Vikings Lecture 1

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Lecture 5 from The Vikings, a class from Continuing Education at the University of New Mexico's Osher Lifelong Learning Institute.

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Vikings Lecture 1

  1. 1. The Gundestrup Cauldron, 2nd-1stcentury BC, in the National Museumof Denmark: The cauldron shows evidence of Celtic workmanship, butwas recovered in a bog in Gundestrup, Denmark. This is evidence oftrade between Celtic society and Scandinvia.
  2. 2. Ptolemy’s world map, c. 200 AD. The map demonstrates Romanknowledge of the world, and includes a rather inaccurate depiction ofScandinavia.
  3. 3. Map of Europe at the height of the Roman Empire,circa 117 AD.Map from Lynn Hunt, The Making of the West, Volume 1.
  4. 4. Maps of Scandinavia: left—map of important areas and sites; right—environmental map of Scandinavia. Left map from Henry Loyn, TheVikings in Britain; right map from Vikings: the North American Saga,edited by William Fitzhugh and Elisabeth Ward.
  5. 5. Reconstruction of an early medieval Viking house, Stöng, Iceland:stone base with timber and turf walls. Image from MedievalScandinavia: From Conversion to Reformation, circa 800-1500, byBirgit and Peter Sawyer.
  6. 6. A nobleman’s outfit and jewelry worn by men: left-reconstruction of anoutfit found in the Mammen grave, Jutland, Denmark; right-ringbrooches worn by Scandinavian noblemen. Images from Vikings: TheNorth American Saga, edited by William Fitzhugh and Elisabeth Ward.
  7. 7. Weapons used by Viking Age warriors: left top-arrow heads; bottomcenter-a striking sword (2 ft long) and a “weapon knife” (1 ft long); righttop-axe head from Mammen grave. Images from Vikings: The NorthAmerican Saga, edited by William Fitzhugh and Elisabeth Ward.
  8. 8. Evidence of women’s role in society. Left—keys carried by the wife ofa householder; center—an amulet whose hairstyle indicates a highstatus woman; right—a reconstruction of a Finnish noblewoman’sdress. Images from Vikings: The North American Saga, edited byWilliam Fitzhugh and Elisabeth Ward.
  9. 9. Jewelry worn by women: left-oval brooches; center-beaded necklaceof glass, crystal, and carnelian; right-box brooch from Gotland. Imagesfrom Vikings: The North American Saga, edited by William Fitzhughand Elisabeth Ward.
  10. 10. A chieftain’s settlement at Borg, Norway, inhabited from the 6th-10thcenturies. Images from Vikings: The North American Saga, edited byWilliam Fitzhugh and Elisabeth Ward.
  11. 11. Evidence of daily life in Viking communities: left—carving of a smith atwork, Hylestad Church, Setesdal, Norway; right top—ice skates madefrom bone; right bottom—soapstone bowls. Images from Vikings: TheNorth American Saga, edited by William Fitzhugh and Elisabeth Ward.
  12. 12. The Runic alphabet. Image from Robert Ferguson, The Vikings: aHistory.
  13. 13. The Gokstad Ship, built c. 870-890, buried c. 900, and excavated in thelate 1800s. Now housed in the Viking Ship Museum, Oslo, Norway.
  14. 14. The Oseberg Ship and headpost, built c. 820, buried c. 825, andexcavated in the early 1900s. Now housed in the Viking Ship Museum,Oslo, Norway.
  15. 15. Objects from the Oseberg ship burial: left top-horses and cart buriedwith the Oseberg woman; bottom-embroidered textile that may depictthe procession to the Oseberg woman’s burial; right top-bucketsdecorated with brass and enamel. Images from Vikings: the NorthAmerican Saga, edited by William Fitzhugh and Elisabeth Ward.

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