Wealth of Nations 1776 Written by Scottish economist Adam Smith in 1776. It discusses economics before the Industrial Revolution, and promotes free markets, saying they are more beneficial to their societies. James Madison cited it in a speech to Congress opposing the national bank (Feb. 2, 1791). It inspired Alexander Hamilton to write his Report on Manufactures. Thomas Jefferson also was inspired by the book and praised it.
Under the jointpseudonym, “Publius,”who wrote TheFederalist Papers?
Alexander Hamilton, JamesMadison, and John Jay. 1787 Series of essay explaining the meaning and virtues of the constitution Counter attacked the Anti-federalist Signifies the most important American contribution to political theory
“On Civil Disobedience” 1849 Explained his refusal of not paying taxes by claiming that the individual’s personal morality had the first claim on his or her actions, that a government which required violation of that morality had no legitimate, in this, the proper response was “civil disobedience”- passive resistance- a public refusal to obey unjust laws.
Who was AbrahamLincoln referring towhen he said: “so this isthe lady who startedthe Civil War.”
Progress and Poverty 1879 Tried to explain why poverty existed amidst the wealth created by modern industry Blamed social problems on the ability of a few monopolist to grow wealthy as a result of rising land values
Looking Backwards 1888 Looking Backward was a utopian novel. In the novel a Bostonian is sent into a hypnotic sleep, in 1887 and awakes in 2000. In 2000 there was a new social order and society without want, greed, and politics did not exist. This had formed through peaceful evolution in which all the trusts had grown large and eventually consolidated into one large trust controlled by the government. The profits from the trust were distributed equally between all people. There were no class divisions and no competition. Bellamy named this view nationalism. It eventually formed 160 “Nationalist” clubs and sold more than 1 million copies.
The Gospel of Wealth 1889 Wealthy should consider all revenues in excess of their own needs as “trust funds” to be used for the goo of the community Responsibility of the wealthy to take care of the poor It showed different ways people used their money for good through philanthropic work
How the Other Half Lives 1890 Had pictures and descriptions of tenement housing and life in tenement housing. It revealed the terrible conditions in tenements. It also revealed the conditions of sweatshops. Originally Riis wrote it as a magazine article(1889), but it was refused publication. Still, it proved popular and it was expanded into a book. The invention of flash photography made the publication of How the Other Half Lives possible, because of the dark conditions of tenements.
Booker T. Washington 1895 Outlined a philosophy of race relations Blacks should engage in “severe and constant struggle” for economic gain because “the agitation of questions of social equality is the extremest folly” If blacks wants to win rights and citizenship, they must show that they’re prepared to exercise their rights
“The Significance of the Frontier inAmerican History” 1893
20th CenturyWho wrote The Souls of Black Folk?
W.E.B. DuBois 1903 Attack on the Atlanta Compromise. It accused Booker T. Washington of promoting segregation and limiting his race.
Which muckrackerwrote The Shame of theCities?
Lincoln Steffens 1904 “Machine government” and “boss rule” “Boodlers” in cities as diverse as St. Louis, Minneapolis, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago, Philadelphia, and New York Arouse sentiment for urban political reform
Which book exposedthe unsanitaryconditions of the meatfactories?
Herbert Croly 1909 One of the most influential spokesmen for emerging “nationalist” position Looked to the conservative spirit of effective government as espoused by Alexander Hamilton, combined with the democracy of Thomas Jefferson Actively promoted a strong army and navy
Twenty Years at the Hull House1910 Twenty Years at Hull House discusses Jane Addams’ years at Hull House and what she did there. She reveals many of the issues and problems the poor faced, and the bad conditions they were in. It was a novel about social reform and aid as well, stating Addams’ views on what should change.
Frederick Taylor 1911 The Principles of Scientific Management was a piece by Frederick Taylor describing the rules of Scientific Management. Scientific Management came to be known as Taylorism, because he was the leader of the movement. The piece stated that people should focus on training more than on finding the “right man”, it also considered management a science. Scientific management, as described by Taylor in the piece, focused on efficiency and training.
The New Negro 1925 A collection of black writings during the Harlem Renaissance. The New Negro publicized many black artists, and earned them an audience outside of the black community eventually. It had both fiction and nonfiction, and was separated into two parts. It included works from Zora Neale Hurston, Langston Hughes, W. E. B. DuBois, and many other prominent names in the Harlem Renaissance.
What book talked afamily that weremigrant affect from theDust Bowl?
The Grapes of WrathJohn Steinbeck 1939 Tells a story of the Joad family Encounter an unending string of calamities and failures Offers a harsh portrait of the exploitive features of agrarian life
Silent Spring 1961 Silent Spring revealed the downfalls of pesticides, and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) in particular. She discussed how it severely harmed and was even fatal to animals and humans. She was highly eloquent, making the impact of the book even stronger. It was one of the most controversial books of the 60’s and was discussed by many. Pesticide producers did much to suppress the project, but Carson prevailed. The book sold half a million copies within six months of its publication. DDT was outlawed in 1972. Though Carson died in 1964, she had a massive impact on environmental activism for long after she died.
Michael Harrington 1961 Chronicled the continuing (socialist) existence of poverty in America Issues not new, the attention was new Rebuked the assumptions of those who argued that economic growth would eventually lead everyone into prosperity
Martin Luther King Jr. 1963 Written by Martin Luther King Jr. in a jail in Birmingham after King had been sent there after a nonviolent protest. The protest was led by Christian groups for racial equality. It was a response to a statement written by eight white clergymen called “A Call for Unity”. They had disapproved of King’s actions and timing, but he refuted this saying that the protest was nonviolent and insisting that delayed justice is injustice.
Daniel Ellsberg 1971 The Pentagon Papers were leaked to the press by Daniel Ellsberg, who was a former official of the Defense Department. Published by the New York Times and other newspapers. They were excerpts from a secret study on the war during Johnson’s administration. It revealed the government’s dishonesty in the war. It revealed America’s justification of the war as American pride and prestige. The administration took the issue to the Supreme court in hopes of suppressing it, but the court ruled in favor of the press.
Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein1974 Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein were journalists, and they investigated the Watergate scandal. The book discussed the break in and the following resignations. It also revealed sources that were previously anonymous. They also had received information from Deep Throat, who thirty-one years later revealed himself as the Federal Bureau of Investigation Associate Director, Mark Felt.