Living & Working in GermanySabine Novak                   March 2011                              EURES-Germany
Index       Germany & the Labour Market       Job Seeking Strategies       Applying for a Job       When you have found a ...
Bildrahmen            (Bild in Masterfolie einfügen)Germany & the Labour Market
Facts about Germany                                                                         Surface Area: 357.000 km²     ...
Typically German      http://www.tatsachen-ueber-deutschland.deInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur...
Labour Market                                                                         Unemployment rates in 2010          ...
Labour MarketWhere are the jobs? – for university graduates:      Mechanical and electrical engineers      Engineers (proc...
Labour MarketThe following jobs are hard to find – university graduates:      Architects and civil engineers      Masters ...
Labour Market                                                   Where are the jobs? – skilled workers:                    ...
Labour Market                                             The following jobs are hard to find –                           ...
Internships      Before, during or after your studies/training      From one week up to one year      Average are six mont...
Bildrahmen             (Bild in Masterfolie einfügen)Job Seeking Strategies
Finding a Job in Germany Job Seeking Methods:       Internet       EURES - network       Private agencies       Temporary ...
Finding a Job in Germany Useful Internet Addresses       www.arbeitsagentur.de (German Federal Employment Agency)       ww...
www.arbeitsagentur.deInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit   Seite 15
www.eures.europa.eu.deInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit   Seite 16
Newspapers  Die Zeit   academic professions (every Thursday)  FAZ – Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung     weekends  VDI-Nachr...
Bildrahmen              (Bild in Masterfolie einfügen)Applying for a Job
What do German employers expect from you?      Good working knowledge of German - written and spoken      English is a plu...
Basic-Rules      Applications should be short and precise      Documents should be typed on a computer      Avoid any mist...
Applying for a JobIn a DIN A 4 folder (usually plastic):     Cover letter (typed)     Curriculum Vitae (tabular)     Photo...
Your CV should be written in the following order:      Name, address, date of birth, marital status      School      Train...
europassArbeiten und Leben im Ausland 2011, © Bundesagentur für Arbeit   Seite 23
Bildrahmen            (Bild in Masterfolie einfügen)When you have found a Job
As an employee you…      Will get an income tax card from your local authority which you      should pass on to your emplo...
If you are self employed:      Types of businesses           registered companies (Gewerbetreibende)           freelance p...
Bildrahmen             (Bild in Masterfolie einfügen)Social Security & Taxes
Social Security5 branches of the Social Security System:      Health Insurance      Unemployment Insurance      Pension   ...
Social SecuritySocial Insurance Rates:Employer – Employee = 50 : 50      Health Insurance                                 ...
TaxesP. A. Y. E. (Pay As You Earn)      Automatically deducted from employee’s salary:      Income tax                    ...
Money Matters      In addition to your travel costs you will need enough money to      cover your housing, food and other ...
Costs of Living       Butter (250 g)                                                     1.40 €       Bread               ...
Housing      350 to 600 € per month for 50 sqm      (1 bedroom, 1 living room, kitchen and bathroom)      Mostly unfurnish...
Gross Salaries      engineer                                                           ca. 3,000 - 4,400 € p./m.      mast...
Any Questions?Zentrale Auslands- und Fachvermittlung (ZAV)Bundesagentur für ArbeitVillemombler Straße 7653123 BonnE-Mail: ...
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Living and Working in Germany

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Living and Working in Germany

  1. 1. Living & Working in GermanySabine Novak March 2011 EURES-Germany
  2. 2. Index Germany & the Labour Market Job Seeking Strategies Applying for a Job When you have found a Job Social Security & TaxesInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 2
  3. 3. Bildrahmen (Bild in Masterfolie einfügen)Germany & the Labour Market
  4. 4. Facts about Germany Surface Area: 357.000 km² Population: 82.6 Million Capital: Berlin (3.4 Million inhabitants) 16 Federal StatesInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 4
  5. 5. Typically German http://www.tatsachen-ueber-deutschland.deInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 5
  6. 6. Labour Market Unemployment rates in 2010 Unemployment Rate: 7.7 % West Germany: 6.6 % East Germany: 12.0 % 3.3 million people unemployed Germany has been less adversely affected by the current economic situation than many other Member States.International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 6
  7. 7. Labour MarketWhere are the jobs? – for university graduates: Mechanical and electrical engineers Engineers (processing, robotic, biotechnology etc.) IT engineers (software development, network architects) Specialised doctors Chemistry experts Specialists in marketing and salesInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 7
  8. 8. Labour MarketThe following jobs are hard to find – university graduates: Architects and civil engineers Masters of Arts and Social Sciences Business graduates Geologists and biologists Journalists Lawyers Locum doctorsInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 8
  9. 9. Labour Market Where are the jobs? – skilled workers: Technicians and mechanics Skilled metal workers, welders Nurses, geriatric carers Hospitality sector (chefs, waiters) Retail sectorInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 9
  10. 10. Labour Market The following jobs are hard to find – Skilled Workers: Construction and building site workers Skilled workers in the textile industry Agricultural professions There are very few jobs for non-skilled workers!International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 10
  11. 11. Internships Before, during or after your studies/training From one week up to one year Average are six months Often not paid Leonardo, Erasmus/Sokrates or other programs www.connecticum.de www.aiesec.org www.iaeste.de/cms/index.php?id=60International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 11
  12. 12. Bildrahmen (Bild in Masterfolie einfügen)Job Seeking Strategies
  13. 13. Finding a Job in Germany Job Seeking Methods: Internet EURES - network Private agencies Temporary employment agencies Job fairs Direct contact with employers Newspapers Yellow pagesInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 13
  14. 14. Finding a Job in Germany Useful Internet Addresses www.arbeitsagentur.de (German Federal Employment Agency) www.meinestadt.de (regional online portals) www.careergardens.de (careers fairs) www.gelbeseiten.de (Yellow Pages) www.branchenbuch.de (information about companies) http://eures.europa.eu (EU-Commission/EURES) www.ba-auslandsvermittlung.de (ZAV)International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 14
  15. 15. www.arbeitsagentur.deInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 15
  16. 16. www.eures.europa.eu.deInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 16
  17. 17. Newspapers Die Zeit academic professions (every Thursday) FAZ – Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung weekends VDI-Nachrichten engineering professions Handelsblatt economists Süddeutsche Zeitung Die Welt Seite 17
  18. 18. Bildrahmen (Bild in Masterfolie einfügen)Applying for a Job
  19. 19. What do German employers expect from you? Good working knowledge of German - written and spoken English is a plus Professional experience in the relevant sector Motivation Assertiveness Able to work in a teamInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 19
  20. 20. Basic-Rules Applications should be short and precise Documents should be typed on a computer Avoid any mistakes in your application (grammar/spelling/layout) Letter of motivation should be suited to the employer addressed and the position sought Documents should be adapted to the companyInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 20
  21. 21. Applying for a JobIn a DIN A 4 folder (usually plastic): Cover letter (typed) Curriculum Vitae (tabular) Photo is necessary (good quality, nice and serious looking) Copies of school leaving certificates, university degrees and proof of any professional training Copies of testimonials and letters of referenceEmployers will expect German-language translations of yourdocuments!International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 21
  22. 22. Your CV should be written in the following order: Name, address, date of birth, marital status School Training / University Practical training Work experience Other important data (voluntary work) Languages Other skills (personal interests, hobbies, etc.) Location, date, signature not more than 2 pages!International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 22
  23. 23. europassArbeiten und Leben im Ausland 2011, © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 23
  24. 24. Bildrahmen (Bild in Masterfolie einfügen)When you have found a Job
  25. 25. As an employee you… Will get an income tax card from your local authority which you should pass on to your employer Must register with a health insurer and inform your employer Will be registered with social security, your health insurer, pension fund and the Federal Employment Agency Will get your social insurance number and card (through your employer)International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 25
  26. 26. If you are self employed: Types of businesses registered companies (Gewerbetreibende) freelance professions (Freie Berufe) Registration for registered companies: register your company at the Trade Office (Gewerbeamt) in the municipality in which you wish to open your business. The Trade Office will inform all the other authorities (e.g. tax office, accident insurance fund, local court). Registration for freelance professions: Freelances do not register with the Trade Office, just the tax office. You will get a tax number.International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 26
  27. 27. Bildrahmen (Bild in Masterfolie einfügen)Social Security & Taxes
  28. 28. Social Security5 branches of the Social Security System: Health Insurance Unemployment Insurance Pension Invalidity Insurance Accident Insurance Please find detailed information in English at www.deutsche-sozialversicherung.deInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 28
  29. 29. Social SecuritySocial Insurance Rates:Employer – Employee = 50 : 50 Health Insurance approx. 15% Unemployment Insurance approx. 3 % Pension approx. 20% Invalidity Insurance approx. 2% Accident Insurance employer 100 %International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 29
  30. 30. TaxesP. A. Y. E. (Pay As You Earn) Automatically deducted from employee’s salary: Income tax 16 % - 45 % Church tax 8 % - 10 % of income tax (voluntary) Solidarity tax 5.5 % of income tax (to finance the reconstruction of the former GDR)International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 30
  31. 31. Money Matters In addition to your travel costs you will need enough money to cover your housing, food and other expenses until you receive your first wage from your employer Even if you find a job immediately, you can expect to wait up to one or two months for your first wageInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 31
  32. 32. Costs of Living Butter (250 g) 1.40 € Bread 2.50 € Cinema ticket 8.00 € Soft drink in a restaurant 2.50 € Meal in a restaurant 14.00 € The north of Germany is less expensive than the south Many products have a Pound to Euro exchange rate of 1:1International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 32
  33. 33. Housing 350 to 600 € per month for 50 sqm (1 bedroom, 1 living room, kitchen and bathroom) Mostly unfurnished (even without kitchen) In cities parking is often not included (approx. 100 € per month) Landlords often ask for a work contract or proof of income East and north of Germany is less expensive Register your address at the city registration office after moving inInternational Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 33
  34. 34. Gross Salaries engineer ca. 3,000 - 4,400 € p./m. master degree (craftsmen/industry) ca. 2,300 - 3,800 € p./m. fitter (trade) ca. 1,500 - 1,600 € p./m. office clerk ca. 1,800 - 2,100 € p./m. nurse ca. 1,800 - 2,300 € p./m.There is no official minimum wage!Salaries are in general bound by acollective tariff agreement!International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 34
  35. 35. Any Questions?Zentrale Auslands- und Fachvermittlung (ZAV)Bundesagentur für ArbeitVillemombler Straße 7653123 BonnE-Mail: ZAV@arbeitsagentur.deTel.: + 49 (0) 228 713 - 13 13International Placement Services (ZAV) 2011 © Bundesagentur für Arbeit Seite 35

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