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Architecting IoT by Mathew - Alcatel Lucent @ MIMOS IoT TWG Day1

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This presentation is about architecting IoT presented in MAY 2014 at MIMOS Berhad during the IoT blue print for Malaysia

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Architecting IoT by Mathew - Alcatel Lucent @ MIMOS IoT TWG Day1

  1. 1. 1 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Mathew Simon May 2014 ARCHITECTING NETWORKS SUPPORTING IoT http://nikeplus.nike.com/plus/what_is_fuel
  2. 2. 2 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 2 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. DIGITAL LIFE IN THE CONNECTED HOME http://www.lgnewsroom.com/ces2012/view.php?product_code=95&product_type=95&post_index=1828
  3. 3. 3 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 3 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. SMART ENERGY & SMART METERING (FEAT. KITO) https://www.electrabel.be/nl/particulier/gas-elektriciteit-stroom-leverancier-prijs-energie/smartenergybox
  4. 4. 4 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 4 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. THE NEXT STEP IN INTERNET EVOLUTION Pre- internet Internet of CONTENT Internet of SERVICES Internet of PEOPLE Internet of THINGS SOCIAL WEB WEB 2.0WWWH2H M2M + + + +
  5. 5. 5 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 5 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. IT’S COMING AND IT’S GONNA BE BIG (NO… HUGE) $8.9 TRILLION GLOBAL REVENUES BY 2020 212 BILLION “THINGS” IN 2020 * * (*) IDC 2014, http://enterpriseinnovation.net/article/idc-internet-things-poised-change-everything-1713674431
  6. 6. 6 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 6 A NEW GENERATION OF SMART DEVICES Source: Harbor Research (2010) MOBILE INFO DEVICES Mobile Phones, Smart Phones, Notebooks, Mobile Terminals, Tablets, Media Players STATIC INFO APPLIANCES Desktop PCs, Servers/Storage, Routers/Switches/Gateways, Printers/Imaging, Game/Media Equipment & Players MOBILE DEVICES Consumer/Commercial Vehicles, Air/Rail/Transit/Marine Navigation Systems, Off-Highway Vehicles, Mobile Healthcare Devices STATIC DEVICES Building Equipment, Retail/Vending/POS/ATMs Industrial Machinery, Healthcare, Power Distribution, Infrastructure Equipment EMBEDDED DEVICES Controllers, Sensors, Instruments, Meters, Microprocessors, Microcontrollers 6-7 BILLION shipments in 2010 2-3 BILLION shipments in 2010 20 BILLION possible shipments in 2015
  7. 7. 7 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 7 ENRICHING DAILY LIFE Retail Smart Grid/ Smart Metering Connected Cars Traffic Management Remote Patient Monitoring Safety & Security Tourism & Hospitality
  8. 8. 8 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 8 TWO COMPLEMENTARY VIEWS ON THE “INTERNET OF THINGS” CLOUDM2M COMMUNICATIONS
  9. 9. 9 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ECOSYSTEM AND VALUE CHAIN Network operators Comms. providers Application providers End users End users End-to-end M2M Service providers Chipset/ Module vendors Device vendors Network vendors Platform vendors Application developers Network & System Integrators
  10. 10. 10 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. M2M/IOT ECOSYSTEM: A COMPLEX PICTURE http://techcrunch.com/2014/05/25/making-sense-of-the-internet-of-things
  11. 11. 11 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 11 MANY CONNECTION SCENARIOS car-to-home/office car-to-business car-to-content car-to-infrastructure car-to-mobile device car-to-car car-to- service
  12. 12. 12 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 12 NETWORK CHARACTERISTICS FREQUENCY OF USE BANDWIDTH / DATA VOLUME BUILT-IN CONNECTIVITY BROUGHT-IN CONNECTIVITY Maybe never Mininal / a few hundreds of bytes Built-in Voice + 2/3/4G data A few times per month Minimal / a few Kilobytes Built-in SMS or 2/3/4G data Up to several times per day <5 Mbps / a few Megabytes None GPS + 2/3/4G data Irregular, long rides with the kids ~10 Mbps / Gigabytes Wi-Fi, Mirrorlink or none 4G Up to several times per day <2 Mbps / a few Megabytes None 2/3/4G data
  13. 13. 13 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 13 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. END TO END VIEW Backend Processes and Applications, Business Applications, … devices, appliances, machines and humans with embedded “sensors” and “controllers” “MACHINES” “NETWORK APPLICATIONS” Telecom Network M2M middleware platform
  14. 14. 14 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 14 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. DATA FLOWS Upstream Flows: BUSINESS DATA REPORTING Downstream Flows: ACTUATION & COMMANDS
  15. 15. 15 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 15 NETWORK: TRAFFIC PATTERNS AUTOMOTIVE (Smart Metering) Source: Alcatel-Lucent, Bell Labs traffic modelling ENERGY (Remote Patient Monitoring) HEALTHCARE (Infomobility Services) 0.35 Mbytes daily 10.7 Mbytes monthly 0.07 Mbytes daily 2.2 Mbytes monthly 0.96 Mbytes daily 29.2 Mbytes monthly DOWNSTREAM UPSTREAM MAXIMUM TRAFFIC hour of the day kbit/sec 0.00 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.12 0.14 0 6 12 2418 hour of the day kbit/sec 0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.20 1.40 0 6 12 2418 hour of the day kbit/sec 0.000 0.005 0.010 0.045 0 6 12 2418 0.015 0.020 0.025 0.030 0.035 0.040
  16. 16. 16 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 16 NETWORK: SIGNALING VS. DATA CAPACITY Source: Alcatel-Lucent, Bell Labs traffic modelling - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 8,000,000 9,000,000 DL UL traffic(kbps) M2M data plane load vs capacity, CDMA 1x/EVDO, NY metro, 2014 M2M load Cellular capacity - 10,000,000 20,000,000 30,000,000 40,000,000 50,000,000 60,000,000 70,000,000 80,000,000 DL UL sessions(hourly) M2M control plane load vs capacity, CDMA 1x/EVDO, NY metro, 2014 M2M load Cellular capac 5 % M2M peak (hourly) traffic Cellular capacity 33 % DATA PLANE CONTROL PLANE <1 % <1 %
  17. 17. 17 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 17 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. SOCIETY CHALLENGES the silence of the chips http://www.edri.org/edri-gram/number7.13/right-silence-of-the-chips
  18. 18. 18 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 18 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. “Just because nobody complains doesn't mean all parachutes are perfect.” – Benny Hill
  19. 19. 19 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 19 SERVICE CHARACTERIZATION Connection Direct (SIM, USB, Ethernet) or via GW (NFC, Bluetooth, Zigbee, …) Bandwidth Narrowband (e.g. smart thermostat) or broadband (e.g. car video) Network Fixed or mobile “backhaul” Data model Open (accessible via API) or private (assessible via app/system) Solution Plug’n’play or integrated solution Identity Registered or anonymous objects Intelligence Network, object or app based Biz model Horizontal (platform with APIs) or vertical (Pt-2-Pt app) Device 1 function module or N sensors “orchestrated by device” Scale Number of similar devices in teh “swarm”
  20. 20. 20 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 20 NETWORK CONSIDERATIONS Anticipate massive growth in devices, applications and M2M traffic Optimize 2G/3G/4G and fixed networks for huge loads of small messages Provisioning, control, management and billing of devices and apps Devices, data formats, protocols, standards, vendors, etc. Authentication, authorization and data protection SCALABILITY PERFORMANCE MANAGEABILITY INTEROPERABILITY SECURITY
  21. 21. 21 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 21 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. EXPLOITING UBIQUITOUS CONNECTVITY Wireless 2G/3G/4G/Wi-Fi Wireline xDSL/cable Satellite GW Controllers “M2M Area Network” Devices Sensors Actuators Tags the Internet (of Things)
  22. 22. 22 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  23. 23. 23 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. OUR APPROACH: Drive TRANSITION from Vertical Fragmented solutions to HORIZONTAL PLATFORM & STANDARDIZE CAPTURE COMMON FUNCTIONS IN HORIZONTAL PLATFORM WITH STANDARD-BASED INTERFACES Current Operator Focus Connected Car Connected Home Smart Energy Light Industrial eHealthSmart City /Muni CONNECTIVITY MANAGEMENT ANALYTICS APPLICATIONS DEVICES/OEMs HIGH COST OF SERVICE DELIVERY | HIGH COST OF APP DEVELOPMENT | NOT SCALABLE | LOW OPERATOR VALUE-ADD Service Mgmt, Device Mgmt, Application Lifecycle Mgmt SIM Mgmt Message Routing Connected Car Connected Home Smart Energy Light Industrial eHealthSmart City /Muni Data Collection Protocols & Interop App Development & Execution Platform
  24. 24. 24 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 24 SUMMARY OF OPERATOR STRATEGIES NETWORK + TRANSPORT M2M PLATFORM + API EXPOSURE DEV. PORTAL + STOREFRONTS HOSTING APP. SERVERS + PORTALS Connectivity & SIM wholesale with limited traffic optimization. Application enablement with intelligent network optimization. Fostering applications to increase network utilization. Integrating "things“ into generic applications. End-to-end Service Provider solutions for vertical markets and customers. 1 2 3 4
  25. 25. 25 COPYRIGHT © 2014 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 25 FACETS OF THE PUZZLE Source: OVUM, March 2012 Operator responsibility Connectivity Billing and reporting Hardware manufacture Customer care Hardware customization and testing Consulting and technical sales Applications development Connectivity support Applications support Solution monitoring/reporting Device provisioning and installation Integration of M2M solution Mixed responsibility Partner responsibility

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