The value of human brotherhood is among thefundamental teachings of Islam. According to theHoly Quran, nuclear and extended families are amicrocosm of universal brotherhood. God says:"… but kindred by blood have prior rightsagainst each other in the book of God…"(8:75)• All of you are from Adam and Adam wascreated from clay…
Q1: Why did God create us?a) He is the Creator, Evolver, Shaper, Provider, Lord, the MostGracious and the Most Merciful.b) He is the Creator, All-Wise, All-Knower…. What would youthink of someone who claims to be a doctor yet he has nevercured any disease nor treated any patent?c) to develop the living conditions on the earth as well as toworship Him.d) what is the aim of any innovator or inventor?e) to develop the quality of our souls in order to prove andimprove ourselves.
(a) So that we can easily recognize eachother and easily be identified.(b) a human being is created in such a waythat he likes diversity by instinct.* People who prefer to marry certainnationalities to others…Ans.
(c) it is a test for mankind, God says: "O mankind! Wecreated you from a single (pair) of a male and afemale, and made you into nations and tribes, thatyou may know each other (not that you maydespise each other). Verily the most honored ofyou in the sight of God is (he who is) the mostGod-conscious.” (49:13).(d) so that we can compete against each other indeveloping the earth and doing other acts ofrighteousness.
God says: “… the seal thereof will beGod says: “… the seal thereof will bemusk: and for this let them competemusk: and for this let them competeagainst each other those who aspire (foragainst each other those who aspire (forthe bliss of the hereafter).”the bliss of the hereafter).”( 83:26)( 83:26)
Q3. What are the things that makepeople arrogant and proud?a) Color of skin, God says: "And among His signs isthe creation of the heavens and the earth, and thevariations in your languages and your colors;verily in that are signs for those who know."(30:22)b) wealth, God says: "Your riches and your childrenmay be but a trial. But in the presence of God isthe highest reward." (64:15)
c) prestige, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says:"Whoever humbles himself while dealing withothers, God will elevate him to the highest spiritualranks."d) social status and a high post. God says: "It is HeWho has made you (His) agents, inheritors of theearth: He has raised you in ranks, some aboveothers: that He may try you in the gifts He hasgiven you: for your Lord is quick in punishment –yet is indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (6:165)
e) tribe, God says: "… and We have made you intonations and tribes so that you recognize eachother (not that you despise each other)."(49:13)f) ignorance, God says: "… ask those who possesknowledge if you know not." (21:07)g) stereotypes, "And pursue not that of which youhave no knowledge; for every act of hearing, orof seeing, or of (feeling in) the heart will beinquired into (on the Day of Reckoning.) (17:36)
Q3. What are the factors that can helpestablish universal brotherhood?(a) Equality: Equality is not to be mistaken for or confusedwith identicalness. Islam teaches us that we are all equal in thesight of God but not necessarily identical. We read in the HolyQuran: "O mankind! We created you from a single(pair) of a male and a female, and made you intonations and tribes, that you may know each other(not that you may despise each other). Verily themost honored of you in the sight of God is (he whois) the most righteous of you. And God has fullknowledge and is well-acquainted (with all things).(49: 13)
b) respect for all - regardless of color, race, religion andsocial status. ** (asking permission of a child toforgo him in presenting milk…)c) helping one another when in need (Whoever solves aMuslim’s problem, God will solve one of hisproblems on the Judgment Day)d) love your neighbor as you love yourself: (Mathew 22:37) + “You will not enter paradise until youbelieve…”e) to implement justice to all: God says: “… and let not
the hatred of others to you make you swerve tothe hatred of others to you make you swerve towrong others and depart from justice. Be just;wrong others and depart from justice. Be just;that is next to piety and fear God. For God is well-that is next to piety and fear God. For God is well-acquainted with all that you do.” (5:8)acquainted with all that you do.” (5:8)+ Story of Umar with the man who killed his+ Story of Umar with the man who killed hisrelative…)relative…)
Q5. What are the factors that can help unifymankind?(a) All of them are created by one God.(d) they are descendants of one couple, Adam andEve.(c) all mankind belong to the human race.(d) God is just and kind to all His creatures.(e) all people are born equal in the sense that non ofthem brings any property with him and no onetakes anything with him when he dies.
(f) God judges every person on the basis of his ownmerits, and according to his own deeds. (God doesnot look at your faces …etc.)(g) God has conferred on man a title of honor anddignity. We read in the Holy Quran: "We havehonored the sons of Adam; provided them withthe means of transportation on land and sea;given them for sustenance good and pure things,and conferred on them special favors above agreat part of our creation." (17: 70)
h) doing good to those who have wronged you.(story of Prophet Muhammad, PBUH, withthe Jewish boy who used to throw garbage athis door).We read in the Holy Quran: "Nor cangoodness and evil be equal. Repel (evil) withwhat is better: then will he between whom andyou was hatred become as if he were yourintimate friend." (41: 34)
Islam has laid down certain rights forMuslims as well as non-Muslims who may beliving within the boundaries of an Islamicstate and these rights do necessarily formpart of the Islamic constitution. (WhenProphet Muhammad emigrated to Medina)Human Rights in Islam
The Basic Human Rights in Islam1. The right to life: We read in the Holy Quran:"Whosoever kills a human being ( without anyreason) like manslaughter, or corruption onearth, it will be as though he had killed allmankind." (5: 32)2. The right to basic necessities of life: We readin the Holy Quran: "And in their wealth there isan acknowledged right for the needy and thedestitute, he who asked and he who (for somereason) was prevented from asking." (51: 19)
3. The right of protection: non-Muslims havethe right of protection from inside and outsideaggressions. After the Tartar commander hadagreed to free only Muslim prisoners of war,Ibn Taymiyya insisted that non-Muslimprisoners of war also be released becausethey were under the Muslim protection. (Doyou know who is the bankrupt man?)
4. Right of choosing religion: This is based on Godscommandment that reads as follows: "Let there beno compulsion in religion. (2: 256)In another verse we read: "Will you compel mankindagainst their will to believe?" (12: 99)5. Freedom of work and profession: Work andprofession are a birth right of every one. No oneshould regard it as special for him and deny itothers.
Ans. War must either be of a defensive natureor aimed at removing oppression,wherever it may be - as it is nowadaysfittingly called a just cause. It must befought without harm to innocent civiliansor the environment. (49: 09)Q6. What are the Islamic Laws regardingwar?
Ans. "You should only fight against your enemyand not against women, children or the elderlypeople. Monks, priests and other religiouspeople in their monasteries or houses ofworship should not be harmed, nor should thetrees that belong to the enemy be cut or set onfire as a war measure. By no means shouldanimals be targeted or slaughtered except forfood."Q8. What were prophet Muhammadsinstructions to his companions duringwar?