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Dealing with worries and stress from an islamic perspective

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Dr. Khalid I. Al-Anaysha Al-Dossary

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Dealing with worries and stress from an islamic perspective

  1. 1. 05/14/1305/14/13 11Dealing with Worries and StressDealing with Worries and StressIslamic PerspectiveIslamic PerspectivePresented byPresented byDr. KHALID AL-DOSSARYDr. KHALID AL-DOSSARYOctober, 2012October, 2012‫الدعوية‬ ‫المفكرة‬ ‫موقع‬ ‫مكتبة‬ ‫في‬ ‫الملف‬ ‫تجد‬www.dawahmemo.com
  2. 2. 05/14/1305/14/13 22OutlineOutline IntroductionIntroduction Kinds of Worry and StressKinds of Worry and Stress Islams Treatment for Anxiety and WorryIslams Treatment for Anxiety and Worry Writings of Immam Ibn al-Qayyim onWritings of Immam Ibn al-Qayyim onTreating Distress and GriefTreating Distress and Grief Worthwhile WorriesWorthwhile Worries ReminderReminder Duaa (Supplication)Duaa (Supplication)
  3. 3. 05/14/1305/14/13 33Kinds of Stress and WorryKinds of Stress and Worry1.1. Distress suffered because of the calamitiesDistress suffered because of the calamitiesthat happen in this worldthat happen in this world;;chronic or serious diseases, disobedience ofchronic or serious diseases, disobedience ofchildren towards their parents, hostility onchildren towards their parents, hostility onthe part of one’s wife or mistreatment on thethe part of one’s wife or mistreatment on thepart of one’s husband.part of one’s husband.2.2. Some kinds of anxiety result from fearsSome kinds of anxiety result from fearsabout what may lie ahead in the future;about what may lie ahead in the future;for example a father may be worried aboutfor example a father may be worried aboutwhat will happen to his children after hewhat will happen to his children after hedies, especially if they are weak and he hasdies, especially if they are weak and he hasnothing to leave behind for them.nothing to leave behind for them.
  4. 4. 05/14/1305/14/13 44Kinds of Stress and WorryKinds of Stress and Worry3.3. Kinds of distress that result from wrongfulKinds of distress that result from wrongfultreatment at the hands of otherstreatment at the hands of othersMistreatment by ones own relatives, as theMistreatment by ones own relatives, as thepoet said: “The wrong suffered at the handspoet said: “The wrong suffered at the handsof those who are closely-related is moreof those who are closely-related is morepainful to bear than a blow from a powerfulpainful to bear than a blow from a powerfulsword.”sword.”4.4. Kinds of anxieties that may result fromKinds of anxieties that may result fromcommitting sinscommitting sinsThe distress suffered after shedding bloodThe distress suffered after shedding bloodwrongfully; or the anxiety of a woman whowrongfully; or the anxiety of a woman whois pregnant as a result of fornication oris pregnant as a result of fornication oradultery.adultery.
  5. 5. 05/14/1305/14/13 55Kinds of Stress and WorryKinds of Stress and Worry1.1. The distress suffered by theThe distress suffered by thepropagator to Islampropagator to Islam Taif IncidentTaif Incident Night Journey (Night Journey (Israa’Israa’))
  6. 6. 05/14/1305/14/13 66Kinds of Stress and WorryKinds of Stress and Worry2.2. Concern about acts of worshipConcern about acts of worship The Call to prayerThe Call to prayer
  7. 7. 05/14/1305/14/13 77Kinds of Stress and WorryKinds of Stress and Worry3.3. The anxiety faced by the truthfulThe anxiety faced by the truthfulperson when he is disbelieved.person when he is disbelieved. The prophetsThe prophets
  8. 8. 05/14/1305/14/13 88Kinds of Stress and WorryKinds of Stress and Worry4.4. The anxiety suffered by an innocentThe anxiety suffered by an innocentperson when false accusations areperson when false accusations aremade.made. Al-Ifk IncidentAl-Ifk Incident
  9. 9. 05/14/1305/14/13 99Kinds of Stress and WorryKinds of Stress and Worry5.5. A man’s worry about what may happenA man’s worry about what may happento his wife and children after his death.to his wife and children after his death.
  10. 10. 05/14/1305/14/13 1010Kinds of Stress and WorryKinds of Stress and Worry6.6. Anxiety because of a loanAnxiety because of a loan
  11. 11. 05/14/1305/14/13 1111Kinds of Stress and WorryKinds of Stress and Worry7.7. Anxiety caused by dreamsAnxiety caused by dreams
  12. 12. 05/14/1305/14/13 1212Islams Treatment for Anxiety andIslams Treatment for Anxiety andWorryWorry1.1. Equipping oneself with EEquipping oneself with Eemaanemaan (faith),(faith),accompanied by righteous deeds.accompanied by righteous deeds.2.2. Thinking of how the Muslim may earnThinking of how the Muslim may earnexpiation for his sins, purify his heart andexpiation for his sins, purify his heart andraise his status, when he is stricken withraise his status, when he is stricken withdistress and worry in this life.distress and worry in this life.3.3. Understanding the reality of this world.Understanding the reality of this world.4.4. Following the examples of the Prophets andFollowing the examples of the Prophets andthe righteous.the righteous.5.5. Making the Hereafter one’s main concern.Making the Hereafter one’s main concern.6.6. A surprisingly effective remedy:A surprisingly effective remedy:remembering death.remembering death.
  13. 13. 05/14/1305/14/13 1313Islams Treatment for Anxiety andIslams Treatment for Anxiety andWorryWorry7.7. Praying to Allaah, may He be exalted.Praying to Allaah, may He be exalted.8.8. Praying for the Prophet (peace andPraying for the Prophet (peace andblessings of Allaah be upon him) (i.e.,blessings of Allaah be upon him) (i.e.,saying “saying “Allaahumma salli ‘ala MuhammadAllaahumma salli ‘ala Muhammad,”,”etc.)etc.)9.9. Relying upon Allaah and entrusting mattersRelying upon Allaah and entrusting mattersto Him.to Him.10.10. Other ways of dispelling distress andOther ways of dispelling distress andanxiety include paying attention to what isanxiety include paying attention to what isbeneficial, focusing on what matters todaybeneficial, focusing on what matters todayand no longer worrying about what mayand no longer worrying about what mayhappen tomorrow or regretting whathappen tomorrow or regretting whathappened yesterday.happened yesterday.
  14. 14. 05/14/1305/14/13 1414Islams Treatment for Anxiety and WorryIslams Treatment for Anxiety and Worry11.11. One of the most effective ways of findingOne of the most effective ways of findingcomfort and contentment is to remembercomfort and contentment is to rememberAllaah frequently.Allaah frequently.12.12. Seeking refuge in prayer.Seeking refuge in prayer.13.13. Another thing that may dispel worry isAnother thing that may dispel worry isjihaad for the sake of Allaah.jihaad for the sake of Allaah.14.14. Speaking about the blessings of Allaah,Speaking about the blessings of Allaah,both those which are obvious and thoseboth those which are obvious and thosewhich are hidden.which are hidden.15.15. Keeping oneself busy with useful work orKeeping oneself busy with useful work orthe pursuit of beneficial knowledge.the pursuit of beneficial knowledge.
  15. 15. 05/14/1305/14/13 1515Islams Treatment for Anxiety and WorryIslams Treatment for Anxiety and Worry16.16. Looking for the positive aspects of theLooking for the positive aspects of theevents in which the person tends to seeevents in which the person tends to seeonly things that he dislikes.only things that he dislikes.17.17. Understanding the true value and shortnessUnderstanding the true value and shortnessof this life, and that time is too precious toof this life, and that time is too precious tobe wasted in stress and anxiety.be wasted in stress and anxiety.18.18. Another beneficial measure is not to allowAnother beneficial measure is not to allowone’s work and other duties to accumulate.one’s work and other duties to accumulate.19.19. Constantly anticipating and being preparedConstantly anticipating and being preparedfor all possibilities.for all possibilities.20.20. Another remedy is to consult to IslamicAnother remedy is to consult to Islamicscholars and ask them for advice.scholars and ask them for advice.
  16. 16. 05/14/1305/14/13 1616Islams Treatment for Anxiety and WorryIslams Treatment for Anxiety and Worry21.21. The person who is distressed or worriedThe person who is distressed or worriedshould know that after hardship comesshould know that after hardship comeseaseease22.22. Another remedy for distress is certain kindsAnother remedy for distress is certain kindsof foodof food
  17. 17. 05/14/1305/14/13 1717Writings of Immam Ibn al-Qayyim on TreatingWritings of Immam Ibn al-Qayyim on TreatingDistress and GriefDistress and GriefFifteen kinds of remedies through which AllaahFifteen kinds of remedies through which Allaahmay alleviate distress and grief:may alleviate distress and grief:1.1. Tawheed al-RuboobiyyahTawheed al-Ruboobiyyah (Unity of Divine(Unity of DivineLordship)Lordship)2.2. Tawheed al-UloohiyyahTawheed al-Uloohiyyah (Unity of Divinity)(Unity of Divinity)3.3. Unity of belief, i.e.Unity of belief, i.e. Tawheed al-Asmaa’ wa’l-SiffaatTawheed al-Asmaa’ wa’l-Siffaat(Unity of the Divine Names and Attributes).(Unity of the Divine Names and Attributes).4.4. To declare that Allaah is far above mistreating HisTo declare that Allaah is far above mistreating Hisslave or punishing him without any cause on theslave or punishing him without any cause on thepart of the slave himself.part of the slave himself.5.5. Admission on the part of the slave that he is theAdmission on the part of the slave that he is thewrongdoer.wrongdoer.
  18. 18. 05/14/1305/14/13 1818Writings of Immam Ibn al-Qayyim on TreatingWritings of Immam Ibn al-Qayyim on TreatingDistress and GriefDistress and Grief6.6. Beseeching Allaah by the best of things, which areBeseeching Allaah by the best of things, which areHis Names and Attributes. Among the mostHis Names and Attributes. Among the mostcomprehensive in meaning of His Names andcomprehensive in meaning of His Names andAttributes are the NamesAttributes are the Names al-Hayyual-Hayyu (the Ever-(the Ever-Living),Living), al-Qayoomal-Qayoom (the Eternal).(the Eternal).7.7. Seeking the help of Allaah Alone.Seeking the help of Allaah Alone.8.8. Putting onePutting one’’s hope in Allaah.s hope in Allaah.9.9. Putting onePutting one’’s trust in Allaah and handing over alls trust in Allaah and handing over alloneone’’s affairs to Him, recognizing that ones affairs to Him, recognizing that one’’ssforelock is in His hand, that Allaah runs all oneforelock is in His hand, that Allaah runs all one’’ssaffairs as He wills, that His command is everaffairs as He wills, that His command is everexecuted and that His decree is just.executed and that His decree is just.
  19. 19. 05/14/1305/14/13 1919Writings of Immam Ibn al-Qayyim on TreatingWritings of Immam Ibn al-Qayyim on TreatingDistress and GriefDistress and Grief9.9. Reading Qur’aan and pondering its meaning,Reading Qur’aan and pondering its meaning,seeking consolation in it for all disasters, andseeking consolation in it for all disasters, andseeking a cure in it for all diseases of the heartseeking a cure in it for all diseases of the heart(i.e., spiritual or psychological diseases) for it(i.e., spiritual or psychological diseases) for itwashes away grief and heals distress and anxiety.washes away grief and heals distress and anxiety.10.10. Seeking the forgiveness of Allaah.Seeking the forgiveness of Allaah.11.11. RepentanceRepentance12.12. Jihaad (striving for the sake of Allaah).Jihaad (striving for the sake of Allaah).13.13. Salaat (prayer)Salaat (prayer)14.14. Admitting that one has no power or strength atAdmitting that one has no power or strength atall, and attributing them to the One Who holdsall, and attributing them to the One Who holdsthem in His hand. Eternal).them in His hand. Eternal).
  20. 20. 05/14/1305/14/13 2020Worthwhile WorriesWorthwhile Worries1.1. A scholarA scholar’’s anxiety to resolve difficult issuess anxiety to resolve difficult issuesconcerning which the Muslims need an answer.concerning which the Muslims need an answer.Especially when the matter is very serious andEspecially when the matter is very serious andthere appears to be no solution.there appears to be no solution.2.2. Another example is the concern of the MuslimAnother example is the concern of the Muslimleader about the problems of the people under hisleader about the problems of the people under hiscare.care.
  21. 21. 05/14/1305/14/13 2121Worthwhile WorriesWorthwhile Worries3.3. The more any decision had to do with the fate ofThe more any decision had to do with the fate ofthe Muslims, the greater the anxiety and stressthe Muslims, the greater the anxiety and stressinvolved.involved.Abd al-Rahmaan ibnAbd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘‘Awf was entrusted with theAwf was entrusted with thetask of selecting the next khalifah for the Muslims,task of selecting the next khalifah for the Muslims,after the death ofafter the death of ‘‘Umar, he did not sleep duringUmar, he did not sleep duringthat period, because he was so busy consultingthat period, because he was so busy consultingthe Muslims, even the old women.the Muslims, even the old women.3.3. Other types of commendable concern include: theOther types of commendable concern include: theconcern of the daiconcern of the dai’’yah who is striving to spreadyah who is striving to spreadIslam and convey the message, guiding others toIslam and convey the message, guiding others tothe path of Guidance.the path of Guidance.
  22. 22. 05/14/1305/14/13 2222Worthwhile WorriesWorthwhile Worries5.5. The concern of the worshipper to ensure that hisThe concern of the worshipper to ensure that hisworship is correct both in intention and practice;worship is correct both in intention and practice;and the concern of the Muslim for the suffering ofand the concern of the Muslim for the suffering ofhis brothers in faith throughout the world…his brothers in faith throughout the world…6.6. The concern of speaker/presenter to ensure thatThe concern of speaker/presenter to ensure thathis speech and presentation is sincere, logical andhis speech and presentation is sincere, logical andmeaningful to convey the right message.meaningful to convey the right message.
  23. 23. 05/14/1305/14/13 2323ReminderReminder!!Finally, let us remind ourselves that no matterFinally, let us remind ourselves that no matterhow great and how numerous the worries andhow great and how numerous the worries anddistress of this world may be, the distress anddistress of this world may be, the distress andanguish of the Hereafter will be far greater. Thisanguish of the Hereafter will be far greater. Thisincludes that which will befall all people whenincludes that which will befall all people whenthey are gathered all together for Judgment. Al-they are gathered all together for Judgment. Al-Bukhaari (may Allaah have mercy on him)Bukhaari (may Allaah have mercy on him)reported from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah bereported from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah bepleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaahpleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:“I will be the master of all people on the Day of“I will be the master of all people on the Day ofResurrection. Do you know why I will be theResurrection. Do you know why I will be themaster of all people?master of all people?
  24. 24. 05/14/1305/14/13 2424Reminder! (ContinuedReminder! (Continued((Allaah will gather together all the people, the firstAllaah will gather together all the people, the firstand the last of them in one place, in such a wayand the last of them in one place, in such a waythat if a caller calls out to them, they will all hearthat if a caller calls out to them, they will all hearhim, and they will all be seen at once.him, and they will all be seen at once.The sun will be brought close to them, and they willThe sun will be brought close to them, and they willfeel more distress than they can bear. People willfeel more distress than they can bear. People willsay, ‘Can you see what has happened to you?say, ‘Can you see what has happened to you?Won’t you see who can intercede for you with yourWon’t you see who can intercede for you with yourLord?’ Then some of them will say to others, ‘Let’sLord?’ Then some of them will say to others, ‘Let’sgo to Adam…’”go to Adam…’”There will be no cure for distress and anguish onThere will be no cure for distress and anguish onthat Day unless one turns to Allaah today.that Day unless one turns to Allaah today.
  25. 25. 05/14/1305/14/13 2525SupplicationSupplicationWe ask AllaWe ask Alla’’ah, may He be exalted, toah, may He be exalted, tokeep us safe from distress, to grant uskeep us safe from distress, to grant usrelief from depression and to alleviate ourrelief from depression and to alleviate ourworries, for He is the All-Hearing Whoworries, for He is the All-Hearing Whoanswers prayers, He is the Ever-Living,answers prayers, He is the Ever-Living,Eternal.Eternal.
  26. 26. 05/14/1305/14/13 2626THANK YOUTHANK YOU
  27. 27. 05/14/1305/14/13 2727HOW CAN WE WIN HEARTSHOW CAN WE WIN HEARTS?? Be a solace to the bereavedBe a solace to the bereaved““ Whoever relieves a believer of some of theWhoever relieves a believer of some of thedistress of this world, Allah will relieve himdistress of this world, Allah will relieve himof some of the distress of the Day ofof some of the distress of the Day ofResurrection, and whoever comes to theResurrection, and whoever comes to theaid of one who is going through hardship,aid of one who is going through hardship,Allah will come to his aid in this world andAllah will come to his aid in this world andthe next.” (Muslim)the next.” (Muslim)
  28. 28. 05/14/1305/14/13 2828HOW CAN WE WIN HEARTSHOW CAN WE WIN HEARTS?? Avoid suspicionAvoid suspicion““Beware of suspicion, for suspicion is the falsestBeware of suspicion, for suspicion is the falsestof speech.”of speech.”““Beware of suspicion, for speaking on the basisBeware of suspicion, for speaking on the basisof suspicion is the worst kind of lie. Do not seekof suspicion is the worst kind of lie. Do not seekout one another’s faults, do not spy on oneout one another’s faults, do not spy on oneanother, do not compete with one another, do notanother, do not compete with one another, do notenvy one another, do not hate one another, andenvy one another, do not hate one another, anddo not turn away from one another. O servants ofdo not turn away from one another. O servants ofAllah, be brothers.” (Bukhari and Muslim)Allah, be brothers.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

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