Citizen Science  at National Wildlife Refuges Engaging the public,  monitoring natural resources,  making a difference
What is Citizen Science?
Citizen Science is.. <ul><li>A tool for research, education and community development </li></ul><ul><li>Using volunteers i...
Basic Elements of Citizen Science <ul><li>Citizen science actively involves the public, people who are not professional sc...
Citizen Science as an EE Tool <ul><li>Addresses questioning, analysis, and interpretation skills </li></ul><ul><li>Teaches...
What Makes CS Successful? <ul><li>Meets project goals, both scientific and educational </li></ul><ul><li>Attracts and reta...
Oldest, Largest Citizen Science Project?
<ul><li>110 years </li></ul><ul><li>59,000 people/yr </li></ul><ul><li>2,125 circles </li></ul><ul><li>57,000,000  birds c...
Scientific Need Volunteers Authentic Science Experiences Reliable Data +  _______________ =  Citizen Science
<ul><li>Driven by a scientific need </li></ul><ul><li>Simultaneously meets an identified need for authentic science experi...
Benefits of CS <ul><li>For Refuges </li></ul><ul><li>co$t effective </li></ul><ul><li>range of scales </li></ul><ul><li>ti...
Types of Citizen Science Inventory Research Monitoring
But are the data good…? <ul><li>+ =   </li></ul>
Yes…Twice…Sometimes…It Depends… <ul><li>Protocols designed with CS in mind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper training </li></ul...
David Delaney’s Invasive Crab Study Volunteers count the number of native and exotic crab species found on the Atlantic Co...
Back at the Ranch –  CS projects at your Refuge
 
What is Phenology? Phrenology  claims to be able to determine character, personality traits and criminality on the basis o...
All Leaves Unfolded  Blackgum Ponderosa Pine:  First Needle Willow Oak  First Fruit Green Ash  All Leaves Unfolded What ar...
 
Project BudBurst and Climate Change <ul><li>Plants provide context to detect response to environmental change </li></ul><u...
A photo of Lowell Cemetery, in Lowell, Mass., taken May 30, 1868, shows bare limbs. But the same scene photographed May 30...
Cherry Tree  Phenology <ul><li>Temperature change over time can cause long-term shifts in bloom dates </li></ul><ul><li>Sm...
Refuges taking action
Increase awareness of  phenology  as an area of scientific study Increase awareness of the  impacts of changing climates  ...
Other Projects
 
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Citizen Science at National Willdife Refuges

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Engaging the public, monitoring natural resources, making a difference

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  • Make references to the birding community, going back to the early 1800s, when a group of hunters decided to count birds instead of killing them– thus was born Audabon’s Christmas Bird Count! The bio community has long been involved in CS, with the CLO as the recognized leader. However, there are certainly ample examples of CS in the geosciences, as we’ve already heard this morning and that are on exhibit in the poster session through Noon today.
  • Citizen Science at National Willdife Refuges

    1. 1. Citizen Science at National Wildlife Refuges Engaging the public, monitoring natural resources, making a difference
    2. 2. What is Citizen Science?
    3. 3. Citizen Science is.. <ul><li>A tool for research, education and community development </li></ul><ul><li>Using volunteers in the planning, data collection or analysis of a scientific project </li></ul><ul><li>On National Wildlife Refuges, citizen science projects can be staff driven or organized by outside agencies or individuals </li></ul>
    4. 4. Basic Elements of Citizen Science <ul><li>Citizen science actively involves the public, people who are not professional scientists. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Citizen Science as an EE Tool <ul><li>Addresses questioning, analysis, and interpretation skills </li></ul><ul><li>Teaches science and natural history content </li></ul><ul><li>Fosters a sense of place and understanding of human-environment relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Useful for reaching teenage audience </li></ul>
    6. 6. What Makes CS Successful? <ul><li>Meets project goals, both scientific and educational </li></ul><ul><li>Attracts and retains participants </li></ul><ul><li>Attracts and retains organizers </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable, particularly for long-term studies </li></ul>
    7. 7. Oldest, Largest Citizen Science Project?
    8. 8. <ul><li>110 years </li></ul><ul><li>59,000 people/yr </li></ul><ul><li>2,125 circles </li></ul><ul><li>57,000,000 birds counted annually </li></ul>
    9. 9. Scientific Need Volunteers Authentic Science Experiences Reliable Data + _______________ = Citizen Science
    10. 10. <ul><li>Driven by a scientific need </li></ul><ul><li>Simultaneously meets an identified need for authentic science experiences in both formal and informal education </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers trained in same science protocol that professional scientists use, use many of the same tools, and produce the same reliable data that professionals do </li></ul><ul><li>can meet the needs of both science research and science education at the same time. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Benefits of CS <ul><li>For Refuges </li></ul><ul><li>co$t effective </li></ul><ul><li>range of scales </li></ul><ul><li>time periods </li></ul><ul><li>educate and enhance communication with the public </li></ul><ul><li>For Participants </li></ul><ul><li>Take active role in conservation work </li></ul><ul><li>Better understanding of natural resource mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal benefits: fun, sense of community, contribution to science, time outdoors, exercise, experience, connection to nature </li></ul>
    12. 12. Types of Citizen Science Inventory Research Monitoring
    13. 13. But are the data good…? <ul><li>+ = </li></ul>
    14. 14. Yes…Twice…Sometimes…It Depends… <ul><li>Protocols designed with CS in mind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data checks, oversight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper equipment </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. David Delaney’s Invasive Crab Study Volunteers count the number of native and exotic crab species found on the Atlantic Coast from New Jersey to Maine, and in the process they learn about crabs and other creatures inhabiting the intertidal zone, as well as about the scientific process. Photograph: Linda Hurt (top) and Island Alliance (bottom).
    16. 16. Back at the Ranch – CS projects at your Refuge
    17. 18. What is Phenology? Phrenology claims to be able to determine character, personality traits and criminality on the basis of the shape of the head (i.e., by reading &quot;bumps&quot; and &quot;fissures&quot;). Not to be confused with ‘Phrenology’ Phenology is the science that measures the timing of life cycle events for all organisms
    18. 19. All Leaves Unfolded Blackgum Ponderosa Pine: First Needle Willow Oak First Fruit Green Ash All Leaves Unfolded What are examples of plant ‘phenophases?’ Full Flower Eastern serviceberry First Flower Red Maple First Leaf Tulip poplar
    19. 21. Project BudBurst and Climate Change <ul><li>Plants provide context to detect response to environmental change </li></ul><ul><li>Easily accessible </li></ul><ul><li>Phenological observations are simple </li></ul><ul><li>Provide personal connection </li></ul><ul><li>Empowerment </li></ul>Willow Oak: First Fruit
    20. 22. A photo of Lowell Cemetery, in Lowell, Mass., taken May 30, 1868, shows bare limbs. But the same scene photographed May 30, 2005, by Boston University biology professor Richard Primack shows them in full spring greenery. Photo source: Abraham J. Miller-Rushing
    21. 23. Cherry Tree Phenology <ul><li>Temperature change over time can cause long-term shifts in bloom dates </li></ul><ul><li>Smithsonian study: 1970 v. 2000, cherry trees blooming 7 days earlier </li></ul><ul><li>In Japan: blooming front on April 1 has moved 125 north in last 40 years </li></ul>
    22. 24. Refuges taking action
    23. 25. Increase awareness of phenology as an area of scientific study Increase awareness of the impacts of changing climates on plants and the environment, and Increase science understanding and appreciation by engaging participants in the scientific process. Educational Goals of Project BudBurst
    24. 26. Other Projects
    25. 28. Get Started!
    26. 29. Thank you

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