive & transportation 1B + Mobile Computing & M2M US$77B Connected life spending US$4.7T Annual mobile monitoring devices & services US$43B 25 RFID US$20B Source: TrendsSpottting; IBM; Gartner; Ericsson
  • 25. IOT RESEARCH 26 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 26. • Costs of energy, transport and health • Huge inefficiency in energy, transport and health related processes • Environmental threat • Security threat • Untapped potentials of ICT as smart enablers Drivers • Energy distribution and management • Transport, mobility, architecture, urban planning • Production, waste disposal, recycling • Health, well being • Sports, leisure, culture Opportunities Today’s Drivers and Opportunities 27 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 27. Enablement technologies Device • Power mgmt. system • Power & energy storage • Security • Privacy • Identity access mgmt. • Authentication & Authorization • Standards • IoT architecture • Network discovery • Communication • Infrastructure • Relationship network management • Cost effective Identification mgmt/tagging mechanism • Hardware : Miniaturization, self- managed • Computing power • Storage • Software & Algorithms • Data aggregation • Data & signal processing • Data integration/fusion • Discovery & search engine • Object/Sensor/RFID-based apps. • Analytical tools • Intelligence tools 28 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 28. Interaction between IoT and IoS Better processes and better decision making ExecutionandControl MonitoringandAwareness 29 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 29. IoT Global Research Need Before 2010 2010-2015 >2015 IoT Architecture Technology •Intranet •Extranet •Internet (global scale applications, global interoperability) Communication Technology •Zigbee, 6LoWPAN, UWB •Long range •Protocols for interoperability •Plug and play tags •On Chip networks and multi standard RF architectures •Self configuring protocol, seamless networks Network Technology •Broadband Different networks (WSN, mobile networks) •Cloud network •Hybrid network •Ad hoc network formation •Self organising wireless mesh networks •Multi authentication •Integrated/universal authentication •Internet of Everything 30 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 30. IoT Global Research Need Before 2010 2010-2015 >2015 Software and Algorithm •Service oriented architectures •Embedded software •Micro operating systems •Self management and control •Scalable autonomous software •Evolving software •Self reusable software •Autonomous things •Self configurable •Self healing •Self management Hardware •MEMS •Low power circuits, chipsets, tags •Antenna on chip •Collaborative tags •Self powering sensors •Biodegradable antennas Security and Privacy Technologies •Power efficient security algorithms •Adaptation of symmetric encryption and public key algorithms from active to passive tags •Context based security •Service triggered security •Cognitive security systems Standardization •WSN •RFID •M2M •Adoption of standards for “intelligent” IoT devices •Evolutionary standards 31 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 31. IOT APPLICATIONS 32 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 32. • Gathering of information from various implementation scenarios based on the following parameters Requirements Parameters Description Deployment •Pre-planned, scattered Mobility •Nodes are static, low mobility, high mobility Network Size •Small to high density nodes Power Source •Battery operated, mains-powered, mix-mode Security •Business critical, safety critical and not critical Multi-hop Communication •Mesh topology, star topology, ad-hoc Connectivity •Always connected, intermittent Traffic Pattern •P2P, P2MP, MP2P QoS Limited to High level of QoS 33 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 33. Application Use-cases © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved. 34
  • 34. Comm. between Gateway and Personnel Tracking Application (IP Communication) Comm. between Tracking node and the Gateway (802.15.4 Communication) WCC Personnel Tracking Deployment INTERNET Personel Tracking System Mobile Personnel Tracking Application Gateway-2 Gateway-1 35 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 35. PLATFORMS 36 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 36. Some of the players in IoT HP CeNSE FP7 E-SENSE 37 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 37. IoT Research around the world Organization Research European Commission – Internet of Things •The research is divided into groups and many organizations involve in various IoT research Pachube www.pachube.com •Data brokerage platform for the internet of things, managing millions of data points per day from thousands of individuals, organisations & companies around the world. HP CeNSE •Dramatically improve the manageability, power, and availability of future computing systems. •Significantly improve performance/cost of systems by leveraging future technology (e.g., nanophotonics, memristors, etc.). •Build new scalable, reliable and cost-effective cloud storage systems and develop systems to deal with the information explosion of unstructured data. •Advance coding, compression, and other information-theoretic technologies in support of next-generation memories, massive sensor networks, storage systems, and high-reliability computing. 38 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 38. Nike + shoes • The most well-known example of sensors in a non computing device. • The shoes come with a sensor that tracks individual run and sends the data to iPod. It even has its own social network and can automatically tweet and post a status report on Facebook. • Nike + can be set up to automatically post to Foursquare. 39 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 39. Smart Public Transportation System •Backhaul – 4G, WiMAX, GSM, HSDPA •GPS Module •802.15.4 Module •Environmental Sensors attached •Gas Sensors: CO, CO2, NO2 •Weather Sensors: Temperature, Air Pressure, Humidity •802.15.4 Module Internal sensors •Movement detection sensor (for detecting the number of passengers) user Ethernet ADSL Fiber HSDPA HSDPA/ WiMAX /LTE SPT Server Mobile Device IoT Infor- Board Payment System •NFC device •Mobile payment 40 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 40. Conclusion 41 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved.
  • 41. 42 © 2012 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved. Usman.Sarwar@mimos.my

Editor's Notes

  1. 3rd International Conference on Network Applications, protocols and Services (NetAPPS) 2012, 20 Sep 2012
  2. Internet of Things: The Internet of Things refers to a network of objects, such as household appliances or digital controllers, etc. that uses the networking technologies or backbone of the Internet (TCP/IP). The Internet of Things gives everyday devices an IP address and lets them plug into the Internet. The “Internet of Things” is an enabler for the larger applications universe for interoperability of information and control known as “The Web of Things”. Web of Things: The Web of Things is a vision inspired from the Internet of Things where the everyday devices (i.e. same household appliances or digital controllers above) that contain an IP address are connected by fully integrating them to the Web. The “Web” technologies (i.e. HTML, HTTP, RSS, etc.) are used to access the data and empower the functionality of the smart devices. It is the Web of Things which can truly unlock the potential of device networking. IP enables inter-networking, but Web technologies enable information sharing for a typical person. The goal for the Web of Things is to provide “Smart Services” for everyone in the food chain. Machine-to-Machine: M2M is defined as the technologies that allow machines, typically (small) computing sensors that perform specific tasks (intelligence) and are able to communicate or relay information as needed typically over simple protocols but more recently over Internet protocols (IP) over wireless or wireline or even SMS.
  3. IoT was born between 2008 and 2009 Explosive growth of smart phones and tablets
  4. Robust application = flexible application frameworks and APIs
  5. What is a smart building? A group of embodied ICT systems that maximise energy efficiency in buildings. A building automation system (BAS) is an example of a computerized, intelligent network of electronic devices, designed to monitor and control the mechanical and lighting systems in a building. What is a smart grid? A smart grid integrates ICT applications throughout the grid, from generator to user, to enable efficiency and optimisation solutions. What are smart logistics? A variety of ICT applications that enable reductions in fuel and energy use by enabling better journey and load planning.
  6. -CIT-China said the main problems in developing Internet of Things in China are a lack of proprietary core technologies and industry standards, difficulty in cross-industry collaboration and the need to seek profitable operating models. Reported by http://www.digitimes.com/news/a20111024PD200.html
  7. Source: (2010) HRI - Scaling the smart system opp
  8. Source: (2008-05) EC - IoT in 2020 - Roadmap to the future (2009-09) EC - IoT strategies research roadmap
  9. CeNSE – Central Nervous System for the Earth IBM Smart planet