Alexandre Dumas (1802-
1870) was a French
writer. He is mostly
recognized for his
historical novels. He is
also one of the most
widely read French
authors in the world.
His most notable works
are The Three
Musketeers, The Count
of Monte Cristo and The
Man in the Iron Mask
Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie (later known as
Alexander Dumas) was born in Villers-Cotterêts in the
department of Aisne, in Picardy, France.
On 24th July 1802.
His father was Thomas-Alexandre Dumas , general
under Napoleon Bonaparte.
At an early age Dumas was been associated with the
wars and nationalisms.
He was a part of 1848 revolution of France.
In 1822, Dumas moved to Paris and immersed himself
in literature. He began writing plays, both comedies
and dramas. Dumas's Romantic style—often
compared to that of his contemporary and rival, Victor
Hugo—proved to be exceptionally popular.
His Notable Works
Dumas was a prolific writer of essays, short stories and
novels, as well as plays and travelogues. He achieved
widespread success with the novels The Count of
Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers, initially
published as serials.
These novels made Dumas a household name in
France and a popular author throughout much of
With the money he earned from publishing his novels,
Dumas purchased land and built the Château de
Monte Cristo in Port Marly, Yvelines, France. This
home (which is now a museum) was intended to be a
sanctuary for the author, and he spent much of his
time writing and entertaining there before debt
overtook him, forcing him to sell the property. He fled
to Belgium in 1851, and later to Russia, to evade
creditors. Dumas continued to publish books,
including travel books on Russia, during his period of
Dumas had a son, also named Alexandre, with Marie
Laure Catherine Labay.
His son followed in his literary footsteps. In 1840,
Dumas married actress Ida Ferrier, but continued his
affairs with other women.
He had at least one daughter, Marie Alexandrine, out
of wedlock, and dated much younger women in his old
Dumas died on December
5, 1870, at his son's home
in Puys, France.
He was buried in the
cemetery of Villers-
Cotterêts. In 2002, his
body was moved to the
Panthéon in Paris, where
Dumas rests among such
other French literary
greats as Émile Zola,
Victor Hugo and Jean-
Jacques Rousseau. Tomb of Alexandre Dumas at the Panthéon in Paris