3 3 mentalandemotionalhealth

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3 3 mentalandemotionalhealth

  1. 1. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Bellringer • Describe a situation in which someone expressed his or her emotions in a positive and effective way. What was the emotion, how was it expressed? Why is this a positive example of expressing an emotion effectively? Chapter 3
  2. 2. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Key Ideas • Describe the characteristics of positive mental health. • Compare the stages of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. • Describe how you can learn to express emotions in positive ways. • Identify the limitations of defense mechanisms. • Describe three positive strategies for managing your emotions. Chapter 3
  3. 3. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Mental Health • Mental health is a state of mental well-being in which you can cope with the demands of daily life. • Characteristics of mentally and emotionally healthy people include: Chapter 3 • A sense of control • Can endure failures and frustrations • Ability to see events positively • Can express emotions in a healthy way
  4. 4. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs • Self-actualization is the achievement of the best that a person can be. • Abraham Maslow believed that everyone has a drive to reach self-actualization. • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a list of the basic needs one must achieve on the way to self- actualization. Chapter 3
  5. 5. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Chapter 3
  6. 6. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Expressing Emotions • An emotion is a feeling produced in response to life experiences. • Expressing emotions in a healthy way is important for your mental and emotional health. • You learn to express your emotions in part by observing others. • You can relearn how to express emotions more constructively. Chapter 3
  7. 7. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Managing Emotions 1. Talk it out Talk out the way you are feeling with a friend or in your own head 2. Blow off steam Physical activity, such as exercise or sports, can help you release energy. 3. Be creative Creative activities also help release tension. Chapter 3
  8. 8. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Managing Emotions • Anger often results from frustration. • Anger can always be dealt with appropriately. • You and only you are responsible for your actions • Learn to recognize when you feel angry. • Do you clench fists? Does your heart rate go up? • When you do feel angry, try to calm down before taking action. • Count to ten, go for a jog • Once you are in control, talk to the person who made you angry and use “I” messages Chapter 3
  9. 9. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Managing Emotions • Fear can be debilitating or it can protect you from real danger. • Use self-talk to get over an unwanted fear. • Use controlled exposure • Guilt can alert you when you are acting against your values. • To deal with guilt, do your best to right the wrong. Chapter 3
  10. 10. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Managing Emotions • Jealousy is often caused by fear that someone or something you love will be lost. • Talking about your jealousy is often the best way to cope with it. • Loneliness is a feeling of being emotionally isolated from others. • A good way to manage loneliness is to actively seek out other people. Chapter 3
  11. 11. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Managing Emotions • A defense mechanism is an unconscious thought or behavior used to avoid unpleasant emotions. • Some defense mechanisms can help you cope with difficult emotions temporarily. • Most defense mechanisms, however, just mask unwanted feelings. • It is usually better to manage your emotions more actively. Chapter 3
  12. 12. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Chapter 3
  13. 13. Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Chapter 3

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