Sanchez & Market Vacant Lot Design


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Education: -Have the garden be a resource center - Have classes on cooking -Partner with schools to have classes at the site - Let kids help in the garden - Use site as a showcase for permaculture principles   Yield: - Have a farmer’s market at the garden -Partner with a CSAs to distribute produce - Partner with local schools to incorporate fresh produce into their lunches. - Partner with local restaurants for dropping off compost in exchange for free herbs
  • Sanchez & Market Vacant Lot Design

    1. 1. Market and Sanchez Site
    2. 2. Visioning for Market St. and Sanchez St. Garden <ul><li>Educational Resource for schools and the community </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Food for local people and organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Income to help fund the garden </li></ul><ul><li>Habitat for bees and birds </li></ul><ul><li>Community Space and Involvement </li></ul>
    3. 3. Goals for Market St. & Sanchez St. <ul><li>To create a protected, beautiful site for people to eat their lunch, compost their food, and produce maximum yield of vegetables and fruits and create a year-round forage for our bees. Use the site as a source of community building, education, and inspiration. To capture and store rainfall and reduce storm water waste, by introducing semi-permeable sidewalks to the site. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Site Assessment <ul><li>Location: </li></ul><ul><li>At a busy intersection of Market St. and Sanchez St. </li></ul><ul><li>Close to the F Train </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbors an apartment building to the North and a Music Venue and Restaurant to the West. </li></ul><ul><li>Very close to restaurants </li></ul><ul><li>Very close to Sanchez Elementary School </li></ul><ul><li>History: </li></ul><ul><li>Site used as a gas station for several years and is now a vacant lot. </li></ul><ul><li>Compacted soil </li></ul><ul><li>Request testing of toxins and heavy metals in the soil. </li></ul><ul><li>Existing fence on periphery. </li></ul><ul><li>See the following slides for sectors </li></ul>
    5. 5. Sectors - Sun
    6. 6. Contour Map
    7. 7. Sectors - Water Market Street Sanchez Street N
    8. 8. Sectors - Wind Market Street Sanchez Street N
    9. 9. Sectors - Vandalism Sanchez Street Market Street N
    10. 10. Sectors – Traffic / Pollution Market Street Sanchez Street N
    11. 11. N N
    12. 12. Zones Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 N
    13. 13. Soil <ul><li>Estimated Amount: 9000 cubic feet </li></ul><ul><li>Averaged: 1.5 feet of soil on the lot which would be used to build soil up in some areas and leave it flat in other areas </li></ul><ul><li>Composition: LOAM SOIL 40% sand, 40%silt, and 20% clay with lots of organic matter. </li></ul><ul><li>Add: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limestone which contains calcium to make the soil more alkaline. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ground rock dust for essential elements and nutrients. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bat guano for nitrogen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sea kelp for high nutrients, trace elements and potassium. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood ash to alkalize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bentonite to keep the water in the soil which contains clay. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mix: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Straw for aeration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worm castings on the top layer to help everything break down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need scrap wood to build benches with lids and drawers for red wiggler worms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could start with worm hotels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cover: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardboard keeps the soil protected from the sun and serious weather. It will help protect from erosion and keep the soil cool. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mulch helps water to filtrate through the soil and prevent evaporation. It creates a nice environment for microbiology and creates heat which organic matter and earth worms love. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use dug up concrete from sidewalk to demarcate mulch pile for plant remains. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. N N
    15. 15. Tansy Nettle Tansy Nettle Chives Comfrey Garlic Plums Chives Comfrey Garlic Plums Higan Cherry Tree Sanchez Street Market Street N
    16. 16. N N
    17. 17. N
    18. 18. N N
    19. 19. Market Street Nasturtium Onions Garlic Apples Runner Beans Cardoon Basil Bee Balm Artichoke Apples N
    20. 20. N N
    21. 21. Bees Onions Iris Borage Garlic Clover Citrus Comfrey Onions Clover Sweet Pea Avocados N
    22. 22. BEES! <ul><li>Warre Hive </li></ul><ul><li>Winter: as low as 5,000 bees </li></ul><ul><li>Summer: </li></ul><ul><li>as high as 40,000 bees </li></ul><ul><li>Forage for bees: </li></ul><ul><li>Philadelphus mexicanus 'Flore Plena' “Mexican Mock-Orange, irises, crocus, Alyssum (bloom in winter) </li></ul><ul><li>Dill, bee balm, basil, borage, lemon balm, clovers, monarda </li></ul>
    23. 23. N N
    24. 24. Sanchez Street N
    25. 25. N N
    26. 26. Chayote Runner Beans Cherry Gate Cherry Cherry Sanchez Street N
    27. 27. N N
    28. 28. Olive Tree Gate Olive Tree Olive Tree Olive Tree Sanchez Street Market St N
    29. 29. N N
    30. 30. Miners Lettuce Sanchez Street Market St Philadelphus (mock orange) N
    31. 31. LIST OF ELEMENTS For windbreak / fence Chayote vine Scarlet runner beans Olive trees – sidewalk Planted with sorrel, quamash, oreganos Philadelphus mexicanus 'Flore Plena' “Mexican Mock-Orange Shrubs and Berries Strawberry, Fragaria virginiana Red raspberries, Rubus idaeus Siberian pea shrub Perennial Trees Acacia Higan cherry Fruit trees (Dave Wilson Nursery) – most bareroot – buy a few 2-3 yr old Apples: Malus domestica Plums: Prunus sp. Black cherry, Prunus serotina Tart cherry, Prunus sp. Avocado, Persea Americana Citrus, Citrus sp. Fig – black Mission Perennial Herbs Anise hyssop, Agastache foeniculum Basil , Ocimum basilicum Borage Camassia quamash Chives , Allium schoenoprasum Feverfew , Chrysanthemum parthenium French tarragon, Artemisia dranunculus Garlic chives, Allium tuberosum Lovage, Levisticum officinale Mint , Mentha sp. Nettles Oregano , Origanum vulgare Parsley , Petroselinum crispum Rosemary , Rosemarinus officinalis Sage , Salvia Thyme , Thymus vulgaris Perennial Vegetables and Greens Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) with borage, parsley, calendula, carrots, basil, bee balm, comfrey Brussel Sprouts (Brassica oleracea) with beets, broccoli, sage, marjorum, pennyroyal, nasturtiums Globe artichoke, (Cynara scolymus) or Cardoon with beans, beets, cabbage, lettuce, borage Comfrey, Symphytum sp. Garlic, Allium sativum New Zealand Spinach, Tetragonia under avocado and fruit trees and with lettuces, strawberries, kale, dandelions Oca, New Zealand yam, (Oxalis tuberosa) with kale, African basil, dill, chives, sage Sorrel, Rumex acetosa
    32. 32. Sample guilds APPLE cultivars: Fuji, Gordon, Anna Onions, nasturtium, garlic, white hellebore Artichoke, cardoon, runner beans, bee balm, red & white clovers Siberian pea shrub AVOCADO Haas, wurtz, zutano Sweet pea, onions, clover, borage, new Zealand spinach PLUMS Beauty, Mirabelle, Santa Rosa Comfrey, chives, garlic, tansy CHERRY Kwanzan cherry prunus serrulata kwanzan Comfrey, tansy, nettles CITRUS (Eureka lemon, Meyer lemon, blood orange) Peas, borage, lettuce, carrots, beans
    33. 33. N N
    34. 34. Sanchez Street Mushrooms Worm Bins Compost Piles N
    35. 35. Berkeley Method for Composting <ul><li>Need: 30 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogen. Pile - 4-5 feet each dimension Carpet or plastic on top to trap heat Turn pile within 2 days and every other day or so </li></ul>* Finished compost in a few weeks * All elements are shredded *Fewer weeds and weed seeds *Labor intensive
    36. 36. Worm Bins <ul><li>Worm Bins will also function as benches </li></ul><ul><li>Food scraps will be the food for the worms </li></ul><ul><li>Recycled Lumber will be used to make the bins </li></ul>
    37. 37. Mushrooms <ul><li>Use inoculation plugs to “seed” the mushrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Oyster mushrooms were selected as they grow in a wide range of environments </li></ul><ul><li>Use the mushrooms to help keep the soil clean from environmental pollutants </li></ul>
    38. 38. Water <ul><li>Harvesting rain water from adjacent roofs (1600 ft 2 , ~12,000 gallons of water) </li></ul><ul><li>Will divert water from the roofs (estimated 550 gallons for 10 barrels) </li></ul><ul><li>Use Wine Barrels to store water (elevated off the ground of at least 5 feet) </li></ul><ul><li>Grow squash on structures (up the legs of the table) </li></ul><ul><li>Will use supplemental watering as well </li></ul>
    39. 39. N N
    40. 40. Community Area <ul><li>Initially, get straw bales to use as seating area </li></ul><ul><li>Potentially use CraigsList and other second hand stores to find furniture </li></ul><ul><li>After observing how the area is used by people, build more permanent structures </li></ul>
    41. 41. Herb Spiral Use concrete from the sidewalk to construct the herb spirals
    42. 42. Budget Total Cost < $10,000 Bees Warré hive (sold in a kit for $195) $195 Dwarf Trees Four Winds Growers: can get 4 or more 1-year trees for $20/each $400-$500 Straw Donated from Grocery Stores after Halloween Free Sidewalk Landscaping Permit $160 to $215 $200 Concrete Cut and Removal $2-$3 per square foot--Approximately 3,225 sq. ft. $8,062.50 Seeds ~$300
    43. 43. Timeline SPRING Year 1 <ul><li>Detailed historical research of site to choose chemicals to test for </li></ul><ul><li>Soil analysis – test for chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Collect soil materials, cardboard for sheet mulching </li></ul><ul><li>Water assessment: get water lines & hoses set up </li></ul><ul><li>Set up rain barrels (wine barrels if possible) raised up 5 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Establish beds for trees and berms for vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Set up compost areas </li></ul><ul><li>Plant nurse plants: acacias, Siberian pea shrubs </li></ul><ul><li>Amend soil along fence line and establish windbreak:Plant chayote vines, scarlet runner beans and philadelphus along fence. </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce inside of fence with tarp or cloth </li></ul>SUMMER Year 1 <ul><li>In area along fence that is already broken up, plant bee balm, herbs, clovers and other things for bees </li></ul><ul><li>Set up vermiculture area (worm hotels) and continue to build compost /mulch areas </li></ul><ul><li>Plant nettles, ceonothus Russian sage, red & white clovers in compost and bee area (NW) </li></ul><ul><li>Plant fava beans and other nitrogen fixing plants in vegetable berms </li></ul><ul><li>Collect free outdoor furniture for temporary use (chairs, table) </li></ul><ul><li>Build safe tool shed / table system </li></ul>
    44. 44. Time line cont. FALL YEAR 1 <ul><li>FRUIT TREES: </li></ul><ul><li>purchase and plant bare root fruit trees (apples, plums, cherries, citrus, avocado) and companion plants </li></ul><ul><li>plant a few 2-3 yr old trees </li></ul><ul><li>PRUNE back fruit trees </li></ul><ul><li>plant lettuces and cool weather crops like kales, brassicas, onions, oca, asparagus, artichoke, cardoon, garlic from seedlings </li></ul><ul><li>plant groundcovers to stabilize berms (miners lettuce, oxalis, nasturtium, wild strawberries?) </li></ul><ul><li>bulbs: iris, crocus, quamash, white hellebore </li></ul><ul><li>get free straw bales after Holloween : use for seating and heavy mulching for fruit trees </li></ul><ul><li>set up oyster mushroom mulch area (NW – under existing tree canopies) </li></ul>WINTER YEAR 1 <ul><li>Drool over seed catalogs </li></ul><ul><li>Look into seed exchange groups </li></ul><ul><li>Order seeds for spring (carrots, radishes, dandelions, peas, beans, lettuces, herbs: sage, basil, lemon balm, sorrel, nasturtium </li></ul><ul><li>Protect fruit trees from wind and cold weather </li></ul><ul><li>Research and design simple light weight modular seating system (modern clean aesthetic) that can be moved and configured in varying shapes for seating or tables </li></ul><ul><li>In interim find tree stumps and collect woody stems to make housing for beneficial insects </li></ul><ul><li>Find contractors or volunteers to break up concrete for sidewalk planting </li></ul><ul><li>Study up on bees </li></ul>
    45. 45. Timeline cont. SPRING YEAR 2 <ul><li>Big planting: vegetable and herb beds and add more ground cover and understory plants under the fruit trees </li></ul><ul><li>Plant squashes </li></ul><ul><li>Plant asparagus, artichoke, cardoon, oca </li></ul><ul><li>Plant irises, crocus bulbs </li></ul><ul><li>For bees: Plant Alyssum, dill, bee balm, basil, borage, lemon balm, clovers, monarda </li></ul><ul><li>Start break up of concrete on Sanchez St. side and sheet mulch the area. </li></ul><ul><li>Explore bioremediation in areas near storm drains and if feasible, implement </li></ul><ul><li>Plant olive trees and cherry trees in amended beds on former sidewalk and plant sorrels, chives, oreganos, quamash under olive trees and oxalis, onions, comfrey under cherry trees </li></ul>SUMMER YEAR 2 <ul><li>Succession planting: lettuces, peppers, scarlet runner beans, beets, some broccolis, chard </li></ul><ul><li>Get bee hive and bees and supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Use concrete rubble to demarcate mulch piles and to build herb spirals using concrete rubble </li></ul><ul><li>Plant herb spirals </li></ul><ul><li>Make insect hotels to hang on sides of buildings to shelter in fall / winter </li></ul><ul><li>Make and plant potato tower </li></ul>
    46. 46. Timeline cont. FALL YEAR 2 <ul><li>Harvesting of fruits </li></ul><ul><li>Replace fruit trees if some die </li></ul><ul><li>Prune fruit trees and other trees as needed </li></ul><ul><li>Plant more mulching plants: clovers, chives, onions, borage, comfrey, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Build modular seating system </li></ul><ul><li>Solicit local restaurants and schools to bring their food compostables and newspapers to the site </li></ul><ul><li>Halloween: get more straw and do heavy mulching </li></ul><ul><li>Plant cool weather crops – leafy greens, leeks, harvest peas, fava beans, lettuces </li></ul>WINTER YEAR 2 <ul><li>Seed planning </li></ul><ul><li>Explore outreach and educational opportunities with local schools </li></ul><ul><li>Protect fruit trees </li></ul><ul><li>Assess systems and redesign as needed </li></ul><ul><li>More potato towers (plant in Feb) </li></ul><ul><li>Explore feasibility of designing living wall of plants on building (east) (succulents) </li></ul>SPRING & SUMMER YEAR 3 <ul><li>Succession planting lettuces, radishes, beans, peas, squash, peppers, beets, some broccolis, chard </li></ul><ul><li>More herbs: rosemary, rosemary, thyme, oregano, basil, chives, lavender </li></ul><ul><li>add more ground cover and understory plants under the fruit trees </li></ul><ul><li>If microclimates are warm enough try tomatoes, peppers </li></ul>
    47. 47. Unknowns <ul><li>&quot;There are known knowns. These are things we know that  we know. There are known unknowns. That is to say, there are things  that we know we don't know. But there are also unknown unknowns. There  are things we don't know we don't know.&quot; -Donald Rumsfeld </li></ul><ul><li>Water: </li></ul><ul><li>Details about water system and arrangements needed to access running water owners of next buildings and access to building walls and roofs for rainwater harvesting. </li></ul><ul><li>How much water garden will require over the spring/summer? </li></ul><ul><li>Source of water </li></ul><ul><li>Site Analysis: </li></ul><ul><li>Property ownership terms and conditions </li></ul><ul><li>History of property - remnants from gas station </li></ul><ul><li>More details needed to choose chemicals to be tested in soil </li></ul><ul><li>Contour:  locations to site berms/ swales </li></ul><ul><li>location of microclimates will change as windbreak vines and trees grow </li></ul><ul><li>$$$$   where to get the money </li></ul>
    48. 48. Bay Area Salvage Yards <ul><li>Building Resources - 701 Amador Street (near Third Street) San Francisco; (415) 285-7814 and fax: (415) 285-2489.  Lumber, plywood, marble, bricks, tiles, glass, mirrors, lighting fixtures, plumbing supplies, and hardware.  9-4:30 every day.   Donations accepted until 4PM   and email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>C&K Salvage - 718 Douglas Avenue (near Edes Avenue), Oakland; (510) 569-2070 and fax (510) 569-2074. Lumber, large timber, siding, flooring, bricks, doors, plumbing. Mon-Fri 9-5 email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>California Materials Exchange - a FREE, online materials exchange service designed to help businesses, organizations, local governments, industry, schools, and individuals find markets for non-hazardous materials that may otherwise be discarded.  California Materials Exchange </li></ul><ul><li>East Bay Depot for Creative Reuse – 4695 Telegraph Ave Oakland, CA  (510) 547-6470 and fax (510) 655-6536.  Non-profit agency that collects materials and redistributes them to community at low cost.   Specializing in art materials, books, small furniture, frames and garden artifacts.  Hours for Depot 11-6 seven days a week. </li></ul><ul><li>The Reuse People –9235 San Leandro Street, Oakland, CA  94603.  (510) 383-1983.  Cabinets, doors, fixtures, lumber, plywood, sinks & tubs, windows, bricks, ceramic tile, flooring, garden art & more.  Hours Mon-Fri 10-6, Sat and Sun 10-4. and email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>The ReStore Store - 9235 San Leandro Street, Oakland, CA  94603. (510) 777-1447 and fax (510) 777-1451.  East Bay Habitat for Humanity's warehouse with appliances, windows, lighting, etc.  Open 9-5, Monday - Saturday. </li></ul><ul><li>San Pablo Flea Market – 6100 San Pablo Ave, Oakland, CA. (510) 594-6820. Odds and ends, everything from old, antique dishes to a wide variety of furniture! Hours 10-6 7 Days/Week. Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>The Sink Factory - 2140 San Pablo Avenue (near Bancroft Way), Berkeley; (510) 540-8193. Specializing in new and used basins.  The full-service company will repair, rebuild, rechrome or customize a new or salvaged sink.  Hours Tue-Sat 9-5, 12-3 Sunday. , [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>  Urban Ore – 900 Murray St. near 7th &Ashby, Berkeley (510) 841-7283.  Doors, windows, lumber, marble, bricks, tiles, glass, mirrors, molding, lighting fixtures and hardware.  Also a general store with secondhand household items.  Hours 8:30-7 Mon-Sat, 10-7 Sunday (Receiving closes at 5 pm). </li></ul>
    49. 49. Process for Permeable Pavement <ul><li>Get a copy of the &quot;SIDEWALK LANDSCAPING&quot; permit application and guidelines HERE . If you are undertaking a joint project with your neighbors, one application is required for each property. </li></ul><ul><li>Review the guidelines. Contact the Bureau of Urban Forestry (415 641 2676) or Plant*SF ( with questions or concerns. (For sidewalks measuring 7' or less in width, contact Plant*SF for suggestions on plantable areas.) </li></ul><ul><li>Consider inviting your neighbors to join in a planting to reduce fees [which range from $160 - $215 depending on how many properties are involved]. Joint plantings also generally save on installation costs and result in a larger overall garden. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a plan drawing that shows your proposed changes. You may do this yourself, or an architect or landscape designer can help you. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete the application form. </li></ul><ul><li>Permit requires Property Owner or Owner's Agent signature. If you are not the owner, discuss your ideas with them. Feel free to ask Plant*SF to contact a property owner on your behalf. </li></ul><ul><li>Submit completed permit application, drawing and fee via mail to address at top of form. </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the guidelines that accompany the permit regarding setting up a site inspection and the location any underground utilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Once work is authorized, extract concrete with a concrete saw and jack hammer. These are available at local tool rental companies, or you may hire a contractor to do this work (See Resources page). Relocate or remove demolished materials to a recycle yard. Consider coordinating with your neighbors to share costs. Do not assume removing concrete yourself will save money: In addition to tool rental, be sure to account for street space permit, debris box rental, hauling and disposal fees. </li></ul>
    50. 50. Process for Permeable Pavement (continued) <ul><li>Prepare, augment and/or remove portions of the existing soil. (Remove large rocks, till new soil with existing soil to a depth of 12-24&quot;). This will encourage root growth into the existing soil. Consider retaining large rocks on site as landscape features instead of sending them to recycling. (Concrete disposed in San Francisco is required to be recycled. It is often ground up to become road base or aggregate in new concrete.) </li></ul><ul><li>Install weed barrier cloth if desired. While not required, this may make maintenance easier. Note that weed barriers may also prevent desired plants from spreading, and may be cut to provide for this growth. Use pins or staples to keep it in place, otherwise it has a tendency to migrate up through soil. Rock mulch may be more effective than a weed barrier and also serves decorative and soil protecting functions. </li></ul><ul><li>Select and install plant and/or other materials. Consult the Plant Selection Guidelines to help ensure plantings will be appropriate to your area. Also ask at your local nursery for suggestions for your planters' soil, sun and moisture characteristics. Install mulch (rock or wood chips) around plants to increase moisture retention and reduce weed growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Select and install compacted decomposed granite and/or permeable pavers for paths. Be sure to install pavers properly with sand and gravel layers. Consider using aluminum edgers such as 'Permalock' . </li></ul><ul><li>Provide initial watering of plants (until drought tolerance is established, approximately 2-4 months, depending on season). The best time to plant in San Francisco is mid- to late-November once the fall heat has passed and the wet season has begun. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide light maintenance. (When selected and installed properly, includes removal of trash, optional watering, light weeding, and minimal tending of plants). </li></ul>
    51. 51. Concrete Removal For Cut and Removal of sidewalk of about 3,000 ft.2 on the Sanchez St. Sidewalk
    52. 52. RECYCLED LUMBER <ul><li>Building Resources 701 Amador St., SF. (415) 285-7814 Salvaged lumber and building materials </li></ul><ul><li>Caldwell's Lumber 195 Bayshore Blvd., SF. (415) 550-6777 Salvaged lumberRECYCLED LUMBER </li></ul>
    53. 53. FINAL VISION….
    54. 54. Soil Resource Suppliers
    55. 55. SOIL TESTING <ul><li>University of MA. *For Lead: (413) 545-2311 </li></ul><ul><li>Envirosafe Lab (Fremont) (510) 252-0990 </li></ul><ul><li>Perry Lab (Watsonville) *For nutrients and texture: (831) 722-7606 </li></ul><ul><li>Soil and Plant Lab (Santa Clara) (408) 727-0330 </li></ul>
    56. 56. Bay Area Nurseries <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    57. 57. Other Resources
    58. 58. Plant Legend/ Cultivar List