Urban Systems Collaborative Seminar | John Reinhardt, City Forward and other Data Visualization Tools

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Urban Systems Collaborative Seminar | John Reinhardt, City Forward and other Data Visualization Tools

  1. 1. Making Open Data Accessible to Communities:City Forward and other Data Visualization Tools John C. Reinhardt, AICP - Program Manager, City Forward IBM Corporate Citizenship November 18, 2011
  2. 2. Presentation OverviewData and Cities: an IBM perspectiveCity Forward: a Corporate Citizenship InitiativeThe Future: Data Literacy and Real-World Examples 2
  3. 3. Our Cities Generate Vital SignsToday, almost anything—any object, process or system—can be instrumented, inter-connected and infused with intelligence.Data is lying in archives, published on government websites, being sensed from in-strumentation in the environment, deduced from aerial imagery, and built from theground-up by citizens electronically communicating about city life.This reality holds enormous promise for people everywhere. Nowhere is the potentialfor progress more evident than in the world’s cities. Instrumented | Interconnected | Intelligent 3
  4. 4. The Future is Urban 13% 50% 70% 1900 2007 2050 4
  5. 5. Cities are a Complex System of SystemsHere, all man-made systems intersect, interact and interconnect with one another.On average 45% of a city’s budget goes to providing public safety servicesUp to 40% of world energy use takes place in buildingsIn Mexico City, 600 new vehicles enter the congested streets every dayA 1% increase in the college-educated population of a metropolitan area raises ev-erybody else’s average wages by 0.8%-1.2% 5
  6. 6. Data in Cities National Data - Relatively easy to secure. -Good for comparing cities to national averages. - Can be by academics, NGOs, think tanks. City Data - Relatively easy to secure. - Good for comparing peer cities (as cities like to do!) - Can be used by journalists, city governments, academic researchers.Neighborhood - Di cult to secure. Data - Good for making policy & resourcing decisions. - Can be used by citizens, CDCs , urban planners, etc. Individual - Explosion with new instrumentation Data - Allows for interesting predictive analytics - Privacy concerns 6
  7. 7. Importance of DataSmarter Cities bring together information in ways that lead to new insightsand support decision-making. 7
  8. 8. What is City Forward? City Forward is a free, web-based platform that lets users visualize and interact with city data while engaging with a community of people who are passionate about the future of cities. cityforward.org
  9. 9. What does City Forward do? Interactive exploration tools turn raw data into actionable information—revealing important patterns and insights Easy-to-use collaboration tools enable robust discussion, annotation and social sharing functionality Thought leadership and data curation guide the discussion of open data and cities 9
  10. 10. ExplorationsData sources, visualizationsand user commentary are com-bined to create explorationsthat bring important aspects ofthe data into focus for furtheranalysisExplorations can be created byanyone from the community ofCity Forward usersAn Exploration can be aboutone or more topics in one ormore cities data + visualization + commentary = an “Exploration” 10
  11. 11. An Exploration - Syracuse and Housing Building Permits in Syracuse (Syracuse’s boom occurred in the late 90s) Homeowner Vacancy in Peer cities Baltimore, Syracuse, Detroit (Baltimore’s vacancy was more stable. What policies were in place?) 11
  12. 12. How Does it Work? Community & City Data Explorations Services Community Government Agency Exploration User Content Database Data Acquisition & Transformation Services Community 12
  13. 13. IBM Technology in ActionIBM DB2 Database for data storageIBM Cognos 8 Business Intelligencefor data analysisIBM ILOG Elixir for Data visualizationIBM Tivoli software for user info mgmtIBM Rational products forrequirements and project mgmtIBM Lotus products for contentmgmt and social networkingClick here for a full technology overview. 13
  14. 14. Focus Audiences Audience 1 Audience 2 Citizens Practitioners Students Cities Media Corporations NGOs Government SMEs Academics In need of tools, data, and training Have tools, data, and expertise to share 14
  15. 15. City Forward Model Kno Act Dat wle ion a dge Data identification, Explorations Best Practice Community* vetting, and storage Expert Blog Posts* Community Networking Discussions of open data standards* White Papers* Conferences & Events* coming in 2012 15
  16. 16. City Forward Model in Action Would congestion pricingData work in my city? ActionData sets on bridge & Citizens weigh in on congestiontunnel crossings, toll pricing exploration usingcollection, commuting Facebook and Twitter.patterns, etc. loaded intoCity Forward. Knowledge City leadership reviews case studies of New York CityAcademics export data and London posted in the City Forward exploration visualizes trends insets for use with SPSS, City Forward best practices bridge & tunnel use, traffic jams, and toll collectionGIS, etc. community. revenues. Local IBM CC&CA Rep hosts a Expert Blogger weighs in on the economics of City Forward working session congestion pricing on City Forward Blog. with NGO and government experts in the city. City Forward publishes white paper on data and transportation, which includes a section on City reviews all information congestion pricing. and recommends a congestion pricing strategy. IBM CC&CA staff advises local university capstone project, results distributed through City Forward. Smarter Cities Challenge includes City Forward Explorations 16
  17. 17. City Focus SCC Cities Academic Partnership Cities Business Opportunities CC&CA Field Representatives 17
  18. 18. Topic FocusChosen based on several criteria:Emerging sectors for IBM, hot topics in the media, data availability,and ability to engage in thought leadership. Education & Workforce Development | Social Safety Net Disaster Management | Food Systems Citizen Engagement (across all vertical topics)Focus topics are not at the exclusion of other explorations, but helpfocus the outreach to speci c user groups. 18
  19. 19. Successes to date Total Number of Explorations 102 Number of Subjects 31 Number of Cities 78 National Average Cities 32 Data Sources 42 SCC Integration - City Forward is part of the 2012 City Selection Process. - Integration with Syracuse, Philadel- phia, and Helsinki Academic Partnerships NYU Urban Systems Competition, NC State Youth Services Project, Notre Dame Foresight Course Yale, MIT, Harvard Capstones 19
  20. 20. Other Tools m Many  Eyes Independent Discovery Social Networking and Community Building Tools Included 20
  21. 21. “The Google Public Data Explorer makes large datasets easy toexplore, visualize and communicate. As the charts and maps animateover time, the changes in the world become easier to understand. Youdon’t have to be a data expert to navigate between di erent views,make your own comparisons, and share your ndings.Students, journalists, policy makers and everyone else can play withthe tool to create visualizations of public data, link to them, or embedthem in their own webpages. Embedded charts and links can updateautomatically so you’re always sharing the latest available data.” 21
  22. 22. Simple, Minimal InterfaceAnimations of data over timeAbility to embed and shareUser-uploaded datasetsDatasets from: World Bank; Eurostat; OECD; US Bureau of Labor Stats; US Census; CDC; World Resources Institute; NYC Department of Public Health, etc. 22
  23. 23. “Tableau Public is a free service that lets anyone publish interactivedata to the web. Once on the web, anyone can interact with the data,download it, or create their own visualizations of it. No programmingskills are required.The free version of Tableau Public is for people. This includes writers,bloggers, students, professors, hobbyists, journeymen, critics,citizens and more. It’s also meant for organizations, but only as anintroductory service. If your organization wants to put data online forthe public, you are welcome to use this as an introductory service.” 23
  24. 24. Users must download softwareRobust “Community” sectionO ers best practices on visualizationDoes not store datasets, but links topublicly available data.Allows users to share and comment 24
  25. 25. m Many  Eyes “Data visualisation tools from IBM. Site allows users to upload data and then produce graphic representations for others to view and comment upon.” 25
  26. 26. m Many  Eyes Robust “Community” section Users can upload their own data Users can share data sets Allows users to share their viz Many good looking viz options 26
  27. 27. “Data visualization works so well because the human brain is extremely well-equipped to process visualinformation. We can capture patterns and essential themes in huge data sets very, very quickly throughvisual means.Unfortunately, the tools to create these visual representations are usually too expensive and di cultfor smaller news organizations and everyday citizens to use, creating a gap for the future of communityjournalism. With the generous support of the Knight Foundation, we created VIDI, a suite of powerfulintuitive Drupal data-visualization modules for anyone to use on any standard set of data ranging fromgovernment databases to demographics and statistics.Jack Knight called for media to inform and enlighten, so the people might determine their own trueinterests. As we come to understand his exhortation’s new, evolving meaning, we must continuallychallenge ourselves to break down professional barriers in order to empower the in nite diversity ofequally true interests. “Raw Data Now” should be our battle cry, and open-source data visualizationmodules our weaponry. Visualize the power of data!” 27
  28. 28. Developed speci cally for JournalistsUsers must identify data setsTo share, users must have a Drupal-basedwebsiteThe best looking visualizations are createdthrough Google APITool is set up to visualize by selecting“Time”, “Geo” or “Comparative” dataRequires some technical skill and dataliteracy 28
  29. 29. “The Global City Indicators Program provides an established set of city indicatorswith a globally standardized methodology that allows for global comparability ofcity performance and knowledge sharing. This website serves all cities that becomemembers to measure and report on a core set of indicators through this web-basedrelational database.” 29
  30. 30. Allows for city to city comparisonAllows comparisons of “peer cities”Could have useful data for City ForwardvisualizationsMany cities do not have dataReports are only in “chart” form 30
  31. 31. What’s Next?The future of urban data: More Data Better Data Better Use of Data More Collaboration Amongst Professions 31
  32. 32. What’s Next?City Forward is currently the only tool with the following features: Extensive City-level data Storage of datasets on the City Forward website City comparison features using city-reported data Global scope at the city levelThinking about: How to Scale the number of cities and data sets included User experience redesign, built around cities as hubs City Forward as a data literacy tool 32
  33. 33. Data LiteracyAccessing, understanding and processing data will be key to accessing the bestopportunities in cities in the 21st century Where to send the kids to school Where jobs are located and where they pay the most How to minimize energy consumption“We didn’t build libraries for a literate citizenry. We built libraries to help citizensbecome literate. Today we build open data portals not because we have publicpolicy literate citizens, we build them so that citizens may become literate in publicpolicy.” - David Eaves 33
  34. 34. Challenge to the Urban Systems Collaborative What are we doing as a group to foster citizen interaction with data, increase data literacy, and improve the understanding of urban systems among the general public? Questions | Open Discussion 34

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