History of journalism

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History of journalism

  1. 1. HISTORY OF JOURNALISM The Beginnings
  2. 2. Rome• Earliest known journalistic product “Acta Diurna”• News sheet circulated• Ancient Rome• Published daily from 59 BCE• Hung in prominent places• Recorded important social and political events
  3. 3. China• A court circular called a “Bao”, or “Report”• Issued to government officials• Tang dynasty (7th to 10th centuries, CE)• More or less continued to the end of the Qing dynasty in 1911 (in some variation or the other)
  4. 4. And In The Modern Age• First regularly published newspapers appeared in German cities and in Antwerp (Belgium) about 1609• First English newspaper “Weekly Newes”• Published in 1622• One of the first daily newspapers, The Daily Courant, appeared in 1702
  5. 5. To Free or Not To Free At first hindered by government- imposed censorship, taxes, and other restrictions, newspapers in the 18th century came to enjoy the reportorial freedom andindispensable function that they have retained to the present day
  6. 6. Why did newspapers’ circulations increase?• Growing literacy• Increased production of newspapers due to advancements in printing technology
  7. 7. Magazines• First magazines appeared in 17th centuries• Featured opinion-forming articles on current affairs• Two Early Magazines - – Tatler (1709–11) – Spectator (1711–12)
  8. 8. More Magazines In 1830s• Cheap Mass Circulated Magazines (aimed at the wider, less well-educated public)• Illustrated Women’s Magazines
  9. 9. Coming of the News Agencies• News gathering was costly and so various News Agencies came up• The News Agencies gathered news from all over the world in a professional manner and sold it to individual newspapers and magazines
  10. 10. More Technology• The Radio and the Telegraph were the new technologies that came up in the 19th century and due to this, there was a great increase in the speed and timeliness of journalistic activity• Now, news gathering was not just writing skills; it also meant how quick one was and how timely one was
  11. 11. The Internet• In the late 20th century, satellites and later the Internet were used for the long-distance transmission of journalistic information
  12. 12. Source: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/ 306742/journalism
  13. 13. Thank You Saurabh Deshpande@saurabhd3108 (Twitter)saurabh.deshpande.315 (Facebook)

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