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Presentation Tawheed 101 Complete

Tawheed 101

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Presentation Tawheed 101 Complete

  1. 1. The Four Principles By Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahaab TAWHEED 101
  2. 2. OIC TEAM 7 • Adeel Hasan – Explanation of Tawheed Ruboobiyah • Razi Ahmed – Examples of Tawheed from Quran/Hadith • Urfan Azad- Team Leader/Preparation of Presentaion/Intro and Conclusion • Tamer Almasry- Explanation of Asmat-wa-Sifaa • Babar Bhutta- Explanation of Tawheed Uloohiyah
  3. 3. Introduction • ‘Aqeedah’ in the language: It is derived from ‘al-‘aqd’ which means to be firm upon something. Aqeedah is what a person holds as his/her religion it is an action of the heart and the belief and affirmation of something within the heart. • ‘Aqeedah in the Shariah: It is belief in Allah, His Angels,Books,Messenger,the Last day and belief in Qadr (divine creed), the good and these are also known as the pillars of Imaan. • So the correct ‘aqeedah is the foundation upon which the deen is built and by which actions become sound and correct, as He the Most High, said: • “so whoever hopes for the meeting with his lord let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the workship of his lord.” Al Kahf 18:110 • “so worship Allah(alone) by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allah`s sake only. Surely the religion is for Allah alone.” Az- Zumar 39:2-3 • These noble verses prove that actions are only accepted when they are pure and free from shirk .
  4. 4. • Aqeedah is ‘tawqeefiyyah’ meaning that it is only established through evidence from the shari’ah. Thus, its sources are restricted to what has been reported in the Quran and Sunnah. Since no one has more knowledge then Allah and after him no one has more knowledge then the messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam). Thus the manhaj of the Salaf us-Saalih and those who followed them in learning the ‘aqeedah was restricted to the Quran and Sunnah. • The prophet muhammed (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam), stayed in Makkah for thirteen years calling the people to tawheed, and the rectification of ‘aqeedah because it is the foundation upon which the deen is built. The types of Tawheed are three: Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah, Tawheed al- Uloohiyyah and Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat.
  5. 5. Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah • is singling out Allaah the Exalted with (the actions of) creation, providing sustenance, giving life, causing death, and all of the types of regulation and administration of the dominion of the heavens and earth, • and (also) singling Him out, the Exalted, with (the right to) judgement and legislation and sending of the Messengers and revealing of Books. • Examples of Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah from the Quran: • "Verily, to Him belongs the creation and the comman, blessed be Allaah, the Lord of the worlds" (al-A`raaf 7:54). • Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, The Beneficent, the Merciful. Owner of the Day of Judgment (1:2-3) Then praise be to Allah, Lord of the heavens and Lord of the earth, the Lord of the Worlds. And unto Him (alone) belongeth Majesty in the heavens and the earth, and He is the Mighty, the Wise. (Jasiya: 36-37) •
  6. 6. • Naught of disaster befalleth in the earth or in yourselves but it is in a Book before we bring it into being - Lo! that is easy for Allah - That ye grieve not for the sake of that which hath escaped you, nor yet exult because of that which hath been given. Allah loveth not all prideful boasters, Who hoard and who enjoin upon the people avarice. And whosoever turneth away, still Allah is the Absolute, the Owner of Praise. (Hadeed:22- 24) • Unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and whatsoever is therein, and He is Able to do all things. (Maida:120) • And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): 'Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah).' (16:36)
  7. 7. • Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah from the Sunnah: • I heard the Prophet (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) read this verse: "They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah, and Messiah -son of Maryam, while they were commanded to worship none but One Ilah (God Allah) La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Praise and glory be to Him, (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him)". (9:31) So I said to him (May Allah be pleased with him)' "Verily, we did not worship them," to which he replied, "Did they not make Haram what Allah made Halal so you then made it Haram, and (did they not) make Halal what Allah made Haram and you therefore made it Halal?" I said, "Yes." He said, "That is worshipping them." • [Reported by Ahmad and At- Tirmidhi who graded it as Hasan (fair).] • On the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifari (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (PBUH) is that among the sayings he relates from his Lord (may He be glorified) is that He said:
  8. 8. O My servants, I have forbidden oppression for Myself and have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My servants, all of you are astray except for those I have guided, so seek guidance of Me and I shall guide you, O My servants, all of you are hungry except for those I have fed, so seek food of Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except for those I have clothed, so seek clothing of Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants, you sin by night and by day, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness of Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you will not attain harming Me so as to harm Me, and will not attain benefitting Me so as to benefit Me. O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to be as pious as the most pious heart of any one man of you, that would not increase My kingdom in anything. O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to be as wicked as the most wicked heart of any one man of you, that would not decrease My kingdom in anything. O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to rise up in one place and make a request of Me, and were I to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what I have, any more that a needle decreases the sea if put into it. O My servants, it is but your deeds that I reckon up for you and then recompense you for, so let him finds good praise Allah and let him who finds other that blame no one but himself. • It was related by Muslim (also by at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah).
  9. 9. Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah • Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah is singling out Allah alone in all acts of worship. When we say all acts of worship it means the worship actions of the slaves which they do in a legislated manner in order to seek nearness to Him, such as supplication, vowing, sacrifice, hope, fear, trust, awe, dread and turning in repentance. • Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah is Tawheed- Al-'Ibaadah • It is termed as such because Al-Uluhiyyah is a description of Allaah, which is indicative of His Name Allaah. So Allaah is the One who possesses Uluhiyyah i.e. the One who deserves to be worshipped. It is also known as Tawheed Al-'Ibaadah with regard to the fact that ubudiyyah (worship) is a description of the slave, whereby it is obligatory upon him to worship Allaah sincerely because of his dependence on His Lord and his poverty in front of Him.
  10. 10. • Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah was the essence of the call of the messengers, from the first to the last of them. • • Allah, the Most High, said: "And verily, We have sent among every ummah a messenger (proclaiming): "Worship Allaah (alone), and shun the taaghoot."" [An-Nahl (16):36] • The Most High said: • "And We did not send any messenger before you but We inspired him (saying): Laa ilaaha illa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I], so worship Me (alone and none else)." [al-Anbiyaa (21):25] • •
  11. 11. Every messenger began the call to his nation with the command to establish Tawheed Al-Uluhiyyah. As Nuh, Hud, Saleh and Shu'aib said: "Indeed, We sent Nuh to his people and he said: "O my people, worship Allaah! You have no other ilaah (deity worthy of worship) but Him." [al- 'Aaraaf (7):59] “ And to 'Aad We sent their brother Hud. He said: "O my people, worship Allaah! You have no other ilaah (deity worthy of worship) but Him." [al- 'Aaraaf (7):65]
  12. 12. • "And to (the people of) Madyan, We sent their brother Shu'aib. He said: "O my people, worship Allaah! You have no other ilaah (deity worthy of worship) but Him." [al-'Aaraaf (7):85] "And Ibraaheem when he said to his people: "Worship Allaah (alone), and fear Him." [al- 'Ankabut (29):16] • He, the Most High, revealed to Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam): “ Say: "Verily, I am commanded to worship Allaah (alone) by making the deen sincerely for Him." [az-Zumar (39):11] • He (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said: "I have been ordered to fight the people
  13. 13. • until they testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allaah." (Reported by Bukhaari and Muslim). "And to Thamud We sent their brother Saalih. He said: "O my people, worship Allaah! You have no other ilaah (deity worthy of worship) but Him." [al-'Aaraaf (7):73]
  14. 14. • Examples of Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah from the Sunnah • Mu'aadh bin Jabal narrated: "I was riding behind the Prophet (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) on a • donkey and he said to me "O Mu'adh, do you know what is the right of Allah on his slaves and what is the right of the slaves upon Allah?" I responded: "Allah and His Messenger know best." He continued, "The Right of Allah upon His slaves is to worship Him Alone and never to associate anything with him. The right of slaves upon Him is not to punish any person who does not associate anything with Him." I said: "O Allah's Messenger, may I not give the glad tidings to the people?" He replied: "No. Do not inform them lest they rely on (this promise and lapse in their service to Him).” [The above Hadith is mentioned in two Sahih Books (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)]. • Ayat Ul-Kursi established Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah • Allah's saying "Allahu Laa ilaaha illaa Huwa" establishes the principle of Uloohiyyah, which is itself the foundation of Tawheed, and from which stems Islam's attitude to life in general. This principle obliges us to be worshipers of none but Allah. Man should direct his service, worship and obedience to Him alone, adjudicate only by this laws and derive his values, ethics and ideas only from Allah. • •
  15. 15. • It was related by `Obadat ibn as-Samet that the Prophet of Allah--peace be upon him--said: "Whoever witnesses that "There is no god worthy of worship, except Allah, alone, without associate, and that Mohammed is His servant and apostle, that `Esa [Jesus] is the servant of Allah and His apostle, His command unto Mary and of His spirit, that Paradise and Hell are true", Allah would on that account enter him into Paradise." • Abu Saeed al-Khudri reported that the Prophet of Allah--peace be upon him-- said: "When Musa [Moses] asked Allah to teach him a prayer to recite whenever he remembered or called upon Him, Allah answered: "Say, O Musa, "There is no god worthy of worship, except Allah." Musa said: "O Lord, all your servants say these words." Allah said: "O Musa, if the seven heavens and all they hold, and the seven earths as well, if all these were weighed against this word of "There is no god worthy of worship, except Allah" the latter would outweigh the former." • Ibn Hebban also reported it and al-Hakim corrected its version.
  16. 16. • The meaning of worship in Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah • • As we have said earlier that Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah is to worship Allah alone, and the foundation of worship is humility and submission. In the deen it has many definitions, but their meaning is the same. Amongst them: - Worship is submission to Allaah with utmost humility and love of Him. • - Worship is obedience to Allaah by complying to that which Allaah has commanded upon the tongues of His Messengers. • - A more general definition is a comprehensive term for everything that Allaah loves and is pleased with from speech and actions, outwardly and inwardly. • Worship is the reason for which Allaah has created the creation. The Most High, said: • "And I created the jinns and humans only to worship Me (alone). I do not seek any provision from them nor do I ask that they should feed Me. Verily, Allaah is the Provider of all, All-Power, the Most Strong." [adh-Dhariyaat (51):56-58] •
  17. 17. •  Allaah has informed us that the wisdom behind creating the jinn and  mankind is their establishment of the worship of Allaah and He is not in  need of their worship rather they are the ones who need it due to their  poverty in front of  Allaah.  So  they  worship  Him  in  accordance  with  His   shari'ah.  So  whoever refuses   to   worship   Him   is   arrogant   and    whoever   worships   Him   while worshipping others besides Him is a  mushrik. Whoever worships Him alone by other than that which He  legislated is an innovator. And whoever worships  Him alone by that which  he legislated is a believer, a muwahhid.  •   • Committing Shirk with regard to Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah •   • Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah is singling out Allah alone in acts of worship. The  arabs of Jahiliyyah (disbelievers) did not reject that Allah is the Lord and  Creator, but they worship besides Allah too, which take them out of fold of  Islam.  •   • Following are the four different ways of committing shirk by people with  regard to Tawheed Ul-Uloohiyyah: •  
  18. 18. • Committing shirk in muhabbah (love) i.e. they love the creation more  than Allah or instead of Allah Allah says in Surah Al-Baqarh, Ayat 165:  •   • "And (yet) among the people are those who take other than Allah as equals  (to Him). They love them as they (should) love Allah....." •   • From this Ayat, it is clear that whoever renders love to anyone equal to the  love he renders to Allah is to regarded to have committed shirk. •   • Committing shirk in dua (supplication) i.e. supplicating and  requesting from the creation, that which only Allah can provide.  •   • Since Allah is the Creator and Lord of this universe, so its important that we  ask Allah for everything and does not ask the creation for anything which  only Allah can provide. •   • Committing shirk in Niyyah (intentions) i.e. their intentions, purpose  and determination in acts of worships or religious deeds is not for the sake  of Allah only but directed towards other deities too.  •  
  19. 19. • On the day of Judgment, one of the happiest moment for a believer will be  when theysee the face of Allah. In one of the Sahih hadith, Prophet said:  •   • "Allah will not permit to be consigned to Hell anyone who witnesses ‘There  is no god worthy of worship, except Allah’ seeking thereby nothing but  Allah's face." •   • Thus any servant of Allah, who believe that Allah is one, the Sole Creator  and Provider and single Him out in worship, he will be in jannah and will  see the face of Allah. • But if one worships others, besides Allah, one intends to seek other's face  than the face of Allah, or others along with Allah. • Committing shirk in Obedience i.e. they follow rulings of others than  Allah i.e. they make Halal what Allah has made Haraam and make Haraam  what Allah has made Halal.  •   • Since obedience is a type of worship so it is obligatory upon us to be  obedient to Allah, first and foremost. It important to understand that no  one is to be obeyed in any matter involving disobedience to Allah.
  20. 20. Al-Asma wa-Siffaat • Definition • Tawheed Al-Asma was Siffaat is to Single out Allah with His most beautiful  Names and most exalted Attributes mentioned in the Quran and the  Sunnah and to have Iman in their meanings and rulings. • The Proof from the Book that Allah has Names and Attributes •   The Proof that Allah has Names ‫ن‬َ