In what way did ideas and values held by Puritans influence the political, economic,and social development of the New England Colonies from 1630 through the 1600s?
The Puritans tried to create a step-by- step life with one common goal, through. . . Social ◦ “God’s Plan” : A Utopia Economic ◦ Money revolved around the Church Political ◦ The Combination of Church and State
Puritans’ priorities in establishing their community [Document B] ◦ In the center of the community: a church, town hall, and school Represents the centers of the social community: religion, education, and communication, which are all portrayed through Puritan values Solidarity: a view of all for one [Document A] ◦ Teamwork in living a good life, as service to “God’s Plan” ◦ E.g., “City Upon a Hill” Encouraged community building and combing labor forces
Puritans’ Belief of Predestination ◦ E.g., the Puritans accepted any hardship (Native American assaults, poor harvest, natural disasters, etc.) as God’s will Exemplifies their total trust in God, leading up to. . . Puritans’ Subordination of Others with different views [Document D] ◦ Document D: William Bradford describing the burning of a Native American village, describing the natives as “proud, insulting, and blasphemous” Shows the Puritans’ intolerance of foreign ideologies and beliefs
God’s plan of a utopia Such a utopia centered only on Puritan values
Taxes going to the Church Exemplifies the obligation of the citizens to participate in contribution to the church Belief that the meaning of life deviated from financial prosperity [Document J] ◦ John Higginson proclaiming that profit from trade is not the priority of Puritan life Counters the belief of materialism, therefore countering the growing trade market of New England
Families’ Self-Sufficiency ◦ The Church calls for unity among the family, creating a larger labor force through the familial unit and increasing production of goods within the Puritan community This began to separate the Puritan economy from the rest of New England’s economy; it also proves of the growing avoidance of materialism.
An economy based on Puritan labor An economy separate from materialistic values Both of the above at the will of the Church
Everyone is given a power that must not be abused [Document H] ◦ Power should be used as intended in all aspects of life This value limits the power of individuals, but contributes to the power of the community under Puritan society The treatment that law should apply upon foreign religions and ideals [Document G] That law should allow freedom of speech of one’s own religion, but any assimilation between religions or disruptive proclamation of personal ideals should be considered illegal
The Covenant of 1636: says that the Puritans will lawfully obey Church and Commonwealth [Document C] -They lawfully obeyed this covenant because they believed it pleased their Lord.
Law should be in favor of the Lord Power is under the Puritan society Power is for the Puritan society
Restate clinchers: ◦ Social – God’s plan is for the people to create a Utopia. ◦ Economic – A humble and equal economy is necessary within this utopian society. ◦ Political – The power is in accordance with God’s plan. Conclusion: ◦ New England life went through many changes, unifying many parts of the society willing to accept and cooperate with the Puritan values, and isolating those who did not.