ACJ3053News Writing & Feature WritingINTERVIEWING                                 1
Guideline to follow   Make an appointment   Identify yourself   Consider your source’s convenience   Describe the stor...
Structuring an Interview   Funnel Interview       Most common and most relaxing.       The toughest questions saved for...
Structuring an Interview   Inverted-Funnel Interview       The key questions are asked immediately.       This style of...
Asking Questions   Planning Questions       Memorize or write down important questions.       Do homework – read previo...
Asking Questions   Closed-ended Questions       Timing and wording of questions during an        interview can affect so...
Asking Questions   Open-ended Questions       Used when short, precise answer is not        immediately necessary.     ...
Asking Questions   Open-ended or Closed-ended?       How the subject react to certain question?           Reserved clos...
Asking Questions   Asking Personal Questions       Do your homework.       Try to interview the person face-to-face.   ...
Asking Questions   Using follow-up Questions       Follow-up questions – rearticulate their questions        or ask anot...
Asking Questions   Framing Questions       Reporters should know what is the theme and purpose of        study before be...
Asking Questions   Establishing Rapport       Reporters must establish rapport with their sources as        quickly as p...
Asking Questions   Making & Using Observation       When reporters write accurately what source has said,        audienc...
Asking Questions   Taking notes       Using recorder           The advantage is reporters can make eye contact        ...
Asking Questions   Taking notes       Take sufficient notes       Write faster       Managing note pad       Using sy...
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Interviewing

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Interviewing

  1. 1. ACJ3053News Writing & Feature WritingINTERVIEWING 1
  2. 2. Guideline to follow Make an appointment Identify yourself Consider your source’s convenience Describe the story Dress the part Be on time 2
  3. 3. Structuring an Interview Funnel Interview  Most common and most relaxing.  The toughest questions saved for near the end.  Start with background questions, followed by open-ended question then followed by closed-ended questions.  Beginning with general, easy-to-answer has a good chance of establishing rapport with the source.  When the tough questioning begins, the source is more likely to respond candidly. 3
  4. 4. Structuring an Interview Inverted-Funnel Interview  The key questions are asked immediately.  This style of interview is used with people, such as law enforcement, officer or government officials.  Inverted-funnel interviews are mostly used in breaking news stories when there is little time to ask questions. 4
  5. 5. Asking Questions Planning Questions  Memorize or write down important questions.  Do homework – read previous news or conduct preliminary interviews.  Additional questions might pop-up during the interview – jot them down.  Avoid staring and reading from your note pad  Listen to the interviewee.  Make eye contact. 5
  6. 6. Asking Questions Closed-ended Questions  Timing and wording of questions during an interview can affect source response.  Some interview need quick, short and specific answers.  The best way is to ask closed-ended questions.  The question showed the reporter has interviewed other people and know most of the answers.  Don’t afraid to ask tough question but don’t ask nonsense questions. 6
  7. 7. Asking Questions Open-ended Questions  Used when short, precise answer is not immediately necessary.  It allows a source more time to develop an answer – less intimidating.  It is a good way to break the ice and established rapport before a more detailed closed-ended questions being asked. 7
  8. 8. Asking Questions Open-ended or Closed-ended?  How the subject react to certain question?  Reserved closed-ended question when the source is relaxed and begin to open up.  The length of the interview  If an important source who is rushed for the time is being interviewed, get to the heart of the interview by asking specific questions. 8
  9. 9. Asking Questions Asking Personal Questions  Do your homework.  Try to interview the person face-to-face.  Interview in a casual setting.  Break the ice with general questions.  If the interview is being taped, try not to turn the recorder right away.  Sometimes, it is easier not to ask question at all.  Preface the question.  Coax an uncooperative source. 9
  10. 10. Asking Questions Using follow-up Questions  Follow-up questions – rearticulate their questions or ask another question to elicit a new or a more specific response from a source.  You need to:  Do necessary homework and ask appropriate open- ended questions.  Listen intently to the response.  Know the subject well and able to interpret the response quickly and followed with another question. 10
  11. 11. Asking Questions Framing Questions  Reporters should know what is the theme and purpose of study before begin the interviewing process.  E.g. – the success of a restaurant owner, crooked politician, how people cope with increasing crime in Malaysia, etc.  Once determined, the questions can be framed so that the interview will help the reporter to achieve it.  Interviews are vital in a feature story – they bring it to life – without interview, there is no story.  Question must be framed so that the sources can help to tell the story.  Preparation is the key for making the interview to fit the story – have a list of questions, if not specific. 11
  12. 12. Asking Questions Establishing Rapport  Reporters must establish rapport with their sources as quickly as possible – the key to getting their questions answered.  Most sources will not answer questions candidly until they have “warmed-up” to the reporter.  Guidelines:  Try to conduct the interview in person.  Begin with general, easy-to-answer question.  Do not ask vague questions.  Don’t beat around the bushes.  Avoid arguing  Listen  Be open to any response. 12
  13. 13. Asking Questions Making & Using Observation  When reporters write accurately what source has said, audience can “hear”.  When reporters observe and report the source mannerism and surroundings, the audience can see.  Observation add color to stories, which means they give audience clearer picture of a person or event.  When reporting, keep in mind:  Unusual or common about the person or place.  How articulate the source.  Observation are vital to features, and sometimes for news stories.  Only reporters can obtain observation. 13
  14. 14. Asking Questions Taking notes  Using recorder  The advantage is reporters can make eye contact  But still have to take notes too – in case malfunctioning recorder.  Recorder also have disadvantage:  Intimidate your source.  Waste time because reporters have to listen back.  Great advantage of recorder is it is permanent, precise and prevent from misquoting.  The reporter take note to remember key points. 14
  15. 15. Asking Questions Taking notes  Take sufficient notes  Write faster  Managing note pad  Using symbols  Asking for repetition 15

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