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New Frontiers in Carbon Accounting - Dr Andy Kerr (25.09.12)


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Presentation by Andy Kerr, Director of the Edinburgh Centre for Carbon Innovation, delivered at the Business School's New Frontiers in Carbon Accounting event, held jointly with the Edinburgh Centre for Carbon Innovation (ECCI). Other guest speakers included Francisco Ascui (Director, Centre for Business and Climate Change) and Prof Jan Bebbington (Director, St Andrews Sustainability Institute)

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New Frontiers in Carbon Accounting - Dr Andy Kerr (25.09.12)

  1. 1. New  Fron)ers  in  Carbon  Accoun)ng     Andy  Kerr   25  Sept  2012    
  2. 2. Overview  Carbon  Accoun+ng  Ac+vi+es  in  Scotland…    Na+onal:  RPP2    Regional:  Edinburgh  City  Council  etc    Corporate/Ins+tu+onal:  ETS,  etc  +  supply  chains    ECCI/SEPA/SOS/Ecometrica  survey  of  accountants    Knowledge  sharing        ICARB;  ACP;  ACCA      Skills:    ACP;  UoE  Business  School;  ECCI  
  3. 3. Na)onal:  Climate  Change  Act  (2009)  &  RPP   Annual emissions targets and projected Scottish emissions under business as usual, and after inclusion of policies and proposals (EU ETS 20%) 55,000 50,000Emissions (ktCO2e) 45,000 40,000 35,000 9.7 MtCO2e gap in 2027 30,000 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 Business as Usual emissions Emissions after current policies included Emissions after current policies and proposals Annual Targets  
  4. 4. Na)onal:  Policies  to  deliver  targets    The  ECCI  is  designed  as  a  physical  and  virtual  hub  to  provide  the  place  and  space  for  ‘low  carbon’  leaders  and  networks  from  business,  Government,  communi)es  and  academics  to  work  together  to  implement  a  resilient,  low  carbon  future.     ECCI  facilitates  knowledge-­‐exchange,  co-­‐opera+on  and  joint  ac+on.  ECCI  creates  a  physical   space  to  incubate  ideas,  businesses  and  projects,  host  brokering  events,  round  table   discussions  and  debates;  as  well  as  the  virtual  space  that  connects  networks  of  low  carbon   actors  from  across  Scotland,  UK,  Europe  and  globally.    
  5. 5. Assessment  of  sector  carbon  accoun)ng  tools…   ClimateXChange  –  connec0ng  research  and  policy   Designed  to  deliver  independent,   authorita+ve  evidence  to  support   Government  policy  making,   ClimateXChange  is  a  collabora+on   between  16  leading  ScoWsh  research   and  higher  educa+on  ins+tu+ons   managed  through  ECCI         Planned  Policy  Work   Call-­‐Down  Service   Focal  Policy  Assignments   Research  to  support  Government   Provision  of  a  call-­‐down  enquiry   Providing  data,  evidence  and   policy  teams  and  improve  the   service  to  provide  policy  makers  with   knowledge  to  tackle  emerging  policy   effec+veness  of  policies  that  deliver  a   access  to  +mely,  robust  and  impar+al   challenges  on  the  low  carbon   resilient,  low  carbon  future:   evidence  and  professional  opinion   transi+on  and  resilience  to  climate   from  leading  experts.   change  
  6. 6. Local:  Edinburgh’s  proposed  ac)ons…   Figure 3: Energy Usage 2005 to 2009 - Edinburgh -­‐  60,000  homes  and  1200  commercial   12,000 proper+es  retrofi]ed  with  efficiency   10,000 2,563 measures   2,551 2,573 2,492 2,444 -­‐  10MWe  of  building  level  standalone   8,000 CHP  schemes   4,488 4,356 4,412 Transport -­‐  6  Mwe  CHP  to  supply  heat  to  homes  Gwh 4,253 6,000 3,944 Domestic and  other  buildings  from  district   Industry & Commercial 4,000 hea+ng  networks   -­‐  1200  council  homes  fi]ed  with  solar   2,000 4,322 4,225 4,151 4,079 3,831 photovoltaic  panels   Etc.   0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009  
  7. 7. Organisa)onal…  EU  ETS  /    Mandatory  repor+ng    Carbon  Disclosure  Project    “Non-­‐Financial  Repor+ng”    Supply  Chains:    e.g.  logis+cs  company:  82%  of  “company  reported  emissions”  from  supply  chain  contractors…    -­‐  How  to  incen+vise  supply  chain?    -­‐  How  to  meet  customer  demand  (“green”  logis+cs;    kgCO2/km  logis+cs;  kgCO2/product;  etc)  
  8. 8. Knowledge  Sharing…ICARB  Since  being  set  up  in  2011  ICARB  has:  •  Organised  13  carbon  accoun+ng  workshops  which   a]racted  253  a]endees  represen+ng  60  different   organisa+ons.  •  Received  over  6,000  visits  to  it’s  websites.  •  Organised  the  4th  Interna+onal  Conference  on  Carbon       Accoun+ng.     Made  85  carbon  accoun+ng  presenta+ons  available  •  online  which  have  been  viewed  over  16,000  +mes.  hWp://  
  9. 9. It is not surprising that the lack of awareness of voluntary schemes is further compounded whenreviewing responses for standards and methodologies for both large organisations and SMEs. Thecharts below clearly show a lack of awareness of the globally accepted approaches to carbon Skills:  Accountants’  Engagement  with  Carbon  accounting and reporting; all of which provide detailed methodologies for carbon accounting.Again, when looking at membership categories there are no marked differences.Large Organisations                A  gap  exists  between  accountants’  poor  view  of  carbon  accoun+ng’s  SMEs  credibility  and  reality,  largely  due  to  their  limited  knowledge  of  carbon  standards.  Encouragingly,  they  iden+fy  with  key  business  drivers  for  carbon  accoun+ng  and  recognise  that  they  have  the  core  skills  for  the  task.  
  10. 10. Skills:  Associa)on  of  Carbon  Professionals  The  ACP    has  been  established    to  support  and  develop  a  community  of  professionals  who  work  to  reduce  carbon  emissions  directly,  or  indirectly  through  offsets  and  markets,  with  the  aim  of  speeding  the  transi+on  to  a  low  carbon  economy.  Specific  aims  are  to:  •  Support  and  develop  a  community  of  carbon  professionals;  •  Advance  the  skills  development  of  professionals  working   on  carbon  mi+ga+on,  carbon  management  and/or  carbon   markets;  •  Raise  awareness  of  and  support  the  establishment  of   recognised  accredita+on  standards  relevant  to  carbon   professionals.    
  11. 11. ECCI  Skills  &  Learning     Execu)ve  and  Postgraduate  Educa)on:  delivering  accredited  learning  and   professional  training  and  educa+on  for  decision  makers,  business  leaders,   innovators  and  other  key  stakeholders  both  Na+onally  and  Interna+onally.     Courses  are  designed  &  delivered  to  equip  par+cipants  with  the  skills   required  to  succeed  in  the  low  carbon  economy.                   BESPOKE  and  REGULAR  SHORT  COURSES   Drawing  on  leading  academic  exper+se   MSc  in  Carbon  Management   MSc  in  Carbon  Finance     MSc  in  Carbon  Capture  &  Storage     LLM  Global  Environment  &  Climate  Change  Law       MSc  Carbon  Management  in  the  Built  Environment       MSc  Climate  Change:  Impacts  and  Mi+ga+on   MSc  Climate  Change:  Managing  the  Marine  Environment   MSc  Energy  &  MSc  in  Renewable  Energy         MSc  Environmental  Sustainability   MSc  Energy  and  Environmental  Engineering   MSc  Architectural  Technology  and  Building  Performance