Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on


Published in: Business, Education
  • Be the first to comment


  2. 2. What is coordination? It is an act of organizing, making different people or things work together for a goal or effect to fulfill desired goals in an organization.
  3. 3. Best Example Hand & Eye Coordination Human Organs coordinate Heart & Mind Never Coordinates
  4. 4. COORDINATION IN AN ORGANIZATION Your own footer Your Logo
  5. 5. Types of coordination Depending upon the nature and coverage , coordination may be studied under different types .they are as follows  Internal and external coordination Coordination between units of the same organization is termed as internal coordination. It summarises the activities of different units so as to make the organisation more effective . Organisations are not free from the influence of external environment . Hence, establishing a close link between organisations and external environment is a must either to survive or surpass the growing competition. External environment includes technology ,competition, market forces, customers,government policy etc., external co-ordination tries to coordinate all these forces upto the advantage of an organization.
  6. 6. Types cont…  Vertical and horizontal coordination Coordination between different levels of hierarchy down the line is termed as “vertical coordination”.it ensures that all levels of people ,from top to the bottom, work in harmony .it is greatly facilitated by a technique like deligation of authority to the lower levels of hierarchy. Coordination between people of the same cadre and between different departments at the same level is termed as “horizontal coordination”  Procedural and substantive coordination Procedural coordination implies the specifications of different units in the same organization. On the other hand, substantive coordination is concerned with the content of organizational activities.
  7. 7. COORDINATION IS THE ESSENCE OF MANAGEMENT "Co-ordination is the Essence of Management." The meaning of this sentence implies, Coordination affects all the functions of management. In other words, Co-ordination affects Planning, Organising, Staffing, Directing, Communication, Leading, Motivating and Controlling.
  8. 8. PLANNING AND COORDINATION ORGANISING AND COORDINATION. . STAFFING AND COORDINATION. DIRECTING AND COORDINATION . . According to Harold Koontz and Cyril O'Donnell, "Planning is deciding in advance what to do, how to do it, when to do it and who is to do it." There are many steps in Organising. All these steps must be coordinated, for achieving the objectives of the business. The Top Level Managers must coordinate the efforts of the Middle Level Managers. Similarly, the Middle Level Managers must coordinate the efforts of the Lower Level Managers. Furthermore, the Lower Level Managers must also coordinate the efforts of the workers. Staffing involves Recruitment and Selection, Training, Placement, Promotion, Transfer, etc. All these steps must be properly coordinated. Similarly, the efforts of all the individuals, groups and departments must be coordinated for achieving the objectives of the business. Directing means giving necessary information, proper instructions and guidance to sub-ordinates. This results in coordination. Therefore, Direction is affected by Coordination.
  9. 9. COMMUNICATING AND COORDINATION. MOTIVATING AND COORDINATION. LEADING AND COORDINATION. CONTROLLING AND COORDINATION. Many types of communication methods are used in a business. These methods include, Formal communication, Informal Communication, Upward Communication, Downward Communication, Oral Communication, Written Communication, etc. It is important to note that, all these types of communication must be properly coordinated. There are many types of Motivation. These are, Positive Motivation, Negative Motivation, Financial Motivation, and Non-Financial Motivation. All these types of Motivation must be properly coordinated. Every manager must be a good leader. He must coordinate the efforts of his subordinates for achieving the objectives. That is, he must coordinate the human resource. He must also coordinate the material and financial resources of the organisation. In Controlling the standards are first fixed. Then the performances are measured. Performances are compared with the standards, and the deviations are found out. Then the deviations are corrected. So, controlling involves many steps. All these steps must be properly coordinated. If coordination is not proper, Control will surely fail.
  10. 10. Requisites for excellent coordination • Direct contact • Early start • Continuity • Dynamism • Clear-cut objective • Simplified organization • Clear definition of authority and responsibility • Effective communication • Effective leadership and supervision
  11. 11. Characteristics  coordination is not a distinct function ,but represents the essence of management.  The outcome of the coordination is to attain the common purpose. Coordination is essential in all work situations where people work together  coordination is a continuous and an on going process  coordination does not arise spontaneously or by force . It is the result of concerted action  coordination is required in group efforts but not in individual efforts
  12. 12. IMPORTANCE • Integration of group efforts • Helps to resolve conflicts • Higher efficiency • Reduces wastages • Encourages initiatives