A MODELFOR A MUSLIM YOUTHIN THE STORY OF JOSEPH (YUSUF)(pEACE BE UPON IDM)AU11IOR : DR. Mahmood ShakirSaeedTRANSLATED BY: ...
WORLD ASSEMBLY OF MUSLIM YOUTHPUBLICATIONlN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST GRACIOUS,MOST MERCIFUL"We do relate unto thee the most...
The story of Joseph,peacebe upon him, representsthe peakofall the quranic stories with regard to its topical unity and its...
threateninghim with prison and humiliation if he did not do whatshe wanted. With all these tempting circumstances,he chose...
We extend our gratitude and thanksto our brother Dr. MahmoodShakir Saeed for his invaluable contribution. We ask Allah,Exa...
INTRODUCTIONIn the Name of Allah, may the blessing.~andpeaceof Allah uponhis Messenger, his familY, his companions, and al...
If he is pushed by his strong faith, awaking belief, his nationaland social sense, then he will work day and night. He wil...
hand and offer him what is needed in this life to enablehim tolead his societyand country to progressand the achievement o...
mE STORY OF JOSEPHNow let us look at the story of Joseph,peacebe upon him, ashasbeenmentioned in the 12th Chapterof the Ho...
..Alif Lam Ra. These are the ayat of revelation of a Quran that makes thingsclear:(Hijr: 1)The flfSt thing we notice follo...
can not understandand he posedthe question: "Do you want thatALLAH and his messengerbe disbelieved?"The story of Josephis ...
THE EVENTS OF THE STORY AND ITS LESSONSThe story starts with Joseph, peace be upon him, telling hisfather about the strang...
to conspire againstJosephin a way that increasedtheir motivesof envy and hatred.They said: "Truly Josephandhis brothcr are...
They said: "0, our father why dost thou not trust liSwith Joseph,seeingwe areindeedhis sincerewell wishers."(Yusuf: 11)"Se...
Hence falsehood reveals itself as if the guilty one is sa}ing,,.come and take me,". In the poets words, ..but the eyesof t...
Thenhelpcameto JosephfromHeaven.A caravanpassedbythewell andhewastakenoutof thewell."Then there camea caravanof travellers...
interpretation of stories and events.And Allah has full power and control overhis affairs; but mostamongmankind know it no...
great wrong doing and the wrong doers are never successful.This is the morality of a Muslim in all conditions.In a !inn an...
All happening are from the mercy and grace of Allah. Some aresigns of mercy which Allah showers upon his servants andsuppo...
"But if it be that his shirt is tom from the back,Then is shethe liar, and he istelling the truth!"(Yusuf:27)So when he sa...
thosewho commit falsehood and lies by swearingand talking toomuch to hide the truth with falsehood. This is the way for aM...
that thou has been ftom those women who are at fault. This isdone asa mitigation or lesseningof the accusationdirected at ...
looking at him. After having filled their eyes lith the angelicappearance of Joseph, they realized that their wounds wereb...
The addition of EI-Aziz in this verseis to show the magnitudeofthe sinfulnessof the incident. People are inclined to liste...
If a matter of Allah has already been decreed it cannot beadvanced or delayed, and it cannot be repelled by evil or halm,e...
The imprisonment of Josephcoincided with the imprisonment oftwo other young men. It is possible that the two young men wer...
He said: "Before anyfood comes (in due course)to feed either of you, I willsurelyrevealthe truth and meaning of this ere i...
The king of Egypt saw a strange vision that confused andhonified him. This led him to gather all the magicians,soothsayers...
Yusuf said,"for sevenyearsshall you diligently sow asis your want,ThehaIVestthat you reap,you shall leavethem in the earex...
The true believerdoes not fear reproachin the causeof truth andthe innocent.hand does not fear to be cut off. The dedicati...
conftm1 it and to prove it. Thus every right is regained jf itsseekeris truthful and sincerein trying to regainit.Joseph g...
The solution of somematters requiresknowledge, others requireexperience. Some cannot dispense with either knowledge orexpe...
If the righteous and god fearing believer cannot achievefelicity,goodness,and happinessin this world he will surely achiev...
brother Benjamin to confum the authenticity of the informationwhich they had told him.Becausehe trusted their honesty and ...
They would use this piece of ne~s as a weapon in theirpsychologicalwar with their father."Now whenthey returnedto their fa...
Further he said: "Oh my sons! Enter not all by one gate: Enter ye by differentgates. Not that I can profit you aught again...
"Oh ye (in) the caravan!Behold! Ye are thieves,without doubt! They said,turning towards them: "What is it thatye miss?"(Yu...
"No bearer of burdenscanbearthe burdenof another:(AI-Isra: 15)He believes that no matter how far he has reached throughkno...
He was not overpressingor a manof hasteashe gathered theproofs and evidence that would eventually end the matter andfind t...
The rest of the brothers returned to their father and told himwhat had happened.Turn ye backto yourfather, andsay.Oh our f...
and blessings. Jacob turned away from his sons "ith greatsuffering of grief, distress, and the pain of separation from his...
They went to Josephasking for his pro~sions and charity. Theyexplained their condition, the conditions of their family, an...
Josephforgavethemsaying:"This day let no reproachbe (cast) onyou: Allah will forgive you, and He is theMost Merciful of th...
"Oh my father! This is the fulfilment of my vision ofold! Allah hath made itcometrue! He was indeedgood to mewhen he took ...
hands are everything. Joseph saw that it was incumbent uponhim to be grateful to Allah, the Exalted, for what he hadshower...
MORAL ASPECTS OF THE STORY OF YUSUFThe eventsand the charactersof this story tackled the positiveand negative aspectsin th...
3. Not to panic during an adversity or calamity and tokeep cahn and patient with a strongbelief in destiny."They stained h...
6. Not to rush into making or issuing judgementalstatements, but to deliberate the matter and turn itupside down before re...
"Ob,my two companionsof thepriso~! I askyou:Are many lordsdifferingamongthemselvesbetter,or Allah ,theOne, Supremeand Irre...
"Thisdayletno reproachbe castonyou: Allah will forgiveyou, andHe isthe MostMerciful of thosewho showmercy!"(Yusuf: 92)10. ...
12.Present your credentials and introduce yourself ifsuitationsor circumstancesrequire it."Josephsaid:"Setmeoverthestoreho...
"When Josephattainedhis full manhQ?d,Wegavehim powerandknowledge:ThusdoWe rewardthosewho doright."(Yusuf: 22)"Weraiseto de...
Hesaid:"Oh, myfather! Thisisthe fulfilmentof my visionofold! Allah hathmadeit cometrue! Hewasindeedgoodto mewhenhetookme o...
CONCLUSIONSFinally, this has been a cursory glanceinto Sura Yusuf as it hasbeen related in the Holy Quran. I dont claim th...
REFERENCES1. mE HaL Y QURAN: Text,TranslationandCommentaryby AbdullahYusufAli (NewRevisedEdition).2.Al-Mojam Al-MufahrasLi...
APOLOGYI apologize for not mentioning the references within thisdocument. This is due to the fact that my work here wasint...
WORLD ASSEMBLY OF MUSLIM YOUTH (WAMY)Eastern ProvinceFounded: 1392H (19;Headquarters: RiyadhNature: First Internal!ArabiaJ...
For every prisoner lessons in the story of prof yusuf ( josef)
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Dr. Khalid I. Al-Anaysha Al-Dossary

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For every prisoner lessons in the story of prof yusuf ( josef)

  1. 1. A MODELFOR A MUSLIM YOUTHIN THE STORY OF JOSEPH (YUSUF)(pEACE BE UPON IDM)AU11IOR : DR. Mahmood ShakirSaeedTRANSLATED BY: Khalid I braheem AI- Dossary
  2. 2. WORLD ASSEMBLY OF MUSLIM YOUTHPUBLICATIONlN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST GRACIOUS,MOST MERCIFUL"We do relate unto thee the most beautiful of stories in that we revealto theethis portion of the Quranbeforethis thou to was amongthosewho knew it not:(Yusuf:3)"Saythou this is my way. I do invite unto God on evidenceclear asthe seeingwith oneseyesand I andwhoever follows me,glory to God neverwill I joingods with God,"(Yusuf: 108)"There is in their story instructions for menendowedwith understanding,It isnot a tale invented, but a confirmation of what went before it. A detailedexposition of all things andaguide anda mercyto anysuch as believe,"(Yusuf: 111)Praisebe to Allah who has put in the prophets story a lessonasan example to those with understanding. May the blessingsandpeace be upon the ideal example of life and morality,Muhammad.The World Assembly of Mmlim Youth is pleasedto presenttoyou this brief treatise, "A model for a Muslim youth in the Storyof Joseph",peacebe upon him by Mahmood Shakir Saeed.
  3. 3. The story of Joseph,peacebe upon him, representsthe peakofall the quranic stories with regard to its topical unity and itsartistic appeal,and also with regard to the lessonsof faith whichthe story contains.Joseph,the righteous, may blessingsand peacebe upon him, isan example of a patient youth who has raised himself abovecarnal desiresand temptationsof Satan.He was an exampleof adaee youth who worked day and night in all circumstancesandconditions to raise the words of Allah. He took advantageof alloccasionsto introduce people to the religion of Truth. He alsotook advantage of what Allah had endowed him with theknowledge and skills for the interpretation of dreams and theknowledge of management.He used these skills to establishthe religion of Allah and attractthe heartsof men to it. This undoubtly is the model ora youngMuslim that we need in our world today. He combinedperseveranceand finnness, insight and understanding with faithand knowledge in the dealingsof life. He did this in such a waythat people could see in Islam the ideal code. This code issufficient to solveproblems in all spheresof life.The story of Joseph, peacebe upon him, is consideredto be abeacon for youth in particular. It contains crucial situationsshowing truthfulness and chastity in the face of instinctivemotives and natural desires. Joseph, peace and blessings uponhim, was ableto standin the face of temptations,even thoughall the enticing elementswere present.He was ayoung person,ina strangeland, unmarried, and he was commandedby a beautifulwoman with high position calling him to herself in total secrecy,
  4. 4. threateninghim with prison and humiliation if he did not do whatshe wanted. With all these tempting circumstances,he chose tobe patientand preferred the way of Allah.One of the most important lessonsthat one can get from thisstory is the continuity of conflict betweengood and evil and thevictory of good and virtue. This victory over evil for the faithfulfollowers alwayshappensatthe end of a predicament.Another lessonfrom this story is that whatever afflicts man, fromintolerable ordeals or crises in life will always be solved andovercome."So,verily, with every difficulty, there is relief: Verily, with every difficulty thereis relief."(lnshirah:5& 6)As one of the poets said: "The situation was difficult andworsened day by day, relief came at the moment when I thoughtit would never arrive. Ataa bin Rabah spoke an essentialtruthwhen he said that: "Any who is grieved atid sad who listens tothe chapterofYusuf(Joseph) will feel relieved."We have tried by printing this story to show the nobility ofJosephslife so that it will be a lessonto youth and others. Allah,the Greathas spokenthe truth whenHe says:"All that we relate to thee of the stories of the apostles with it we make firm thyhearts and then there cometh to thee the truth aswell as an exhortation and a message of remembrance to those who believe."(Hurl: 120)
  5. 5. We extend our gratitude and thanksto our brother Dr. MahmoodShakir Saeed for his invaluable contribution. We ask Allah,Exalted is He, to reward him for what he hasoffered us, and tomake this work beneficial to the readerswho arethe youth of theIslamic nation andeverywhere.May Allah make them successful following in the footsteps ofJoseph, the righteous, and in appl}ing the way of oW"ProphetMuhanunad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. Wealways seek help from Allah, He is oW" only Patron andSupporter.The SecretaryGeneralof WAMYDr. ManeeBin HarnrnadAI-Juhani
  6. 6. INTRODUCTIONIn the Name of Allah, may the blessing.~andpeaceof Allah uponhis Messenger, his familY, his companions, and all those whofollow him.The youth are the spirit of a nation, the resource of the future,and the hope for tomorrow. They are the nerve of life and theblood that runs in the artery of the society. The society will neverprogress except by their efforts. In the context of m) speechonthe youth, I would like to presentthe following issues:1.Who arethe Youth?Many think that the youth <irea segmentof a society who arebetween the agesof 18 and 40. But the fact of the matter is thatevery individual able to playa role in the society, be it a child, agrown-up, young or old is a menberof the youth. Hence, theirparticipation is not confined to a specifiedageor a certain periodof time. A human being staysyoung so long ashe is ableto servehis society, his country, and his nation. Thus he staysyoung aslong as he offers some of his expertise and his knowledgewhetheris a worker, peasant,employee,or and employer.2. What is the duty of the Youth?A great duty is laid upon the shoulders of the Youth to servetheir country and their society. They are supposedto fulfil theirgreat duty without any 1a~ess or tardiness.The Youth will notfulfil this duty fully unlessthey believe in it, are aware of it, andare directedto it with conviction and satisfaction.There must beno coercion or force.1
  7. 7. If he is pushed by his strong faith, awaking belief, his nationaland social sense, then he will work day and night. He willendeavourin every sphere to serve his nation and to serve hiscountry. The youth will alwaysstrive to work industriously in thecause of developing his nation and move it up the ladder ofcivilization.A hwnan being does not only perfOffil his duty when he isenticed or frightened. But he does it in the bestmanner when hehas undoubting faith. Thus, we can be sure that the fruit of hisduty will be reaped.The Youth in every society are the causeofprogress, development, and prestige. They are also the causeofsociety falling into the abyss. This is because they foffil theessentialworking group of every intellectual, social, political, ormoral sphere.3.What arethe rights of the Youth?Due.to the significant role the Youth play in elevatingthe societ)1aswe havenoticed, we might wondered what has beenoffered tothis segmentof society? What must they be offered to guaranteetheir continuous productivity and steadfastnessin doing theirduty fully without deviation?Since they have been asked to fu)fi1 their duty, in return theyhave some rights. They should not be blamed if they requestsuchrights. The fully grown Youth is like the flower which is fullof life, ambition, and detennination that does not settle or relax.He is always in need of care and catering to his needs andpersonalconcerns.He is in needof someoneto hold him by his2
  8. 8. hand and offer him what is needed in this life to enablehim tolead his societyand country to progressand the achievement ofthe desired goals. These rights vary with time and with theenvironment, and must be addressedwith care and guidance inorder to fulfil the needsof the time.3
  9. 9. mE STORY OF JOSEPHNow let us look at the story of Joseph,peacebe upon him, ashasbeenmentioned in the 12th Chapterof the Holy Quran. Thischapter is entitled Joseph(Yusuf in Arabic) and it startswith theArabic syllabic letters Alif, Lam, Ra. It is our view and the viewof many commentators that these letters are just symbols andsigns that are not known except by ALLAH and those who arefinnly entrenched in knowledge. Other chapters of the HolyQuran start with these three Arabic syllabic letters. Thesechaptersare Yunus and Hud, and they arethe chaptersthat comebefore the chapter of Josephin the Quranic order. The chaptersof Ibrahim and Al-Hijr come after Yusuf. They are separatedfrom Yusuf by the chapter Al- Rad. These Chapters begin asfollows:In thenameof ALLAH theMostgracious,theMostMerciful...Alif Lam Ra. These are the ayats of the book of wisdom.(Yunus: 1).,Alif Lam Ra,(This is) A book with versesbasic or fundamental(of establishedmeaning)further explained in detail from Onewho is wise andwell acquainted(with all things ),"(Hud: 1)"Alif Lam Ra.Theseare the symbols orverses ofthe perspicuousbook.We have sent it down as anArabic Quran in order that ye maylearnwisdom:(Yusuf:1& 2)..Alif Lam Ra. A book which we haverevealedunto thee in orderthat thoumight lead mankind out of the depths of darknessinto light bythe leave of theirlord to the way of him, the exalted in power, worthy of all praise."(Ibrahim:1)4
  10. 10. ..Alif Lam Ra. These are the ayat of revelation of a Quran that makes thingsclear:(Hijr: 1)The flfSt thing we notice following eachof theseopeningsis therelationship between them and the word Book or Kitab inArabic. This encomages us to seek knowledge and learningwhether it be through reading or Miting. There is also a call tobenefit from the knowledge and morality that the Book contains.We are also urged to ponder, to think, and to contemplate whathas been revealed from this Book of inexhaustible words andknowledge. This .call is continuousand permanentand will existso long as the book exists. The Book is for all peoples of alltimes.Mter the 1stverse in the 12th Chapter, the words of ALLAHstate:"We have sent it down as anArabic Quran in order thatye maylearnwisdom.This clearly shows that the Holy Book came in a languagethatpeople could understand and speak. That language was theArabic language.The rethorical style requiresthe considerationof the situationandthat human beings are not spokento except in the languagethatthey understand.Those without knowledge are not spokento inthe way that a scholar is spokento, and the opposite is true. Inthis regard, Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) instructed us to speakto people with what they can understandand leave out what they5
  11. 11. can not understandand he posedthe question: "Do you want thatALLAH and his messengerbe disbelieved?"The story of Josephis prefaced with this saying of Allah, TheExalted:"We do relate unto thee the most beautiful of stories in that we reveal to theethis portion of Quran before this thou to was among those who knew it not:(Yusuf: 3)From this it becomesclear that whatever is narrated in this storyis from ALLAH. There is a great difference between what isfrom Allah and what is from anyoneelse.The most beautiful of storiesis the one that is most truthful, hasthe bestspeech,an honourable aim, hasthe most respectedgoal,and the straightestpathto follow, The storiesof the Hol) Quranthat are used are historical events or incidents which have noelementof fantasy or imagination, They are real! Never the lessthey are unique in their excitementand suspensewith absolutefacts,6
  12. 12. THE EVENTS OF THE STORY AND ITS LESSONSThe story starts with Joseph, peace be upon him, telling hisfather about the strange vision he had while asleep. He waswaiting for its interpretation.A noted companion of the Prophet, Ibn Abbas, saidthat: "visionsof the prophetsare revelationsfrom Allah.""Behold Joseph said to his father: Dh my father I did see eleven stars and thesun and the moon, I saw them prostrate themselves to me."(Yusuf: 4)But his father, Prophet Jacob(Yacub m Arabic) could onlyrevealonesideof the wion to hisson.Thatis, the wion wasatruewion andthattherewasmuchgoodawaitinghim in hislife.Jacobimplored Josephnot to mention this vision to his brothers.Jacobfeared that they would envy him and conspire againsthimin an unbearable way. Thus, we have the first lessonfrom thisstory. Weare encouraged to fulfil our requirements withdiscretion and to deal with others according to their personalqualities and our knowledge of them.Joseph,peacebe upon him, was the yolmgest of the twelve (12)children of Jacob. He was the most preferred to the father andthe most beloved to him. Jacob would meet Joseph with asmiling face and a happy heart. He would listen to what he saidwith interestbe it for simple news or Josephsneeds.His brotherBenjamin enjoyed the same statuswith his father although to alesser degree. The other brothers noticed this preferentialtreatment ftom their father. They startedholding secretmeetings7
  13. 13. to conspire againstJosephin a way that increasedtheir motivesof envy and hatred.They said: "Truly Josephandhis brothcr are loved more by thcir fatherthanwc.But we are a goodlybody! Really our father is wandering (in his mind)! .,(Yusuf: 8)The ten brothers then decided to kill Joseph. They basedtheiraction upon the belief that their father preferred the youngerbrothers Josephand Benjamin over them. They thought that bygetting rid of Josephthey would reconcile themselveswith theirfather. Thus, they thought their fathers heartwould turn to themand their hearts would be cured from remorse and pain causedby Josephspreferred statusover them.There is an important lessonin this for everyMuslim. He shouldnot let his children feel his preference for someof them over theothers. He should not have more concern and care to some ofthem over the others, especiallyif they are of different sex,maleand female, or from different mothers. In my opinion equalitybetween children is a basic condition of justice between wifes.This is a matter that one hasto make sme or be certainof beforethinking about manoyingagain for the second, third, or fourthtime.When the time of thinking and planning had ended the time foraction came. The sons urged their father to send Joseph withthem while they grazed their sheep. They gave him their wordthat they would take careof Joseph.8
  14. 14. They said: "0, our father why dost thou not trust liSwith Joseph,seeingwe areindeedhis sincerewell wishers."(Yusuf: 11)"Send him with us tomorrow to enjoy himselfand playandwe shall take everycare of him,"(Yusuf: 12)As a resultof their insistencetheir father agreedreluctantly.Jacob said: "Really it saddens me that ye should take him away, I fear lest thewolf should devour him while ye attend not to him,"(Yusuf: 13)But the brothers affmned that they would take care of Joseph.Their father was pleasedwhen they told him that Josephwouldhave a chance to enjoy himself and play. Thus they deceivedtheirfather.Josephran with his brothers to the pasture. The brothers tookfrom the fearful words of their father, an excuseto implementtheir plan against Joseph. A consensuswas reached that theywould throw Joseph doWna well and leave him to his fate anddestiny.Then they came to their father in the early part of the nightweeping."(Yusuf: 16)They said: "Oh , our father we went racing with one anotherand left Josephwith ourthings andthe wolf devouredhim, but thou wilt neverbelieveus eventhoughwe tell the truth,"(Yusuf: 17)9
  15. 15. Hence falsehood reveals itself as if the guilty one is sa}ing,,.come and take me,". In the poets words, ..but the eyesof thelistener knows from the eyes of the speaker, whether he is afriend or a foe.,.Later the sonsof Jacobreturned at night so that the eyesof theirfather would not seethem and the darknessof the night wouldcover them. The evidence exposed them and revealed theirconspiracy. Their deceit could not have been hidden from theirfather.They stained his shirt with false:blood. He:said: "Nay but your minds have:madeupa tale (that maypass)with you. For me patienceis mostfitting againstthat which ye assert.It is AlQh(alone) whose:helpcan be:sought:(Yusuf: 18)In this there is a call or a lesson not to be hasty in makingjudgments, but to be deliberate and patient in understandingthesituations; to tackle the situation from all anglesto find out thetruth. There is also a call and a lessonto seekthe help of Allahduring trials, adversity, or problems.It hasbeen stated in this context that there was once a womanwho soughta court judgment from Shuraih. Shecarneto Shuraihweeping and Shabeesaid: "Ob, the father of Ornaya, dont youseeher weeping." Shuraihresponed:"The brothers of Joseph came weeping though they wereoppressorsand liars. It is not proper for a human being bejudgedexceptby the truth. "10
  16. 16. Thenhelpcameto JosephfromHeaven.A caravanpassedbythewell andhewastakenoutof thewell."Then there camea caravanof travellers,They senttheir water carrier (forwater), And he let downhis bucket (into the well) and he said: "Ah, there,goodnews,hereis a (fine)young man!" Sothey concealedhim asa treasure,butAllah knoweth well all that they do,"(Yusuf: 19)The (brethren)sold him for a miserableprice, or a few Dirhams, In such lowestimationdid they hold him,"(Yusuf:20)Allah doesnot neglecthis servants.Be with Allah andbe withoutfear."And for those who fear Allah. He (ever) prepares a way out and He providesfor him from sources he never could imagine."(AI-TaJaq:2&3)That is what is confimled by the incident that Joseph,peacebeupon him, faced in this story.Josephwas later sold in Egypt. He was transferred from onecountry to another and from one hand to another until he wassettled in the house of El-Am. EI-Aziz was the Minister ofTreasury in Egypt at that time and he saw in JosephresoW"cefulnessand righteousness."The man in Egyptwho brought him saidto his wife: "make his stayamongushonorable,Maybe he will bring us muchgood, orwe shall adopt him as a son,"Thus did we establishYusuf in the land,that we mightteach himthe11
  17. 17. interpretation of stories and events.And Allah has full power and control overhis affairs; but mostamongmankind know it not."(Yusuf:21)There was a great difference betweenthe people of the caravanwho sold Joseph for a miserable price, a few Dirhams, andEI-Aziz."1he (Brethren) sold him for a miserableprice. for a few dirhamscountedout:In such low estimationdid they hold him r(Yusuf:20)But EI-Aziz considered him to be a priceless jewel. Evenpaymentswith heapsof gold and silverwould be insufficient.But Josephstrials were to continue in pW"Suitof him.But she in whose househe was, soughtto seducehim from his true self. Shelocked the Doors and said: "Now come thou dearone!" He said: "Allah forbidtruly your husbandis mylord! He mademy sojournagreeable!Truly no goodcometo those who do wrong!"(Yusuf: 23)In the Arabic text of the Quran there is a word "EI-Murawadah",which means seeking to seduce. It really means trickety anddeception. That is conspiring and plotting againstsomeonein avery nice way and using clever deceit.Josephwith his strong faith, morality, and piety, did not want tobetray or deceivethe EI-Aziz. The one who had put him up andwas so generousto him. The one who put him up in his houseand considered him a son. He did not want to meet good withevil and generositywith betrayal and deception. This was a12
  18. 18. great wrong doing and the wrong doers are never successful.This is the morality of a Muslim in all conditions.In a !inn and dignified manner with honor, strength, and faith,Josephsaid:..Allah forbid truly thy husbandis mylord! He made mysoujourn agreeabletrulyno good comesto thoeswho do wrong!"(Yusuf: 23)But the woman was insistent and had prepared for everyeventuality.The wife of El-Aziz had made her decision. Shedesired him and he would have desiredher, if it werent for thefact that he had seenthe evidenceof his Lord again."And (with passion)did shedesire him, andhewould havedesired her, but thathe sawthe evidence of his Lord, Thus (did we order) thatwe mightturn awayfrom him all evil and shamefuldeeds. Forhewas one of our servants,sincereandpurified:(Yusuf: 24)Faced Vith the Wlcontroned desire of this woman, Josephcouldnot do anything except try to escapeto the door. Shechasedhimand held him and in trying free himself of her, his shirt wasripped in the back. Josephsshirt later becamethe elidenceof hisinnocenceas it was the elidenceagainstJosephsbrothersbefore.Thencamehelpashis lord, El-Aziz appearedatthe doorwhichbroughtthe sceneto anend for Josephsbenefit,peacebe uponhim.13
  19. 19. All happening are from the mercy and grace of Allah. Some aresigns of mercy which Allah showers upon his servants andsupporters to facilitate their way. Others are slips and trips inwhich the enemiesof Allah fall similar to the way a moth fallsinto the fire."So he who gives (in charity) and fears Allah and in all sincerity testifies to thebest, we will indeed make smooth for him the path to bliss. But he who is agreedy miser and thinks himself self sufficient and gives the lie to the best wewill indeed make smooth for him the path of misery."(AI-Layle: 5-10)Hence,the coming of EI-A2iz at that crucial moment wasundoubtedlyone of the signs of Allah. It manifested Allahsmercy and grace as it revealed a constant protection for thatservantwho was being prepared for the office of prophethood. AMuslim does not betray his trust or deceive others and if acalamity befalls him, he is ever steadfast.Also, a Muslim doesnot succumb or weakenin the presenceof temptations.So they both raced each other to the door, and she tore his shirt from the back:They both found her lord near the door. She said: "What is the (fitting)punishment for one who formed an evil design against thy wife, but prison ora grievous chastisement?"(Yusu[:25)He said: "It was she that sought to seduce me from my (true) self." And one ofher household saw (this) and bore witness, (thus) "If it be that his shirt is rentfrom the front, then is her tale true, and he is a liar!"(Yusuf: 26)14
  20. 20. "But if it be that his shirt is tom from the back,Then is shethe liar, and he istelling the truth!"(Yusuf:27)So when he sawhis shirt. That it was tom atthe back. (Her husband)said:"Behold! It is a snare of youwomen! Truly, mighty is your snare!"(Yusuf:28)"Dh Joseph,passthis over! (Dh wife) ask forgivenessfor thy sin,for truly thouhastbeen at fault!"(Yusuf: 29)EI-Aziz who was the :Minister of Treasury of Egypt with hisinsight, knowledge, and expertise saw the generosity and goodmorality of Joseph. This led him to bear witness that Josephwasspeakingthe truth. Some other commentators have mentionedthat an infant was in the house and that infant supportedJosephstestimony. This was related by Abu Hurayrah and Ibn Abbas,May Allah be pleasedwith them.The woman exaggeratedin the defenseof her chastityand purityby askingfor the imprisonment of Josephor a tough punishment.Joseph, who was true with his Lord, strongly and confidentlydefendedhimself sa}ing."It wa...she who sought to seduce me from my true self."(Yusuf:26)He said this without the needto confirnt the truth with emphasis,evasion, or by swearing an oath. He left the truth flowingaccordingto its nature, without the needto follow the ways of15
  21. 21. thosewho commit falsehood and lies by swearingand talking toomuch to hide the truth with falsehood. This is the way for aMuslim in his life. His way must be the way of truth and hissaying must be the truth and he should not fear abiding by thetruth or reproach.Thus we can see that the innocence of Josephwas proven. Hewas acquitted from the falsehood and accusationswhich the wifeof EI-Aziz had stated.The wisdom, expertise, and experience of El-Am in manymatterswas manifested when he carneto his wife not to accuseher alone, but to show the universality of this trait in the femalesex.Her husbandsaid: "Behold it is a snareor you women truly mighty is yoursnare."(Yusuf: 28)Then EI-Aziz combining advice, guidance, and reproach for hiswife tW"Iledto Josephandsaid:"0, Joseph pass this over 0"This meant that Josephshould avoid talking about this matter.Then turning to hiswife, he said:"Oh, wife ask forgivenessfor your sinfor truly you have beenat fault,"In the Arabic text of the Quran the word Al-Khateen means,exactly, thou has been from those men and women who are atfault. This is usedinsteadof Al-Khteaat which meansexactly,16
  22. 22. that thou has been ftom those women who are at fault. This isdone asa mitigation or lesseningof the accusationdirected at herto make this sin applicableto both the male sex and female sex,asevery child of Adam is liable to fall into sin. She must confessthis sin, at leastto herself, and askher lord for forgiveness andrepentance.This incident was soon spread in the fonD of a rumour on thelips ofpeople throughout the city. This occurred eventhough theincident was known only to a very closed circle which includedEI-Anz, his wife, and Joseph. Among the people, the womenwere the majority ofthose searchingfor the secrets ofthe housesand they were the most capable of uncovering thesesecretsanddivulging them.The incidentof El-Aziz soonbecameknownamongthe womenandbecamethe subjectof gossip.Ladi~ said in the city: "the wife of the great Aziz is seeking to seduce herslave from his true self; Truly hath he inspired her with violent love. We see sheis evidently going astray:(Yusuf: 30)When this gossipreachedEI-Azjz and his wife, the wife thoughtlong and hard on how to entrap these women who weregossiping about her. She prepared food and comfortable seatingfor them and she gave everyone of them a knife to use on theirfood. She then asked Josephto appearamongstthem while theywere inattentive.When Josephcamebefore them in his handsomeappearanceandpresence,they without thinking cut their handsasthey were17
  23. 23. looking at him. After having filled their eyes lith the angelicappearance of Joseph, they realized that their wounds werebleeding. They then cried out from the depthsof their hearts.,.Allah preselVeus no mortal is this! This is noneother than a noble angel:(Yusuf: 31)The.womentold her that shewas not to be blamed or reproachedafter what they had seen.Joseph,peace and blessingsbe uponhim, was endowed with a portion of beauty as has been provenin the narration of EI-lsra (the ascensionof the Prophet). Thewife of El-Am proved undoubtedly that Josephwas loved forhis handsome appearance, mannerism, and morality. Sheconfessedthat shehad soughtto seducehim from histrue self."She said there before you is the man about whom you did blame me! I did seekto seduce him from his true self but he did firmly save himself guiltless!"(Yusuf:32)With thisconfessionit canbe seenthatthe childrenof Adamarefallible. Thisconfmnsthateverysoulhearsevilwhispers.This obliges every Muslim to reconsider what has spreadin oursociety today. Such as using servants,drivers, baby sitters, andmaids in our homes. A Muslim should think and ponder over theeW and moral decaythat the societywill reap from suchthings.Andin the sayingof the ladies,"The wife oi the great Aziz. seeking to seduce her slave from his true self."(Yusuf: 30)18
  24. 24. The addition of EI-Aziz in this verseis to show the magnitudeofthe sinfulnessof the incident. People are inclined to listen to thenews of thosein power.We deduce from this, that anyone who is in a high position isrequired to care more about his reputation than others and is tobe an example in every matter. But the righteous and Godfearing Joseph, who was being prepared by Allah for hismessage,challenged the power of his lady lord by resorting toAllah to provide him with his mercy, care, and protection and toavertevil from him. He said:"Dh, my lord prisonis more to my liking than that to which they invite me.Unlessthou turn awaytheir snarefrom me, I should in my youthful folly feelinclined toward them andjoin the ranks of the ignorant."(Yusuf:33)The one who takes refuge in Allah and comes under hisprotection and is truthful in his faith must get from Allah hisrequest."SoHis lord harkened to him in his prayer and turn away from him their snare.Verily he heareth and knoweth (all things.)"(Yusuf: 34)A Muslim should always seek refuge in Allah and pray withsincerity to Him. A Muslim should not take refuge in humanbeings like himself, even if such persons do manifest worldlypower and strength.They, like himself, arepowerless.19
  25. 25. If a matter of Allah has already been decreed it cannot beadvanced or delayed, and it cannot be repelled by evil or halm,exceptby the command of Allah.Josephchose prison to escapetemptation (fitna). This was whatAllah decreedin order to remove him from the temptationof thesituation. In two SahibHadith, the Prophet (pbbh) said:"There will be seven personssheltered under the shadeof Allahon the day of judgment and there will be no other shadebut hisshade.They are:A just rulerA young man who passeshis youth in worship andserviceof Allah, the lord of honor andglory.One whose heart is habitually attached to theMosque.Two suchpersonswho love eachother for the sakeof Allah.Theywhojoin togetherfor hissakeAnd partedfor hissakeA man who is invited for sin by a rich and beautifulwoman but declines,saying,I fear Allah."The next ordeal of Josephwas his imprisonment. It was plottedby the wife of EI-A:ziz or El-A:ziz himself, after of course, theWill of Allah.20
  26. 26. The imprisonment of Josephcoincided with the imprisonment oftwo other young men. It is possible that the two young men wereimprisoned with Josephon the same day becauseof an incidentthat happenedin the kings palace.So it was a good opportunityfor Joseph to be imprisoned. In the midst of those incidents,fabricated accusations and calumnies could easily be leveledagainst thoseconsideredundesirablein order to getrid of them.Truth imposes itse)f and knowledge lifts its holder high. Josephwas able to gain the confidence of his companions in prison byhis high morality, character, thoughtful judgment andinsight. Hefound solutions to their problems and was entrusted with theirsecrets.He took it upon hirnse)fto advise,guide and call them tomonotheism. He also interpreted their dreams which often cameto pass.This is the way of a Muslim, the true Muslim. To be sublime inhis affairs and to take advantageof any opportunity to conveythemessagefor the cause of Allah. A Muslim must have sinceritywhile conveying the messageand be fully certain that Allah is theOne besidewhom thereis no partner."Now with him there came into prison two young men. One of them saying: 1see myself (in a dream) pressing wine. Said the other: "1 see myself (in a dream)carrying bread on my head and birds are eating thereof. Tell us (they said) thetruth and the meaning thereof for we see that thou art one that does good. "(Yusuf: 36)21
  27. 27. He said: "Before anyfood comes (in due course)to feed either of you, I willsurelyrevealthe truth and meaning of this ere it befall you,This is part of thedutywhich my Lord has taught me, I have, I assureyou, abandonedthe ways ofa people that believe not inAllah and that evendenythe Hereafter,"(Yu5uf: 37)"And I follow the ways of myfathers, Abraham, Issac,andJacob;And nevercould we attribute anypartners whateverto Allah: that (comes)of the grace ofAllah to us andto mankind: yet most menare notgrateful.(Yusuf: 38)"Oh, mytwo companionsof the prison, I ask you. Are manylords differingamongthemselvesbetter, or the One Allah, the Supremeand Irresistible?"(Yusuf:39)"If nothim, ye worship nothing but nameswhich ye have named,ye and yourfathers, for which Allah has sentno authority. The commandis for none butAllah. He hath commandedthatye worship none but him; This is the rightreligion, but mostmenunderstandnot,"(Yusuf:40)"Oh, mytwo companions ofthe prison, As to one of you, hewill pourfor hislord to drink: As for the other,he will hangfrom the crossandthe birds will eatfrom off his head. So hath beendecreedthat matter whereofye twain doinquire."(Yusuf: 41)"And of the two, to that onewhom he consideredaboutto be saved,he said:"mention meto thy lord." But Satanmadehim forgetto mention him to his lord:And thus Josephlingered in prison a few moreyears."(Yusuf: 42)22
  28. 28. The king of Egypt saw a strange vision that confused andhonified him. This led him to gather all the magicians,soothsayers,and astrologerstogether. He told them what he hadseen. He asked them to interpret the vision, but they were allunableto do so, asthis was decreedby Allah.Then one of the companionsof Joseph,who was out of prison atthat time told the king about the knowledge of Joseph in theinterpretation of dreams. He asked the king to send him to theprison to seekthe interpretation of the dream. With that camethereleaseof Josephfrom prison and relief from his problems.Josephthen explainedthe visionplan. This plan was to becircumstanceswhich would soonThe King of Egypt said, "1do see in a vision sevenfat cows and sevenleanonesdevoureredand sevengreen earsof com andsevenother withered, All youchiefs expoundto me my visions, They saida confused melodyof dreamsandwe are not skilled in the interpretation of dreams,"(Yusu(:43)"But the manwho had beenreleased,one of the two who had beenimprisonedwith Yusuf andwho now bethoughthim after so long a spaceof time said: " Iwill tell youthe truth of it interpretationsendmetherefore,"(Yusuf:44)"Oh, Yusur, he said, "Ob man of truth, expound to us the dream of seven fatcows whom seven lean ones devourered and of seven green ears of corn and ofseven others withered, that I may return to the people and that they mayunderstand:(Yusuf:46)23of theking andthendrewup afollowedin light of difficultengulfthe countryandpeople.
  29. 29. Yusuf said,"for sevenyearsshall you diligently sow asis your want,ThehaIVestthat you reap,you shall leavethem in the earexcepta little of which youshall eat,"(Yusuf:47)Then will come after that period sevendreadfulyearswhich will devourerwhatyou shall havelaid by in advancefor them, All excepta little which youshallhave speciallyguarded,"(Yusuf:48)"Then will come after that period a year in which the people will have abundantwater in which they will press wine and oil:(Yusuf:49)The King was convinced of the interpretation of his vision. Headmired the knowledge of the interpreter, Joseph, and hisopinion on the effective coW"Seof actionto face the forthcomingdifficult circumstances.So the King said:"bring ye him unto me,"But Josephrefused the Kings invitation. The joy of freedom didnot preoccupy his mind from requesting investigation of thereasonfor his imprisonment to prove publicly his innocence.Hewanted to regain his dignity and clear his name to those whothought ill of him. Therefore Joseph said to the Kingsmessenger:"Go back to your lord and ask him what is the state of mind of the ladieswhocut their hands. For my lord is certainly wellaware of their snare,"(Yusuf:SO)24
  30. 30. The true believerdoes not fear reproachin the causeof truth andthe innocent.hand does not fear to be cut off. The dedicationtoachieve a good reputation and to live with honor and dignitywithout any senseof servility and humiliation is the way of aMuslim and his motto.The requestof the imprisoned Josephstruck the earsof the Kingasa thunder bolt and causedhim to recall the incidence from thebeginning. He, therefore, ordered an investigation and theinvolved ladieswere questionedagain.The King said to the ladies: What was your affair when you did seek to seduceYusuf from his true self?The ladies could find only the true answer that could no longerbe hidden.The ladiessaid, "Allah preserveus! No evil knowwe againsthim, SaidtheAzizs wife: "Now is the truth manifest(to all): it was I who soughtto seducehim from his (true) self: He is indeed of those who are (ever)true(andvirtuous),"(Yusuf: 51)All testified to the purity, chastity, and good morality of Joseph.Even the wife of EI-Aziz could not but join in the testimony. Shecame out of her embarrassmentand sobriety to admit beyondany doubt that she was the one who tried to seducehim as hasbeenmentioned in theverse.A right with a seekeris never lost. The right to justice that Josephhad lost was regainedasa resultof his insistenceand desireto25
  31. 31. conftm1 it and to prove it. Thus every right is regained jf itsseekeris truthful and sincerein trying to regainit.Joseph got out of prison after being proven innocent of thatheinous accusationand stood before the King confidently mthhis head held high. The King was attracted by his speech,theintegrity of his opinion, and his eloquenceand allowed him theopportlmity to stayin hispalace.Tllerefore, when he had spokento him, He said: "Be assuredthis day thou art,before our 0wn presence,with rank.finnly established.And fidelity fullyproved."(Yusuf: 54)Josephchosethe most suitablejob which he was most capableofhandlingand organizing.This was possible becausehe was fully acquainted with his ownabilities.Yusuf said: "set me overthe storehousesofthe land: I will indeedguardthem.As one that knows (their importance),"(Yusuf:55)Because Egypt was to receive seven years of fertility to befollowed by sevenyears of famine, there had to be strictness,effective management,and careful planning of resources. ThusJoseph (in the previous verse) placed his role as a guardianbefore his knowledge. Guardianship may be sufficient withoutknowledge in the above circumstances.Vhereasif knowledge isutilized without guardianship, good will not be achievedin suchcircwnstances.26
  32. 32. The solution of somematters requiresknowledge, others requireexperience. Some cannot dispense with either knowledge orexperience.In this is a clarification of the relationship betweenaMuslim, his work, and his position. A muslim needsto choosewhat suitshis inclinationsand desiresin so far ashe is able to doso. And in doing so, it is permissible for him to praise himselfand reveal his qualificationsif peopleare ignorant of them as ourProphet Yusuf (peace andBlessingBe Upon Him) did.With every hardship there is relief and this is conf1rn1edby thesayingof Allah the exalted:"So verily with e/ery difficult there is relief, Verily with every difficulty there isrelief,"(AI-Inshirah: 5)One difficulty cannot defeattwo reliefs asthe messengerof Allahsaid. To the true believers, the end of fate is to felicity andgoodness.Later, after imprisonment, chastisement,mental, and physicalhumiliation, Josephwaspromoted to a position with a high socialstatus."Thus did we give established power to Joseph in the land, to take possessiontherein as, in when, or where he pleased. We bestow of our mercy on whom weplease, and we suffer not to be lost, the reward of those who do good:"But verily the reward of the Hereafter is the best, for those who believe, andare constant in righteousness:(Yusuf: 56-57)27
  33. 33. If the righteous and god fearing believer cannot achievefelicity,goodness,and happinessin this world he will surely achievethemin the hereafter. A Muslim, hence must increase his trust andconfidence in his Creator and do what is pleasingto his Lord inall spheresof his life.Josephsinterpretation of the Kings vision was fulfilled as thesevenfertile years passedand were followed by sevenyears offamine which engulfed the whole country.Egypt, due to the skilled management and wise guardian ofJoseph,had stored enoughduring the 1st sevenfertile years andwas fully prepared for the coming event. This action guaranteedEgypts prosperity so much so that Egypt became the land towhich travellers would come seeking provisions and supplies.Among those who came seeking provisions were Josephsbrothers.Then cameYusufs brethren:They enteredhis presence,and he knew them,butthey knew him not,"(Yusuf: 58)They did not know him becausethey neither expectedto meethim again nor did they ever expect that he would hold such ahigh position asthe manwho was standingin front of them held.Josephworked out a trick to ensure that they would come backto Egypt again and again. He talked to them and obtained somenews about them. He then continned to them that he would notgive them their measure of com again until they brought their28
  34. 34. brother Benjamin to confum the authenticity of the informationwhich they had told him.Becausehe trusted their honesty and their fathers honesty, heleft their stock which they brought in exchange for the goodsthey receive in their saddlebags. This was done to make themthink that it was placed there by mistake. Thus, encouragingthem to return to Egypt to bring the stock back to him even ifthey did not intend to return for additional provisions."And when he had furnished them forth with provisions (suitable) foJthem, hesaid: "bring unto me a brother you have of the same father as yourselves (but ofa different mother). See ye not that I payout full measure, and that I do providethe best hospitality?"(Yusuf: 59)"Now ifye bring him not to me, ye shall have no measure (of corn) from me, norshall ye even come near me,"(Yusuf: 60)They said: "We shall certainly seek to get our wish about him from his father:Indeed we shall do it,"(Yu5uf: 61)"And Josephtold his servantsto put their stock in trade (with which they havebartered)into their saddlebags,so that they should know it onlywhen theyreturnedto their people. in order thatthey might come back"(Yusuf:62)They went back to their father with this ominous news to seekhisagreementin allowing their brother to accompanythem.29
  35. 35. They would use this piece of ne~s as a weapon in theirpsychologicalwar with their father."Now whenthey returnedto their father, they said: "Oh, ourfather! No moremeasureof grain shall we get (unlesswe take our brother): So send our brotherwith us, that we mayget our measure;And we will indeedtake e..erycare of him."(Yusuf: 63)Prophet Jacobcould only but yield to their request,especiallyafter they hadsaid:"Oh, our father! What (more) canwe desire?This our stock andtrade has beenreturned to,us: Sowe shall get more food for our family; We shall take care ofour brother; and add (at the same time)a full camels load (of grain to ourprovisions).This is but a small quanity.(Yusuf: 65)This shows us that if a Muslim is provided with proof andevidence during an argument, he should believe and beconvinced. He is not to deal with others with suspicion and illfeeling. With this view of dependenceand trust in Allah, Jacobtook an oath from his sons to bring back their brother mless amatter beyond their power or control befell them. Hence,showing his belief in destiny, its good and its evil. With the kindand merciful heart of an ailing faithful father, Jacobadvised hissonsprior to their departure. He advisedthem with that whichwould benefit them and protect them from evil. And in the lightof understanding the rule of adopting causes and takingprecautions, Jacobadvisedthem with thefollowing:30
  36. 36. Further he said: "Oh my sons! Enter not all by one gate: Enter ye by differentgates. Not that I can profit you aught against Allah (with my advice): On him doI put my trust: And let all that trust put their trust on him:(Yusuf:67)The sons implemented this adl1ceand entered from where theirfather commanded. Josephintroduced himself to his brother andaskedhim to hide this secretuntil the time cameto divulge it..Hethen confmed his brother from among them to let them face atough ordeal as they had given their father a strong oath to keepand return their brother. The retribution meted out to them wasthe samekind meted out to Joseph.Once they gave their fatheran oath to take care of Joseph, but they had deliberately andwillingly betrayedtheir trust with their own hands.They had lost Josephdeliberatelyand here againthey would losetheir brother Benjamin whom they had been entrusted with andevenhad taken an oathto his careandsafety. But this time it wasnot deliberate.However innocent theywere this time, astheyhadnocontrol over the events, with regard to loosing their brother,their first pre"10uswrongful action with Josephis now causingthem the punishment which they had thus far been able toescape.Thus,justice will eventuallysettleits debts with people. Ifa culprit escapes its grip for a certain crime without beingpunished. Later he may be accusedof a crime for which he isinnocent. Then he will receivethe retribution for the crime whichhe had committed earlierand did not gethis due punishment.Theplan of Josephwas to place the great beaker of the Kingfrom which he drank into his botherssaddlebags.When theyhadtraveled some distance, he chased them and called uponthem:31
  37. 37. "Oh ye (in) the caravan!Behold! Ye are thieves,without doubt! They said,turning towards them: "What is it thatye miss?"(Yusuf:70)They said: "We miss the greatbeaker of the King; For him who producesit, is(the reward) of a camelload; I will bebound by it."(Yusuf:72)The brothers)said: "By Allah! Well ye knowthat we came notto make mischiefin the land,andwe areno thieves!"(Yusuf: 73)(The Egyptians)said: "What then ~hallbethe penalty ofthis. if ye are (proved)to havelied?"(Yusuf:74)They said: "The penalty should be that he in whose saddlebag it is found shouldbe held (as bondman) to atone for the crime. Thus it is, we shall punish thewrongdoers!"(Yusuf: 75)"So he began(the search)with their baggage,before(he cameto) the baggageof his brother: At length he brought it out of his brothers baggage.Thus did weplan forJoseph. "He could nottake his brotherby the law of the King exceptthat Allah willed it (so). We raiseto degrees(of wisdom) whomwe please:butoverall enduedwith knowledge is One,The All Knowing."(Yusuf:76)A Muslim should always be ready and prepared for any matterand he doesnot hold accountableanyone exceptthe offender.32
  38. 38. "No bearer of burdenscanbearthe burdenof another:(AI-Isra: 15)He believes that no matter how far he has reached throughknowledge, high status, or prestige in the sight of people, thereare still above his knowledge many stepsand above these steps,other steps until they all pour into the infinity of divineknowledge. Therefore a Muslim should not becomeself-conceited by his knowledge or boast about hisunderstanding, but rather he should humble himself trulybelieving the sayingof theExalted:"Of knowledge it is only a little that is communicatedto you (Oh men),"(AI-Isra:85)The sonsof Jacobwere at a loss when the accusationstruckthemandtheyrealizedthattheirbrotherwastrapped.Theycouldnot find anything with which to defend themselvesexceptseparatingthemselvesfrom thestrongrelationshipbetweenthemandtheirbrother.They said: "if he steals, there was a brother of his who did steal before (him):The two brothers, Josephand Benjamin were only their brothersfrom their fathers side. Their motherswere different. Josephheard this accusationleveled athim and his brother."But thesethings Yusuf did keep locked in his heart revealing notthesecretsto them,"(Yusuf:77)33
  39. 39. He was not overpressingor a manof hasteashe gathered theproofs and evidence that would eventually end the matter andfind the culprit. The culprit would be presented with his fullrecord, so clear and precise that he could not evade fullconfession, remorse, pardon, and repentance to achievereformation.Josephsbrothers pleaded strongly to take one of them in theplaceof Benjamin and to have mercy on their father.But Josephresponded:He said: "Allah forbid that we take other than him with whom we found ourproperty: Indeed (if we do so), we should be acting wrongfully."(Yusuf: 79)It is not righteous to capture the innocent in the place of theguilty. This constitutesan injustice which is not in line at all 1thrighteousness.1len the sonsof Jacobcould not find a way to get Josephtorelease their brother from bondage, they got together anddiscussedtheir plight. The eldest son became grieved, worriedand embarrassed to meet his father due to his feelings ofresponsibility with regard to his negligence of his two brothers,Josephand Benjamin, andsaid:Therefore will I not leave this land until my father permits me. or Allahcommands me; and He is the best to command,"(Yusuf: 80)34
  40. 40. The rest of the brothers returned to their father and told himwhat had happened.Turn ye backto yourfather, andsay.Oh our father! Behold! thy soncommitted theft! We bearwitness onlyto whatwe know, andwe could not wellguard againstthe unseen!"(Yusuf: 81)"Ask at the town where we havebeenandthe caravanin which we returned,and (you will find) we are indeedtelling the truth."(Yusuf:82)Look at how the truth makesits. holder speak. The speechwasthat of one confident in himself; One not requiring proofs ore~dence, nor lots of swearing, blabbing, wrong doing, orargumentsto cover up his position.A believer is not stung on the same spot twice. Hence we fmdJacob receMng this piece of news with doubt of theirtruthfulness.Yucob said: " Nay, but ye haveyourselvescontrived a story (good enough)foryou. So patienceis mostfitting (for me)."And he spoke in the languageof a true sincere believerwho fullytrusted in his Lords justice.So patience is most fitting (for me) maybe Allah will bring them back all to me(in the end), For he is indeed full of knowledge and wisdom:(Yusuf: 83)That is how he trusted in his Lord and hoped for hisbounties35
  41. 41. and blessings. Jacob turned away from his sons "ith greatsuffering of grief, distress, and the pain of separation from hissons. When his sonsnoticed that theysaid: .,Father, have mercyon yourself."They said: "By Allah! (Never) wilt thou cease to remembc:r Josc:ph until thourc:ach thc: last c:xtrc:mity of illnc:ss, or until thou die!"(Yusuf: 85)He answeredthem saying:"I only complain of my distraction and anguishto Allah, and 1 know fromAllahthatwhich ye knownot:(Yusuf: 86)"0. my sons! Go ye and enquire about Joseph and his brother. and never give uphope of Allahs soothing mercy: Truly no one despairs of Allahs soothingmercy. except those who have no faith."(Yu5uf: 87)A true believer resorts only to Allah. He does not complainexceptto him. He stands at his door seeking his grace. He is atrue believerwho trustsin hislord without any despair.Despair isa form of suspicion of Allah and the unbeliever is the only onewho suspects Allah as he doesnt fully know him or believe inhim.Josephsbrothers returned to Egypt as it was a must for them toreturn for provisions and supplies. There was also the matter oftheir eldestbrother who took an oath upon himself not to returnuntil his father gave him pennission or whatever Allah decreed.Also, there was their brother who was taken forcefully fromthem.36
  42. 42. They went to Josephasking for his pro~sions and charity. Theyexplained their condition, the conditions of their family, andfather after the absenceof their brother who was capturedthere.The heart of Joseph was full of tenderness, sympathy,compassion, and eagernessfor his brothers and his tarniIy. Thetime for divulging his secretfinally came.He askedthem:"Knaw ye howye dealt with Josephandhis brother. not knowing(whatye were doing)?"(Yu5uf: 89)This question stilTed up surprise and astonishmentin them forthey were the only ones along ~th Josephwho knew the secret.Hence they all calledout:"Art thou indeedJoseph? He said: "I am Joseph,andthis is mybrother: Allahhas indeedbeengracious to us(all): behold,he that is righteous and patient,neverwill Allah suffer the reward to be lost, of thosewho do right."(Yusur: 90)The responseof Josephwas a tough lessonto be learned by hisbrothers in dealing Mth others Mthont en-vy or jealousy.Evet:yoneis destinedfor that which he has beencreatedfor. Hisbrothers were remorseful and heartbroken at what they had done.They confessedto their sinsaying:"By Allah! Indeed has Allah pre[elTedtheeabove us,andwe certainly havebeenguilty of sin!"(Yusuf:91)37
  43. 43. Josephforgavethemsaying:"This day let no reproachbe (cast) onyou: Allah will forgive you, and He is theMost Merciful of thosewho showmercy!"(Yusuf:92)Thiswasa dayof pardon,forgiveness,andrepentance.A dayofreunion,hugging,love, serenity,mercy,andrepentance.It wasthe forgivenessfestivalwhereblameand reproachwere absent,onlyforgiveness,satisfaction,andrepentancewerethere.Josephthengave an order which wasinstantly followed:"Go with this my shirt and cast it over theface of my father: He will tome to see (clearly),Then come ye (here) to me together with all your family,"Yusuf: 93)What a shirt! It holds a great significance as it was the evidencepresented by his brothers to prove that the wolf had devouredJoseph.It was their fathersproof of their deceit. It presentedalsoa clear proof to absolve Josephof what he had beenaccusedof.Finally, it was the cure to his fathers loss of sight and the-curetohis fathers distressand grief.The family was reunited and the honorable Josephclimbed upthe throne and raised his parents high on it. His brothers stoodbefore him peacefully and they all prostrated in praise andgratitude to Allah. Hence, Josephs~sion which he saw in hischildhood wasfulfilled.38
  44. 44. "Oh my father! This is the fulfilment of my vision ofold! Allah hath made itcometrue! He was indeedgood to mewhen he took me out of prison andbrought you (all here) out of the desert,(even)afterSatanhadsown enmitybetweenme and my brothers,"(Yusuf: 100)Glory be to Allah the Exalted in power, the Greatand alwaystrue areHis words."But it is possible that ye maydislike a thing which is good for you, and thatyema)love a thing which is badfor you. But Allah knoweth. andye know not,"(Al-Baqarah: 216)Xti1l0could ever believe the events which befell Joseph? Thecasting of him into the well, the falling into the hands of thetravellers, his selling in Egypt for the miserable price of a fewdurhams, the plot of his lady lord and her plot with a group ofladies, and his imprisonment. 1110thought or could put into hismind that these eventswere the woven strings of a throne or acrown for a new king. A king who wasborn from the conflictsand sat on that greatthrone and was magnificently crowned. Allof that could not come into being without the decree of thePowerful and the All Mighty Allah.Verily.when He intendsa thing. His commandis. "Be", and it is!"(Ya Sin:82)Allah holds the causeswith his mercy and decreeseventswith hiscommand which then flow with his wisdom.Status, prestige, and abundant bounties did not make Josephforget the Bestowerof bountiesand the King of Kings, in whose39
  45. 45. hands are everything. Joseph saw that it was incumbent uponhim to be grateful to Allah, the Exalted, for what he hadshoweredhim with. Hencehe turned to him in prayer."Oh myLord! Thou hastindeedbestowed onme somepower. and taught mesomething of the interpretation of dreamsandevents.Oh thou Creator oftheheavensand the earth! Thou art my Protector in this world and in the Hereafter,Take thou my soul (at death)asone submitting to Thy will (as a Muslim), andunite me with the righteous,"(Yusuf: 101)A Muslim should realize that the actionsof this life are theprovisionsfor the Hereafter.Toward this he shouldzealouslypreparehimself. Miserableis the one who does notprepare.Looking closely at this story and pondering over it will reveal thatit constitutes a victory for morality and virtue, and a defeat forwhims and carnal desires. A victory for forgivenessand pardonand a defeat for jealousy andenVY.It also revealsthe strengthand weaknessof human beings. The strength, if a human beingreturns to the power of his mind and listens to the inspiration ofhis conscienceand if he knows the limits of his humanity andfeels wholeheartedly that he is no more than Allahs creature onearth. That he is one who has beencreatedto rule andgovern bywhat Allah has prescribed. And if in his weakness, if hesurrendersto his whims and carnal desires and hands over hiswill to his evil whispering soul he is destine for destruction. Thispicture is clearly manifestedto thosewho witnessit.There is in their stories instructions Cormenenduedwith understanding.It isnot atale invented but a coniirmation oCwhat went beCoreit a detailedexposition oCall things and aguide and a mercyto any suchasbelieve,"(Yusuf: 111)40
  46. 46. MORAL ASPECTS OF THE STORY OF YUSUFThe eventsand the charactersof this story tackled the positiveand negative aspectsin the life of a human being with moralityand strength of character. The Muslim youth has to choosethestraight way for himself. Allah spoke the truth when he said:"Weshowedhim the way,whetherhebe gratefulorW1grateful."(Insan: 3)Themoral aspectsof Islamthatthisstoryhasmanifestedare:1. Seek help frOlr- those who are knowledgeable andexperienced.Others maybe more knowledgeableandcapablethan you in solving your problems."BeholdJosephsaidto hisfather:"Ob, my fatherI did seeelevenstarsandthe sunandthemoon. I sawthempros1ratethemselvesto me."(Yusuf:4)2.Explaining the danger of parents being overlyemotional with someof their children."Theysaid:Truly Josephandhisbrotherarelovedmore by our fatherthanwe. Butwe area goodlybody. Reallyourfatheris obviouslywandering(in hismind)."(Yusu(8)"Slayye Josephor casthim outto some(unknown)land,thatsothe favourof yourfathermaybegivento you alone.(Therewill betime enough)foryouto berighteousafterthat."(Yusuf 9)41
  47. 47. 3. Not to panic during an adversity or calamity and tokeep cahn and patient with a strongbelief in destiny."They stained his shirt with false blood. He said: "Nay, but your minds havemade up a tale (that may pass)with you. (For me)patienceis mostfitting:Against that which ye assert,it is Allah (alone)whose help canbe sought:(Yusuf: 18)People evaluatematters from different points of /iewdepending upon their different backgrounds andmentalities.4."The (brethren) sold him for a miserableprice, for a few dirh~mscountedout. Insuch low estimationdid they hold him!"(Yusuf: 20)This was the view held by the people of the caravan,but the one who bought him in Egypt realized hisvalue andvirtue."The man in Egyptwho broughthim saidto his wife: "make his stay(among us)honorablemaybehe will bring us much good, or we shall adopthis asa son,"(Yusuf: 21)5.Being chaste when there is a strong call torespond to the animalistic sexual instincts in thepresenceof enticing and tempting factors."Butshein whosehousehewas,soughtto seducehim from his (true)self:Shefastenedthedoors,andsaid:"Now come,thou(dearone)! Hesaid:"Allahforbid! Truly (thy husband)ismylord! Hemademy sojournagreeable!Trulyto no goodcomethosewho dowrong!"(Yusuf: 23)42
  48. 48. 6. Not to rush into making or issuing judgementalstatements, but to deliberate the matter and turn itupside down before reaching a verdict for a finaldecision."Sowhenhe sawhisshirt,thatit wastom ftomtheback,herhusbandsaid:"Behold! It isasnareof youwomen! Truly mightyis yoursnare!(Yusuf: 28)"Oh, Joseph,passthisover! Ob.wife, askforgivenessfor thy sin, for trulythouhastbeenatfault!(Yusuf 29)7.Obeying Allah during prosperity, resorting to Allahduring any adversity, and having assuranceof thedivine positive responseeven if delayed are the traitsof a believing Muslim."Hesaid:"Ob, myLord! Theprisonis moreto myliking thanthatto whichtheyinvite me:Unlessthou turn awaytheirsnarefromme, I showdin myyouthful folly feelinclinedtowardsthemandjoin the ranksoftheignorant."(Yusuf: 33)Hesaid:"It is onlyto Allah thatI complainof my deepgriefandmy sorrow:for I know, from Allah, somethingthatyou do notknow."(Yusuf: 86)Calling people to the path of Allah whenever theopportunity presents itself by acting as a goodexampleand using strongand convincing argument.8.43
  49. 49. "Ob,my two companionsof thepriso~! I askyou:Are many lordsdifferingamongthemselvesbetter,or Allah ,theOne, Supremeand Irresistible?"(Yusuf: 39)"If not Him,ye worshipnothingbutnameswhichye havenamed,ye andyourfathers.ForwhichAllah hathsentdownno authority:thecommandisfornonebutAllah: He hathcommandedthatye worshipnonebuthim: thatisthe rightreligion,but mostmenunderstandnot."(Yusuf: 40)9. Tolerance, good character, and giing full advice towhoever hasconsultedyou."Butthemanwho hadbeenreleased"oneof thetwo (whohadbeeninprison),.andwho now bethoughthim after(solong)aspaceof time,said:"Iwill tell youthe truth of itsinterpretation:Sendyeme(therefore)."(Yusuf:45)"Oil. Joseph!Hesaid:"Oil. man oftIUth, expoundto usthedreamof sevenfatkine whomsevenleanonesdevour.andof sevengreenearsof comand(seven)otherswithered: ThatI may ret1,1ffito thepeople.andthattheymayunderstand."(Yusuf: 46)Josephrespondedto his foffiler companion withoutharshness or reprimanding, even though thecompanion failed to mention Joseph to his mastersooner. Joseph designeda plan for his companionto deal with the coming event in a manner thatwould not shock him. Moreover his words to hisbrothers after facing them:44
  50. 50. "Thisdayletno reproachbe castonyou: Allah will forgiveyou, andHe isthe MostMerciful of thosewho showmercy!"(Yusuf: 92)10. The practical challengeof a Muslim to others uponassuranceof his truthfulness and innocence and thathe is the holder of truth."Sotheking said:"Bringyehim Wltome." Butwhenthemessengercarnetohim, Josephsaid:"Gothoubackto thy lord, andaskhim, whatisthestateofmind of theladieswho cut theirhands? Formy Lord is certainlywellawareof theirsnare."(Yusuf 50)"(Theking)said(to theladies):" Whatwasyouraffairwhenye did seektoseduceJosephfrom is (true)self?" Theladiessaid:"Allahpreserveus! Noevilknowwe againsthim! SaidtheAzizswife: Nowis the truthmanifest(toall): It was I who soughtto seducehim fromhis (true)self:He isindeedofthosewho are(ever)true(andvirtuous)."(Yusuf: 51)11. Beautifify onese]fwith the bestmorals andqualifications."Sotheking said:"Bring!:rimuntome; I will take!:rimspeciallyto serveaboutmy ownperson."Thereforewhenhehadspokento !:rim,hesaid:Beassuredthisday,thouart,beforeour own presence,withrankfirn1lyestablishedand fidelity fully proved!"(Yusuf: 54)45
  51. 51. 12.Present your credentials and introduce yourself ifsuitationsor circumstancesrequire it."Josephsaid:"Setmeoverthestorehousesof theland:I will indeedguardthem,asonethatknows(theirimportance)."(Yusuf 55)13.The necessityof accurateplansand arrangementstoachievethedesiredandrightobjectives..And Josephtold his servantsto puttheir stockin trade(with whichtheyhavebartered)into theirsaddlebags,so theyshouldknowit onlywhentheyreturnto theirpeople,in orderthattheymightcomeback."(Yusuf 62)So Joseph placed their stock in their saddlebagstosecmetheir return.14. It is important not to be careless in dealing withmatters but to be prepared and to take the necessaryprecautions. It is appropriate to fulfil the meaning ofthe old saying: "Tie yom cameland trustm Allah":"Furtherhesaid:Db, mysons!Enternotall by onegate:Enterye bydifferentgates.Not thatI canprofit you aughtagainstAllah (with myadvice):NonecancommandexceptAllah: Onhim do I put my trust:andletall thattrustputtheir 1ruston Him."(Yusuf: 61)15. The recognizing with humbleness and confessionthat the knowledge of a man is predestinedby Allah.And that aU the knowledge of a personis nothing incomparisonto the knowledge of Allah.46
  52. 52. "When Josephattainedhis full manhQ?d,Wegavehim powerandknowledge:ThusdoWe rewardthosewho doright."(Yusuf: 22)"Weraiseto degrees(of wisdom)whomweplease:Butoverall enduedwithknowledgeis One,TheAll Knowing."(Yusuf: 76)16. The ideal kindnesstoward parents."Go with thismy shirt,andcastit overthefaceof my father:He will cometosee(clearly)Thencomeye (here)to metogetherwith all yourfamily."(Yusuf: 93)In Josephsposition towards his family, Allah says:"Thenwhentheyenteredthepresenceof Joseph,heprovidedahomefor hisparentswith hirnself.andsaid:"Enterye Egypt(all) in safetyif it pleaseAllah."(Yusuf: 99)"And heraisedhisparentshigh onthethrone(of dignity),andtheyfell downin pros1ration,(all)beforehim."(Yusuf 100)17. Acknowledging of the bounties of Allah and beingvery grateful even during preoccupation with themand being pleased with Allahs decrees.47
  53. 53. Hesaid:"Oh, myfather! Thisisthe fulfilmentof my visionofold! Allah hathmadeit cometrue! Hewasindeedgoodto mewhenhetookme out ofprisonandbroughtyouallhereout ofthedesert,evenafterSatanhad sownenmity betweenmeandmy brothers.Verily my Lord understandethbestthemysteriesof all thathe plannethto do. ForverilyHeis full ofknowledgeandwisdom." .(Yusuf 100)18. The confession of sin and seeking repentance fromAllah with the realization that infallibility is for Allahalone.SaidtheAziZs wife: "Nowis the truth manifest(to all): It-wasI who soughtto seducehim fromhis (true)self:Heis indeedof thosewho are(ever)true(andvirtuous)."(Yusuf: 51)Moreoverthe confessionof Josephsbrothersafterhedivulgedthe secretof histrueselfto them."Theysaid:"ByAllah! IndeedhasAllah preferredtheeaboveus,andwecertainlyhavebeenguilty of sin!"(Yusuf: 91)Peacebe upon the Muslim youths who abide by the injunctionsand commands of Allah everywhere and who follow the IslamicLaw by applying its teachingsand principles at all times.48
  54. 54. CONCLUSIONSFinally, this has been a cursory glanceinto Sura Yusuf as it hasbeen related in the Holy Quran. I dont claim that it hascoveredall aspectsof the story. It is impossible for me or anyone elsetodo so. For the Quam is an inexhaustible spring. Hence somescholars have said: "The knowledge of the scienceof Tafsir orCommentary is still a deep sea in which one needs to delve tobring out it invaluable treasures and deduce its wonders andsecrets."The scholars are still standing at its coast sipping from its purespring and never get satiated.%0 is able with his knowledge toencompassthe words of the All Mighty, our Lord, the Exalted inPower? %0 can perceive its secrets,its nuances,it miracles, orallegethat he hasreachedpetfection?Successis from Allah. In him alone I trust and to him I turn inrepentance.THEN END49
  55. 55. REFERENCES1. mE HaL Y QURAN: Text,TranslationandCommentaryby AbdullahYusufAli (NewRevisedEdition).2.Al-Mojam Al-MufahrasLiAlfathAl-Quran(Theindexeddictionaryfor Al-Quransexpressions)byMohdFouaAbdul-Baqi.3.Safwat Al- Tafaseer by Mohd Ali Al-Sabooni.4.TayseerAl- Ali Al-Gadeer Lilkhtisar TafseerIbn Katheerby Mohd NaseebAl-Refai.5. Al-QassasAl-Qurani by Abdul-KarimAl-Khateeb6.Al-ShababFi SanatuhumAl-Duwa1iyyah (Youth in theirInternational Year) -An Article by Mosa Al-Sarnadi in theJordanianOpinion Newspaper.7.Al-Shabab Fi Al- Turath Al-Islami (Youth bl The IslamicCulture) by Al-Ghazali Harb-An Article in Al-DarahMagazine (No.3, Year 10).50
  56. 56. APOLOGYI apologize for not mentioning the references within thisdocument. This is due to the fact that my work here wasintended to be given as a lecture (and not as a publisheddocument). However, I have indicated above the referencesIveused. These references share the credit for the work Ive donehere.Dr. Mahmood Shakir Saeed51
  57. 57. WORLD ASSEMBLY OF MUSLIM YOUTH (WAMY)Eastern ProvinceFounded: 1392H (19;Headquarters: RiyadhNature: First Internal!ArabiaJamic Orgar Jealing specialts organizatioAims:I. Srrvinx Ihr trur Islamic idrology basrd on Tawhrrd.2. Consolidating thr faclors of idrological unity and strrngthrning thr Islamicfratrmal rrlationship among thr Muslim Youth.3. Introducing Islam 10Ihr world using all availablr mrans.4. Crystallizing and supporting thr constructivr rolr of youth and studrnts indrvrloping an Islamic sorirty.5. Assisting Islamic youth organizations all ovrr thr gloM through rffrcting aco-ordination in thrir activitirs and hrlping thrm to implrmrnt thrir projrcts.intrmational Confrrrncr: WAMY holds its international conferenceevery threeyears.Six suchconferenceshave already taken place -five of them in Riyadh intheyears 1972,1973,1976,1979and 1986and one in Nairobi, Kenyain 1982.Theywereattended by representativrsof Islamic youth/student organizations from allDverthe world. The participants selectedmembersof WAMY GeneralSecretariatind regional youtto train the MuslWAMY adifferent paleadership alRIYADH -Tel.: 4641663/4641669 Fax: 4641710, JEDDAH -Tel.: 6601878/6672833AL-MADINA -Tel.: 8381832 / 8381824. ABHA -Tel.: 2260240

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