Unit 2: 2nd Industrialization
and the Progressives
Analyze and evaluate the
success of progressive
reforms during the late
19th and early 20th
centuries in addressing
proble...
Analyze the Farmers’
Alliances and the
Populist Party’s reactions
to the effects of
industrialization and how
they created...
Read


Industrial production increased



Agricultural production increased



Agricultural production increases=Drop i...
Food supplies
were increased to
feed urban
dwellers.
Reading Railroad files for bankruptcy
 Dependent banks/companies also collapse
 Stock market crash
 European investors ...
2. What economic factors upset farmers?
 Farm crop prices steadily decline 1864
through 1890.
 Railroads charged farmers...
They were farmer groups
designed to educate
farmers about organizing
and petitioning state
governments for more
control of...
railroad companies
charged high rates
for transporting farm
products
force the railroads to
lower freight rates
an increase in the
demand for
government
regulation
Farmers’ Reform Movements
7. Define: Interstate Commerce Act,
1887

Farmers wanted reasonable
railroad rates.
This Act was...
To protect the interests of
small businesses
MAIN IDEA: The downtrodden and “little people”
could have a say in government

They began a move toward political and soci...
a political party formed
in 1892 that supported
free coinage of
silver, work
reforms, immigration
restrictions, and
govern...
Farmers wanted money  Railroad monopolies
to be backed by silver.
were charging unfair
railroad rates to farmers.
 Allia...
To help western farmers
fight unjust economic
practices
Late 1800s some Americans
advocated unlimited coinage of
silver.
The movement was triggered
by an act of Congress in 1873
...
Paper money was originally
redeemable for either gold or
silver. Then in 1873 Congress put
the U.S. dollar on the gold
sta...
It would enable
them to pay back
their loans more
easily
Farmers believed that an
expanded currency would
increase the price of their
crops.
Those in debt hoped it would
enable th...
Why did farmers want money backed
by silver?

Farmers wanted currency backed
by silver, so there would be more
money in ci...
Farmers’ Reform Movements
15. Explain why farmers organized
themselves in the late 1800s.

Indebted farmers wanted
to impr...
What were Populist Party’s goals?

bank
regulation, government
ownership of
railroads, and free
coinage of silver
16. Explain the role free silver played in the election of
1896.

Bryan (the democratic
candidate) made it a
campaign issu...
McKinley (Republican
candidate) favored the
gold standard and was
against the coinage of
silver; therefore, big
business t...
McKinley won
because of
monopolists’
contribution to
his campaign;
therefore, Mono
polists gained
even more
federal politi...
Because of their
1896
presidential
campaign
contributions,
monopolists
swallowed up
the democratic
party.
19. How were the Farmers’
Alliances and the Populist
Party reactions to the
effects of industrialization?

Farmers’ Allian...
The downtrodden (the poor
farmers and working class)
could organize and have
political impact.

Many of the ideas of the
P...
It proposed ideas that later
became law
Topic 1 farmers alliance progressives
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Topic 1 farmers alliance progressives

  1. 1. Unit 2: 2nd Industrialization and the Progressives
  2. 2. Analyze and evaluate the success of progressive reforms during the late 19th and early 20th centuries in addressing problems associated with  industrial capitalism,  urbanization  political corruption.
  3. 3. Analyze the Farmers’ Alliances and the Populist Party’s reactions to the effects of industrialization and how they created a reform agenda which contributed to the rise of Progressivism.
  4. 4. Read  Industrial production increased  Agricultural production increased  Agricultural production increases=Drop in prices  Lower Crop Prices Hurt Farmers  Farmers take out long term loans because of drop in crops prices  Farmers want more money in circulation believing it will increase crop prices—want money backed by silver to increase money circulation  Bankers oppose silver standard because it would cause inflation
  5. 5. Food supplies were increased to feed urban dwellers.
  6. 6. Reading Railroad files for bankruptcy  Dependent banks/companies also collapse  Stock market crash  European investors pull out stocks  Worsened agricultural depression  Increased political involvement of agricultural community  Severe unemployment and protest
  7. 7. 2. What economic factors upset farmers?  Farm crop prices steadily decline 1864 through 1890.  Railroads charged farmers high shipping rates.  Farmers mortgaged their farms to buy new farm machines  High tariffs increased prices of factory goods that farmers needed.
  8. 8. They were farmer groups designed to educate farmers about organizing and petitioning state governments for more control of railroads and obtaining low interest loans.
  9. 9. railroad companies charged high rates for transporting farm products
  10. 10. force the railroads to lower freight rates
  11. 11. an increase in the demand for government regulation
  12. 12. Farmers’ Reform Movements 7. Define: Interstate Commerce Act, 1887 Farmers wanted reasonable railroad rates. This Act was the first time the federal government passed a law to regulate an industry. It called for reasonable railroad rates.
  13. 13. To protect the interests of small businesses
  14. 14. MAIN IDEA: The downtrodden and “little people” could have a say in government They began a move toward political and social reforms (Progressive Era) Our country was in financial crisis (1893-1896)
  15. 15. a political party formed in 1892 that supported free coinage of silver, work reforms, immigration restrictions, and government ownership of railroads and telegraph and telephone systems
  16. 16. Farmers wanted money  Railroad monopolies to be backed by silver. were charging unfair railroad rates to farmers.  Alliance members, farmers, labor leaders,  Merchants, banks, and and reformers wanted to railroads were getting impact government richer, but farmers were policies. in debt. 
  17. 17. To help western farmers fight unjust economic practices
  18. 18. Late 1800s some Americans advocated unlimited coinage of silver. The movement was triggered by an act of Congress in 1873 that omitted the silver dollar from the list of authorized coins. Silver became the symbol of economic justice to many American people.
  19. 19. Paper money was originally redeemable for either gold or silver. Then in 1873 Congress put the U.S. dollar on the gold standard, meaning that a dollar could be redeemed only for gold in the U.S. Treasury. Farmers wanted money to be backed by silver putting more money in circulation. This would cause their crop prices to rise.
  20. 20. It would enable them to pay back their loans more easily
  21. 21. Farmers believed that an expanded currency would increase the price of their crops. Those in debt hoped it would enable them to pay their debts more easily.
  22. 22. Why did farmers want money backed by silver? Farmers wanted currency backed by silver, so there would be more money in circulation causing their crops to go up in price.
  23. 23. Farmers’ Reform Movements 15. Explain why farmers organized themselves in the late 1800s. Indebted farmers wanted to improve their economic situation.
  24. 24. What were Populist Party’s goals? bank regulation, government ownership of railroads, and free coinage of silver
  25. 25. 16. Explain the role free silver played in the election of 1896. Bryan (the democratic candidate) made it a campaign issue, gaining Populist support and terrifying businessmen, who then gave money to the opposing Republican Party. Bryan wanted the United States to use silver to back the dollar at a value that would inflate the prices farmers received for their crops, easing their debt burden. This position was known as the Free Silver Movement.
  26. 26. McKinley (Republican candidate) favored the gold standard and was against the coinage of silver; therefore, big business tycoons greatly supported his campaign by giving huge campaign donations.
  27. 27. McKinley won because of monopolists’ contribution to his campaign; therefore, Mono polists gained even more federal political power.
  28. 28. Because of their 1896 presidential campaign contributions, monopolists swallowed up the democratic party.
  29. 29. 19. How were the Farmers’ Alliances and the Populist Party reactions to the effects of industrialization? Farmers’ Alliances and the Populist Party created a reform agenda which contributed to the rise of Progressivism.
  30. 30. The downtrodden (the poor farmers and working class) could organize and have political impact. Many of the ideas of the Populist Party Platform became law during the first years of the 20th Century.
  31. 31. It proposed ideas that later became law

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