Safe Cycle Commuting Presentation


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CAN-BIKE instructor Brian McClean's presentation on safe commuter cycling.

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Safe Cycle Commuting Presentation

  1. 1. Lunch and LearnBike to Work Month 2011
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Topics• Commuter cyclist guide• Safe and secure bike parking• Route planning ... navigating the city• Lane positioning and visibility• General tips for safe cycling• and more ... 3
  4. 4. Commuter Cyclist Guide• Helmets• Clothing ... depends on distance• Bike Comfort ... MTB, Road Bike, Hybrid, bike size• Repair kit ... inner tube, tire levers, patches, tire boot, pump• Pannier or backpacks and water protection• Locks• Internet Site ... 4
  5. 5. Helmet safety• Cycling Quick Facts  45.5% of all injuries from bicycling are to the head.  Wearing a properly fitted helmet has been shown to reduce brain injury by 88% and head injury by 85%.  Cycling-related injuries are the third leading cause of hospitalizations and the second leading cause of emergency department visits among children injured in falls.  Boys and young men are 4 times more likely to be injured or killed in a cycling-related crash than girls or young women.[ Sources: OIPRC (2007). Head Injuries. Ontario Injury Compass. Vol. 4, Issue 11. OIPRC (2007). Injuries among children. Ontario Injury Compass. Vol. 4, Issue 12. Tator, C.H. (2009). Catastrophic Injuries in Ontario: Causes and Prevention. U of T Press.] 5
  6. 6. Helmets proper fitting• Always wear a helmet• Basic components of a helmet ... hard outer shell impact absorbing foam straps• Safety Standards Sticker (CSA, Snell etc)• 2-V-1• Youths under 18 required to wear a helmet• Cycling helmets ... single-impact helmets ... 5 year life 6
  7. 7. Clothing• Short distance rides ... wear work clothes• Longer distances leave clothes at work, carry clothes in panniers, shower at work, etc• Weather impacts ... fair weather rider but plan for the unexpected 7
  8. 8. Bike Comfort/Fit• Frame size – MTB: should have 2” - 4” stand-over clearance – Road: should have 1” - 2” stand-over clearance• Saddle height/position – Heel should be just off pedal at bottom stroke – Hips should not rock – Knee should be over pedal spindle at 3/6 o’clock position – Seat is level• Handlebar reach/height – Body should form an isosceles triangle – MTB: bars are 1-2 cm below saddle – Road: bars are level with saddle• Pedals – Clipless – Clip 8
  9. 9. Basics• Tool Kit  Tire repair ... Pump, Tire levers, Patches, Replacement tube, Tire boot  Bike repair ... Allen keys (4, 5 & 6 mm), Wrenches (8, 9, 10 mm), Adjustable wrench (1/2”), Screwdriver (flat & phillips), Chain tool• Basic First Aid kit  band aids, Travel Wipes, hand sanitizer, polysporin• Water bottle• Snacks• Personal ID/ Health card 9
  10. 10. Screen clipping taken: 05/05/2011, 2:24 PM Safe and Secure Bike Parking • A lock does not guarantee the safety of your bike buy a good lock secure frame and wheels Cable Lock destination ... check if have bike cages or racks underground do not use a fence to secure bike do not attach to a post U-Lock with cable park in high traffic areas/well lit 10
  11. 11. Other Safety Equipment• Safety: Bell, Lights, reflectors• Utility: Rack, Panniers / Rack bag, Handlebar bags• Tech: Cycle Computer, HRM• Accessories: Pedals, Aero bars, Fenders, water bottle holders• Clothing: gloves, shoes, glasses, shorts, jerseys, spandex 11
  12. 12. Route Planning ... Navigating the City• Number of sources: 1. City of Ottawa Map 2. NCC Pathway maps 3. Google Maps ... directions and click on bike 4. source of locations to avoid if possible• Combination of paths and roads• Drive and park then take Ottawa river paths• Cycle to transit station and take bus• Rack and roll option• Check Ottawa city for construction zones and detours• Think about escape routes or shelters 12
  13. 13. City of Ottawa Construction 13
  14. 14. Lane Positioning and Visibility Traffic Theory• Motorized vehicles mostly occupy a whole lane while cyclists occupy part of a lane;• The correct road position for cyclists vary with traffic volume, traffic speed, condition and widths of road, weather, lighting, bicycle condition and cyclists skill level• Cyclist’s basic approach to Safety:  See ... know what is going on around you and anticipate problems  Be Seen ... want other users on the road to know you are also on the road  Be Predictable ... obeying the law, riding straight line, communication 14
  15. 15. Mission Statement “Cyclists fare best when they act and are treated like vehicular traffic.” John Forester, author Effective CyclingCan-Bike course is designed as a basic skills development course for developing cyclists.Its goal is to give cyclists the encouragement, confidence and motivation to increase theirbicycle use and to seek out more advanced cycling instruction. •The fundamentals of bicycle handling; •The fundamentals of riding on the road for 2 or 4 lane, low to medium traffic streets; •The most basic safety check and bicycle fitting elements 15
  16. 16. Principles of Traffic Flow• Ride as close as practicable to the edge of the roadway;• Obey all rules of the road;• Know how to negotiate with same-direction traffic .... shoulder checks and hand signals;• Destination positioning at intersections;• Look down the road to plan for lane positioning between intersections. 16
  17. 17. M. V. P. C.• Think of yourself as the Most Valuable Person Cycling;• Manoeuvrability – Ride as close as possible to traffic lanes – Ride 1 metre our from curb (minimum)• Visibility – In the flow of traffic – In the motorist’s field of vision• Predictability – Ride in a straight line, no weaving in and out – Do not put foot on curb at intersections• Communication – Let others (cyclists and vehicles) know what your doing – Body language and arm signals 17
  18. 18. Cyclists’ Position from Curb Close to travel lane 1 metre 1 metreHTA says to right as far right as practicable not possible.Practicable means safe and feasible (1 metre)OBJECTIVE: Manoeuvrable, Visible, Predictable 18
  19. 19. HazardsHazards = parked cars, construction, pot hole, snow, etc.Shoulder Check, Signal, both hands on handlebars, life saving shoulder checkTake the lane if necessaryOBJECTIVE: Visible, Predictable, Communicating 19
  20. 20. Narrow Lanes1 metreTake the Lane ... discourage cars passing unsafelyNarrow lanes = 3.25 metres or lessIntersections ... narrow curb lanesOBJECTIVE: Manoeuvrable, Visible, Predictable, Communicating 20
  21. 21. Wide Lanes 1 metre1 metrePosition just to right of travel laneToo far right .... out of motorists field of viewOBJECTIVE: Visible, Communicating 21
  22. 22. Bike Lanes and Right Turn C B A Position ... just to right of bike lane marker Cars turning right ... move into bike lane Approaching from behind ... wait or pass on left OBJECTIVE: Manoeuvrable, Visible, Predictable, Communicating4.1.26
  23. 23. Parked CarsPosition ... ride striaght one metre from parked carsLook ... driver, brake lights, front wheel movementHazards ... door opening, pedestrians, car pulling outOBJECTIVE: Manoeuvrable, Visible, Predictable, Communicating 23
  24. 24. Destination PositioningPosition ... ride straightCoasting ... misinterpreted as stoppingHazards ... on-coming left turning carOBJECTIVE: Visible, Predictable, Communicating 24
  25. 25. Right Turn LanesPosition ... right side through lane1 metre from curb ... expecting turnHazards ... right turning carOBJECTIVE: Visible, Predictable, Communicating 25
  26. 26. Right Turn LanesPosition ... take the lane (egress positioning)Hazards ... right turning car trying to pass on leftOBJECTIVE: Visible, Predictable, Communicating 26
  27. 27. Passing on RightPosition ... pass on the leftHazards ... passing on right doors, turning carsOBJECTIVE: Maneouvrable 27
  28. 28. Residential Left TurnsPosition ... left side of travel laneHazards ... on-coming left turning car, left turning cars passingon rightOBJECTIVE: Manoeuvrable, Visible, Predictable,Communicating 28
  29. 29. Arterial Left TurnsPosition ... left side of travel laneHazards ... on-coming left turning car, left turningcars passing on rightOBJECTIVE: Manoeuvrable, Visible, Predictable,Communicating 4.1.30 29
  30. 30. Merge/Diverge LanesPosition ... 1 metre from exit/entrance lineHazards ... cars entering, cutting in front, pass on both sidesOBJECTIVE: Manoeuvrable, Visible, Predictable, Communicating 30
  31. 31. TrucksPosition ... in sight of mirrorsHazards ... driver blind spotsOBJECTIVE: Manoeuvrable, Visible,
  32. 32. Pathway Riding Techniques• Ride on right• 20 kmh speed limit, keep speeds down• Shoulder check before passing, moving position• Pass on left• Watch for pedestrians, they have right-of-way• Pull off path when stopping• Signal passing with voice, bell• Yield right-of-way to cars at intersections, DO NOT ride in crosswalks 32
  33. 33. Equipment Inspection• A: for air, check tires, spokes, rim, pressure• B: for brakes, check levers, blocks, rim, test• C: for cables/chain, check cranks• Quick: check skewers• Check: drop bike from 4-6”, listen for loose parts 33
  34. 34. Cycling Collisions• Avoidance – Obey all traffic laws – Never move sideways (right or left!) without shoulder checking – Use reflectors and rear lights at night – Dont follow cars too closely (cars can stop 6 times faster than bikes) – Cycling Skills (or lack thereof) are the single biggest contributing factor• Wear a Helmet – Head injuries are the usually the cause in fatalities 34
  35. 35. Cycling Crash Studies• Falls – 50% of collisions• Car-Bike – 17% of all collisions – Most are at intersections (75%) – Most are due to bicycle doing something unusual – Disobeying rules of the road factor in 1/2 of collisions (51%) – Young children and teens cause their own collisions; Adults most likely injured by motorist error – Wrong-way cycling is a major factor, cars don’t expect to see cyclists (17%)• Car-Bike (Overtaking) – 10% of all car-bike collisions are from behind (2% of all collisions) – 6% are caused by cyclists swerving into traffic; Only 4% are motorist error (0.8% of all collisions) – 90% of collisions occur in front of cyclists• Bike-Bike – 17% of all collisions• Bike-Dog – 8% of all collisions 35
  36. 36. WEBSites• 4_1_en.html ... CAN-BIKE training• .... Ottawa specific which points to many other useful sites• ... good reference for commuter cycling• ... NCC maps• ... over 40 videos on bike repairs from flat tire to wheel truing• ... information on rack and roll program• ... information on cycling in Ottawa• guide.pdf ... Ontario Cycling Skills guide 36
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