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Growing together: Youth and the Work of the United Nations


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The brochure is a welcome example of how the United Nations system and the young people it serves are growing together. By taking stock of UN system activities related to youth development, the brochure provides a chance to assess how effectively the United Nations system is responding to this important development challenge, and it helps to identify any gaps that may exist in our approach.

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Growing together: Youth and the Work of the United Nations

  1. 1. E c o n o m i c & S o c ia l A ff a irsasdf Growing Together Youth and the Work of the United Nations
  2. 2. E c o n o m i c & S o c ia l A ff a irsasdf Growing Together Youth and the Work of the United Nations
  3. 3. 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA PREFACE
  4. 4. The United Nations has long recognized the With activities ranging from data collection and This brochure is a welcome example of howimportance of investing in youth. In 1995, the analysis to direct country support to Governments, the United Nations system and the youngUnited Nations General Assembly adopted the civil society and other stakeholders, the United people it serves are growing together. ByWorld Programme of Action for Youth to guide Nations system is well-positioned to provide taking stock of UN system activities related tonational and international action to create an comprehensive, specialized assistance in youth development, the brochure provides aenvironment in which young people can flourish support of global youth development. Particular chance to assess how effectively the Unitedand develop their potential to the fullest. Since attention is being given by many UN system Nations system is responding to this importantthen, opportunities for young people to benefit offices to areas such as health, education and development challenge, and it helps to identifyfrom development have expanded around the employment, and the special circumstances of any gaps that may exist in our approach. It isworld. Nonetheless, youth continue to face many girls and young women—areas which present intended as a source of information to assistconstraints and challenges that hinder their persistent challenges to youth development in all stakeholders and to ensure that the Unitedsmooth transition to adulthood. many parts of the world. Nations truly delivers as one in the area of youth development, in an effective and forward-lookingAlthough the United Nations Programme on Youth Now is the time to make strategic investments fashion. Only by working together to advanceof the Department of Economic and Social Affairs in youth. Investments which target the large the implementation of the World Programme ofis the only part of the United Nations Secretariat numbers of young people today will not only Action for Youth as a comprehensive strategywith the explicit mandate to address youth issues, improve the wellbeing of a large generation to promote youth development will we be ablethis brochure shows how the United Nations of young people, but will also produce long- to make a lasting difference in the lives of thesystem, as a whole, supports youth development lasting benefits for the social and economic youth of today and tomorrow.with a diverse range of programmes and activities. development of countries and regions. Indeed,As the brochure demonstrates, the work of the our ability to achieve several of the Millenniumvarious parts of the United Nations system relating Development Goals is directly linked to our SHA Zukangto youth is complementary and covers all 15 progress in improving young people’s health, (Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs)priority areas of the World Programme of Action. education and socio-economic opportunities.
  5. 5. TABLE OF CONTENTS 4 Preface 8 List of Acronyms 10 Introduction 14 Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) 34 Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) 14 United Nations Programme on Youth (UNPY) 38 Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) 18 Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW) 40 Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) 20 Division for Sustainable Development (DSD) 42 Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) 24 Population Division (UNPD) 44 International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) 26 Statistics Division (UNSD) 46 International Labour Organization (ILO) 30 Global Alliance for ICT and Development (GAID) 50 Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 32 Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) 54 United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
  6. 6. 58 United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) 78 United Nations Millennium Campaign60 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 80 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) 60 Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR) 82 United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) 62 Human Development Report Office (HDRO) 86 United Nations Volunteers (UNV)64 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 90 The World Bank68 United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 94 World Food Programme (WFP)72 United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) 96 World Health Organization (WHO)76 United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) 100 Youth Employment Network (YEN)
  7. 7. LIST OF ACRONYMS ADF-V Fifth African Development Forum ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome ESID Emerging Social Issues Division AISI African Information Society Initiative FGM Female genital mutilation BCPR Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery GAID Global Alliance for ICT and Development CAH Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development GGP Generations and Gender Programme CIS Commonwealth of Independent States GGS Generations and Gender Survey CSD Commission on Sustainable Development GPI Global Partnership Initiative on Urban Youth Development CSW Commission on the Status of Women HDRO Human Development Report Office DAW Division for the Advancement of Women HIV Human immunodeficiency virus DESA Department of Economic and Social Affairs IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development DSD Division for Sustainable Development ICPD International Conference on Population and Development DSPD Division for Social Policy and Development ICT Information and Communication Technologies ECA Economic Commission for Africa IDA International Development Association ECE Economic Commission for Europe IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean ILO International Labour Organization
  8. 8. J8 Junior 8 Summit UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationMDGs Millennium Development Goals UNIFEM United Nations Development Fund for WomenMRU Mano River Union UNFPA United Nations Population FundNAP National action plans on youth employment UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and CrimeNGO Non-governmental organization UNDP United Nations Population DivisionPAHO Pan American Health Organization UNPY United Nations Programme on YouthPATH Poverty Alleviation through Tourism and Heritage UNSD United Nations Statistics DivisionSRH Sexual and reproductive health UNV United Nations VolunteersUNAIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS VIP Violence and Injury PreventionUNDP United Nations Development Programme VOY Voices of YouthUNEP United Nations Environment Programme WFP World Food ProgrammeUNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization WHO World Health OrganizationUNGASS United Nations General Assembly Special Session WPAY World Programme of Action for YouthUN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlement Programme YAP Youth Advisory PanelUNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund YEN Youth Employment Network YEP Youth Employment Programme
  9. 9. INTRODUCTION 10 HOW DID A UNITED NATIONS Year, with the theme “Participation, Development and action in the area of youth development (see YOUTH DEVELOPMENT and Peace”. The Year drew international attention the table). Recognizing the major changes that to the important role that young people play in the were occurring in national and international devel- AGENDA EMERGE? world, and in particular, to their potential contribu- opment environments at the end of the twentieth Although there are small variations in the group tion to development and to the goals of the United century and to align the Programme of Action bet- considered as youth in the agencies, funds, offices Nations Charter. ter to new challenges in the twenty-first century, and programmes of the United Nations system, the General Assembly added five additional prior- “youth” is often defined by the United Nations as International debate and discussions reached a high ity areas in 2005. These five areas (Globalization, those aged 15-24 years old. This age group makes point in 1995 when, on the tenth anniversary of Information and Communication Technology, HIV/ up nearly one fifth of the world’s population. Youth International Youth Year, the United Nations adopted AIDS, Armed Conflict and Intergenerational issues) are frequently referred to as representing the the World Programme of Action for Youth to the Year were elaborated in a supplement to the WPAY, future, but their sheer numbers, complemented by 2000 and Beyond. The adoption of the Programme which was adopted at the sixty-second session of their imagination, ideals and energy, make young of Action, which provides a framework to guide pub- the General Assembly in 2007. people a major force in the world today. lic, private and international action on youth develop- ment, was evidence of the commitment of the inter- For each priority area, the WPAY outlines the nature The imagination, ideals and energies of young national community to young people and of a resolve of the challenges young people face and presents women and men are vital for the continuing to address the challenges to youth development in a proposals for action to improve the well-being of development of the societies in which they live. comprehensive and collaborative manner. young people. The WPAY also outlines the means The Member States of the United Nations first of implementation of the Programme of Action. acknowledged this officially in 1965 when they THE WORLD PROGRAMME OF endorsed the Declaration on the Promotion among ACTION FOR YOUTH TO THE YEAR Youth of the Ideals of Peace, Mutual Respect and 2000 AND BEYOND: A GUIDE FOR Understanding between Peoples. ACTION ON YOUTH DEVELOPMENT Two decades later, the United Nations General The World Programme of Action for Youth (WPAY) Assembly observed 1985 as International Youth initially identified 10 priority areas to guide policy
  10. 10. 11 The 15 priority areas of the WPAY are clearly sought their specific inputs on their work. UN system PRIORITY AREAS OF THE WORLD interrelated. They also cut across areas in which offices whose work covers aspects of youth devel- PROGRAMME OF ACTION FOR organizations of the United Nations system opment were invited to contribute to the brochure. YOUTH specialize and provide technical advisory and Responses received were reviewed and supple- other services to Governments. They therefore mented where necessary with information readily asdf 1 Education form an appropriate foundation for a coordinated available in public sources, such as websites and 2 Employment collaborative effort from the United Nations system. publications. The summaries were then shared with 3 Hunger and poverty United Nations system offices have, by focusing on UN system offices for their preview, corrections and independent areas of expertise, addressed many of amendments. The brochure is therefore the result of 4 Health the issues, goals and objectives of the WPAY. a collaborative effort across offices. 5 Environment 6 Drug abuse Despite the broad coverage of areas, lack of 7 Juvenile delinquency information on the specific activities and programmes that each part of the UN system 8 Leisure-time activities engages in hampers youth development work. It is 9 Girls and young women vital that this information becomes widely available,10 Youth participation in society not only within the UN system, but also to others and in decision-making working in the area of youth development. This11 Globalization brochure responds to this need.12 Information and communications technology13 HIV/AIDS SOURCES OF INFORMATION14 Armed conflict PRESENTED IN THIS BROCHURE15 Intergenerational issues The brochure summarizes responses of United Nations offices and agencies to questionnaires that
  11. 11. Summaries of United Nations system activities 12
  12. 12. 13
  13. 13. United Nations Programme on Youth (UNPY)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 1 The United Nations Programme on Youth is the REPORTING ON YOUTH DEVELOPMENT focal point within the United Nations Secretariat on issues related to youth. It is the only part of The Programme on Youth conducts research about key developments in the area of youth the Secretariat that is mandated exclusively to and analysis on youth and provides information and, especially, on progress made in the 15 deal with youth issues. The Programme is part to Governments, youth, civil society and other priority areas of the WPAY. The Programme of the Division for Social Policy and Development parts of the United Nations system on issues services the Commission on Social Development (DSPD) of the Department of Economic and Social and activities relating to youth development. and the Third Committee of the General It publishes the biannual World Youth Report, Assembly, providing draft texts for consideration Affairs (DESA). The Programme on Youth is, in which presents analytical discussions on selected of these bodies and assisting with negotiations of particular, responsible for monitoring progress topics related to youth development. Taking a resolutions on youth. and constraints in addressing the objectives regional approach, the 2007 Report, for example, of the World Programme of Action for Youth. examined the opportunities and challenges that To promote information sharing on activities within The Programme is also charged with playing a youth face during their transition to adulthood. and outside the UN system on youth issues, the lead role in inter-agency consultations on youth Through Reports of the Secretary-General and Programme on Youth also produces Youth Flash, development. The compilation and production other documentation for the General Assembly an electronic newsletter. Youth Flash includes of this brochure by the UN Programme on Youth and the Commission on Social Development, the an in-depth feature on a topical youth issue and is intended to support and foster the inter- Youth Programme also contributes to informing provides an overview of youth-related activities agency dialogue. Governments and the international community organized by the entire UN system.
  14. 14. 1INTERNATIONAL YOUTH DAYInternational Youth Day is commemorated everyyear on 12 August. The Programme on Youthselects a theme for the day in consultation withyouth organizations, the Department of PublicInformation and other UN system offices andagencies. It also organizes a commemoration ofthe Day at United Nations Headquarters in NewYork. The Programme encourages youth aroundthe world to organize activities to raise awarenessabout the situation of youth in their country. Youthare encouraged to send in a description of theirplanned activities to The most crea-tive activities are featured on the Programme’s web-site to provide a sense of how International YouthDay is being commemorated around the world andto encourage other youth to take action. UN DPI Photo
  15. 15. United Nations Programme on Youth (UNPY)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 1 PARTNERSHIPS AND COLLABORA- TECHNICAL COOPERATION Africa; and enhancing capacity to deal effec- tively with issues related to illicit small arms TION WITH CIVIL SOCIETY AND The Programme collaborates closely with the and violence. YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS Technical Cooperation Unit of the Division for Social Policy and Development. The Unit works ENSURING YOUTH PARTICIPATION A major part of the work of the UN Programme directly with Governments and other stakehold- on Youth involves working with civil society, An important dimension of the Programme ers to translate international agreements— especially youth-led organizations that are working on Youth’s work relates to strengthening the such as the World Programme of Action for with young people, particularly at the grassroots participation of youth in decision-making Youth—into practical strategies and projects at level, to address various areas of the World processes at all levels in order to increase the regional and national levels. The Technical Programme of Action for Youth. The Programme their contribution to national and international Cooperation Unit draws on the expertise of the on Youth cooperates with and assists these development. The Programme provides advisory Programme on Youth and, in turn, feeds experi- youth-led organizations. It arranges consultative services to other United Nations system offices ences gained from the field into the Programme’s meetings, briefings and other discussions with and other stakeholders on how to ensure active work in support of the intergovernmental policy them to guide their work, and it also gathers their youth engagement in their initiatives. development process. Cooperation is often inputs and feeds them into intergovernmental initiated at the request of a Government or UN discussions. Young people, both as individual Through publications, advocacy and the provision counterpart, and technical cooperation advis- experts and as representatives of organizations, of advisory services, the Programme on Youth ers work closely with other parts of the UN sys- are also involved in Expert Group Meetings and facilitates the inclusion of youth representatives tem. In 2007/2008, activities of the technical other substantive discussions organized by the in Member States’ official delegations to the cooperation unit that relate to youth included Programme on Youth. General Assembly and other intergovernmental providing support for the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Young People bodies. Youth delegates frequently deliver in Iberoamerica; working to integrate youth official statements on behalf of the youth in their concerns into poverty reduction strategies in countries, and some negotiate actively on the
  16. 16. 1text of resolutions. The Programme provides KEY PUBLICATIONSinformation, advisory and orientation services to • World Youth Reports 2003, 2005 and 2007youth delegates before and during their stay in • Guide to the Implementation of the WorldNew York to facilitate their effective participation Programme of Action for Youthat UN meetings. • Making commitments matter: a toolkit for young people to evaluate national youth policyVarious activities of the Programme aim to • A brief guide to youth delegates to the Unitedsupport and encourage youth initiatives and their Nations General Assemblymeaningful engagement in the development • Various Reports of the Secretary-Generaldialogue. The Programme supports and related to youth issuesencourages youth to plan and carry out projectsin support of youth development. A toolkit, Contact:Making commitments matter, for example, United Nations Programme on Youthguides youth organizations on how to evaluate Division for Social Policy and Developmenttheir Governments’ efforts to implement the Department of Economic and Social AffairsWPAY. The website of the Programme on Youth 2 UN Plaza, DC2-1336provides a wealth of information to support New York, NY 10017, USAyouth participation and it also provides an Fax: +1 212 963 3062opportunity for youth to provide feedback tothe Programme. E-mail: Website:
  17. 17. Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 1 The Division for the Advancement of Women RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- YOUTH AND THE COMMISSION (DAW) of the Department of Economic and RELATED WORK ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN Social Affairs focuses on promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women and DAW examines issues that affect young women A major area of DAW’s work is to provide girls of all ages. The Division supports the and girls in the context of the 12 critical areas of substantive support to the Commission implementation of the Beijing Platform for concern of the Beijing Platform for Action as well as on the Status of Women (CSW) and other Action adopted at the Fourth World Conference emerging issues, many of which coincide with the intergovernmental bodies working to advance on Women in 1995, which seeks to promote priority areas of the World Programme of Action for the global policy agenda on gender equality. and protect the full enjoyment of all human Youth. Among the areas addressed are education, In this context, DAW covers issues related rights and the fundamental freedoms of all employment, poverty and hunger, health, care- to the improvement of the situation of young women throughout their life cycle. DAW also giving, environment, sport, participation in women and girls. The annual sessions of the supports the implementation of the Convention decision-making, information and communication Commission on the Status of Women provide on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination technology, HIV/AIDS, and armed conflict. space for young women and girls to participate against Women and its Optional Protocol. The actively in informing global policymaking on Division strives to promote the mainstreaming of RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS gender equality and the empowerment of women a gender perspective both within and outside the and girls. At its fifty-first session in 2007, the DAW conducts research and develops policy United Nations system. Commission on the Status of Women addressed options to promote gender equality and women’s empowerment. The Division has a “The elimination of all forms of discrimination publications programme, which includes and violence against the girl child” as its resources for Governments, civil society and priority theme. Over 200 girls participated in the other stakeholders to enhance work on gender session and were involved in official interactive equality, women’s human rights and the meetings of the Commission, such as the High- empowerment of women. level Roundtable on the priority theme, and
  18. 18. 1 KEY PUBLICATIONS • Women 2000 and Beyond: Women, Gender Equality and Sport (2007) • Women 2000 and Beyond: Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women through ICT (2005) • Women 2000 and Beyond: Women and Water (2005)other CSW-related events and activities. The • World Survey on the Role of Women in2007 Commission’s agreed conclusions on the Development (1999, 2004)priority theme include recommendations forthe development of programmes and projects Contact:aimed at young women and girls affected by Division for the Advancement of Womenpoverty, armed conflict, HIV/AIDS, violence and Department of Economic and Social Affairsdiscrimination. 2 UN Plaza, DC2-12th floor New York, NY 10017, USAIn preparation for the annual sessions of the Tel: +1 212 963 8535 | Fax: +1 212 963 3463Commission on the Status of Women, the E-mail: daw@un.orgDivision for the Advancement of Women holds Website: online discussion of the priority theme to beconsidered by the Commission. The discussionsare open to all and give girls and young womena platform from which to share their views onissues affecting them.
  19. 19. Division for Sustainable Development (DSD)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 20 The Division for Sustainable Development (DSD) RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- Groups Programme within the Division for of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development works actively to RELATED WORK promotes sustainable development by providing ensure the involvement of youth in protecting technical cooperation and capacity-building at The Division’s focus on youth is based on the environment and promoting economic and the international, regional and national levels. chapter 25 of Agenda 21, which was adopted social development. The Division is the substantive secretariat to the at the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro UN Commission on Sustainable Development in 1992. Agenda 21 identified Children and COLLABORATION WITH YOUTH FOR (CSD). Besides supporting the CSD, the Division Youth as one of the nine major groups of civil is also the secretariat for the Mauritius Strategy society whose participation in implementing SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT for the Further Implementation of the Programme the Agenda is a prerequisite for sustainable The Major Groups Programme is responsible of Action for the Sustainable Development development. In particular, Chapter 25 states for engaging and liaising with youth and for of Small Island Developing States, which that the involvement of youth in environment enhancing their participation in the work of includes provisions for youth involvement in its and development decision-making and in the the CSD and its intersessional processes. It implementation. In addition, it is the secretariat implementation of programmes related to the disseminates CSD-related information to youth for the Ten-year Framework for Changing environment is critical to the long-term success networks and publishes on its website annual Unsustainable Consumption and Production of Agenda 21. The chapter notes also that it guidelines to support the participation of youth Patterns—an area of increasing relevance for is imperative that youth from all parts of the and other civil society groups in CSD. The young people. world participate actively in all relevant levels Division also supports children and youth in their of decision-making processes because these efforts to influence the integration of sustainable affect their lives today and have implications development into education at all levels. for their futures. In addition to their intellectual contribution and their ability to mobilize support, youth bring unique perspectives that need to be taken into account. The Major
  20. 20. 21YOUTH IN THE COMMISSION ON society and Government officials is now integrated in the Partnerships Fair and the Learning throughout the various official sessions of the CSD, Centre, which are both part of the CSD officialSUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT including thematic discussions, expert panels and programme. The Partnerships Fair provides aSince the creation of the Commission on interactive discussions with Ministers during the venue for registered Partnerships for SustainableSustainable Development in 1992, youth High-level Segment. Youth and other major groups Development to showcase progress, launch newhave played an important role as partners contribute their expertise to technical discussions partnerships, network with existing and potentialin sustainable development and in informing on thematic issue areas and offer solutions for partners, create synergies between partnershipsthe Commission’s decision-making processes. ensuring sustainable development. and learn from each other’s experiences. TheYouth continue to infuse the CSD with new Learning Centre provides teaching and trainingideas and information, and present challenges at a practical level on topics of relevance to the THE CSD YOUTH CAUCUSthat enrich the intergovernmental debate. Youth specific themes being considered by the CSD,and other major groups participate in interactive As part of the preparatory work leading up to as well as on selective cross-cutting themes ofdialogues, develop coordinated statements the CSD meetings, the Division for Sustainable sustainable development.through thematic caucus groups, and lobby Development collaborates closely with the CSDfor particular initiatives that they feel should be Youth Caucus to facilitate the engagement of SUPPORT FOR YOUTH FROMsupported. They also contribute significantly youth during CSD meetings. The Youth Caucusto the registered Partnerships for Sustainable is a group of representatives of youth-led DEVELOPING COUNTRIESDevelopment in the context of the CSD. NGOs who work together to influence decision- The Division for Sustainable Development making at the CSD. Youth prepare official receives extrabudgetary funds from donorsThe CSD continues to explore innovative formats papers addressing the thematic areas on the to support the participation of youth fromfor the participation of youth and other major CSD agenda and are invited to contribute to developing countries and countries withgroups of civil society. Substantive exchange the many side events that take place during economies in transition at CSD. These limitedbetween representatives of the major groups of civil CSD sessions. Young people also participate funds are allocated to representatives identified
  21. 21. Division for Sustainable Development (DSD)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 22 in close consultation with the young people who KEY PUBLICATIONS coordinate the CSD Youth Caucus. The Division • Sustainable development needs also has access to limited financial resources to you (brochure) support youth-related work, including research and publications. Contact: Major Groups Programme Division for Sustainable Development Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2 UN Plaza, DC2-2210 New York, NY 10017, USA Tel: +1 212 963 8497 | Fax: +1 917 367 2341 E-mail: Website:
  22. 22. 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA 23
  23. 23. Population Division (UNPD)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2 The work programme of the Population Division RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- means to protect themselves, the risk of contracting (UNPD) of the Department of Economic and a sexually transmitted disease is often higher among RELATED WORK Social Affairs is aimed at enabling the international young people than among older adults. community to understand better and address Globally, there are nearly 1.2 billion people aged 15 effectively current and foreseeable population to 24. The number of young people has never been The Population Division also studies the implications issues as well as the population dimensions of higher and is expected to remain near its current of demographic trends for development. In this development at the national and international level until 2050. Demographically, young people are regard, the role of young people in the labour force levels. The Division produces and disseminates the focus of special attention because they have and their access to education and training is par- demographic estimates and projections at the clearly differentiated demographic behaviours. In ticularly relevant. Recent analysis of the age and sex national, regional and global levels, and analyses most societies, entry into marriage or cohabitation structure of the urban and rural population for all demographic data by age, sex and selected starts when people are young, and fertility is highest regions of the world has confirmed that young socio-economic characteristics, including youth, among women aged 20 to 24. Migration rates also adults, particularly men, tend to be more urbanized conventionally defined as the population aged tend to peak, for both men and women, over the age than the rest of the population, indicating that the 15 to 24. range of 15 to 24. In societies unaffected by en- young are more willing and able to take advantage demic violence, mortality over the age range 15-24 of the opportunities that cities offer. tends to be the lowest over the life course, but young people, particularly men, are at greater risk of dying ESTIMATES AND PROJECTIONS because of external causes (accidents, suicide and violence) than people at older ages. In high-fertility BY AGE AND SEx countries, an early start of childbearing exposes The United Nations Population Division produces young women to higher risks of maternal death over and publishes the World Population Prospects every their lifetime, though risks of maternal death are two years. This publication presents the official generally lower among women aged 18-24 years United Nations population estimates and projec- than among those in other age groups. Because the tions for the world, major areas, regions and 228 onset of sexual activity usually occurs when people countries or areas (see reference below). Population are young, and when they lack the knowledge and data classified by age group and sex permits the
  24. 24. 2analysis of trends in the young population for every 1950 and 2005 in the World Mortality Report, the KEY PUBLICATIONScountry in the world. These data are widely used by latest of which is 2007 (a CD-ROM version is alsointernational organizations, national Governments available). The report includes estimates of life • World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision.and researchers. They are also used for the calcula- expectancy at birth and at age 15. A wall chart Available in print or online, attion of indicators to measure progress in attaining entitled World Mortality 2007 presents estimates agreed development goals, including of the survival probability from birth to age 15 and • World Fertility Patterns 2007 (wall chart)the Millennium Development Goals. from age 15 to age 60. It also contains information • World Mortality 2007 (wall chart) on maternal mortality and HIV prevalence. Contact:ADOLESCENT FERTILITY Ms. Hania Zlotnik, DirectorThe Population Division produces the estimates MIGRATION United Nations Population Divisionof adolescent birth rate, a target under Goal 5 The Population Division compiles and analyses data Department of Economic and Social Affairsfocusing on the reduction of maternal mortality, as on international migrant stocks and flows. The 2 UN Plaza, DC2-19th floorestablished by the Millennium Development Goals. Division has developed a database containing data New York, NY 10017, USAAdolescent birth rates have been published in the on the number of foreign-born persons or foreigners Tel: +1 212 963 3179 | Fax: +1 212 963 2147wall chart entitled World Fertility Patterns 2007. A enumerated in the population censuses carried outreport on Adolescent Reproductive Behaviour is in Website: since 1960 or obtained from population registers.preparation. The Division also collects and analyses The database includes information classified by ageinformation on the views of Governments concern- and sex, which is being used to estimate the numbering adolescent fertility and on the policies or pro- of international migrants in each country of thegrammes they have adopted to ensure that women world, classified by age and sex. The estimates willdo not become pregnant at too young an age. permit a global assessment of the participation of youth in international migration. The development ofMORTALITY the database has benefited from the financial sup-The Population Division prepares and publishes port of UNICEF and the UNDP South-South Unit asdata on the levels and trends of mortality between well as from the collaboration of the World Bank.
  25. 25. Statistics Division (UNSD)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2 The United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) RATIONALE FOR COLLECTING, data are collected, on a regular basis, through of the Department of Economic and Social questionnaires sent to national statistical offices. COLLATING AND DISSEMINATING Affairs is mandated, among other functions, Questionnaires collect data classified by age and sex to compile and disseminate global statistical STATISTICS ON YOUTH on variables related to population estimates, popula- information, develop standards and norms for Age is an inherent attribute of individuals and rep- tion count, migration, economic characteristics of the statistical activities and support countries’ efforts resents one of the most basic types of demographic population and household characteristics. Information to strengthen their national statistical systems. information collected about individuals in censuses on marital status, in particular, is classified by five- Through these activities, the Division promotes and surveys, as well as through administrative record year age groups including 15-19 and 20-24 years. the development and availability of statistics and systems (such as vital registration). Through its vari- With respect to education characteristics, all data are indicators needed to identify and address issues ous activities, UNSD promotes the collection, com- available by age. For example, population 10 years of of relevance to youth at national, regional and pilation and dissemination of basic socio-economic age and over by literacy; population 15 years and over global levels. and demographic data cross-classified by five-year by education attainment; population 5 to 24 years age age groups and by sex, thereby permitting the calcu- by school attendance. lation of statistics and indicators relevant to the age- group 15-24 years. The Division also sets principles 2010 WORLD CENSUS PROGRAMME and methods for population and housing censuses, ON POPULATION AND HOUSING provides technical assistance, and collects, compiles and disseminates census data worldwide. The United Nations Statistics Division plays a pivotal role in coordinating the World Census Programme on DATA COLLECTION AND Population and Housing. UNSD encourages coun- tries or areas to conduct censuses during the 2005- DISSEMINATION 2014 decade, and to disseminate the results. In this UNSD directly collects, collates and disseminates way the Division is encouraging countries or areas to national population data and vital statistics. The produce relevant information pertaining to youth.
  26. 26. 2The population census is among the main sources of and manuals on various census-related topics. by activity status and educational attainment;demographic data, such as information on fertility, With regard to the 2010 round of censuses, currently active population by activity status,mortality and migration. This information is valuable UNSD revised and updated the publication main industry and main occupation; main sta-for taking stock of the current size and age-sex com- “Principles and recommendations for popula- tus in employment; population with and withoutposition of the population, including the relative size tion and housing censuses”, which provides disability by sex; population 5 years of age andand composition of the youth population. It also helps revised and updated concepts, definitions and over by disability status and current or usualto gauge future trends in population dynamics, classifications as well as a set of recommend- activity status.including those likely to affect the future size and ed tabulations which, in most cases, have agecomposition of the youth population. This information as a critical cross-classifying variable. TRAINING WORKSHOPSalso provides the context within which all other social Some of the tabulations from which information An integral part of the 2010 World Censusand/or economic data can be placed. In addition, specific to youth can be extracted include those Programme is the provision of technicallycensuses collect a variety of other relevant informa- on: native and foreign-born population; popula- sound advice that builds upon the existingtion on such areas as literacy, educational attainment, tion by place of usual residence; population by strengths of national statistical offices whileparticipation in the labour force, housing and house-hold structure, which can be cross-tabulated by age country of birth; economically active population considering ways to strengthen overall nationaland sex to provide information on the situation of by main occupation; head or other reference statistical capacity in conducting censuses andyouth in various areas of policy concern. member of household; population (by single intercensal national surveys. For example in years); population by marital status; female 2007/2008, the Division conducted a seriesDEVELOPMENT AND population 10 years of age and over by number of regional workshops on census management of children ever born alive including children and cartography as well as on data capture andDISSEMINATION OF APPROPRIATE living or dead; household deaths by age; popu- processing. This training programme continues,METHODOLOGIES lation 5 to 29 years (youth are a subset of this covering various aspects of census implemen-The Division has continued to play an impor- population) by school attendance; population tation, throughout the period of the 2010 roundtant role in publishing technical handbooks 10 years of age and over by literacy; population of censuses. Training workshops help in build-
  27. 27. Statistics Division (UNSD)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2 ing national capacity in planning and managing KEY PUBLICATIONS census processes. They enable Governments to • Principles and recommendations for population and hone their ability to collect accurate data on all housing censuses demographic groups, including youth. • Millennium Development Goals Report (yearly publication) MONITORING THE MILLENNIUM • 2005 Demographic Yearbook DEVELOPMENT GOALS Contact: Most of the data collected through censuses and national sample surveys are used to pro- Demographic and Social Statistics Branch duce the relevant MDG indicators that facilitate United Nations Statistics Division Department of Economic and Social Affairs the study and monitoring of the situation of youth. 2 UN Plaza, DC2-15th floor For example, the Millennium Development Goals New York, NY 10017, USA Report, which is coordinated by UNSD, provides Fax: +1 212 963 9851 indicators by age, such as number of people living with HIV, youth unemployment and literacy rates. E-mail: Website:
  28. 28. 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA 2
  29. 29. Global Alliance for ICT and Development (GAID)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 30 The Global Alliance for ICT and Development RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- initiatives and created a space to foster youth-adult (GAID) is part of the United Nations Department cooperation to encourage an intergenerational RELATED WORK of Economic and Social Affairs. The Global transfer of skills and resources. Young people Alliance promotes and advocates for the use of While the areas of education, entrepreneurship, shared ideas and learned from peers who have information and communication technologies as health and governance are the four focus areas successfully used ICT as a tool in promoting their a tool for development. of GAID’s work on ICT and development, youth own economic and social advancement as well and gender are seen as cross-cutting issues and as that of their communities. Some 30 partners, therefore feature prominently in the work of the including the International Telecommunication Global Alliance. Union, UNESCO, ILO, WHO, UNFPA, UN-HABITAT, the UN Programme on Youth, Intel, Microsoft GLOBAL FORUM ON YOUTH AND ICT and civil society organizations contributed to the organization of the Forum. GAID’s work on youth has been catalysed through a Global Forum on Youth and ICT, which the Alliance organized in September 2007 on the theme “Youth ENGAGING YOUTH— as agents of change”. The Forum was attended by THE GLOBAL YOUTH COALITION more than 500 participants and engaged young As a follow-up to the Forum, GAID established a people in debates and discussions with their Global Youth Coalition to support the agenda of peers, policymakers and technology leaders in the United Nations on harnessing information and exploring ways to empower the community and communication technologies for the achievement of to participate more fully in society through the the Millennium Development Goals. The coalition is appropriate and responsible use of ICT. The Forum intended to serve as an information hub on Youth also provided a platform to showcase youth-led and ICTs by hosting a matrix of best practices and
  30. 30. 31ICT policies from the world’s regions. The Global • Serving as a platform for dialogue among youth Contact:Youth Coalition enables youth around the world to on information society issues. Secretariat of the Global Alliance for ICTexchange knowledge and experiences on ICT and • Encouraging the exchange of ideas and practices and Developmentyouth issues and to spearhead youth-led initiatives among youth. Department of Economic and Social Affairsand programmes. It also allows youth to communicate 1 UN Plaza, DC1-1464with other organizations and stakeholders working on • Organizing global and regional youth forums. New York, NY 10017, USAthe MDG agenda for youth and ICT. • Helping to create centres of excellence for youth in Tel: +1 212 963 5796 | Fax: +1 212 963 2812 order to develop and implement more focused workThe Youth Coalition supports the work of the Global programmes in the four focus areas (education, E-mail: gaid@un-gaid.orgAlliance by: health, governance and entrepreneurship). Website: • Identifying and mobilizing the resources necessary• Establishing an active online community engaged to carry out the Coalition’s work policy discussions, online collaboration, researchand advocacy. The Coalition is composed of youth networks• Conveying GAID’s goals and objectives to youth from around the world and is coordinated by aaround the world, especially in the developing Committee of GAID E-leaders for Youth and ICT,world. an executive body composed of 10-12 youth• Bringing youth perspectives and needs relevant representatives from each region and of successfulto ICT for development to the attention of the youth leaders from various fields. The CommitteeGlobal Alliance. provides project advice and acts as a repository of efforts and best practices.• Informing the Alliance of significant regionaldevelopments and initiatives.
  31. 31. Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) 32 The United Nations Economic Commission for RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- ECA prepares reports and country-level analyses Africa (ECA) promotes regional integration and on pressing youth issues and began publishing RELATED WORK focuses attention on Africa’s special needs, a biennial African Youth Report in 2008. The first particularly within the context of achieving the The Commission’s work on youth must be seen in issue of the African Youth Report analyses trends Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In this the context of the size of the youth population in in education, youth employment, HIV/AIDS and regard, ECA places emphasis on supporting the region: young people aged between 15 and 24 the health situation of young Africans, as well efforts to eradicate poverty, placing African years alone account for about 20 per cent of the as their participation in political decision-making countries on the path of growth and sustainable population. Africa’s youth often face considerable processes. The Report also reviews policies and development, reversing the marginalization hurdles to participating in economic, social and strategies to address these issues. of Africa in the globalization process, and political spheres of life. Inadequate access to edu- accelerating the empowerment of women. cation and training, poor health and vulnerability PROMOTING DIALOGUE AND to HIV/AIDS, lack of decent jobs, frequent armed conflicts and few opportunities to contribute to DECISION-MAKING ON YOUTH decision-making processes are among the major In November 2006, ECA and the African Union, obstacles to youth development in the region. together with the United Nations system, the African Development Bank and the Organisation RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS Internationale de la Francophonie, organized the A major part of ECA’s work on youth is conduct- Fifth African Development Forum (ADF-V) on ing research and analysing trends and policies in “Youth and leadership in the 21st century”. ADF-V WPAY priority areas, notably in the areas of educa- brought together almost 300 youth representatives tion, employment, health and HIV/AIDS, girls and from all five subregions of the continent, various young women, and the participation of youth in Heads of State and Ministers of Youth, experts from society and decision-making. ECA also supports Ministries of Youth, NGOs and civil society, and country efforts to gain knowledge in these areas. regional and international organizations to arrive at
  32. 32. 33a Consensus Statement that highlighted key actions the Year of African Youth through a website and KEY PUBLICATIONSto be taken by Governments and partners to knowledge management initiative. • African Youth Report 2008strengthen youth participation and empowerment.The Forum also launched the African Youth Charter, YOUTH AND ICT Contact:an initiative of the African Union Commission, to Human and Social Development Sectionpromote youth development in the region. ECA places particular attention to information African Centre for Gender and communication technologies (ICT) and how and Social Development they can contribute to youth development and toTHE POST-ADF-V STEERING United Nations Economic overcoming the challenges facing young people inCOMMITTEE Commission for Africa (ECA) Africa. Young people are often the leading innova- P.O. Box 3005ECA serves as the Secretariat of the Post-ADF-V tors in the use and spread of information and com- Addis Ababa, EthiopiaSteering Committee, which follows up on the imple- munications technologies. ECA’s activities in this Tel: +251 11 544 3144 | Fax: +251 11 551 2785mentation of the ADF-V recommendations. The area are guided by the African Information SocietyCommittee consists of the African Union and United Initiative (AISI), a regional framework adopted by E-mail: sverick@uneca.orgNations agencies working in the area of youth, African countries in 1996 aimed at harnessing the Website: UNICEF, UNFPA, ILO, UNDP and the potentials of ICT for socio-economic development.International Organization for Migration. In additionto supporting the popularization, ratification and ECA builds the capacities of youth groups for theimplementation of the African Youth Charter, the implementation of AISI through meetings, forums,Committee is also working with the African Union to workshops and online information and knowledgeimplement activities for the Year of African Youth sharing. A continental Africa Youth Network in the2008. In particular, ECA is providing technical sup- Information Society has also been launched toport to the development of documents and planning coordinate activities at subregional and nationalto help promote both the African Youth Charter and levels (
  33. 33. Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) 3 The United Nations Economic Commission RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- GENERATIONS AND for Europe (ECE) strives to foster sustainable RELATED WORK GENDER PROGRAMME economic growth among its 56 Member States located in the European Union (EU), non-EU ECE recognizes that young people represent an ECE is coordinating the Generations and Gender Western and Eastern Europe, South-East Europe, asset upon which the future of any society depends. Programme (GGP) of data collection and research. Central Asia and North America. All these The ECE region is home to about 179 million youth, GGP is a system of national Generations and countries dialogue and cooperate under the aegis representing approximately 15 per cent of the total Gender Surveys (GGS) and contextual databases, of ECE on economic and sectoral issues. To this population. In many countries of the ECE region, which aims at improving the knowledge base for end, ECE provides a forum for analysis, policy young people are facing an erosion of their oppor- policymaking in UNECE countries. The surveys con- advice and assistance to Governments. Through tunities to gain education, employable skills, and a ducted in this programme cover the age range from the development of conventions, norms and decent job and income. It is estimated that 18 mil- 18 to 79 years. Many of the issues studied, however, standards, ECE aims to harmonize action and lion young people in the countries in transition and are specifically relevant for young people, such as facilitate exchanges between Member States. emerging market economies are neither at school the processes of family formation and home-leaving This process results in consumer guarantees of nor in employment. Concerned with this situation, and a broad range of their determinants, including safety and quality, helps protect the environment, ECE launched a youth entrepreneurship programme education, the labour market, housing, intergen- and facilitates trade and the greater integration in the early 2000s which led to two Regional Youth erational relationships and contraception. The GGP of member countries at the regional level and Forums in 2002 and 2003. Currently, ECE’s key contextual database, which includes age-specific also with the global economy. The key areas of engagement on youth is in the area of road safety ini- data on population processes and employment, is expertise of the ECE are economic cooperation tiatives, in recognition of the fact that road accidents a comparative collection of around 200 variables on and integration, energy, environment, housing are the leading cause of death for youth. In addition, the national and regional level for each participating and land management, population, statistics, ECE focuses on improving knowledge for policymak- country. These data serve to complement the micro- timber and forests, trade and transport. ing on issues that directly affect youth. level data collected in the GGS.
  34. 34. 3POLICY DISCUSSION ROAD SAFETY electronically to share their ideas and experiences. A number of young delegates have also taken stepsECE organized the conference “How generations and The First United Nations Global Road Safety Week in to implement the Declaration. For example, thegender shape demographic change” in May 2008. April 2007 was organized at the Palais des Nations Canadian delegates set up a national youth com-The event discussed the research findings from the in Geneva jointly by ECE, WHO and the four other mittee for future work on road safety. The ZambianGenerations and Gender Programme and the policy United Nations regional commissions. Targeted at delegate submitted the Declaration to all relevantactions of Governments in the related areas. One young people, including young drivers, the Week ministries (health, community development andpanel session of the conference was specifically commenced with a World Youth Assembly, which transport). In Algeria, the Declaration was printed indevoted to the better integration of young people in was attended by over 400 young people from more national newspapers, and in Belize, the Ministry ofsociety and addressed various facets of transition to than 100 countries. The Assembly culminated in Education agreed to include road safety in primaryadulthood. The keynote paper and the summary of the adoption of a Youth Declaration for Road Safety, and secondary school curricula.this youth-related session are included in the con- which describes the views of young people on whatference proceedings, which are available at: www. they, their parents, teachers, Government leaders and others can do to improve road safety. At the close The full Global Road Safety Week focused on road users, including drivers. Young people are of the Assembly, the Declaration was presented to the President of the United Nations General Assembly. over-represented in road accidents, which are the leading cause of death for people aged between 10- The Youth Assembly also provided the opportunity 24 years. The objectives of the Week were to give a to showcase the results of a youth essay competition voice to youth on the road safety issue, contribute launched by UNICEF on road safety. The momen- to a shift in attitudes and behaviour towards road tum that was generated by the Assembly resulted, safety among young people, encourage and sup- among other things, in an international network of port a cadre of national leaders for road safety and young people who are motivated to address the launch the Youth Declaration for Road Safety. The issue in their countries and are communicating slogan for the Week was “Road safety is no acci-