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The Four Principles
By Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahaab
OIC TEAM 7
• Adeel Hasan – Explanation of Tawheed Ruboobiyah
• Razi Ahmed – Examples of Tawheed from Quran/Hadith
• Urfan Azad- Team Leader/Preparation of
Presentaion/Intro and Conclusion
• Tamer Almasry- Explanation of Asmat-wa-Sifaa
• Babar Bhutta- Explanation of Tawheed Uloohiyah
• ‘Aqeedah’ in the language: It is derived from ‘al-‘aqd’ which means to be
firm upon something. Aqeedah is what a person holds as his/her religion it
is an action of the heart and the belief and affirmation of something within
• ‘Aqeedah in the Shariah: It is belief in Allah, His
Angels,Books,Messenger,the Last day and belief in Qadr (divine creed), the
good and these are also known as the pillars of Imaan.
• So the correct ‘aqeedah is the foundation upon which the deen is built and
by which actions become sound and correct, as He the Most High, said:
• “so whoever hopes for the meeting with his lord let him work
righteousness and associate none as a partner in the workship
of his lord.” Al Kahf 18:110
• “so worship Allah(alone) by doing religious deeds sincerely for
Allah`s sake only. Surely the religion is for Allah alone.” Az-
• These noble verses prove that actions are only accepted when they are pure
and free from shirk .
• Aqeedah is ‘tawqeefiyyah’ meaning that it is only established through
evidence from the shari’ah. Thus, its sources are restricted to what has been
reported in the Quran and Sunnah. Since no one has more knowledge then
Allah and after him no one has more knowledge then the messenger
(sallallaahu alaihi wasallam). Thus the manhaj of the Salaf us-Saalih and
those who followed them in learning the ‘aqeedah was restricted to the
Quran and Sunnah.
• The prophet muhammed (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam), stayed in Makkah
for thirteen years calling the people to tawheed, and the rectification of
‘aqeedah because it is the foundation upon which the deen is built. The
types of Tawheed are three: Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah, Tawheed al-
Uloohiyyah and Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat.
• is singling out Allaah the Exalted with (the actions of) creation, providing
sustenance, giving life, causing death, and all of the types of regulation and
administration of the dominion of the heavens and earth,
• and (also) singling Him out, the Exalted, with (the right to) judgement and
legislation and sending of the Messengers and revealing of Books.
• Examples of Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah from the Quran:
• "Verily, to Him belongs the creation and the comman, blessed be
Allaah, the Lord of the worlds" (al-A`raaf 7:54).
• Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, The Beneficent, the
Merciful. Owner of the Day of Judgment (1:2-3)
Then praise be to Allah, Lord of the heavens and Lord of the
earth, the Lord of the Worlds. And unto Him (alone) belongeth
Majesty in the heavens and the earth, and He is the Mighty, the
Wise. (Jasiya: 36-37)
• Naught of disaster befalleth in the earth or in yourselves but it
is in a Book before we bring it into being - Lo! that is easy for
Allah - That ye grieve not for the sake of that which hath
escaped you, nor yet exult because of that which hath been
given. Allah loveth not all prideful boasters, Who hoard and
who enjoin upon the people avarice. And whosoever turneth
away, still Allah is the Absolute, the Owner of Praise. (Hadeed:22-
• Unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the
earth and whatsoever is therein, and He is Able to do all things.
• And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community,
nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): 'Worship Allah (Alone), and
avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities etc. i.e. do
not worship Taghut besides Allah).' (16:36)
• Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah from the Sunnah:
• I heard the Prophet (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him)
read this verse: "They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their
monks to be their lords besides Allah, and Messiah -son of Maryam, while
they were commanded to worship none but One Ilah (God Allah) La ilaha
illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Praise and glory
be to Him, (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with
Him)". (9:31) So I said to him (May Allah be pleased with him)' "Verily, we
did not worship them," to which he replied, "Did they not make Haram
what Allah made Halal so you then made it Haram, and (did they not)
make Halal what Allah made Haram and you therefore made it Halal?" I
said, "Yes." He said, "That is worshipping them."
• [Reported by Ahmad and At- Tirmidhi who graded it as Hasan (fair).]
On the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifari (may Allah be pleased with him)
from the Prophet (PBUH) is that among the sayings he relates from his
Lord (may He be glorified) is that He said:
O My servants, I have forbidden oppression for Myself and have made it
forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My servants, all of
you are astray except for those I have guided, so seek guidance of Me and I
shall guide you, O My servants, all of you are hungry except for those I have
fed, so seek food of Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked
except for those I have clothed, so seek clothing of Me and I shall clothe you. O
My servants, you sin by night and by day, and I forgive all sins, so seek
forgiveness of Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you will not attain
harming Me so as to harm Me, and will not attain benefitting Me so as to
benefit Me. O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human
of you and the jinn of you to be as pious as the most pious heart of any one man
of you, that would not increase My kingdom in anything. O My servants, were
the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to be
as wicked as the most wicked heart of any one man of you, that would not
decrease My kingdom in anything. O My servants, were the first of you and the
last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to rise up in one place and
make a request of Me, and were I to give everyone what he requested, that
would not decrease what I have, any more that a needle decreases the sea if
put into it. O My servants, it is but your deeds that I reckon up for you and then
recompense you for, so let him finds good praise Allah and let him who finds
other that blame no one but himself.
• It was related by Muslim (also by at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah).
• Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah is singling out Allah alone in all acts of worship.
When we say all acts of worship it means the worship actions of the slaves
which they do in a legislated manner in order to seek nearness to Him, such
as supplication, vowing, sacrifice, hope, fear, trust, awe, dread and turning
• Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah is Tawheed- Al-'Ibaadah
• It is termed as such because Al-Uluhiyyah is a description of Allaah, which
is indicative of His Name Allaah. So Allaah is the One who possesses
Uluhiyyah i.e. the One who deserves to be worshipped. It is also known as
Tawheed Al-'Ibaadah with regard to the fact that ubudiyyah (worship) is a
description of the slave, whereby it is obligatory upon him to worship
Allaah sincerely because of his dependence on His Lord and his poverty in
front of Him.
• Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah was the essence of the call of the messengers, from
the first to the last of them.
• Allah, the Most High, said:
"And verily, We have sent among every ummah a messenger
(proclaiming): "Worship Allaah (alone), and shun the
taaghoot."" [An-Nahl (16):36]
• The Most High said:
• "And We did not send any messenger before you but We
inspired him (saying): Laa ilaaha illa Ana [none has the right
to be worshipped but I], so worship Me (alone and none else)."
Every messenger began the call to his nation with the command
to establish Tawheed Al-Uluhiyyah. As Nuh, Hud, Saleh and
"Indeed, We sent Nuh to his people and he said: "O my people,
worship Allaah! You have no other ilaah (deity worthy of
worship) but Him." [al- 'Aaraaf (7):59]
“ And to 'Aad We sent their brother Hud. He said: "O my people,
worship Allaah! You have no other ilaah (deity worthy of
worship) but Him." [al- 'Aaraaf (7):65]
• "And to (the people of) Madyan, We sent their brother Shu'aib.
He said: "O my people, worship Allaah! You have no other ilaah
(deity worthy of worship) but Him." [al-'Aaraaf (7):85]
"And Ibraaheem when he said to his people: "Worship Allaah
(alone), and fear Him." [al- 'Ankabut (29):16]
• He, the Most High, revealed to Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi
Say: "Verily, I am commanded to worship Allaah (alone) by
making the deen sincerely for Him." [az-Zumar (39):11]
• He (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said: "I have been ordered to
fight the people
• until they testify that none has the right to be worshipped
except Allaah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allaah."
(Reported by Bukhaari and Muslim).
"And to Thamud We sent their brother Saalih. He said: "O my
people, worship Allaah! You have no other ilaah (deity worthy
of worship) but Him." [al-'Aaraaf (7):73]
• Examples of Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah from the Sunnah
• Mu'aadh bin Jabal narrated: "I was riding behind the Prophet (May the peace
and blessing of Allah be upon him) on a
• donkey and he said to me "O Mu'adh, do you know what is the right of Allah on
his slaves and what is the right of the slaves upon Allah?" I responded: "Allah
and His Messenger know best." He continued, "The Right of Allah upon His
slaves is to worship Him Alone and never to associate anything with him. The
right of slaves upon Him is not to punish any person who does not associate
anything with Him." I said: "O Allah's Messenger, may I not give the glad
tidings to the people?" He replied: "No. Do not inform them lest they rely on
(this promise and lapse in their service to Him).” [The above Hadith is
mentioned in two Sahih Books (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)].
• Ayat Ul-Kursi established Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah
• Allah's saying "Allahu Laa ilaaha illaa Huwa" establishes the principle of
Uloohiyyah, which is itself the foundation of Tawheed, and from which stems
Islam's attitude to life in general. This principle obliges us to be worshipers of
none but Allah. Man should direct his service, worship and obedience to Him
alone, adjudicate only by this laws and derive his values, ethics and ideas only
• It was related by `Obadat ibn as-Samet that the Prophet of Allah--peace be upon
"Whoever witnesses that "There is no god worthy of worship, except Allah,
alone, without associate, and that Mohammed is His servant and apostle, that
`Esa [Jesus] is the servant of Allah and His apostle, His command unto Mary
and of His spirit, that Paradise and Hell are true", Allah would on that account
enter him into Paradise."
• Abu Saeed al-Khudri reported that the Prophet of Allah--peace be upon him--
said: "When Musa [Moses] asked Allah to teach him
a prayer to recite whenever he remembered or called upon Him, Allah
answered: "Say, O Musa, "There is no god worthy of worship, except Allah."
Musa said: "O Lord, all your servants say these words."
"O Musa, if the seven heavens and all they hold, and the seven earths as well, if
all these were weighed against this word of "There is no god worthy of
worship, except Allah" the latter would outweigh the former."
• Ibn Hebban also reported it and al-Hakim corrected its version.
• The meaning of worship in Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah
• As we have said earlier that Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah is to worship Allah alone,
and the foundation of worship is humility and submission. In the deen it has
many definitions, but their meaning is the same. Amongst them:
- Worship is submission to Allaah with utmost humility and love of Him.
• - Worship is obedience to Allaah by complying to that which Allaah has
commanded upon the tongues of His Messengers.
• - A more general definition is a comprehensive term for everything that Allaah
loves and is pleased with from speech and actions, outwardly and inwardly.
• Worship is the reason for which Allaah has created the creation. The
Most High, said:
• "And I created the jinns and humans only to worship Me (alone). I do not seek
any provision from them nor do I ask that they should feed Me. Verily, Allaah is
the Provider of all, All-Power, the Most Strong." [adh-Dhariyaat (51):56-58]
• Allaah has informed us that the wisdom behind creating the jinn and
mankind is their establishment of the worship of Allaah and He is not in
need of their worship rather they are the ones who need it due to their
poverty in front of Allaah. So they worship Him in accordance with His
shari'ah. So whoever refuses to worship Him is arrogant and
whoever worships Him while worshipping others besides Him is a
mushrik. Whoever worships Him alone by other than that which He
legislated is an innovator. And whoever worships Him alone by that which
he legislated is a believer, a muwahhid.
• Committing Shirk with regard to Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah
• Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah is singling out Allah alone in acts of worship. The
arabs of Jahiliyyah (disbelievers) did not reject that Allah is the Lord and
Creator, but they worship besides Allah too, which take them out of fold of
• Following are the four different ways of committing shirk by people with
regard to Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah:
• Committing shirk in muhabbah (love) i.e. they love the creation more
than Allah or instead of Allah Allah says in Surah Al-Baqarh, Ayat 165:
• "And (yet) among the people are those who take other than Allah as equals
(to Him). They love them as they (should) love Allah....."
• From this Ayat, it is clear that whoever renders love to anyone equal to the
love he renders to Allah is to regarded to have committed shirk.
• Committing shirk in dua (supplication) i.e. supplicating and
requesting from the creation, that which only Allah can provide.
• Since Allah is the Creator and Lord of this universe, so its important that we
ask Allah for everything and does not ask the creation for anything which
only Allah can provide.
• Committing shirk in Niyyah (intentions) i.e. their intentions, purpose
and determination in acts of worships or religious deeds is not for the sake
of Allah only but directed towards other deities too.
• On the day of Judgment, one of the happiest moment for a believer will be
when theysee the face of Allah. In one of the Sahih hadith, Prophet said:
• "Allah will not permit to be consigned to Hell anyone who witnesses ‘There
is no god worthy of worship, except Allah’ seeking thereby nothing but
• Thus any servant of Allah, who believe that Allah is one, the Sole Creator
and Provider and single Him out in worship, he will be in jannah and will
see the face of Allah.
• But if one worships others, besides Allah, one intends to seek other's face
than the face of Allah, or others along with Allah.
• Committing shirk in Obedience i.e. they follow rulings of others than
Allah i.e. they make Halal what Allah has made Haraam and make Haraam
what Allah has made Halal.
• Since obedience is a type of worship so it is obligatory upon us to be
obedient to Allah, first and foremost. It important to understand that no
one is to be obeyed in any matter involving disobedience to Allah.
• Tawheed Al-Asma was Siffaat is to Single out Allah with His most beautiful
Names and most exalted Attributes mentioned in the Quran and the
Sunnah and to have Iman in their meanings and rulings.
• The Proof from the Book that Allah has Names and Attributes
The Proof that Allah has Names