Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Fruits tree fruit general


Published on

Fruits - Fruit Trees - General
Fruit and Vegetable Science
K. Jerome

  • Hello.thanks slideshaire
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Fruits tree fruit general

  1. 1. Tree Fruits
  2. 2. <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Delicious harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty in several seasons – </li></ul><ul><li>attractive flowers, form, fruits </li></ul><ul><li>Growing surprisingly easy </li></ul>
  4. 4. CHOOSING A SITE <ul><li>Very well drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Some protection from </li></ul><ul><li>strong winds </li></ul><ul><li>Slight slope for drainage </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile soil with no competition from weeds, power lines, rocks, other trees </li></ul>
  5. 5. Planting <ul><li>Bare root - prune broken roots </li></ul><ul><li>Potted - remove from pot, clip circling roots </li></ul><ul><li>Dig hole two to three times width of roots or soil ball </li></ul><ul><li>Gently slope sides of hole </li></ul>
  6. 6. Planting <ul><li>Plant tree at same depth as in nursery or container </li></ul><ul><li>Place graft at least six inches above soil to allow for settling </li></ul><ul><li>Place root ball on slight pedestal of undisturbed soil, up to 1/3 above grade if soil is wet </li></ul>
  7. 7. Planting <ul><li>Backfill hole with same soil that was removed </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t amend soil </li></ul>
  8. 8. Planting <ul><li>Build 3-4&quot; high soil dike around root ball to retain water </li></ul><ul><li>Mulch with 3-5&quot; of organic mulch, keeping it at least 2&quot; from trunk </li></ul><ul><li>Water well </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tree paint <ul><li>Paint trunk up to second branch or bud with white latex paint, diluted 50-50 with water </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents sunscald </li></ul><ul><li>By the time the paint flakes off, bark strong enough to withstand full strength of sun </li></ul>
  10. 10. Watering <ul><li>Water is key to stimulating new roots to replace those lost when dug </li></ul><ul><li>After planting, water well to get rid of air pockets </li></ul>
  11. 11. Watering <ul><li>If rain not plentiful, must provide irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>inch of water every week to ten days </li></ul><ul><li>rain gauge </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t overwater - tender roots easily drown </li></ul><ul><li>Long, deep, infrequent watering encourages deeper rooting </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fertilizing <ul><li>Don’t fertilize newly planted tree </li></ul><ul><li>In subsequent years, in early spring give tree 1/4 to 1/2 pound of fertilizer per year of age (to a maximum of ten pounds) </li></ul><ul><li>If prune heavily in dormant season, this acts as stimulus, so don’t fertilize that year. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Mulch <ul><li>3-4 inches organic mulch </li></ul><ul><li>protects plant roots </li></ul><ul><li>prevents evaporation </li></ul><ul><li>moderates soil temperatures </li></ul><ul><li>keeps weeds down </li></ul><ul><li>Organic mulch feeds tree </li></ul><ul><li>compost, rotted sawdust, pine needles, oak leaves, clean straw, shredded bark </li></ul>
  14. 14. Mulch <ul><li>Pull mulch back two feet from trunk before winter to keep rodents from damaging tender bark </li></ul>
  15. 15. Pests and diseases <ul><li>Good cultural practices will keep plants healthy and reduce stress </li></ul><ul><li>regular watering and fertilizing </li></ul><ul><li>remove all fallen fruits and leaves </li></ul><ul><li>remove weeds that may harbor pests in fall </li></ul><ul><li>Prune to improve air circulation </li></ul><ul><li>remove insects by hand or strong spray of water </li></ul><ul><li>remove diseased branches or leaves and dispose of them </li></ul><ul><li>use barriers and traps </li></ul>
  16. 16. Pests and diseases <ul><li>Disease-resistant plants </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage predators </li></ul><ul><li>One of best defenses in orchard – </li></ul><ul><li>dormant oil spray before or just as buds swell </li></ul><ul><li>Controls many different insects </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence that it helps control some fungal diseases </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cultivar Selection <ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold hardiness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat tolerance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frost tolerance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Days to fruit maturity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date of bloom (frost avoidance) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disease, insect resistance </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Cultivar Selection <ul><ul><li>Match cultivar to site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation to soil type </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Cultivar Selection <ul><li>Intended Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pick-Your-Own sales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retail sales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wholesale sales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(processing) </li></ul></ul>