7.2 u.s. 13 14-moodle

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Spanish American War

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7.2 u.s. 13 14-moodle

  1. 1. U.S. Imperialism Chapter 7, Section 2 Moodle
  2. 2. Analyze the reasons that countries gained control of territory through imperialism and the impact on people living in the territory. 5. Trace the development of the United States as a world power with emphasis on: a. The Spanish-American War;
  3. 3.  A quick victory in the Spanish-American War gave the United States a new role as a world power.
  4. 4. A. Simmering Unrest in Cuba Write  Cuba resented Spain’s rule and wanted independence.
  5. 5. Write  (1853–1895) Cuban writer and independence fighter; he was killed in battle but became a symbol of Cuba’s fight for freedom.
  6. 6. A. Simmering Unrest in Cuba Write  What role did the media play in American foreign policy? He founded the Cuban Revolutionary Party and urged Cubans to fight through his writings.
  7. 7. 2. General Weyler Write He hindered the Spanish cause.  His actions helped to draw the U.S. into the conflict  READ: Americans who read about the revolt in Cuba were shocked by General Weyler’s mistreatment of civilians.
  8. 8. Analyze What role did the media play in American foreign policy?
  9. 9. Write  (1863–1951) American journalist; he was famous for sensational news stories, known as yellow journalism, that stirred feelings of nationalism and formed public opinion for the SpanishAmerican War.
  10. 10. Write  Rival editor of Hearst—also wrote yellow journalism  (1847–1911) American journalist and newspaper publisher; he established the Pulitzer Prize for public service and advancement of education. The newspaper war between Pulitzer and Hearst; drawn in the style of 'The Yellow Kid’
  11. 11. B. Americans Get War Fever Write   It is sensational style of reporting. It is biased opinion masquerading as objective fact READ: What role did the media play in American foreign policy? Answer: It help lead to the Spanish-American War
  12. 12. Read  yellow journalism--This demonstrates the power of media  The reporting of exaggerated stories in newspapers increaseD sales What role did the media play in American foreign policy?
  13. 13. The explosion of the Maine Write   Several American business owners operated sugar cane plantations in Cuba.  Analyze the reasons that countries gain control of territory through imperialism To protect U.S. economic interests. They appealed to the U.S. government to protect them and their business interests by fighting against Spain, which controlled Cuba.
  14. 14. B. America Get War Fever Write  It promoted the U.S. entry into war. What role did the media play in American foreign policy? Answer: help lead to the Spanish-American War
  15. 15. B. America Get War Fever Write  Press reporting was fictionalized, unbalanced, biased (one sided) reporting. It only reported the Cuban side of the story. What role did the media play in American foreign policy?
  16. 16.  de Lôme letter—primary source Write  (1898) a letter written by Spain's minister to the United States that was published in a major newspaper; the letter ridiculed President McKinley and outraged many Americans
  17. 17. de Lôme letter Write  14. Why did the Journal jump to the conclusion that the Spanish were responsible for the explosion of the Maine? What role did the media play in American foreign policy?  It jumped to conclusions but had no proof. It had helped to build the tensions between the two countries.
  18. 18. Read Once Commodore Dewey received word that war had been declared, his fleet rushed to Manila Bay in the Philippines.
  19. 19. Write  (1937–1917) Commander of the U.S. Navy’s Asiatic Squadron; he led the attack in the Pacific during the SpanishAmerican War.
  20. 20.  Write Dewey found a willing partner in Emilio Aguinaldo, leader of a rebel army of Filipino patriots. Filipino rebel army led by him and U.S. fleet defeated Spanish forces in the Philippines
  21. 21. Write  The Filipino rebel army by land and the U.S. fleet by sea
  22. 22. C. The Course of the War Write How was the United States policy/military used in acquiring new territories? Manila Bay (Philippines)  San Juan Hill (Cuba)  When the SpanishAmerican War broke out, Commodore George Dewey’s fleet rushed to the Philippines.
  23. 23. Read    U.S. sank entire Spanish fleet in Battle of Santiago. Spanish troops in Cuba surrendered. U.S. defeated Spanish forces in Puerto Rico.
  24. 24. Write  a cavalry regiment organized by T. Roosevelt; consisted of college athletes, cowboys, ranchers, miners, and Native Americans
  25. 25. Write  The War in Cuba  Some 10 African American regiments were called to serve in the Spanish-American War.
  26. 26.  Write Battle of San Juan Hill--The U.S. military played vital roles in world affairs.  (1898) battle in the Spanish-American War in which 8,000 U.S. soldiers fought to seize control over San Juan Hill How was the United States policy/military used in acquiring new territories?
  27. 27. 22. What were the terms of the peace treaty? p 210 Spain gave up Cuba Ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the U.S.  Gave up Philippines for $20 million   Write
  28. 28. Write  23. How did the United States benefit from the war? Why did the United States become an imperial power?  U.S. gained new territories which were used to resupply navy ships; and some were used as bases for trade
  29. 29. Why did the United States become an imperial Read power?  Why did the United States become an imperial power? U.S. businesses reached beyond the country's borders. During the first decade of the new century, the Coca-Cola Company, Quaker Oats, AT&T, the Standard Oil Company, Du Pont, General Electric, and Ford Motor Company seized the opportunity for international sales. After finding international markets, they built factories abroad, taking advantage of lower labor costs in foreign countries. Then they asked for U.S. protection of their investments and interests.
  30. 30.  Read Coca-Cola international expansion continued in 1906, when Cuba and Panama became the first foreign countries to bottle Coke.
  31. 31. 24. Why were the Philippines of strategic importance to the United States? p 211 Write It is located on the route to China  It could be used as a base to refuel and resupply ships  Why did the United States become an imperial power?
  32. 32. Write Critical Thinking pp 211-212  Contrasting  25. Fill in the graphic organizer to record the reasons why some Americans supported annexation of the Philippines and others opposed it.  Supporters U.S. had a duty to spread its beliefs Felt U.S. needed it for a naval base Opponents Annexation violates the U.S. ideals of freedom U.S. should address problems at home
  33. 33. 26. Who opposed annexing the Philippines? p212 Write Samuel Gompers  Groups who opposed the war:  The Anti-Imperialist League, the Colored Citizens of Boston, and AFL leader Samuel Gompers  
  34. 34. Read  Emilio Aguinaldo  (1869–1964) Selfproclaimed President of the new Philippine Republic in 1899; he fought for Filipino independence from the United States. Filipino perspective or view point
  35. 35.  27. Why might Emilio Aguinaldo and other Filipino nationalists have felt betrayed by the United States? Write Filipino nationalists believed the U.S. would help them. Instead, they ended up with one set of rulers for another.
  36. 36.  Concerning Aguinaldo and other Filipino nationalists, what happened in the Philippines immediately after the United States annexed it as a territory?  The U.S. Army fought Filipino rebels for three years. Read How was the United States policy/military used in acquiring new territories?
  37. 37. Write    Identifying: Cause and Effect 28. What were some of the effects of American annexation of the Philippines? Analyze impact of Imperialism on people living in the territory Effect Effect • Fighting broke out • Filipino fighters battled U.S. forces for 3 years • Deaths of hundreds of thousands of people
  38. 38. Read Write  A person’s or group’s point of view—how they view something opposed to how someone else or another group may view it  Ex. White settlers viewed western migration as a good thing. They were getting land at a very low cost through the Homestead Act. Native Americans viewed westward migration as a bad thing. Their buffalo hunting was threatened, and they were forced to move to Indian Reservations.
  39. 39. Read Write  Thesis—the main idea  You must Support or Justify your thesis.  Ask yourself what information would support the main idea.  Ex. (Main Idea) Newton Falls has an excellent basketball team. (Support) They were in the State championship playoffs.
  40. 40. Write  (Credibility—is it believable?)
  41. 41.  32. Name and explain characteristics that affect the credibility of sources  Bias: being one sided and Bias is prejudice toward or Write unfair characterization of the members of a particular group  unstated assumptions: what unstated idea does the writer assume to be true  consistency of arguments: Do all the supports of the main idea agree?  logical fallacies: making claims that are so strong or sweeping that you can't really support them
  42. 42. Read  (Credible (credibility)--credible evidence to support an idea takes more than one source of information—to be credible. It has at least two sources of information that are very similar in their findings  Ex. Journal of Medicine states that it is 4-5 times more likely that one gets into an accident while driving and using a cell phone .  State Highway Patrol study finds that accidents are more severe when using the cell phone while driving.
  43. 43. Read   The committee members were selected by the mayor and may or may not have experience with effective park design. With the appropriate qualifications, the committee members could compose a more credible (believable) report than if the committee members were not qualified to conduct the study.
  44. 44. Read   A report from the Congressional Budget Office would be a credible source (believable) of information on the topic of the effect of tax cuts on the national debt. The report is generated from an office that employs experts on government economic policy.
  45. 45. Read  By considering a writer’s credentials, students can determine whether he or she is a credible (believable) source of information on a given topic.
  46. 46. Read   Bibliographies list sources that the author has used for his or her research. To check the credibility (believable) of the source in question, the reader could look at several of these listed sources to make sure that the facts presented are accurate and consistent.
  47. 47. Read  In advertisements of all kinds, the use of information is credible (believable) only when it is consistent with (same as) information from other credible sources.
  48. 48.  Primary source is more credible.  Secondary sources are less credible.
  49. 49. Read   Information from independent sources is generally considered credible because the individuals involved have less overall bias towards one product or another, and are not influenced by financial ties to the producers.
  50. 50. Read  A credible (believable) opinion includes conclusions that logically follow available information
  51. 51.   Bias—credibility (believable) Quoting only senators who support the bill makes the article biased, because it shows readers only the benefits of the bill and does not present any negative aspects of the bill.
  52. 52. Write  Reliability  Is it true—factual?
  53. 53. Read  Accurate use of facts will determine the reliability (accuracy) of a source. Inaccuracies (mistakes) demonstrate the unreliability of a source.
  54. 54.   Reliability The claim that funding for state parks has increased in the recent year could be verified (proved factual) by looking at the government’s budget records. Checking budget information would allow a citizen to make sure the claims made by the newspaper are correct.

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