Bulat Stolyarov. Urban Index Russia


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Bulat Stolyarov. Urban Index Russia

  1. 1. RESULTS OF SPECIAL RESEARCH FORUMUrban Index Russia 2011 «CITIES GRADED F+» Bulat Stolyarov, general director of IRP Group
  2. 2. WHOM DID WE ASK ABOUT RUSSIAN CITIES? 12 cities* Moscow 300 experts Saint-Petersburg Nizhny Novgorod Kazan More then Ekaterinburg Samara Chelyabinsk Rostov-on-Don Volgograd Omsk Novosibirsk Ufa*с населением более миллиона человек по данным переписи 2010 года 2
  3. 3. WHAT DID WE MEASURE IN THE CITIES?1. What is going on? Basic needs Advanced needs А. Habitat B. Environment for self- С. Environment for social D. Environment for carrier F. Cultural and aesthetic sufficiency life and self-development environment2. What is important for 3. Are you satisfied?development?Technical potential Quality of Quality of social management environment Inhabitant Business Tourists 3
  4. 4. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EXPERTOPINIONS FROM VARIOUS CITIES? The largest and better economically developed million cities percept the environment in a more critical way. «ХОРОШО, «ХОРОШО, ИЗМЕНЕНИЙ НЕ НАДО» НО НАДО ЛУЧШЕ» «ПЛОХО, НАДО ВСЁ МЕНЯТЬ» 4
  5. 5. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE IN EXPERT OPINIONSFROM VARIOUS PROFESSIONAL GROUPS? Main pessimist today is firstly professional community of architects-urban planers, аs well as professional groups whose problems are not widely recognized – business and culture (their indexes got the highest rates). maх «OPTIMISTS»The factors that affect the quality of the Deputies Media journalists and editors Officials Managers of hospitality Representatives of social business field of activityurban environment Archiects Businessmen Cultural workers Satisfaction: Below 50 grades Above 50 grades «PESSIMISTS» min Environmental situation of the city maх 5
  6. 6. WHAT IS GOING ON? Our cities can not meet such high level of basic needs yet, so it starts to seem generally acceptable condition of hospitality, culture, education and architecture spheres. No reasons to worry Problem zones76,9 Business development– shops, malls, networks Road net, traffic jams 22,3 75,2 Communication infrastructure Ecological state 33,2 70,9 Restaurant business Availability of kindergartens , schools 36,2 66,8 Regularity and accessibility of utility Conditions for small business 40,3 66,5 Transport communication with Russia and the Availability of medical services 41,1 whole world City noise 41,3 66,0 Quality of higher and professional education Security 41,6 65,7 Visual attractiveness, aesthetics Opportunity to find an interesting job 43,6 62,4 Culture – theatres, museums, concerts OVERALL INDEX 2011 53,6 6
  7. 7. WHAT IS EXPECTED BY EXPERTS IN THE FUTURE? Under the forecast of experts, the most alarming problems of Russian cities in the future will be the following: 1) utilities infrastructure, 2) quality of high education, 3) business environment. It is indicative that experts evaluate cities touristic attractiveness very low and so far do not consider development of the tourism industry as an important priority. «GOOD AT THE PRESENT, ALARMING IN THE«BAD AND FUTURE,IMPORTANT» IMPORTANT» «GOOD AND UNIMPORTANT, «BAD AND WILL DEVELOP ON UNMPORTANT» ITS OWN» 7
  8. 8. WHO FINDS RUSSIAN CITIES CONVINIENT?For the present Russian cities are not of much attractiveness from the point of view ofleisure time industry and they have a weighty luggage of unresolved strategicchallenges in functional development. min Investors, business community Requirements in the sphere of leisure Highly qualified specialists Creative people Scientists, researchers Workers without special professional skills time industry Russian tourists Foreign tourists max 8
  9. 9. WHAT CITIES AND FOR WHOM ARE THE MOST HOSPITABLE? Saint-Petersburg Rostov-on-Don Kazan Moscow Ekaterinburg Novosibirsk Ufa Nizhny Novgorod Samara Chelyabinsk Omsk Volgograd 9
  10. 10. WHAT IS CONVINIENT AND INCONVINIENT FORBUSINESS COMMUNITIES IN RUSSIAN CITIES? The positive factors that are pushing assessment of business climate of n cities up are: availability of realty for business and availability of adequate human resources. Negative factors for business environment of the city are: lack of qualified construction sites and general inability of city authorities to work with the tools of PPP. COMFORT ZONE Mechanisms of state and municipal project Sites for new constructions Availability of credits Rent spaces for offices, trade Opportunity to find employees of required qualification in the city 0 100 DISCOMFORT ZONE 10
  11. 11. WHAT IS INCONVINIENT FOR TOURISTS IN RUSSIANДЛЯ КОГО КОМФОРТНЫ РОССИЙСКИЕ ГОРОДА? MILLION CITIES? Advantage of the Russian cities tourist services , according to the expert opinions, is primarily a variety of services, cafes, restaurants. Disadvantage is lack of hotels and hostel. The dispersion of the situation estimates regarding the hotel fund is huge - from almost 70 points in developed Kazan and Yekaterinburg and up to 25 points in the depressed Volgograd. Convenience of navigation in the city Hotels, hostels, short-term renting Help, information, city web-site City tours, museum excursions Citizen attitude towards tourists Cafes, restaurants and etc. for tourists 11
  12. 12. WHAT SHALL BE DONE?Most of the hopes the experts lay on the management progress: creation of acompetent strategy and master plan, fight against corruption and improvement ofthe management team quality. In the civic vector of improvement the expertshave much weaker hope. The need for technological improvement of municipaleconomy the experts from different cities, regardless of their status, evaluateapproximately equally, the spread of opinions is extremely small. 73,4 MANAGMENT Improvement of the city management system, selection of managing personnel 74,2 Developing a competent strategy, urban-planning policy 80,4 Fight against corruption in administration, municipal economy 78,0 Development of cooperation with other cities, regions 60,2 64,6 TECHNOLOGIES Technical equipment of municipal economy 64,6 62,9 QUALITY OF SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT Education of patriotism for the city and culture of behavior in the city 67,9 Support of civic initiatives and activities from the bottom 69,0 12
  13. 13. WHAT SHAL BE DONE FIRST ACCORDING TO THEGOVERNMENT OPINION? The government evaluates its competence quite high (except anti-corruption index); in their opinion they have to do something with culture and attitude of citizens to their city. «BAD AND «GOOD AND IMPORTANT» IMPORTANT» «BAD AND «GOOD AND UNIMPORTANT» UNIMPORTATN» 13
  14. 14. WHAT SHAL BE DONE FIRST ACCORDING TO THEBUSINESS OPINION? Representatives of business, in their turn, are much more critical regarding modern urban management evaluation. High priority of managerial factors conforms to the statement "everything that is important; is in bad condition now" «BAD AND IMPORTANT» «BAD AND «GOOD AND UNIMPORTANT» UNIMPORTANT» 14
  15. 15. WHICH MODEL IS WORKING TODAY?«BOTTOM UP» vs «TOP DOWN» While society is not capable to fully participate in the formation of the vector of the city environment development, in the vast majority of large cities the main initiator and catalyst of all innovations and changes in the urban environment shall be top- down command structure.Bottom Up Top Down (government(social initiative) initiative) Explanation of the drawing The following factors show efficiency of the “initiative from the bottom: 1) safety in the city, reduction of crime; 2) arrangement of open public spaces for communication and recreation; 3) conditions small business and enterprises development; 4) transport-logistic links with other cities and countries; 5) support of civil initiatives, "activity from the bottom". As signs of the model “initiative from the top” were selected such factors as factors of environment development: 1) building social accommodations; 2) preparation of sites for certain functions and attraction of investors; 3) development of road networks, construction of interchanges, car parks on state financing; 4) improving of city management system, selection of management personnel; 5) development of "strategies from the top". 15
  16. 16. «How many socially active people are there in your city incomparison with other Russian cities?Ability of the public to influence the activities of theauthorities as to different groups of respondents estimation: 16
  17. 17. WHAT IS LACKING IN PROFESSIONALISM OFOFFICIALS TODAY? The most negative estimation of a discrepancy between the desired and the actual situation recorded by the indicator, characterizing the integrity and honesty of officials. Also, in the opinion of the respondents, the city officials lack qualification and professionalism, creativity and originality of thinking – qualities that are opposite to the business skills (as on the data of the correlation analysis). Honesty, resistance to corruption Qualification, professionalism Skills of strategic planning Ability to negotiate with federal, regional authorities Skills to solve prompt tasks, urgent problems Skills of public policy, communication with citizens Creativity, originality of thinking Skills of work with large investors Experience in business, entererprising skills Needed 17
  18. 18. DO MODERN STRATEGIC DOCUMENTS MEET CURRENTNEEDS OF CITIES?Strategy of the socio-economic city City master plandevelopment 18
  19. 19. ANSWERES OF PROFESSIONAL GROUPSStrategy of the socio-economic city City master plandevelopment 19
  20. 20. WHAT IS THE MAIN REASON FOR THE POORQUALITY OF STRATEGIC DOCUMENTS?In the opinion of experts, we don’t draw business actively enough into the processesof strategies and the master plans development (all cities, except St. Petersburg,agree with this assessment), continuing to forecast its development and annuallyupdating these projections; and public (the highest negative assessments in allcities), deciding for them what is important for quality of life and comfort of the cityenvironment. 20
  21. 21. IMPLEMENTED PROJECTS THAT MAKE THE RUSSIANMILLION CITIES FEEL PROUD: SOFT vs HARD The list of projects, named by experts, included a lot of projects in the areas which experts do not consider to be priorities: exhibitions, festivals, navigation system for tourists, construction of cultural facilities, business centers, etc. 21