Mindset Training 2 - Goal Orientation

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  • example from 1st year students - not wanting to look dumb\n
  • Brian’s unity labs - do you just want to finish and leave? or...\ndo you understand ifs... loops... functions...\n\ndo you ‘get it’?\n\ncould you explain WHY to someone else/\n
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  • Elliot & Dweck - found learning oriented children chose to participate in a challenging task - even if there was the possibility of making errors in public.Archer found similar results in college students.Very +ve correlations betwen learning orientation & their choice of a difficult - also very strong -ve orrelation between LO and choice of easy task.\n\n
  • 1st and 2nd year don’t contribute towards degree\nso focus on skills!\n
  • exams and races - we all want to perform\n\nindustry wants portfolio! we want skills!\n
  • Mindset Training 2 - Goal Orientation

    1. 1. Goal Orientation
    2. 2. Goals• A goal is something we work towards• We all have goals
    3. 3. Goal Orientation• A psychological construct that looks to understand the attitudes and behaviours that people embrace to reach their goals.• It’s a mental framework that describes what motivates people to perform certain tasks, and what they aim to achieve in those tasks.
    4. 4. Dweck’s Orientations• Performance Oriented • Approach tasks with the aim of gaining approval from peers and teachers• Learning Oriented • Approach tasks with the aim of mastering or acquiring new skills
    5. 5. Performance Orientation• Desire a high level of performance• Seek positive reinforcement and feedback• Tend not to put much effort in unless being evaluated.• Tend to avoid tasks where they may be poorly evaluated.
    6. 6. Learning Orientation• Attention is focused towards self improvement.• Seek feedback on tasks to evaluate current performance.• Focus on skill and knowledge acquisition.• Less concerned with being seen to err.
    7. 7. Achievement• Utman, C. H. (1997) did a meta-analysis of previous studies.• Found the learning goals lead to better task performance.• Learning orientation leads to more time being spent on challenging tasks.
    8. 8. confirmation• multiple studies confirm this factor• Elliot & Dweck (1988)• Archer (1999)
    9. 9. People shift• as they age, people tend to shift towards performance orientation
    10. 10. Self-Awareness• Think about what motivates you• ask yourself: “am I doing this to learn, or to demonstrate something”• don’t just do the minimum• do all of the optional extras• work at home!

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