Logical reasoning-and-analytical-ability-deriving-conclusion

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Logical reasoning and analytical ability, deriving conclusion

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Logical reasoning-and-analytical-ability-deriving-conclusion

  1. 1. Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here www.upscportal.com Logical Reasoning & Analytical Ability
  2. 2. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here Under this, the questions may consist of a brief passage followed by certain inferences based on it. These passages are based on social or economic conditions. Candidates must note that it is very important for them to possess logical skills, comprehension capacity and ability for interpretation. They must be skillful enough to comprehend the full implications of the passage and arrive at the correct answer. It is expected of the students to acquire as much knowledge as possible of phrasal verbs, vocabulary and nuances of the English language. In this type of questions a passage is given on any topic followed by conclusions in the form of statements. A candidate is required to mark out the answer in the following ways (i) Mark (a) if the statement is definitely true. Deriving Conclusions
  3. 3. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here (ii) Mark (b) if the statement is probably true, though not definitely true. (iii) Mark (c) if the conclusions is neither true nor false because the data given in the passage are inadequate. (v) Mark (d) if the conclusion is definitely false. A candidate must note that all these conclusions are to be arrived at in the light of what has been discussed in the passage. In the following passage the methodology will be discussed as to how to opt for right option-{a, b, c, d) which a candidate is expected to select for a given conclusion. For the sake of the convenience of the candidate, each option mentioned above will be discussed and analysed in detail in the light of the passages given below.
  4. 4. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here Examples Directions (Q. Nos. 1 to 4) Read the following passage and examine each inference given below it in the context of this passage. Mark your answer as (a) if the inference is ‘definitely true’ (b) if the inference is ‘probably true’ (c) if the ‘data provided is inadequate’ (d) if the inference is `definitely false’ In the commodities business size does matter. This is common wisdom. The Indian sugar industry, the second largest in the world after Brazil, has traditionally been fragmented, which led to widespread sickness and large number of mills going bankrupt, a situation exacerbated by a slew of government controls - which are, meaningfully, getting diluted since August 1998. Its now been more than seven-and-a-half years since the industry was delicensed. No official permission is required either to build a new factory or for brownfield expansion plan, except that there must not be any violation of command area norms. Even then, there aren’t many who have the capacity to play the volumes game at the cyclic sugar business.
  5. 5. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here 1. India has not yet been able to consolidate its firm stand in the international sugar market. 2. At present the Indian sugar industry has been made considerably free from Government controls. 3. Prior to 1998, Indian sugar industry was considerably lower in the world ranking of large nations. 4. Most of the bankrupt sugar mills in India are funded by the Govt to revive their units. Solutions. 1. (a) If we go through the passage then we find it is the real concern of the passage. Hence, India has not yet been able to consolidate its firm stand in the international sugar market. 2. (b) According to the passage since August 1998, government control on sugar mills is getting diluted. But we do not know how much the government control has been diluted.
  6. 6. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here 3. (c) There is no such information regarding the position of the Indian sugar industry (prior to August 1998) in the world ranking of large nations. 4. (c) There is no such information that we can say most of the bankrupt sugar mills in India are funded by the Govt to revive their units.
  7. 7. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here Click Here to Join Online Coaching: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/courses Click Here to Buy Study Material in Hard Copy: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit

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