Les monuments parisiens

2,239 views

Published on

Brief Intro to main monuments and attractions in Paris

  • Be the first to comment

Les monuments parisiens

  1. 1. Les Monuments Parisiens et autres attractions touristiques Versailles Sorbonne Catacombes Place Vendome La Madeleine Stade de France
  2. 2. L’Arc de Triomphe <ul><li>Place de l’Etoile </li></ul><ul><li>Place Charles De Gaulle </li></ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Napoléon (1806) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stopped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finished (1836) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tomb of unknown soldier (Eternal Flame) </li></ul>
  3. 3. L’Assemblée Nationale <ul><li>Meeting place of “House of Representatives” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Palais Bourbon” </li></ul><ul><li>1727 for Louis XIV’s illegitimate daughter </li></ul><ul><li>Add-on by Napoléon (similar to La Madeleine) </li></ul><ul><li>Bought by State in 1827 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Bercy <ul><li>Sport Arena/ Concert Hall </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 18,000 seats </li></ul>
  5. 5. Les Catacombes <ul><li>Underground ossuary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tunnels (former mines and quarries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skeletons from Paris’ cemeteries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanitary Reasons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Late 18 th century </li></ul>
  6. 6. Le Champs de Mars <ul><li>“ Field” between Eiffel Tower and “les Invalides” </li></ul><ul><li>Former practice field for the Military school </li></ul>
  7. 7. Les Champs Elysées <ul><li>Broader Avenue in Paris </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connects “Arc de Triomphe” with “place de la Concorde” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restaurants and chic boutiques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President’s Palace </li></ul></ul><ul><li>14 th of July celebrations </li></ul>
  8. 8. La Conciergerie <ul><li>Former Royal Palace (10 th  14 th century) </li></ul><ul><li>Contains the “Sainte Chapelle” (Sacred Chapel) </li></ul><ul><li>Former prison (French Revolution) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guillotine etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Currently part of the Justice Department </li></ul>
  9. 9. La Sainte Chapelle <ul><li>Inside la Conciergerie </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic Style </li></ul><ul><li>Built </li></ul><ul><ul><li>13 th century </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by Louis IX (Saint Louis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to protect Christ’s Relics (Crown of Thorns etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brought back from crusades </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. L’Arche de la Défense <ul><li>1989/1990 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Arche de la Fraternité” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humanitarian celebration vs. Military celebration (Arc de Triomphe) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Requested by François Mitterand (“The Sphinx”) </li></ul><ul><li>Aligned with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arc de Triomphe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concorde </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tuileries Garden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Louvre </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. La Tour Eiffel <ul><li>Tallest structure in Paris- Icon of France </li></ul><ul><li>1889 (World Fair- French Revolution centennial) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meant to be destroyed after 20 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication (Radio, TV etc..) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Useful during WWI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>More than 2 billions visitors since construction </li></ul>
  12. 12. L’ Hotel de Ville <ul><li>City Hall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same location since 1357. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Place de Grève (Famous during Revolution) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built in 1533 (King Francis I) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add on in 1835 (2 wings) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renaissance Style </li></ul>
  13. 13. Les Invalides <ul><li>Former Veterans Hospital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built by Louis XIV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete with Chapel and Royal Chapel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Burial site of famous military/ war heroes (Napoléon etc.) </li></ul>
  14. 14. La Madeleine <ul><li>Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>built over Jewish synagogue (12 th century) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicated to Marie- Madeleine (Maria Magdalene) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Several constructions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temple to glory of Army (Napoléon) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Church dedicated to Marie Madeleine (Restoration) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Le Parc de la Villette <ul><li>Parc/ Modern museum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zénith (salle de concert) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>La Géode (cinéma omnimax) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hands on scientific museum </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Les Halles <ul><li>Shopping district </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since 1183 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wholesale market destroyed in 1971 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> new décor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fountains </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pits </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mosaics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Le Louvre <ul><li>Most visited Museum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mona Lisa (Da Vinci) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Venus (Milo) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Former Royal Palace (1190-1682) </li></ul><ul><li>Pyramid (1989) (Pei) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitterand (“The sphinx) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Le Louvre (2)
  19. 19. La Tour Montparnasse <ul><li>Only skyscraper in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Built from 1969-1972 </li></ul>
  20. 20. Le Moulin Rouge <ul><li>Traditional cabaret </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built in 1889 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Located in the “red District” (Pigalle) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spiritual home of the French “Can Can” </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneered “semi-nude” dancing </li></ul>
  21. 21. Notre Dame <ul><li>“ First” Gothic Cathedral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicated to the Virgin Mary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Located on the “Ile de la Cité” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction 1163-1345 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vandalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WWII </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. L’Opéra Bastille <ul><li>Modern Opera House </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design Contest (Mitterand) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open in 1983 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2,700 seats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Located Place de la Bastille (Former royal prison-1789) </li></ul>
  23. 23. La Colonne de Juillet <ul><li>Located on place de la Bastille </li></ul><ul><li>Commemorates the July 1830 “riots”  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Louis-Philippe (1830-1848)-Monarchie de Juillet </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. L’Opéra (Garnier) <ul><li>Open in 1875 (Napoléon III) </li></ul><ul><li>2,200 seats </li></ul><ul><li>Named after Charles Garnier (Architect) </li></ul><ul><li>Neo-Baroque style </li></ul>
  25. 25. Orsay <ul><li>2 nd most visited museum (1977) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art from 1848- 1914 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impressionism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Van Gogh </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Renoir </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Former railway station </li></ul>
  26. 26. Le Panthéon <ul><li>Burial place of “French Hall of Famers.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Victor Hugo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Voltaire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marie Curie </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jean Jaurès </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Located in Latin Quarter (Students area) </li></ul><ul><li>Originally, a church dedicated to Sainte Geneviève (1744, Louis XV) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Place de la Concorde <ul><li>Largest “square” in Paris (18 th century) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Axe Historique” </li></ul><ul><li>Guillotine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Louis XIV & Marie-Antoinette </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ramses II Obelisk (Luxor Temple)- 1830’s </li></ul>
  28. 28. Place Vendôme <ul><li>Chic hotels District </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Former residence of rich and famous </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jewelers District </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cartier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Van Cleef </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Boivin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1er arrondissement </li></ul>
  29. 29. Le Centre Pompidou (Beaubourg) <ul><li>1977 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern Art Museum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio visual Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Street Performers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoors sculptures </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Le Pont Neuf <ul><li>“ New Bridge” </li></ul><ul><li>Oldest standing Bridge in Paris (16 th century) </li></ul><ul><li>Links left Bank to Ile de la Cité </li></ul>
  31. 31. Le Sacré Coeur <ul><li>Catholic Basilica </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built after French Revolution, and Franco- Prussian War (around 1875) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Located in Montmartre (artist district) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Street performers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stairs/ city view </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Montmartre <ul><li>Artists District </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Place du Tertre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Picasso </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Van Gogh </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toulouse-Lautrec </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dali </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Behind Pigalle </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moulin Rouge </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Le Trocadéro <ul><li>Palais de Chaillot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Named for the battle of Trocadero (Spain) 1823 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized for the 1878 World Fair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> series of smaller palaces </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Across the river from Eiffel Tower </li></ul><ul><ul><li> best view </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Le Père Lachaise <ul><li>Largest cemetery in Paris </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(118 acres) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many famous people </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oscar Wilde </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jim Morrison </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colette </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Roland Garros <ul><li>Tennis sport complex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Named for Roland Garros (WWI pilot) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 of 4 events for Grand Slam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2-3 weeks in June </li></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 36. La Sorbonne <ul><li>University of Paris </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Latin Quarter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Origin 13 th century </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Olympic committee 1894 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Versailles <ul><li>Royal Residence (1682-1789) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Louis XIV </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Louis XV </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Louis XVI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Vandalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Must see </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hall of Mirrors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gardens (Le Nôtre) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Etc </li></ul></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Versailles (2)
  39. 39. Galeries Lafayette <ul><li>French department store </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since late 1880’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover several blocks </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Stade de France <ul><li>1998 for World Cup </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Located in Saint Dennis (suburb) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80,000 seats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Céline Dion (90,000 per night) </li></ul></ul></ul>

×