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outline of start of indian journalism


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outline of start of indian journalism

  1. 1. Pre-Independence Press in India <br />
  2. 2. News Reporting Not New in India <br />It is interesting to note that <br />before the advent of Europeans, India <br />had a system of news gathering & reporting <br />Ancient & Medieval kings and emperors <br />had spies who also acted as informers <br />about political activities within and outside the State <br />
  3. 3. Special Political Reporters <br />These special people were appointed by the royal courts <br />They had their own network spread across regions <br />They were highly respected in royal courts <br />A Venetian traveller during Emperor Aurangzeb’s era has recorded about this system <br />
  4. 4. Timeless Need For Political Information <br />The kings and emperors would always need political information within their kingdom and from other kingdoms <br />The British Crown could manage to consolidate its power only during the middle of the 19th Century <br />The East India Company ruled parts of India before that <br />
  5. 5. Portuguese Pioneers <br />However, the first Europeans to start a printing press in India were not the British <br />The Portuguese had already established printing in India as early as the 16th Century <br />However, the main aim of the Portuguese was conversion <br />The main aim of the British was trade, commerce, business and profits <br />
  6. 6. British Supremacy & Suspicions <br />In the ensuing power struggle, the British managed to establish their supremacy over the Indian subcontinent over a period of time<br />India of that period had very poor rail and road infrastructure <br />The British were highly suspicious and felt threatened by the reach of the Indian language press over the Indian masses and their influence on Indian public opinion <br />
  7. 7. British Press Policies <br />Their fears were not unfounded<br />Many local Indian language publications were critical of British policies <br />The British established a complex code of administrative rules to exercise control over the Non – English press <br />The English press more or less was read by the British, the Anglo – Indians and the English-educated Indian elite <br />
  8. 8. Anglicized Indians and Coming of The Mahatma <br />Thanks to Macaulay’s policies, many educated Indians started to speak English, act and behave like English “ladies and gentlemen” and frowned upon Indian dressing, eating habits and general “native” behaviour<br />Mahatma Gandhi was one of the prominent personalities who urged Indians to take pride in their own culture and heritage <br />
  9. 9. Role of Indian Language Press in 18th Century <br />The Indian nationalist press was the backbone of Indian Freedom Struggle from the latter part of the 19th Century <br />These Indian publications spread awareness among Indians against the foreign rulers <br />They touched the patriotic nerve of the country <br />They built up Indian Public Opinion against the British <br />
  10. 10. India – A Vast Nation <br />However, the new administrative rules and regulations that were time and again introduced by the alarmed British made this difficult <br />One has to remember that India is a vast and complex country with a multitude of languages and cultures <br />
  11. 11. India v/s Bharat <br />The Public at large was informed about political developments in local Indian languages <br />There was a content divide between what the English press reported and what the Indian press reported <br />This linguistic divide between English and Indian language press continues even today <br />This divides India into two different countries from the point of view of media (India v/s Bharat divide) <br />
  12. 12. Thank You <br />~ SaurabhDeshpande<br />