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Freud's psychosexual development

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Psychosexual
Development
Theory of Sigmund Freud
What is psychosexual
development?
 Freud believed that adult
  personality problems were
  the result of early
  experiences in life.
 He believed that we go
  through five stages of
  psychosexual development
  and that at each stage of
  development we
  experience pleasure in one
  part of the body than in
  others.
What are erogenous zones?
 Erogenous zones
  are parts of the
  body that have
  especially strong
  pleasure-giving
  qualities at
  particular stages of
  development.
What is psychosexual
development?
 Freud thought that
  our adult personality
  is determined by the
  way we resolve
  conflicts between
  these early sources
  of pleasure—the
  mouth, the anus and
  the genitals—and the
  demands of reality.
What is fixation?
                Fixation is the
                 psychoanalytic
                 defense
                 mechanism that
                 occurs when the
                 individual remains
                 locked in an
                 earlier
                 developmental
                 stage because
                 needs are under-
                 or over-gratified
Examples of fixation
 Weaning a child too
  early or until too late
 Being too strict in toilet
  training the child
 Punishing the child for
  masturbation
 Smothering the child
  with too much
  attention
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Freud's psychosexual development

  • 2. What is psychosexual development?  Freud believed that adult personality problems were the result of early experiences in life.  He believed that we go through five stages of psychosexual development and that at each stage of development we experience pleasure in one part of the body than in others.
  • 3. What are erogenous zones?  Erogenous zones are parts of the body that have especially strong pleasure-giving qualities at particular stages of development.
  • 4. What is psychosexual development?  Freud thought that our adult personality is determined by the way we resolve conflicts between these early sources of pleasure—the mouth, the anus and the genitals—and the demands of reality.
  • 5. What is fixation?  Fixation is the psychoanalytic defense mechanism that occurs when the individual remains locked in an earlier developmental stage because needs are under- or over-gratified
  • 6. Examples of fixation  Weaning a child too early or until too late  Being too strict in toilet training the child  Punishing the child for masturbation  Smothering the child with too much attention
  • 8. I. Oral Stage  It occurs during the first 18 months of life when the infant’s pleasure centers on the mouth.  Chewing, sucking and biting are chief sources of pleasure and these actions reduces tension in the infant.
  • 11. II. Anal Stage  It is the second stage of oral development that occurs between 1 ½ until 3 years of age, in which the child’s greatest pleasure involves the anus or the eliminative functions associated with it.
  • 12. II. Anal Stage  In Freud’s view, the exercise of anal muscles reduces tension.
  • 13. II. Anal Stage  Through toilet training, the child comes in contact with the rules of society.
  • 16. III. Phallic Stage  It occurs between the ages of 3-6.  The word “phallic” comes the Latin word “phallus,” which means “penis.”  During this stage, pleasure focuses on the genitals as the child discovers that self- stimulation is enjoyable.
  • 17. Importance of Phallic Stage  In Freud’s view, the phallic stage has a special importance in personality development because this period triggers the Oedipus Complex.
  • 18. What is the Oedipus Complex?  The Oedipus Complex is the young child’s development of an intense desire to replace the parent of the same sex and enjoy the affection of the opposite-sex parent.
  • 19. Resolving the Oedipus Complex  At about 5-6 years of age, children recognize that their same-sex parent might punish them for their incestuous wishes.  To reduce the conflict, the child identifies with the same- sex parent, striving to be like him/her.  If the conflict is not resolved, the individual may become fixated at the phallic stage.
  • 22. IV. Latency Stage  It occurs at approximately between 6 years of age until puberty.  At this stage, the child represses all interest in sexuality and develops social and intellectual skills.
  • 23. IV. Latency Stage  The pursuit of social and academic activities channels much of the child’s energy into emotionally safe areas and aids the child in forgetting the highly stressful conflicts of the phallic stage
  • 24. V. Genital Stage  The final stage of psychosexual development occurs from puberty onwards.  It is the time of sexual reawakening, but the source of sexual pleasure now becomes someone outside the family.
  • 25. V. Genital Stage  Freud believed that unresolved conflicts with parents re- emerged during adolescence.  Once resolved, Freud believed that the individual capable of developing a mature love relationship and functioning independently as an adult.