UN-Water's Emerging Advice on a Potential SDG on Water (Oct 2013)


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This is the UN-Water proposal for a Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) on water, presented at the Budapest Water Summit in October 2013. The proposal is the result of an extensive consultation among UN-Water Members and Partners as well as relevant stakeholders. The final proposal will be published in early 2014.

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UN-Water's Emerging Advice on a Potential SDG on Water (Oct 2013)

  1. 1. Emerging Advice on a Potential SDG on Water Budapest Water Summit, October 2013 Joakim Harlin UNDP Slide 1 www.unwater.org
  2. 2. Objectives and process  To contribute to the SDG consultation process as well as to the discussions on the post-2015 development agenda – Guided by the priorities agreed at the Rio+20 Conference – Building on thematic, national and regional consultations – Drawing on the reports of the High Level Panel, Sustainable Development Solutions Network, UN Global Compact, the Open Working Group on SDGs  Work in progress… Slide 2 www.unwater.org
  3. 3. Why a water SDG?  The Future We Want: – “water is at the core of sustainable development”  Water is at the heart of adaptation to climate change  Billions lack access to the most basic water supply and sanitation services  Increasing demand, pollution, risks, competition for water resources…  Current situation presents a global threat to human health and wellbeing as well as to the integrity of ecosystems Slide 3 www.unwater.org
  4. 4. Building on existing commitments and experience  Monitoring progress on the MDG Target on water supply and basic sanitation  The human right to water and sanitation – Obligations on all Member States to make provision for progressive realization of the right “unfinished business” in WASH must  Finishing the remain a top priority Slide 4 www.unwater.org
  5. 5. Building on existing commitments and experience (continued) Slide 5 www.unwater.org
  6. 6. Building on existing commitments and experience (continued) “unfinished business” in water resources management  Finishing the is also a priority – Agenda 21 (1992), JPOI (2002) and subsequent CSD meetings (2005, 2008, 2012)  Recent UN-Water survey of more than 130 countries, thematic and national consultations – show that there has been widespread adoption of integrated approaches to water management, but…  Significant challenges still remain! Slide 6 www.unwater.org
  7. 7. Building on existing commitments and experience (continued)  Improving water quality and wastewater management need to be a priority too – Water quality has to date been very much neglected – 80% of wastewater is discharged without treatment – Impact on the water resource and therefore on drinking-water supply – Impact on ecosystems  These concerns were clearly expressed at Rio+20 Slide 7 www.unwater.org
  8. 8. Possible post-2015 development goals need to address three priority areas… .. which broadly correspond to the dimensions of sustainable development and contribute towards poverty reduction  Healthy people – Universal access to water, sanitation and hygiene  Shared prosperity – Sustainable use and development of water resources  Healthy ecosystems – Improving water quality and Slide wastewater management 8 www.unwater.org
  9. 9. Sustainable water for all Universal access to safe water supply, sanitation and hygiene    Improved water quality and wastewater management Targets by 2030  Sustainable use and development of water resources Targets by 2030 Targets by 2030 No one practices open defecation Everyone has water, sanitation and hygiene at home All schools and health centres have water, sanitation and hygiene Water, sanitation and hygiene are sustainable and inequalities in access have been progressively eliminated   Bring freshwater withdrawals in line with sustainably available water resources while increasing water productivity for all uses by [x%] Maintain a threshold level of environmental flows in all countries [of y%]    Reduce both the urban population with untreated wastewater and untreated industrial wastewater flows by [x%] Increase urban and industrial wastewater reused safely by [y%] Reduce nutrient pollution from agriculture by [z%] Crosscutting targets by 2030   Improve resilience to floods, droughts and other water related disasters of all people by [x] and economies by [y] Improved governance and integrated management systems for freshwater and sanitation in place in all countries in accordance with national targets Slide 9 www.unwater.org
  10. 10. Costs and benefits  Universal access to sanitation, benefits outweigh costs 5.5 to 1  Universal access to drinking-water, the ratio is 2 to 1  Irrigation infrastructure in Africa, rates of return are up to 26%  Watershed protection initiatives in the US yield USD 7.5 to USD 200 for every dollar invested, compared to conventional water treatment costs  1% increase in drought area, 2.8% reduction in economic growth  1% increase in the area impacted by floods, 1.8% reduction in economic growth  Bogota River, Colombia, lack of wastewater treatment costs USD 110 million/year  … to be continued… Slide 10 www.unwater.org
  11. 11. Next steps 1. Revision of draft paper (until Dec. 2013) – – Side event at Budapest Water Summit (9 Oct. 2013) GWOPA Congress (27-29 Nov. 2013) 2. Side event during the 6th session of the OWG 3. UN-Water workshop to finalise paper (Geneva, 16-17 Dec. 2013) 4. Release of final version at a side event for the Member States (New York, 29 Jan. 2014) Slide 11 www.unwater.org
  12. 12. Thank you Joakim Harlin UNDP Slide 12 www.unwater.org