A background reading from: Ania Loomba's Colonialism & Post colonialism
A background reading : Ania Loomba’s
Name : Upadhyay Devangana S.
Paper : The Postcolonial Literature
Stander : M.A.
Semester : 03
Enrolment No : PG13101035
Department : English
Submitted To: MKB University
According to Oxford English Dictionary (OED)
Colonialism – comes from Roman word ‘Colonia’
- Meant ‘farm’ or ‘settlement’
Referred to Romans who settled in other lands
“A settlement in a new country…… a body of people who
In a new locality, forming a community subject to or
With their parent state descendants and successors, as long
The connection with the parent state is kept up.”
-According to OED
Colonialism can be defined as the can conquest and
control of other people’s land and goods.
European powers into Asia, Africa or the Americans from
The sixteenth century on wards.
Marxist – (1) Capitalism
(2) Restructured the economies of the latter, complex relationship
Flow of human and natural resources between colonized & colonial countries.
Slaves In denatured labour
Flows of Profits
Economic imbalance that was necessary for the growth of European
The distinction between pre-capitalist and capitalist colonialism is often made
by referring to the latter as imperialism.
English Language: ‘Command’ or ‘Superior power’
OED- Imperial as ‘pertaining to empire’
Imperialism as ‘rule of an emperor especially when despotic or arbitrary,
The principal or spirit of empire,
Advocacy of what are held to be imperial interests.
Lenin & Kausky : “Imperialism the Highest stage of
Neo-imperialism or neo-colonialism are used to
describe these situation
Imperialism & colonialism how they are different?
Different understanding of colonialism and imperialism
complicate the meanings of the term ‘Postcolonial’.
Word – ‘Post’- implied ‘aftermath’
Temporal as in
Ideological as in
The new global order does not depend upon direct rule
The economic, cultural & political penetration of some countries by other
Once-colonized countries can be seen as properly ‘post-colonial’.
Ella Shohat, trenchantly asks : “When exactly then does the
Another issue is takes place – Problem with ‘Colonial’
(1) What came before colonial rule?
(2) What indigenous, ideologies, practices and hierarchies
alongside colonialism and interacted what it?
Post-colonialism – use only we use it with caution and qualification.
This it can be compared to the concept of ‘Patriarchy’ in feminist
Post-colonial – it refers to a process of disengagement from the
Whole colonial syndrome.