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7.1 moodle-Lure of U.S. Imperialism


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Lure of U.S. Imperialism

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7.1 moodle-Lure of U.S. Imperialism

  1. 1. U.S. IMPERIALISM Entering the World Stage 1898–1917
  2. 2. READ
  3. 3. FORMER OGT QUESTION There was a connection between industrial expansion and imperialism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. · Did imperialism increase or decrease as a result of industrialization? · Explain why this change occurred.  WRITE Imperialism increased because industrial countries needed raw materials for production, and industrialists wanted new customers for their products.
  4. 4. The Big Picture READ I. II. III. U.S. foreign relations took a new turn at the end of the nineteenth century. Global competition for empire led the United States into war against Spain and into military conflicts in Mexico. The United States had forged a new role as a world power.
  5. 5. 1. OBJECTIVE WRITE Analyze the reasons that countries gained control of territory through imperialism and the impact on people living in the territory that was controlled. Trace the development of the United States as a world power
  6. 6. I. The Lure of Imperialism 7.1
  7. 7. READ Main Idea The United States entered the imperialist competition late, but it soon extended its power and influence in the Pacific region.
  8. 8. 9th Grade Review Scramble for Territory EUROPEAN IMPERIALISM, 1850, 1914
  9. 9. The FRUITS of Imperialism What does the political cartoon imply or mean? READ  Although Uncle Sam (United States) may have been slow to pluck new territories, this political cartoon suggests that his gains were worth the wait. Read page 200
  10. 10. A. Imperialist Activity
  11. 11. 2. Define: Imperialism 9th Grade Review Write the practice of extending a nation's power by gaining territories for a colonial empire policy used by strong countries to gain social, political and economic control over foreign territories
  12. 12. 3. a. b. c. What were the Causes of Imperialism?
  13. 13. A. Imperialist Activity Essential Question: When or why are nations tempted to expand beyond their borders? p 201 READ Economic  Military  Ideology  (including cultural superiority and nationalism)
  14. 14. Ideology 4. Why did some imperialists want to spread western culture? Explain. WRITE  nationalism: Imperialists assumed other cultures needed Western culture and democracy
  15. 15. Write 5. Define: Social Darwinism  Social Darwinists believed that when nations competed against one another, only the fittest would survive.  Some people therefore considered it a social responsibility to ―civilize‖ the inhabitants of less developed countries and spread the benefits of Western society.
  16. 16. Main Incentives to Seek New Territories
  17. 17. B. Taking Control of Hawaii
  18. 18. Sugar interests gain power 6. Economically, why would businessmen be interested in Hawaii? p 202 WRITE  Sugarcane plantation owners began to influence Hawaiian Politics to protect their businesses. interdependence: it means "dependent on other countries for some needs." In other words, you can't produce everything you need.
  19. 19. 7. IDENTIFY: Sanford B. Dole: WRITE Sanford B. Dole (1844–1926) American sugar tycoon wanted Hawaii to be annexed by U.S.; he helped overthrow Queen Liliuokalani and later served as president and governor of Hawaii.
  20. 20. READ Sugar interests gain power Draw Conclusions What role did sugar play in the desire of many Americans to control Hawaii?  Filipino sugar cane plantation workers in Hawaii Sugar planters wanted to protect their businesses and land—they were getting rich in Hawaii! interdependence: it means "dependent on other countries for some needs." In other words, you can't produce everything you need.
  21. 21. 8. NAME REASONS THE U.S. WAS INTERESTED IN ACQUIRING HAWAII WRITE   Hawaii’s fertile soils were desired to produce raw materials and food products. It was viewed as an excellent naval base and coaling station
  22. 22. Hawaii  How was the United States policy/military used in acquiring new territories?
  23. 23. Plotting against the king 9. How did American sugar planters go outside the law to gain control over Hawaii? p 203 Planters went outside the WRITE    law by: forming the Hawaiian League Bayonet Constitution: forced the king to sign a new constitution—giving the U.S. Pearl Harbor ordered U.S. Marines ashore
  24. 24. B. Taking Control of Hawaii Reading Check p. 201  WRITE  10. How did American sugar interests gain so much power in Hawaii?  Sugar planters formed a secret society called the Hawaiian League which forced King Kalakaua to sign a new constitution at gunpoint giving them political control over Hawaii They had become wealthy from the sales of their tax-exempt sugar
  25. 25. B. Taking Control of Hawaii Why did the United States become an imperial power? P 203  11. How did WRITE American businessmen, traders, and planters protect their economic interests in Hawaii?  American Businessmen sought political power by: forcing Kalakaua to sign a constitution depriving Hawaiians of voting rights, and they lobbied for U.S. annexation (take over) of Hawaii.
  26. 26. B. Taking Control of Hawaii 12. Why was ceding (surrendering) of Pearl Harbor to the U.S. so significant militarily? p 203 WRITE  Hawaii surrendering Pearl Harbor gave the U.S. a permanent base for warships.
  27. 27. Hawaii READ   Hawaii’s fertile soils were desired to produce raw materials and food products. It was also viewed as an excellent naval base and coaling station
  28. 28. READ  1/11/ 1914
  29. 29. 13. IDENTIFY: Queen Liliuokalani WRITE  (1838–1917) Queen of the Hawaiian Islands; she opposed annexation by the United States but lost power in a U.S. supported revolt, which led to the installation of a new government in Hawaii.
  30. 30. READ Social Darwinism encouraged people in industrialized nations to believe that they were superior to people who lived in less-developed countries. What role did the media play in American foreign policy?  One of many political cartoons from the late 1800s in which Queen Lili`uokalani was depicted as a savage or barbarian. Racists references to Hawaiians were common during this period in newspapers throughout the United States.
  31. 31. Recall Why did its location make Hawaii attractive to Americans? READ  Why did the United States become an imperial power?  Hawaii was ideal for naval bases   Demonstrates how the United States influenced other parts of the world.  It was a good place for coaling stations and naval bases. It also had a profitable sugar industry.
  32. 32. C. Influence in China
  33. 33. spheres of influence IMPERIALISM IN CHINA, 1842–1900 The Qing dynasty lost control over China to Western intruders.
  34. 34. 14. DEFINE: spheres of influence  In this political cartoon, Great Britain, Germany, Russia, France, and Japan are dividing China WRITE sphere of influence an area where foreign countries control trade or natural resources of another nation or area European nations and Japan had a sphere of influence in China
  35. 35. C. Influence in China spheres of influence READ  The United States wanted to take part in the trade in China.
  36. 36. Describe: What was the Open Door 15. DEFINE: Open Door Policy Policy? p 204 WRITE a policy established by the United States. It gave nations equal trading rights in China
  37. 37. C. Influence in China Reading Check WRITE  16. Why did Hay propose the Open Door Policy?  p.204 The United States was too late to secure a sphere of influence in China, and American leaders feared they would not be able to take part in trade with China.
  38. 38. 17. DEFINE: Boxer Rebellion WRITE  (1900) a siege of a foreign settlement in Beijing by Chinese nationalists who were angry at foreign involvement in China
  39. 39. 18. What was a result of the Boxer Rebellion? p 204 WRITE Result of Boxer Rebellion: European support for the Open Door Policy increased.
  40. 40. D. Influence in Japan
  41. 41. Influence in Japan 19. Identify Who was Commodore Perry? WRITE On July 8, 1853, residents of feudal Japan beheld an astonishing sight – foreign warships entering their harbor under a cloud of black smoke.  By the mid-1800s, though, Japan came under U.S. pressure to open its ports to trade. In 1853 President Millard Fillmore sent Commodore Matthew Perry with a fleet of four ships into Edo (Tokyo) Bay.
  42. 42. D. Influence in Japan 20. Why did the United States want to impress Japan in particular with the Great White Fleet? p 205 WRITE Roosevelt decided to impress upon Japan— and the rest of the world—just how powerful the U.S. military was. In 1907 he sent four squadrons of battleships, known as the Great White Fleet, on a 43,000-mile, around-the-world journey. In 1907, U.S. wanted to remind Japan of U.S. military strength
  43. 43. Influence in Japan WRITE  21. How did the United States influence Japan’s economic policies and its imperialist ambitions?  U.S. influenced Japan’s economic and imperialist ambitions by making Japan aware of modern world by displaying two impressive U.S. naval strength 50 years apart
  44. 44. WRITE  (1904–1905) war between Russia and Japan over Manchuria – Roosevelt brokered a peace treaty and won the Nobel Peace Prize for doing it. 