The Western Frontier
Essential Questions <ul><li>What national issues emerged in the process of closing the western frontier? </li></ul><ul><li...
Key Tensions Native  Americans Buffalo Hunters Railroads U. S. Government Cattlemen Sheep Herders Ranchers Farmers
Key Tensions Ethnic Minorities Nativists Environmentalists Big Business Interests   [mining, timber] Local Govt. Officials...
the Railroad builders
Railroad Construction
“ The Big Four” Railroad Magnates Charles Crocker Mark Hopkins Leland Stanford Collis Huntington
Promontory Point, UT (May 10, 1869)
the cowboys
The Bronc Buster Frederick Remington
the GUNSLINGERS
Colt .45 Revolver God didn’t make men equal. Colonel Colt did!
Legendary Gunslingers & Train Robbers Jesse James Billy the Kid
Dodge City Peace Commission, 1890
the MINERS
Prospecting
Mining Centers:  1900
The Cattlemen & the Sheep herders
Land Use:  1880s
New Agricultural Technology “ Prairie Fan” Water Pump Steel Plow [“Sod Buster”]
Barbed Wire Joseph Glidden
The Range Wars Sheep Herders Cattle Ranchers
Minority groups in the West
Black “Exoduster” Homesteaders
Blacks Moving West
The “Chinese Question” <ul><li>Exclusion Act (1882)   - Oriental Exclusion Act   - Chinese Exclusion Act </li></ul>
The Tong Wars:  1850s-1920s Began in San Francisco in 1875.
The Farmers
Frontier Settlements:  1870-1890
Homesteads From Public Lands
What is the Message of this Picture?
The Realty--A Pioneer’s Sod House, SD
Frederick Jackson Turner The Significance of the Frontier  in American Society   (1893)
the plains indians
Treaty of Ft. Laramie (1851) Colorado Gold Rush (1859)
Colonel John Chivington Kill and scalp all, big and little! Sandy Creek, CO Massacre November 29, 1864
Gold Found in the Black Hills of the Dakota Territory! 1874
The Battle of Little Big Horn 1876 Chief Sitting Bull Gen. George Armstrong  Custer
Helen Hunt Jackson A Century of Dishonor  (1881)
Dawes Severalty Act (1887): Assimilation Policy Carlisle Indian School, PA
Arapahoe “Ghost Dance”, 1890
Chief Big Foot’s Lifeless Body Wounded Knee, SD, 1890
Indian Reservations Today
the myth & legend of the west
The Traditional View of the West
William “Buffalo Bill” Cody’s Wild West Show
Legendary  Female Western Characters Calamity Jane Annie Oakley
The Fall of the Cowboy Frederick Remington
what were the long-term effects of the westward experience?
Destruction of the Buffalo Herds The near extinction of the buffalo.
Yellowstone National Park First national park established in 1872.
National Parks
Conservation Movement John Muir With President Theodore Roosevelt
Sierra Club Founded in 1892
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Closing the Western Frontier

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Closing the Western Frontier

  1. 1. The Western Frontier
  2. 2. Essential Questions <ul><li>What national issues emerged in the process of closing the western frontier? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the West hold such an important place in the American imagination? </li></ul><ul><li>In what ways is the West romanticized in American culture? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Key Tensions Native Americans Buffalo Hunters Railroads U. S. Government Cattlemen Sheep Herders Ranchers Farmers
  4. 4. Key Tensions Ethnic Minorities Nativists Environmentalists Big Business Interests [mining, timber] Local Govt. Officials Farmers Buffalo Hunters Lawlessness of the Frontier “ Civilizing” Forces [The “Romance” of the West]
  5. 5. the Railroad builders
  6. 6. Railroad Construction
  7. 7. “ The Big Four” Railroad Magnates Charles Crocker Mark Hopkins Leland Stanford Collis Huntington
  8. 8. Promontory Point, UT (May 10, 1869)
  9. 9. the cowboys
  10. 10. The Bronc Buster Frederick Remington
  11. 11. the GUNSLINGERS
  12. 12. Colt .45 Revolver God didn’t make men equal. Colonel Colt did!
  13. 13. Legendary Gunslingers & Train Robbers Jesse James Billy the Kid
  14. 14. Dodge City Peace Commission, 1890
  15. 15. the MINERS
  16. 16. Prospecting
  17. 17. Mining Centers: 1900
  18. 18. The Cattlemen & the Sheep herders
  19. 19. Land Use: 1880s
  20. 20. New Agricultural Technology “ Prairie Fan” Water Pump Steel Plow [“Sod Buster”]
  21. 21. Barbed Wire Joseph Glidden
  22. 22. The Range Wars Sheep Herders Cattle Ranchers
  23. 23. Minority groups in the West
  24. 24. Black “Exoduster” Homesteaders
  25. 25. Blacks Moving West
  26. 26. The “Chinese Question” <ul><li>Exclusion Act (1882) - Oriental Exclusion Act - Chinese Exclusion Act </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Tong Wars: 1850s-1920s Began in San Francisco in 1875.
  28. 28. The Farmers
  29. 29. Frontier Settlements: 1870-1890
  30. 30. Homesteads From Public Lands
  31. 31. What is the Message of this Picture?
  32. 32. The Realty--A Pioneer’s Sod House, SD
  33. 33. Frederick Jackson Turner The Significance of the Frontier in American Society (1893)
  34. 34. the plains indians
  35. 35. Treaty of Ft. Laramie (1851) Colorado Gold Rush (1859)
  36. 36. Colonel John Chivington Kill and scalp all, big and little! Sandy Creek, CO Massacre November 29, 1864
  37. 37. Gold Found in the Black Hills of the Dakota Territory! 1874
  38. 38. The Battle of Little Big Horn 1876 Chief Sitting Bull Gen. George Armstrong Custer
  39. 39. Helen Hunt Jackson A Century of Dishonor (1881)
  40. 40. Dawes Severalty Act (1887): Assimilation Policy Carlisle Indian School, PA
  41. 41. Arapahoe “Ghost Dance”, 1890
  42. 42. Chief Big Foot’s Lifeless Body Wounded Knee, SD, 1890
  43. 43. Indian Reservations Today
  44. 44. the myth & legend of the west
  45. 45. The Traditional View of the West
  46. 46. William “Buffalo Bill” Cody’s Wild West Show
  47. 47. Legendary Female Western Characters Calamity Jane Annie Oakley
  48. 48. The Fall of the Cowboy Frederick Remington
  49. 49. what were the long-term effects of the westward experience?
  50. 50. Destruction of the Buffalo Herds The near extinction of the buffalo.
  51. 51. Yellowstone National Park First national park established in 1872.
  52. 52. National Parks
  53. 53. Conservation Movement John Muir With President Theodore Roosevelt
  54. 54. Sierra Club Founded in 1892

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