ATATÜRK THEATATÜRK THEFOUNDER OF MODERNFOUNDER OF MODERNTURKEYTURKEY
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born inMustafa Kemal Atatürk was born inSelanikSelanik
His father’s name was Ali RızaHis father’s name was Ali RızaEfendi and his mother’s name wasEfendi and his mother’s name wasZübeydeZübeydeHanımHanım
His sister’s name was MakbuleHis sister’s name was Makbule
Mustafa Kemal went to Şemsi EfendiMustafa Kemal went to Şemsi EfendiPrimary School in SelanikPrimary School in Selanik
He wanted to be a Military OfficerHe wanted to be a Military Officerand went to the Military Secondaryand went to the Military SecondarySchoolSchool
Mustafa was very good at MathsMustafa was very good at Maths
One day his Maths teacher ,Mustafa said to him. “Look,your nameOne day his Maths teacher ,Mustafa said to him. “Look,your nameand my name are the same.and my name are the same.Let your name be “Mustafa Kemal”. So little Mustafa’s new nameLet your name be “Mustafa Kemal”. So little Mustafa’s new namebecame “Mustafa Kemal”became “Mustafa Kemal”
When he finished this school, heWhen he finished this school, heentered the Military High School inentered the Military High School inManastır, and then he went toManastır, and then he went toİstanbul to start his Militaryİstanbul to start his MilitaryAcademy education in 1899.Academy education in 1899.
After finishing the Staff College,After finishing the Staff College,Mustafa Kemal joined the army.Mustafa Kemal joined the army.
Mustafa Kemal left İstanbul forMustafa Kemal left İstanbul forSamsun. He landed in Samsun onSamsun. He landed in Samsun on19th May 1919 and from there the19th May 1919 and from there thefight for independence started.fight for independence started.
He organized congresses in ErzurumHe organized congresses in Erzurumand Sivas.and Sivas.
Erzurum congresses buildingErzurum congresses building
Sivas congresses buildingSivas congresses building
He invited many important peopleHe invited many important peoplefrom all parts of Anatolia and hefrom all parts of Anatolia and heopened the Turkish Grand Nationalopened the Turkish Grand NationalAssembly on 23 rd April 1920.Assembly on 23 rd April 1920.
The War of IndependenceThe War of Independence endedended with awith agreat victory for the Turkish Soldiers.great victory for the Turkish Soldiers.Turkey became a Republic on 29th OctoberTurkey became a Republic on 29th October1923. Mustafa Kemal was the first President1923. Mustafa Kemal was the first Presidentof Turkey.of Turkey.
He abolished the caliphate on 3rdHe abolished the caliphate on 3rdMarch 1924.March 1924.(Abdülmecid with his daughter and(Abdülmecid with his daughter andgrandchildren in Paris).grandchildren in Paris).
He wore a hat in Kastamonu for theHe wore a hat in Kastamonu for thefirst time.first time.
He abolished the fez and veil on 25thHe abolished the fez and veil on 25thNovember 1925. He changed theNovember 1925. He changed thecalendar system on 26th Decembercalendar system on 26th December1925. He changed the Alphabet system1925. He changed the Alphabet systemon 1st November 1934.on 1st November 1934.
The Turkish Grand NationalThe Turkish Grand NationalAssembly gave Gazi Mustafa KemalAssembly gave Gazi Mustafa Kemalthe surname of ATATÜRK on 24ththe surname of ATATÜRK on 24thNovember 1934.November 1934.
Atatürk died in Dolmabahçe PalaceAtatürk died in Dolmabahçe Palaceon 10th November 1938 at five paston 10th November 1938 at five pastnine in the morning .nine in the morning .
He will always live in the hearts ofHe will always live in the hearts ofTurkish people!!!Turkish people!!!