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Elements of IoT connectivity technologies


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The presentation gives overview of heterogeneous IoT connectivity technologies and then give insight into IEEE 802.15.4 based technologies.

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  • Usman - great deck! I am at IOT World next week and would like to use some of this for my session on Connectivity. Please message me if you are able to share the deck with me so I can take some of the pieces. I will add your name and provide credit of course - Natasha Royer Coons on Linked In.
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Elements of IoT connectivity technologies

  1. 1. Usman Sarwar 17 Oct 2015 Presenting @ IET Malaysia Network IoT Architecture : Elements of Connectivity Technologies
  2. 2. Internet of Things Group 2 Agenda • What and why of IoT? • IoT connectivity landscape • IEEE 802.15.4 standards and communication stacks
  3. 3. Internet of Things Group 3 IoT?
  4. 4. Internet of Things Group 4 Connectivity Solutions for IoT  Robust connectivity is the foundation of the Internet of Things.  IoT - commercial and industrial “things” ranging from vending machines to planes, trains and automobiles.  Opportunities are vast in connecting new as well as legacy “things” across these global markets  Diverse requirements Energy GamingImagingDSS Mil/Aero Health
  5. 5. Internet of Things Group 5 IoT Unique Requirements Broad Customer Base •Large Customer Base Operating Systems • Linux, Android, Windows, and Proprietarysystems •Version N and N-1, N-2 Long Life • 3-10 years •Longer ramp and demand cycle •Stringent Q&R Requirements Bandwidth and Latency •More BW is not always better • Appropriate for application •Stringent Latency/Jitter Power • Devicesrun on battery • Application that can not have coin cell Functional Safety •Redundancy •Traceability
  6. 6. Internet of Things Group 6 Essential Elements for IoT deployment Connectivity  Provides an extensive network of connectivity  Wired  Wireless  Cellular  Short-range Manageability  Enable common provisioning frameworks  Enable remote, secure upgrades  Provide web-based configuration utilities Security  Protect devices for trust and control  Protect the Device  Protect the application
  7. 7. Internet of Things Group 7 IoT Connectivity Landscape IEEE 802.15.4 6LoWPAN OtherTechnologies BluetoothWIFI StandardBTSW 6LoWPAN Ethernet RFID/NFC Standard OSI Reference Protocols Stack Cellular Cellular specific protocols Complexity Simplicity IPSO Thread ZigBeeIP ZigBee TSN 2G /3G SIGFO X LTE-MOthers others
  8. 8. Internet of Things Group IEEE 802.15.4 landscape
  9. 9. Internet of Things Group 9 IoT based infrastructure use-cases with IEEE 802.15.4 IEEE 802.15.4 HomesSmart Buildings Smart Utilities Smart Agriculture Smart Cities Streetlights Parking Roads& bridges Livestock Farming Smart Transportation Smart Healthcare Grids Water Traffic Waste Assets Ports Monitoring Office • Designed for low bandwidth, low transmit power, small frame size • Design for Low power sensing and actuating applications. • AA batteries usage up to 5+ years • Indoor range: 10 to 50 Meters. Outdoor: 100+- • Network topologies: Star, Tree and Mesh Frequencies Data Rate 2011 Spec Data Rate 2006 Spec Channels 2.4 GHz 250 kbps 250kbps 16 928 Mhz 100 kbps 40 kbps 10 868 Mhz 100 kbps 20 kbps 1 OtherUse-cases Overall Market Value 2020 1100B$ Logistics 157B$ Use case s 400B$58B$ 5+ B$ Syringes Medicine 117B$
  10. 10. Internet of Things Group 10 IEEE 802.15.4 standards Description 802.15.4 General sensing and actuating 802.15.4c Phy for China (314 – 316 MHz, 430 – 434 MHz, and 779 – 787 MHz ) 802.15.4d Phy for Japan (920 MHz) 802.15.4e Mac Enhancements (eg. minimized listening costs, link reliability), Industrial applications, improved security 802.15.4f PHY Amendment for Active RFID, 802.15.4g PHY Amendment for Smart Utility Networks, upto 1Km range, outdoor usage, larger frame size Ref: IEEE 802 Standards.
  11. 11. Internet of Things Group 11 IEEE 802.15.4 standards 802.15.4 802.15.4e 802.15.4g 802.15.4f Frequency 2.4Ghz (DSSS + oQPSK), 868Mhz (DSSS + BPSK) 915Mhz (DSSS + BPSK) 2.4Ghz (DSSS + oQPSK, CSS+DQPSK ), 868Mhz (DSSS + BPSK) 915Mhz (DSSS + BPSK) 2.4Ghz (DSSS + oQPSK, CSS+DQPSK ), 868Mhz (DSSS + BPSK) 915Mhz (DSSS + BPSK) 2.4Ghz (DSSS + oQPSK, CSS+DQPSK ), 868Mhz (DSSS + BPSK) 915Mhz (DSSS + BPSK) 3~10Ghz (BPM+BPSK ) Data rate Upto 250kbps Upto 800kbps Up to 800kbps Differences _ Mac Enhancements (time synchronization and channel hopping) Phy Enhancements Mac and Phy Enhancements Frame Size (bytes) 127 N/A Up to 2047 N/A Range (m) 1 – 75+ 1 – 75+ Upto 1km N/A Goals General Low-power Sensing/Actuating Industrial segments Smart utilities • Active RFID bi- directional • location determination applications Products Many Few Connode (6LoWPAN) LeanTegra PowerMote Ref: IEEE 802 Standards.
  12. 12. Internet of Things Group 12 IEEE 802.15.4 and BLE IEEE 802.15.4 BLE (Bluetooth smart) Applications Sensing and actuating in industrial, utilities, medical Beacons, healthcare, fitness, home entertainment Characteristics • Low power mesh personal area network • Large size network • Very Low cost • Wireless personal area network • Small size network • Low cost Target usage Utility meters, bulbs, smart Mobile phone, tablet and computer, wearables Deployment Time Years Weeks to Years Overlapping area Smart home (eg. bulbs, plugs) thru gateway or hub Smart home (eg. bulbs, plugs) directly thru smart phones or tablets Network Type Star, tree and mesh Master - slave, mesh (new specification) Ref: IEEE 802 Standards.
  13. 13. Internet of Things Group IEEE 802.15.4 Software Stacks
  14. 14. Internet of Things Group 14 What is 6LoWPAN? • Acronym for IPv6 over Low power Wireless Personal Area Networks. • Constrained devices (eg IEEE 802.15.4, BLE) • Standard from the maker of Internet (IETF) which works with existing Internet infrastructure (30+ years) General Stack Smart homes + buildings
  15. 15. Internet of Things Group 15 Google Thread • Specification 1.0 released on 14 July 2015 • Targeted for Smart homes and buildings • Members include ARM, Samsung, Silicon labs, Freescale, Intel, Philips..
  16. 16. Internet of Things Group 16 Why 6LoWPAN and what are the possibilities?
  17. 17. Internet of Things Group 17 What is ZigBee?  ZigBee Alliance specification for a suite of high-level communication proprietary protocols  ZigBee Application Profiles – ZigBee Home Automation 1.2 – ZigBee Light link – Smart Energy 1.1b
  18. 18. Internet of Things Group 18 New emergence of ZigBee combining with Thread Adopting ZigBee 3.0
  19. 19. Internet of Things Group 19 IEEE 802.15.4 Stack comparison for IPSO, Thread and ZigBee ZigBee 3.0
  20. 20. Internet of Things Group 20 Ingredients of the Intel IoT Gateway Scalable architectureIntel Integrated operating systemWind River End-to-end securityMcAfee
  21. 21. Internet of Things Group 21 Introducing Calypso Island
  22. 22. Internet of Things Group 22 Conclusion • Impact of IoT • Importance of connectivity • importance of IEEE 802.15.4 technology
  23. 23. Placeholder Footer Copy / BU Logo or Name Goes Here