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IOTG
The NetContiki Project: an IoT edge technology
Presented by Usman Sarwar
Team members: Jeremy Ang, Kamarul Zaman, Chen Yong Siew, Kenny Puah
6 Sep 2016
Project overview
1
IOTG2
IoT Connectivity Landscape
IEEE 802.15.4
6LoWPAN
OtherTechnologies
BluetoothWIFI
StandardBTSW
6LoWPAN
Ethernet
RFID/NFC
Standard OSI Reference Protocols
Stack
Cellular
Cellular specific protocols
Complexity Simplicity
IPSO
Thread
ZigBeeIP
ZigBee
TSN
2G /3GSIGFOXLTE-MOthers
others
Intel Copyrights
IOTG3
IoT Gateway: connectivity options
Intel Architecture IoT
Gateway
WIFI
EthernetLinux
CellularIEEE 802.15.4
RFID WindowsBrillo
BT
Edge Connectivity Backhaul Connectivity
Intel Copyrights
IOTG
Connectivity Landscape (Distance vs Bandwidth)
4Intel Copyrights
IOTG
IEEE 802.15.4 landscape
5
IOTG6
IoT based infrastructure use-cases with IEEE
802.15.4
IEEE 802.15.4
HomesSmart
Buildings
Smart
Utilities
Smart
Agriculture
Smart
Cities
Streetlights
Parking
Roads&
bridges
Livestock
Farming
Smart
Transportation
Smart
Healthcare
Grids
Water
Traffic
Waste
Assets
Ports
Monitoring
Office
• Designed for low bandwidth, low transmit power, small
frame size, Low power sensing and actuating
applications.
• AA batteries usage up to 5+ years
• Network topologies: Star, Tree and Mesh
• Indoor range: 10 to 50 Meters (Per Hop)
• Outdoor range: 2.4Ghz = 100+- Meters (Per Hop)
Sub Ghz = 300M to 1KM (Per Hop)
Frequencies Data Rate
2011 Spec
Data Rate
2006 Spec
Channels
2.4 GHz 250 kbps 250kbps 16
928 Mhz 100 kbps 40 kbps 10
868 Mhz 100 kbps 20 kbps 1
OtherUse-cases
Overall
Market
Value
2020
1100B$
Logistics
157B$
Use
cases
400B$58B$ 5+ B$
Syringes
Medicine
117B$
Intel Copyrights
IOTG
IEEE 802.15.4 Communication Stack Standards
7
IOTG8
IETF – Working groups (Network to Application layers)
6LoWPAN (IPv6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Networks)
• Transmission of IPv6 Packets over IEEE 802.15.4 Networks [RFC 4944]
• Compression Format for IPv6 Datagrams over IEEE 802.15.4-Based Networks [RFC 6282]
6Lo (IPv6 over Networks of Resource-constrained Nodes )
• IPv6 over BLUETOOTH(R) Low Energy [RFC 7668]
• Transmission of IPv6 Packets over ITU-T G.9959 Networks (Zwave) [RFC 7428]
ROLL (Routing Over Low power and Lossy networks )
• RPL: IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Network [RFC 6550]
• Home Automation Routing Requirements in Low-Power and Lossy Networks [RFC 5826]
CORE (Constrained RESTful Environments)
• The Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) [RFC 7252]
• Constrained RESTful Environments (CoRE) Link Format [RFC 6690]
Intel Copyrights
IOTG9
What is 6LoWPAN?
• Acronym for IPv6 over Low power Wireless Personal Area Networks.
• Standard from the maker of Internet (IETF) which works with existing
Internet infrastructure (30+ years)
• Widely accepted Standard and created Internet based on IP architecture
• It provides
• Adaptation layer for interoperability and packet formats
• Adapting the packet sizes of the two networks
• Address resolution
• Addressing management mechanisms
• Routing considerations and protocols for mesh topologies in 6LoWPAN
• Scalable
Intel Copyrights
IOTG10
Why 6LoWPAN and what are the possibilities?
Key advantages
1. It is an Internet Protocol (IPv6/IPv4)
technology which works seamlessly with
existing network infrastructure
2. It works with existing software infrastructure
such as firewall and network management
Intel Copyrights
IOTG11
IPSO Alliance (Internet Protocol for Smart Objects)
• Founded in 2008
• 44 members
• Alliance adopts IEEE, IETF, ETSI and ISA standards
• IPSO WG
• Semantic
• Protocol
• Security and Identity
• Use-Cases
• Home and building
• Utilities
• Industrial
• Smart Cities
• Interoperability and IPSO challenge event Ref: http://www.ipso-alliance.orgIntel Copyrights
IOTG
NetContiki Related
12
IOTG
Intel 6LoWPAN solution
1. Network Border router modes
• Normal NBR
• Neighbor discovery
• Smart bridge
• Multi-NBR with multi-15.4 radio
• Infrastructural mode
2. Application services
• IPSO smart objects
• OMA LWM2M (bootstrap and the server)
• CoAP (Reference Demo for sensors, LEDs and buttons (using IoT-u10)
3. Security
• DTLS support for CoAP - Pre Shared Keys, Raw Public Certificates
• IEEE 802.15.4 Layer 2
4. RPL MESH
13
Ref: http://www.ipso-alliance.org
Intel Copyrights
IOTG
Intel 6LoWPAN solution
(Conti..)
5. Other Features
• OTA programming
• Automatic network selection mechanism using beacons (active scans)
6. Optimization
• Packet handling
14
Ref: http://www.ipso-alliance.org
Intel Copyrights
IOTG15
Intel IPSO 6LoWPAN solution
Intel Copyrights
IOTG16
What is NetContiki?
• Fork of Contiki OS
• Numerous Bug fixed in Contiki OS with optimization for commercial products
• Dedicated team worked on it
• Features and tools
• Interoperable IPSO 6LoWPAN stack
• Automatic channel selection
• Over the air upgrade
• Optimization in mesh routing standard
• Security framework
• Scalable to have larger network per routing device
Intel Copyrights
IOTG17
Successful Intel 6LoWPAN stack interoperability
at IPSO plugfest - May 2015
Intel Copyrights
Intel Confidential — Do Not Forward

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The NetContiki Project: an IoT edge technology overview

  • 1. IOTG The NetContiki Project: an IoT edge technology Presented by Usman Sarwar Team members: Jeremy Ang, Kamarul Zaman, Chen Yong Siew, Kenny Puah 6 Sep 2016 Project overview 1
  • 2. IOTG2 IoT Connectivity Landscape IEEE 802.15.4 6LoWPAN OtherTechnologies BluetoothWIFI StandardBTSW 6LoWPAN Ethernet RFID/NFC Standard OSI Reference Protocols Stack Cellular Cellular specific protocols Complexity Simplicity IPSO Thread ZigBeeIP ZigBee TSN 2G /3GSIGFOXLTE-MOthers others Intel Copyrights
  • 3. IOTG3 IoT Gateway: connectivity options Intel Architecture IoT Gateway WIFI EthernetLinux CellularIEEE 802.15.4 RFID WindowsBrillo BT Edge Connectivity Backhaul Connectivity Intel Copyrights
  • 4. IOTG Connectivity Landscape (Distance vs Bandwidth) 4Intel Copyrights
  • 6. IOTG6 IoT based infrastructure use-cases with IEEE 802.15.4 IEEE 802.15.4 HomesSmart Buildings Smart Utilities Smart Agriculture Smart Cities Streetlights Parking Roads& bridges Livestock Farming Smart Transportation Smart Healthcare Grids Water Traffic Waste Assets Ports Monitoring Office • Designed for low bandwidth, low transmit power, small frame size, Low power sensing and actuating applications. • AA batteries usage up to 5+ years • Network topologies: Star, Tree and Mesh • Indoor range: 10 to 50 Meters (Per Hop) • Outdoor range: 2.4Ghz = 100+- Meters (Per Hop) Sub Ghz = 300M to 1KM (Per Hop) Frequencies Data Rate 2011 Spec Data Rate 2006 Spec Channels 2.4 GHz 250 kbps 250kbps 16 928 Mhz 100 kbps 40 kbps 10 868 Mhz 100 kbps 20 kbps 1 OtherUse-cases Overall Market Value 2020 1100B$ Logistics 157B$ Use cases 400B$58B$ 5+ B$ Syringes Medicine 117B$ Intel Copyrights
  • 8. IOTG8 IETF – Working groups (Network to Application layers) 6LoWPAN (IPv6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Networks) • Transmission of IPv6 Packets over IEEE 802.15.4 Networks [RFC 4944] • Compression Format for IPv6 Datagrams over IEEE 802.15.4-Based Networks [RFC 6282] 6Lo (IPv6 over Networks of Resource-constrained Nodes ) • IPv6 over BLUETOOTH(R) Low Energy [RFC 7668] • Transmission of IPv6 Packets over ITU-T G.9959 Networks (Zwave) [RFC 7428] ROLL (Routing Over Low power and Lossy networks ) • RPL: IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Network [RFC 6550] • Home Automation Routing Requirements in Low-Power and Lossy Networks [RFC 5826] CORE (Constrained RESTful Environments) • The Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) [RFC 7252] • Constrained RESTful Environments (CoRE) Link Format [RFC 6690] Intel Copyrights
  • 9. IOTG9 What is 6LoWPAN? • Acronym for IPv6 over Low power Wireless Personal Area Networks. • Standard from the maker of Internet (IETF) which works with existing Internet infrastructure (30+ years) • Widely accepted Standard and created Internet based on IP architecture • It provides • Adaptation layer for interoperability and packet formats • Adapting the packet sizes of the two networks • Address resolution • Addressing management mechanisms • Routing considerations and protocols for mesh topologies in 6LoWPAN • Scalable Intel Copyrights
  • 10. IOTG10 Why 6LoWPAN and what are the possibilities? Key advantages 1. It is an Internet Protocol (IPv6/IPv4) technology which works seamlessly with existing network infrastructure 2. It works with existing software infrastructure such as firewall and network management Intel Copyrights
  • 11. IOTG11 IPSO Alliance (Internet Protocol for Smart Objects) • Founded in 2008 • 44 members • Alliance adopts IEEE, IETF, ETSI and ISA standards • IPSO WG • Semantic • Protocol • Security and Identity • Use-Cases • Home and building • Utilities • Industrial • Smart Cities • Interoperability and IPSO challenge event Ref: http://www.ipso-alliance.orgIntel Copyrights
  • 13. IOTG Intel 6LoWPAN solution 1. Network Border router modes • Normal NBR • Neighbor discovery • Smart bridge • Multi-NBR with multi-15.4 radio • Infrastructural mode 2. Application services • IPSO smart objects • OMA LWM2M (bootstrap and the server) • CoAP (Reference Demo for sensors, LEDs and buttons (using IoT-u10) 3. Security • DTLS support for CoAP - Pre Shared Keys, Raw Public Certificates • IEEE 802.15.4 Layer 2 4. RPL MESH 13 Ref: http://www.ipso-alliance.org Intel Copyrights
  • 14. IOTG Intel 6LoWPAN solution (Conti..) 5. Other Features • OTA programming • Automatic network selection mechanism using beacons (active scans) 6. Optimization • Packet handling 14 Ref: http://www.ipso-alliance.org Intel Copyrights
  • 15. IOTG15 Intel IPSO 6LoWPAN solution Intel Copyrights
  • 16. IOTG16 What is NetContiki? • Fork of Contiki OS • Numerous Bug fixed in Contiki OS with optimization for commercial products • Dedicated team worked on it • Features and tools • Interoperable IPSO 6LoWPAN stack • Automatic channel selection • Over the air upgrade • Optimization in mesh routing standard • Security framework • Scalable to have larger network per routing device Intel Copyrights
  • 17. IOTG17 Successful Intel 6LoWPAN stack interoperability at IPSO plugfest - May 2015 Intel Copyrights
  • 18. Intel Confidential — Do Not Forward