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Types of evaluation


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Types of evaluation

  1. 1. T ypes ofeVALUATIoN Mr. Upendra Yadav Associate ProfessorDepart. of Child Health Nursing, College of Nursing, BPKIHS 1
  2. 2. On the basis of how it is used and how the results areinterpreted, Evaluation is classify into the differenttypes;A.In Terms of How the results are Interpreted:1.Placement Evaluation : • In this type of evaluation , learners entry behavior or capability is assessed to find out whether the student possess knowledge , skills and attitude needed to begin the course of instruction. • It is used to find out to what extent student has already mastered the objectives of the planned instruction. e.g. entrance exam. 2
  3. 3. 2. Formative Evaluation:It is evaluation used to monitor students learningprogress during instruction with the purpose ofproviding on going feedback to students andteachers regarding success and failure of teaching/learning process.Formative evaluations strengthen or improve theobject being evaluated. 3
  4. 4. 3. Summative Evaluation:• This type of evaluation is given at the end of the course or unit of instructions to find out which student, to what extent has mastered the intended learning outcomes.• Though the results of summative evaluation are primarily used for assigning the grades or for certifying learners’ mastery of instructional objectives, they can also be used to give feed back on the appropriateness of objectives and the effectiveness of instruction. 4
  5. 5. 4. Diagnostic Evaluation:• This type of evaluation is concerned with finding out the reasons for students persistent or recurring learning difficulties that cannot be resolved by standard corrective measures or formative evaluation .• The aim of diagnostic evaluation is to find out the causes of learning problems and plan to take remedial actions.• Observational techniques or specially prepared diagnostic techniques can be used to diagnose the problem. 5
  6. 6. In Terms of Interpretation of Test Resulta. Normative Referenced Test : This type of test helps us to determine how an individual learners performance compares to others in his/her group or it helps to find out the position a student holds or ranks when his/her achievement is compared to the other group achievements.b. Criterion- referenced Test : it is designed to fine out whether the student performance meet the pre- determined criteria or not. This type of tests describe what a learner can do, without reference to the performance of others. 6
  7. 7. Example of criterion referenced test• To maintain the aseptic technique in doing dressing is the criteria for doing dressing., Learners will fail in this if he/she shows any lapse in it any time. If a health worker can take BP with the deviation of +2 or -2, it describes a specific behaviour of that health worker, without comparing it with the achievements of other health workers. 7
  8. 8. Criterion - Norm-referencedreferencedStudent must meet the Student can rank anyprescribed standard position in the groupstandard is absolute Standard is relative to some known groups performance. 8
  9. 9. Thank You 9
  10. 10. Thank You 9