Shining Stars - Mass Housing Competition Presentation


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Shining Stars - Mass Housing Competition Presentation

  1. 1. BANGLADESH Climate Change Riverbank Erosion Concentrated Development in Capital Economic Opportunity
  2. 2. BANGLADESH Climate Change Riverbank Erosion Concentrated Development in Capital Economic Opportunity MIGRATION
  3. 3. Everincreasingslumpopulation… 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1974 1991 2005 Populationindifferentyears(lac) Year Year wise Change in Urban and Slum Population in Dhaka urban population in dhaka slum population in dhaka
  4. 4. A Portion of People are Privileged And Some are Deprived
  5. 5. Housing Problems in Dhaka Eviction of Slums Demand is Greater than Supply High House Rent High Apartment Price High Value of Construction Materials High House Loan Interest Rate High Land Value High Property Transfer and Registration Fee Institutional Blockage Policy Blockages Little Provision for Low Income Group
  6. 6. Hygiene problem
  7. 7. Water Pollution
  8. 8. Degraded air quality and environment
  9. 9. Deplorable Living Condition
  10. 10. Fire Hazard
  11. 11. Eviction
  12. 12. They Face Endless Problems
  13. 13. Don’t They Need Sustainable Development ??? Y E S
  14. 14. Living Condition ENVIRONMENTAL SOCIAL Micro Economic Performance ECONOMIC SustainablePublicFinance AirQuality Employment Fish Cultivation Biodiversity Agriculture Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Crime Health Care Delivery Sanitation Drinking Water Access to Energy Landuse Education Level Material Consumption SUSTAINABILITY
  15. 15. Location: Ward no 10 of Dhaka North City Corporation, Mirpur Thana Area: 16.5 acre Population: around 15000 Density: 909 persons/acre Total no. of clusters: 10 Total no. of households: 2873
  16. 16. Preservation of water bodies, optimum utilization of space, improvement of accessibility, provision of necessary community facilities have been emphasized while designing the site plan. Proposed Plan of the Study Area 1:2000
  17. 17. Poultry and dairy zone and underground biogas plant Agricultural zone Water body for fish cultivation Water body for fish cultivation Agricultural zone Passage wayAccess Road Primary road Particular Activities and Road Network of the Site
  18. 18. Social Sustainability Sanitation Drinking Water Access to EnergyCrime Existing 1latrine chamber for 24 Households Proposed 1 for 10 Households Proposed Security and Street-lights Existing Use of Firewood Proposed Biogas Plant Community Based Organization (For Maintenance and Management)Existing Stealing and Violence Waste Management Proposed Collection from door to door Existing No proper system Proposed 1 for 20 Households Existing 1 Tube well for 169 Households
  19. 19. Existing Dwelling Space Proposed Social Sustainability 15.58 sq.m. per household 20.03 sq.m. per household
  20. 20. Existing Education Proposed Social Sustainability Illiterate- 59.2% and no existence of free primary school A school of free of cost, vocational training center , night school for adults
  21. 21. Existing Land Use Proposed Social Sustainability Existing layout of the slum is not properly planned Layout has been properly planned ensuring residential houses, community facilities, open spaces
  22. 22. Existing Health Care Delivery Proposed Social Sustainability No provision of health care facility A small clinic by Red Crescent Society or NGO
  23. 23. Economic Sustainability Community Fund Raising Sustainable Public Finance Income Generating Activity Existing The activities of C.B.O is limited to utility fee collection Proposed C.B.O will collect rents from households, raise a fund for daily maintenance and represent the opinion of community Existing Public finance from NGOs in small scale Proposed INGOs, NGOs, donors will be incorporated to finance the project Existing very few on site employment opportunity(Shops) Proposed On site activities(Urban agriculture, fish cultivation, poultry)
  24. 24. Environmental Sustainability Provision of poultry, vertical urban agriculture, fish cultivation, bio-gas plant has ensured eco-friendly environment; improving air quality and lessening vulnerability to natural hazards. Poultry and Dairy Farm Vertical Vegetation Fish Cultivation
  25. 25. A pedestrian friendly environment ensuring minimum carbon emission and strengthening community cohesiveness Environmental Sustainability
  26. 26. Housing with eco friendly and native materials (Bamboo, RCC Pillar, Brick) ensuring minimum cost Environmental Sustainability
  27. 27. Per unit cost of bamboo house is USD 496.77, installment per month is USD 5.16, 8 years duration Consultation with slum dwellers Estimation of their affordability Choosing housing material according to their different affordability Calculation of cost of per housing unit Determination of the interested authority like UPPR, NHA, HBRI for implementation and construction of the dwelling units Determination of monthly installment Establishment of community bank to collect the money Per unit cost of Brick house is USD 645.16, installment per month is USD 10.32, 5 years duration Financial management system after setup Socio economic fund Maintenance fund Continuation of Housing Scheme
  28. 28. NHA and Community participation DESCO (Dhaka Electric Supply Company Limited) Land Owner Construction of Houses Provision of Community Facilities Provision of Basic Services Electricity Supply Water Supply Income generating opportunities Biogas Plant Infrastructure (Road and Drainage) Different NGOs, voluntary agencies Utility facilities will be provided by authorities Different NGOs and voluntary groups UPPR (Urban Partnership for Poverty Reduction) LGED (Local Government Engineering Department) WASA (Water Supply and Sewerage Authority) NHA (National Housing Authority) and HBRI Regulating and Governing Body Housing and Building Research Institute (HBRI) Institutional Framework for Implementation
  29. 29. Community CBO DSK UPPR HBRI Ansar Camp Mosque BRAC School Community Center ASA BRAC Proshika Vocational Training Center Internal Relationship among Stakeholders Strongly Related Weakly Related Both way Relationship
  30. 30. Housing USD 1413832.8 Biogas plant USD 5 6,67,247.4 Poultry USD 1,57,161.3 Cattle rearing USD 59,032.2 Fish cultivation USD 1290.3-1548.3 Hospital USD 38709.38 School USD 1300 Latrine chamber USD 57,806 Roads and street light USD 5,19,516 Urban vegetation USD 200-300 Bank USD12903 Shop USD 7359 C.B.O and community center USD 25806.4 Mosque USD 19345 TOTAL COST USD 29,90,896 Water supply USD 9032 Total Project Cost
  31. 31. Consultation and Design Phase Construction Phase Timeline of Implementation Phases Continuous Review and Monitoring Month 0- Month 8 (32 Weeks) Month 9- Month 24 (64 Weeks) Continuous Physical and Questionnaire Survey Reconnaissance Survey Discussion with Land Owner Site selection Compilation of Maps and Data Interaction with Authorities Setting out Design Criteria Cost Estimation Preparation of Draft Design Consultation with Stakeholders Preparation of Final Design Housing Construction Phase (64Weeks) Vegetation (20 Weeks) Cattle Rearing Establishment (32 Weeks) Poultry Establishment (20 Weeks) Bio-gas Plant Setup (24 Weeks)
  32. 32. SHINING STARS Tasfia Tasnim Tasnim Feroze Fariba Siddiq Faisal Bin Islam Poushali Bhattacharjee Sumaya Tabassum Tonny Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Bangladesh University of University Engineering and Technology (BUET) Dhaka, Bangladesh Prepared By BD-DHA-862